Anne Mette Fahrendorff, Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Lars Vedel Kessing, Katrine Maigaard
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) frequently co-occurs with comorbid psychiatric disorders that may impact functioning. OBJECTIVE: To review existing literature on the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity and general functioning in patients with a primary diagnosis of PBD. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search on the PubMed, Embase and PsycInfo databases on November 16th, 2022...
March 20, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Esther M Pluijms, Poul T Vinther, Astrid M Kamperman, Tom K Birkenhäger
OBJECTIVE: High relapse rates are observed after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for major depression. Identifying patients who are at increased risk for relapse to intensify their treatment regimen post-ECT might reduce relapse rates. We aimed to determine clinical characteristics that are associated with relapse within two years after successful ECT. METHODS: Patients who remitted to ECT in a randomised controlled trial comparing adjuvant nortriptyline and placebo during a course of bilateral ECT were followed-up prospectively for one year with open-label nortriptyline (Dutch Trial Register NTR5579)...
March 20, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Laura Biedermann, Reinhard Eher, Martin Rettenberger, Kathrin Gaunersdorfer, Daniel Turner
INTRODUCTION: In offending populations, prevalence rates of mental disorders are much higher than in the general population. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether mental disorders can improve the prediction of recidivism beyond actuarial risk assessment tools. METHODS: The present prospective-longitudinal study was conducted between 2001 and 2021 and included 1066 men convicted of sexual offenses in Austria. All participants were evaluated with actuarial risk assessment tools for the prediction of sexual and violent recidivism and the Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I and Axis II disorders...
March 18, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Isabel Valli, Alex Gonzalez Segura, Norma Verdolini, Clemente Garcia-Rizo, Daniel Berge, Inmaculada Baeza, Manuel J Cuesta, Ana Gonzalez-Pinto, Antonio Lobo, Anabel Martinez-Aran, Gisela Mezquida, Laura Pina-Camacho, Alexandra Roldan Bejarano, Sergi Mas, Philip McGuire, Miquel Bernardo, Eduard Vieta, Silvia Amoretti, Avila Parcet Aina, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Roger Borras, Anna Butjosa, Josefina Castro-Fornirles, Concepción De-la-Cámara, Elena De la Serna, Jon-Inaki Etxeandia-Pradera, Maria Florencia Forte, Paz García-Portilla, Jairo M González, Leticia González-Blanco, Itxaso Gonzalez-Ortega, Angela Ibañez, Santiago Madero, Laura Martínez-Sadurni, Juan Nacher, Rocío Panadero, Pomarol Clotet Edith, Mar Fatjó-Vilas, Roberto Rodriguez-Jimenez, Pedro Ruiz, Luis Sanchez-Pastor, Segarra Echevarría Rafael, Ana M Sánchez-Torres, Selma Gonzalez Judith, Amira Trabsa, Elena Urbiola, Judith Usall, Zabala Rabadán Arantzazu, Iñaki Zorrilla
BACKGROUND: Obstetric complications (OCs) are key contributors to psychosis risk. However, it is unclear whether they increase psychosis vulnerability independently of genetic risk, in interaction with it, or are a manifestation of psychosis proneness. We examined the role of distinct types of OCs in terms of psychosis risk and tested whether they interact differently with genetic vulnerability, whilst accounting for other known environmental risk factors. Study Design 405 participants (219 first episode psychosis patients and 186 healthy volunteers) underwent a comprehensive assessment of OCs, measured using the Lewis-Murray scale and divided into complications of pregnancy, abnormalities of fetal growth and development, and complications of delivery...
March 13, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Teresa Wiesinger, Stefanie Kremer, Tom Bschor, Christopher Baethge
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QoL) is an important outcome in mental disorders. We investigated whether antidepressant pharmacotherapy improved QoL vs. placebo among patients with MDD. METHODS: Systematic literature search in CENTRAL, Medline, PubMed Central, and PsycINFO of double-blind, placebo-controlled RCTs. Screening, inclusion, extraction, and risk of bias assessment were conducted independently by two reviewers. We calculated summary standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95%-CIs...
March 11, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Trevor F Williams, Elaine F Walker, Gregory P Strauss, Scott W Woods, Albert R Powers, Philip R Corlett, Jason Schiffman, James A Waltz, James M Gold, Steven M Silverstein, Lauren M Ellman, Richard E Zinbarg, Vijay A Mittal
INTRODUCTION: Paranoia is a common and impairing psychosis symptom, which exists along a severity continuum that extends into the general population. Individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR) frequently experience paranoia and this may elevate their risk for developing full psychosis. Nonetheless, limited work has examined the efficient measurement of paranoia in CHR individuals. The present study aimed to validate an often used self-report measure, the Revised Green Paranoid Thoughts Scale (RGPTS), in this critical population...
March 11, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Emilie Ellehauge, Christine Thoustrup, Mette Nørgaard Nielsen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Julie Hagstrøm
INTRODUCTION: Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a transdiagnostic phenomenon that has received increased attention, due to its potential ability to explain the development and maintenance of various psychiatric disorders. The identification of ED may serve as a potential target for both preventive and treatment interventions, however, the frequency of transdiagnostic ED among children and adolescents has not previously been evaluated. Our aim was to evaluate the frequency and types of ED in accepted and rejected referrals to the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center (CAMHC), Mental Health Services, Copenhagen, Denmark, regardless of psychiatric status and across diagnoses...
March 11, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Beate Muschalla, Julia Müller, Anja Grocholewski, Michael Linden
INTRODUCTION: Side effects of psychotherapy are common. Therapists and patients must recognize negative developments to take countermeasure. Therapists can be reluctant to talk about problems of their own treatment. The hypothesis could be that talking about side effects can impair the therapeutic relationship. METHODS: We examined whether a systematic monitoring and discussion of side effects has a negative effect on therapeutic alliance. Intervention group therapists and patients filled in the UE-PT scale (Unwanted Events in the view of Patient and Therapists scale) and discussed their mutual ratings (intervention group IG, n=20)...
March 11, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Hong Yan, Shu Xiao, Siying Fu, Jiaying Gong, Zhangzhang Qi, Guanmao Chen, Pan Chen, Guixian Tang, Ting Su, Zibin Yang, Ying Wang
INTRODUCTION: Numerous neuroimaging studies of resting-state functional imaging and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) have revealed that patients with substance use disorder (SUD) may present brain abnormalities, but their results were inconsistent. This multimodal neuroimaging meta-analysis aimed to estimate common and specific alterations in SUD patients by combining information from all available studies of spontaneous functional activity and grey matter volume (GMV). METHODS: A whole-brain meta-analysis on resting-state functional imaging and VBM studies was conducted using the Seed-based d Mapping with Permutation of Subject Images (SDM-PSI) software, followed by multimodal overlapping to comprehensively investigate function and structure of the brain in SUD...
February 20, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Giovanni Castellini, Saverio Caini, Emanuele Cassioli, Eleonora Rossi, Gwiorgia Marchesoni, Francesco Rotella, Nora De Bonfioli Cavalcabo', Miriam Fontana, Barbara Mezzani, Brunetto Alterini, Stefano Lucarelli, Valdo Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Bénédicte Nobile, Ophélia Godin, Sébastien Gard, Ludovic Samalin, Georges Brousse, Joséphine Loftus, Valérie Aubin, Raoul Belzeaux, Caroline Dubertret, Yann Le Strat, Nicolas Mazer, Alix de Prémorel, Paul Roux, Mircea Polosan, Thomas Schwintzer, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Isabelle Biseul, Bruno Etain, Remi Moirand, Emilie Olié, Emmanuel Haffen, Marion Leboyer, Philippe Courtet, Sébastien Guillaume, Romain Icick
OBJECTIVES: Up to 70% individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) are lifetime tobacco smokers, a major modifiable risk factor for morbidity. However, quitting smoking is rarely proposed to individuals with BD, mainly because of fear of unfavorable metabolic or psychiatric changes. Evaluating the physical and mental impact of tobacco cessation is primordial. The aim of this study was to characterize the psychiatric and non-psychiatric correlates of tobacco smoking status (never- versus current vs former smokers) in individuals with BD...
February 7, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Kamber L Hart, Thomas H McCoy, Michael E Henry, Stephen J Seiner, James Luccarelli
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for severe depressive symptoms, yet more research is needed to examine predictors of treatment response, and factors associated with response in patients not initially improving with treatment. This study reports factors associated with time to response (early vs. late) to ECT in a real-world setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of patients endorsing moderate to severe depressive symptoms using the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS; QIDS>10)...
February 6, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Anders Spanggård, Christopher Rohde, Søren Dinesen Østergaard
OBJECTIVES: Despite the putative anti-suicidal effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), patients receiving ECT remain at high risk of dying from suicide due to the severity of their underlying mental illness. We aimed to quantify this risk and to identify risk factors for suicide among patients receiving ECT. METHODS: Using nationwide Danish registers, we identified all patients that initiated ECT between 2006 and 2016. These patients were matched on sex and age to 10 reference individuals from the general Danish population...
February 6, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Dharmanand Ramnarain, Sjaak Pouwels, Sol Fernández-Gonzalo, Guillem Navarra-Ventura, Vicent Balanzá-Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Delirium is common among patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and its impact on the neurocognitive and psychiatric state of survivors is of great interest. These new-onset or worsening conditions, together with physical alterations, are called Post Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS). Our aim is to update on the latest screening and follow-up options for psychological and cognitive sequelae of PICS. METHOD: This narrative review discusses the occurrence of delirium in ICU settings and the relatively new concept of PICS...
February 6, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Caroline S Copeland, Phoebe Wallman, David Morgan, Eleanor Owen, David Taylor
BACKGROUND & AIM: There is increasing evidence linking antipsychotic use with pneumonia, but limited evidence of an effect on pneumonia-related outcomes such as mortality. In this study we aimed to examine the association of pneumonia-related death with specific antipsychotic exposure. METHOD: Deaths analysed were those reported to a UK-based drug-related deaths database, the National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths (NPSAD), between 1997 and September 2020...
January 18, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Anna L Wrobel, Sue M Cotton, Anuradhi Jayasinghe, Claudia Diaz-Byrd, Anastasia K Yocum, Alyna Turner, Olivia M Dean, Samantha E Russell, Elizabeth R Duval, Tobin J Ehrlich, David F Marshall, Michael Berk, Melvin G McInnis
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is related to an increased number of depressive episodes and more severe depressive symptoms in bipolar disorder. The evaluation of the networks of depressive symptoms - or the patterns of relationships between individual symptoms - among people with bipolar disorder with and without a history of childhood trauma may assist in further clarifying this complex relationship. METHODS: Data from over 500 participants from the Heinz C. Prechter Longitudinal Study of Bipolar Disorder were used to construct a series of regularised Gaussian Graphical Models...
January 16, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Eoin McElroy, Enya Redican, Maria Louison Vang, Marylene Cloitre, Grace W K Ho, Boris Lorberg, Dmytro Martsenkovskyi, Philip Hyland
BACKGROUND: High rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in war-affected populations. The prevalence of Complex PTSD (CPTSD) has never been assessed in an active war zone. Here, we provide initial data on war-related experiences, and prevalence rates of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD in a large sample of adults in Ukraine during the Russian war. We also examined how war-related stressors, PTSD, and CPTSD were associated with age, sex, and living location in Ukraine. METHOD: Self-report data were gathered from a nationwide sample of 2004 adult parents of children under 18 from the general population of Ukraine approximately 6 months after Russia's invasion...
January 10, 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Zijia Li, Yucheng Wang, Zhe Wang, Lingtao Kong, Linzi Liu, Liu Li, Yanqing Tang
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of all available trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oestrogen and selective oestrogen receptor modulators as adjunctive treatment for women with schizophrenia. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched from the inception until March 2022. Only randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (randomized controlled trials; RCTs) were included. Mean differences (MDs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random effects models...
December 30, 2022: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Pascal Sienaert, Declan M McLoughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Mirko Manchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2023: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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