Journals Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologi...

Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Sughashini Murugesu, Mikaela Maria Charalambides, Benjamin P Jones, Srdjan Saso, Raef Faris, Jaya Parikh, James Nicopoullos, Meen-Yau Thum, Timothy Bracewell-Milnes
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to assess the motivations and treatment experiences of women undergoing social egg freezing and to understand the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2011 to December 2021, 191 social egg freezing patients were recruited from the Lister Fertility Clinic, London UK. Participants completed a validated questionnaire investigating patients' perspectives of social egg freezing. A response rate of 46.6% was achieved...
March 27, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Teresa Algård, Paul Kalliokoski, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Angela Schlager, Per Kristiansson
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy is a major public health concern. For too many women, the pain condition causes disability and sick leave, has a negative impact on daily life, and breeds doubt in their view as mother, partner, and worker. The pathophysiology is unknown and causal treatment is lacking. Depression in pregnancy is common, undertreated, and previously associated with pelvic girdle pain with unclear causal direction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective inception cohort study of 356 Swedish women examined them in early and late pregnancy...
March 25, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Julia Savchenko, Malin Asp, Marie Blomberg, Charlotte Elvander, Anna Hagman, Cecilia Pegelow Halvorsen, Pelle Lindqvist, Maria Nelander, Béatrice Skiöld, Sophia Brismar Wendel
INTRODUCTION: Consistency and relevance of perinatal outcome measures are necessary basics for obstetric research, audit, and clinical counseling. Still, there is an unwarranted variation in reported perinatal outcomes, which impairs research synthesis, validity, and implementation, as well as clinical benchmarking and longitudinal comparisons. The aim of this study was to develop a short-term perinatal (fetal and neonatal) Core Outcome Set to be used in research and quality assurance of management of labor and delivery at or near term...
March 25, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Asdis Kristjansdottir, Vilhjalmur Rafnsson, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and prevalence of pelvic endometriosis is still being debated. Population-based studies have shown annual incidences between 0.1% and 0.3%, which translates to a prevalence of symptom-giving disease of between 2% and 6% over a 20-year span in the reproductive years. However, a prevalence of 10% or higher is often assumed. We used Iceland's extensive record linkage possibilities, secure access to patient data and personal identification numbers to search for all cases with a surgical and/or histological first diagnosis over a 15-year study period...
March 25, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Natalie Hallén, Mahdi Amini, Dag Wide-Swensson, Andreas Herbst
INTRODUCTION: Induction of labor is one of the most common obstetrical procedures today, with a successively rising rate. With a limited number of hospital beds, the option of starting induction at home has gained increasing attention. The primary aim of this study was to compare the proportion of women achieving vaginal delivery and the duration of hospital stay before delivery in induction of labor with oral misoprostol starting at home and induction with oral misoprostol at the hospital, in a low-risk population...
March 25, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Linda Lindström, Sven Cnattingius, Ove Axelsson, Michaela Granfors
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth assessment by ultrasound is an essential part of modern obstetric care. The formula by Persson and Weldner for estimated fetal weight (EFW), used in Sweden since decades, has not yet been evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate accuracy and precision of the formula by Persson and Weldner, and to compare it to two other formulae using biparietal diameter instead of head circumference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 31 521 singleton pregnancies delivered at 22+0 gestational weeks or later, with an ultrasound EFW performed within 2 days before delivery, registered in the Swedish Pregnancy Register between 2014 and 2021...
March 25, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Isabelle Greatholder, Emma Tomlinson, Jack Wilkinson, Lucy E Higgins, Mark D Kilby, Alexander E P Heazell
INTRODUCTION: Twin pregnancies have significantly higher rates of perinatal morbidity and mortality compared to singleton pregnancies; current attempts to reduce perinatal mortality have been less successful in twin pregnancies. The paucity of information about modifiable risk factors for adverse neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies, as well as independent effects of chorionicity may have contributed to this outcome. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of an observational study to identify modifiable factors associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies...
March 24, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Frida E Lundberg, Leo Gkekos, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Irma Fredriksson, Anna L V Johansson
INTRODUCTION: For women presenting with breast cancer during pregnancy, treatment guidelines were historically restricted to only surgical treatment. Over the past decades, chemotherapy administered during pregnancy has been gradually introduced. Although breast cancer treatments during ongoing pregnancy have been deemed safe, detailed information on potential obstetric risks is lacking. We aimed to assess the risk of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes of breast cancer in pregnancy and within 1 year postpartum and in relation to trimester at breast cancer diagnosis, tumor stage, and cancer treatment during pregnancy...
March 23, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Stine Y Nielsen, Lone E Hvidman, Anna J M Aabakke, Tina E Olsen, Iben B G Johnsen, Pauline W Bogaard, Astrid Petersen, Hanne B Westergaard, Anne Sørensen, Gitte Hedermann, Elisabeth T Rønneberg, Dorthe Thisted, Jane Boris, Lise L T Andersen, Anne G H Eggers, Birgitte F Lindved, Tine B Henriksen
INTRODUCTION: SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy may cause viral inflammation of the placenta, resulting in fetal demise even without fetal or newborn infection. The impact of timing of the infection and the mechanisms that cause fetal morbidity and mortality are not well understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To describe placental pathology from women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, a SARS-CoV-2 immunohistochemistry-positive placenta and late miscarriage, stillbirth, neonatal death, or medically indicated birth due to fetal distress...
March 23, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Agnes K Ladelund, Julie A Slavensky, Frederik J Bruun, Emilie Pi Fogtmann Sejer, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Steen Ladelund, Ulrik S Kesmodel
INTRODUCTION: It is suggested that birth by elective cesarean section (CS) reduces the risk of birth-related infant mortality and injury. Other studies suggest an increased risk of somatic immune-related diseases among children born by CS such as asthma, type 1 diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease. The WHO Statement on Cesarean Section Rates 2015 described an increase in CS globally. The statement concluded that the effects of CS on social and psychological outcomes remain unclear and that more research is needed to fully understand the effects of CS, including effects on cognition and intelligence in the child...
March 22, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Becky Liu, Basky Thilaganathan, Amar Bhide
INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive fetal electrocardiography (NIFECG) has potential benefits over the computerized cardiotocography (cCTG) that may permit its development in remote fetal heart-rate monitoring. Our study aims to compare signal quality and heart-rate detection from a novel self-applicable NIFECG monitor against the cCTG, and evaluate the impact of maternal and fetal characteristics on both devices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective observational study took place in a university hospital in London...
March 21, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Anton Sandström, Marie Bixo, Torbjörn Bäckström, Anna Möller, Sahruh Turkmen
INTRODUCTION: The mechanism underlying endometriosis-related pain remains poorly understood. Previous studies have indicated that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A (GABAA ) receptors and GABAergic substances (eg endogenous neurosteroids) play important mechanistic roles in various pain conditions. Our primary objective was to compare GABAA receptor function between women with endometriosis and healthy controls by performing a challenge test with diazepam, a GABAA receptor agonist, using the saccadic eye velocity as the main outcome...
March 21, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Katinka Nilsen, Anne Cathrine Staff, Stine Kleppe Krogsrud
Paracetamol is used by more than 50% of women worldwide during pregnancy; headache representing the most frequent indication. Several studies report that long-term exposure to paracetamol in utero is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in children, indicating a dose-response effect. However, less or no risk is found to be associated with short-term exposure. Paracetamol most likely crosses the placenta through passive diffusion, and there are several possible mechanisms for how paracetamol might affect fetal brain development...
March 20, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Catarina R Palma Dos Reis, Sofia Brás, Tânia Meneses, Ana S Cerdeira, Manu Vatish, Ana T Martins
INTRODUCTION: The velocity of fetal deterioration in fetal growth restriction is extremely variable, which makes monitoring and counseling very challenging. The soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase to placental growth factor (sFlt1/PlGF) ratio provides a readout of the vasoactive environment that correlates with preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction and that could be useful to predict fetal deterioration. Previous studies showed a correlation between higher sFlt1/PlGF ratios and lower gestational ages at birth, although it is unclear whether this is due to the increased incidence of preeclampsia...
March 18, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volodymyr Podolskyi, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Lena L Maltzman, Lena Marions
INTRODUCTION: The administration of mifepristone, followed by misoprostol, is widely used for medical abortion. Many studies have demonstrated home abortion to be safe in pregnancies up to 63 days of gestation, and recent data support its safety when extended to more advanced pregnancies. We studied the efficacy and acceptability of home use of misoprostol up to 70 days of gestation in a Swedish setting and compared the outcomes between pregnancies with a gestational age of up to 63 days and pregnancies with gestational age 64-70 days...
March 18, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Heidi E Fjeldstad, Daniel P Jacobsen, Guro M Johnsen, Meryam Sugulle, Angel Chae, Sami B Kanaan, Hilary S Gammill, Anne Cathrine Staff
INTRODUCTION: Transplacental fetal cell transfer results in the engraftment of fetal-origin cells in the pregnant woman's body, a phenomenon termed fetal microchimerism. Increased fetal microchimerism measured decades postpartum is implicated in maternal inflammatory disease. Understanding which factors cause increased fetal microchimerism is therefore important. During pregnancy, circulating fetal microchimerism and placental dysfunction increase with increasing gestational age, particularly towards term...
March 18, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Anne K Örtqvist, Maria C Magnus, Anna J M Aabakke, Stine Kjaer Urhoj, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Lone Krebs, Karin Pettersson, Siri E Håberg, Olof Stephansson
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a risk factor for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We aimed to explore maternal characteristics, pregnancy outcomes, vaccination status, and virus variants among pregnant women admitted to intensive care units (ICU) with severe COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified pregnant women admitted to ICU in Sweden (n = 96), Norway (n = 31), and Denmark (n = 16) because of severe COVID-19, from national registers and clinical databases between March 2020 and February 2022 (Denmark), August 2022 (Sweden), or December 2022 (Norway)...
March 17, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Louis Marcellin, Frédéric Batteux, Sandrine Chouzenoux, Thomas Schmitz, Elsa Lorthe, Céline Mehats, François Goffinet, Gilles Kayem
INTRODUCTION: The global sequence of the pathogenesis of preterm labor remains unclear. This study aimed to compare amniotic fluid concentrations of extracellular matrix-related proteins (procollagen, osteopontin and IL-33), and of cytokines (IL-19, IL-6, IL-20, TNFα, TGFβ, and IL-1β) in asymptomatic women with and without subsequent spontaneous preterm delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used amniotic fluid samples of singleton pregnancy, collected by amniocentesis between 16 and 20 weeks' gestation, without stigmata of infection (i...
March 14, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Anita C J Ravelli, Joris A M van der Post, Christianne J M de Groot, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Martine Eskes
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether induction of labor at 41 weeks of gestation improved perinatal outcomes in a low-risk pregnancy compared with expectant management. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Registry-based national cohort study in The Netherlands. The study population comprised 239 971 low-risk singleton pregnancies from 2010 to 2019, with birth occurring from 41+0 to 42+0 weeks. We used propensity score matching to compare induction of labor in three 2-day groups to expectant management, and further conducted separate analyses by parity...
March 13, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Penelope Fotheringham, Nadom Safi, Zhouyang Li, Antoinette Anazodo, Marc Remond, Andrew Hayen, David Currow, David Roder, Nada Hamad, Michael Nicholl, Adrienne Gordon, Jane Frawley, Elizabeth A Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated gynecological cancer (PAGC) refers to cancers of the ovary, uterus, fallopian tube, cervix, vagina, and vulva diagnosed during pregnancy or within 12 months postpartum. We aimed to describe the incidence of, and perinatal outcomes associated with, invasive pregnancy-associated gynecological cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based historical cohort study using linked data from New South Wales, Australia...
March 13, 2023: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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