journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613319/post-diuretic-spot-urine-sodium-assessment-in-acute-heart-failure-a-retrospective-analysis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lotte Colson, Simon Vanhentenrijk, Theodoros Kalpakos, Bram Roosens, Berlinde Von Kemp, Tim Balthazar, Stijn Lochy, Frederik H Verbrugge
AIMS: To provide real-world data on post-diuretic spot urine sodium concentration (UNa) assessment in acute heart failure (AHF) and its implications for treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Automated query of the electronic medical record identified patients admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit of a single tertiary care hospital between November 2018 and December 2021, who received intravenous loop diuretics. Detailed manual chart review confirmed the AHF diagnosis...
April 13, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38494868/absence-of-cross-toxicity-between-met-inhibitors-in-a-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-a-met-exon-14-skipping-mutation
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ariane Vanderick, Benoît Colinet
INTRODUCTION: Selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors are proven effective in patients with non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) with a MET exon 14 skipping mutation. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient developed a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with a MET exon 14 skipping mutation. She was treated with a first 1b MET inhibitor, Capmatinib, but had to stop the drug because of major hepatotoxicity. A few months later, she started Tepotinib, another 1b MET inhibitor with this time, no sign of hepatotoxicity...
March 18, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38454315/factors-to-take-into-account-when-interpreting-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-serum-levels
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joris R Delanghe, Marijn M Speeckaert, Thomas Maenhout
BACKGROUND: Assessing vitamin D status, typically evaluated using serum or plasma 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration, is complex because of various influencing factors. METHODS: Seasonality significantly affects intra-individual variability in 25(OH)D levels. This variation can be addressed by employing cosinor functions that are tailored to the geographical location of the patient to correct for seasonal effects. In addition to seasonality, genetic factors, such as DBP polymorphism and body composition, particularly adiposity, play crucial roles...
March 7, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38367010/flatten-the-curve-on-a-new-covid-19-hit-severity
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Crombez, R H De Staelen
BACKGROUND: During the health crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic, the adagium was to 'flatten the curve'. We investigate how well countries succeeded in this aim by constructing an appropriate severity measure. It is able to distinguish between countries that, e.g., experienced identical overall (excess) mortality rates or attained equal case load peaks over a certain period of time. Concretely, this implies that an identical total number of infections or deaths over a certain period is considered relatively worse if there is a higher and/or more peaks...
February 17, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38314661/case-report-diagnosis-of-vexas-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-therapy-resistant-large-vessel-vasculitis
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M Boret, T Malfait
VEXAS (Vacuoles, E1 enzyme, X-linked, Auto-Inflammatory, Somatic) syndrome is a recently identified multisystemic auto-inflammatory condition caused by somatic mutations in the UBA1 gene. This syndrome presents diagnostic challenges due to its rare nature and varied clinical manifestations. We report the clinical course of a 76-year-old man with therapy-resistant large vessel vasculitis and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), eventually confirmed as VEXAS syndrome. The patient responded well to corticosteroid therapy...
February 5, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38166537/the-potential-role-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-in-kidney-disease-a-comprehensive-review
#6
REVIEW
Joris R Delanghe, Charlotte Delrue, Reinhart Speeckaert, Marijn M Speeckaert
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing health concern with a complex etiological landscape. Among the numerous factors implicated, vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) has emerged as a focal point of scientific studies because of its critical role in vitamin D metabolism and immune modulation. The relationship between VDBP and CKD reveals a complex web of molecular and biochemical details that have great potential for improving diagnostic understanding and treatment strategies for CKD. This review summarizes the multifaceted roles of VDBP, including its molecular dynamics, interactions with vitamin D, and subsequent implications for kidney function...
January 3, 2024: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38146874/development-of-quality-indicators-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-belgian-hospitals-a-rand-modified-delphi-procedure
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sylvie Legros, Anna Vanoverschelde, Jens van Krieken, Yves Debaveye, Ann Versporten, Diana Huis In 't Veld, Veerle Westelinck, Caroline Briquet, Christelle Vercheval, Isabel Spriet, Olivier Denis, Koen Magerman, Marc De Schepper, Franky Buyle
INTRODUCTION: Inappropriate antibiotic use is a major cause of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, optimizing antibiotic usage is essential. In Belgium, optimization of antimicrobials for the fight against multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) is followed up by national surveillance by public health authorities. To improve appropriate antimicrobial use in hospitals, an effective national Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) program should include indicators for measuring both the quantity and quality of antibiotic use...
December 26, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38108332/flemish-network-on-rare-connective-tissue-diseases-ctd-patient-pathways-in-systemic-sclerosis-first-steps-taken
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Y Piette, F Van den Bossche, J Aerts, N Aerts, S Ajeganova, V Badot, N Berghen, D Blockmans, G Brusselle, N Caeyers, M De Decker, P De Haes, C De Cock, F De Keyser, E De Langhe, M Delcroix, H De Nutte, M De Pauw, A Depicker, A De Sutter, J De Sutter, T Du Four, C Frank, J Goubau, J Guiot, J Gutermuth, L Heeman, F Houssiau, I Hennes, J Lenaerts, A Lintermans, B Loeys, H Luyten, B Maeyaert, F Malfait, A Moeyersoons, Y Mostmans, J Nijs, B Poppe, K Polfliet, D Ruttens, V Sabato, E Schoeters, H Slabbynck, A Stuer, F Tamirou, Kristof Thevissen, G Van Kersschaever, B Vanneuville, J Van Offel, M Vanthuyne, J Van Wabeke, C Verbist, I Vos, R Westhovens, W Wuyts, J Yserbyt, V Smith
Despite the low prevalence of each rare disease, the total burden is high. Patients with rare diseases encounter numerous barriers, including delayed diagnosis and limited access to high-quality treatments. In order to tackle these challenges, the European Commission launched the European Reference Networks (ERNs), cross-border networks of healthcare providers and patients representatives. In parallel, the aims and structure of these ERNs were translated at the federal and regional levels, resulting in the creation of the Flemish Network of Rare Diseases...
December 18, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38054741/the-development-of-the-belgian-paediatric-clinical-trial-network
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E Degraeuwe, L Persijn, L Nuytinck, K Allegaert, L De Taeye, E Gasthuys, D Christiaens, S Karamaria, A Raes, M Turner, J Vande Walle
Paediatric clinical trials are critical to ensure that medications prescribed to children are safe and effective. However, evidence-based dosing and labelling of such medications remain limited, and most clinical trials in paediatrics fail. Factors for lack of trial completion include performance at site level (limited patient recruitment, limited site staff experience and lack of infrastructure), the sponsor team (limited paediatric specific expertise in design, uncertainties on robustness of biomarkers or outcome variables) as well as regulatory and administrative burdens...
December 6, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38044691/human-urea-production-an-ignored-factor-in-the-nitrogen-debate
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joris Delanghe
A public debate idealing with nitrogen (N) emissions is ongoing. Government reports use models in which the major N producers are agriculture and industry. Flemish NOx emission amounted to 26.4 kt N accompanied by an ammonia emission of 34.0 kt N. Major sources of Flemish N emission are agriculture (59% of total emission) and transport (21%); 95 percent of the ammonia emission is reported to come from agriculture. In this government's view, it looks like Flanders is unpopulated. In Flanders, 6,800,000 inhabitants show an average urea production of 20 g/day, or 3...
December 3, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37800976/acquired-factor-x-deficiency-in-a-multiple-myeloma-without-amyloidosis-a-case-report
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amber Coussee, Gudrun Alliet, Anne-Sophie Hervent, Liesbeth Vynckier, Jan Emmerechts, Sam Van Hecke, Lies Persijn
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is one of the most common hematologic malignancies. Acquired factor X deficiencies are often observed in primary (AL) amyloidosis and rarely in multiple myeloma. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of an acquired factor X deficiency in a patient with a newly diagnosed IgA lambda multiple myeloma, without any evidence of concomitant amyloidosis. METHODS: We present the patient's medical history, clinical and physical examinations, laboratory analysis, and outcome...
December 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37746693/acute-stroke-in-patients-taking-an-oral-anticoagulant-impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-s-intervention-on-pharmacovigilance-reporting
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eve-Marie Thillard, Chloé Rousselière, Johana Béné, François Caparros, Marie Bodenant, Pascal Odou, Sophie Gautier, Bertrand Décaudin
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke can occur to patients treated with oral anticoagulants (OAC), through lack of effectiveness or overdosing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of clinical pharmacist's intervention on pharmacovigilance (PV) reporting for OAC-treated patients hospitalized for stroke. METHODS: Monocentric prospective study in which a clinical pharmacist's intervention was performed in a stroke unit, with a focus on patients treated by OAC prior admission...
December 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37997950/belgian-atopic-dermatitis-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
Hilde Lapeere, Reinhart Speeckaert, Marie Baeck, Bita Dezfoulian, Julien Lambert, Pierre-Paul Roquet-Gravy, Annelies Stockman, Jonathan White, Francisca Castelijns, Jan Gutermuth
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common, bothersome and difficult to treat skin disorders. Recent introduction of new systemic treatments has revolutionized the management of AD. The goal of this guideline is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the management of patients suffering from atopic dermatitis that easily can be implemented in clinical practice. These recommendations were developed by 11 Belgian AD experts. Comments of all experts on the proposed statements were gathered, followed by an online voting session...
November 24, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37927057/retrospective-evaluation-of-an-intervention-bundle-on-opat-implementation-in-a-large-non-university-hospital
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laetitia Missiaen, Dirk Vogelaers, Pieter-Jan De Roo, Frederik Van Hoecke, Bert Vanmierlo, Tine Ravelingien, Jodie Langbeen
OBJECTIVES: Optimization of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) requires interdisciplinarity and an operational algorithm. This report retrospectively assesses the impact of a multimodal quality-enhancement intervention bundle on the implementation rate, efficacy, and safety of a home OPAT program in a Belgian large community-based hospital. METHODS: OPAT recipients between 1 March 2019 and 30 June 2022 were included. The OPAT trajectories were divided into pre-intervention (from 1 March 2019 to 31 October 2020) and post-intervention (from 1 November 2020 to 30 June 2022) groups...
November 6, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37927044/heart-failure-with-severely-reduced-ejection-fraction-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Dorien Pint, Andreas B Gevaert, Thomas Vanwolleghem, Thiery Chapelle, Karolien Dams
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LT) is a strenuous event for the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular events (CVE), including heart failure (HF), arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia, are important causes of peri- and post-liver transplantation morbidity and mortality. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 45-year-old male patient who developed heart failure with severely reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) after receiving liver transplantation (LT) for end-stage post-alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
November 6, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37902449/time-to-treat-the-climate-and-nature-crisis-as-one-indivisible-global-health-emergency
#16
EDITORIAL
Kamran Abbasi, Parveen Ali, Virginia Barbour, Thomas Benfield, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Gregory E Erhabor, Stephen Hancocks, Richard Horton, Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Robert Mash, Peush Sahni, Wadeia Mohammad Sharief, Paul Yonga, Chris Zielinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37898916/the-prevalence-risk-factors-and-clinical-implications-of-dehydration-in-older-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kubra Atciyurt, Cihan Heybeli, Lee Smith, Nicola Veronese, Pinar Soysal
OBJECTIVES: Adequate hydration is essential for the maintenance of physiological functions. Older adults may not be able to maintain adequate hydration, which is often not recognized. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence, risk factors and clinical implications of dehydration in older adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 964 older adults in one geriatric outpatient clinic in Turkey. Dehydration was defined as a calculated [1,86 × (Na+K)+1,15×glucose+urea +14] plasma osmolarity of ≥ 295 mOsm/L...
October 29, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37889050/work-stress-and-burnout-among-emergency-physicians-a-systematic-review-of-last-10-years-of-research
#18
REVIEW
F Somville, P Van Bogaert, B Wellens, H De Cauwer, E Franck
AIM OF THE STUDY: First, to provide a synthesis and analysis of available scientific literature regarding the level of work stress and burnout among emergency physicians. Second, to identify the effect of the specific work situation-related factors. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in NCBI PubMed and Embase. Comparative primary studies, both systematic review and cross-sectional, quantifying burnout in emergency physicians were included. Only studies published between 2011 and 2022 were retained...
October 27, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37815372/the-belgian-physiotherapy-reimbursement-criteria-for-fall-prevention-fails-in-screening-appropriately-fall-prone-community-dwelling-older-adults
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ellis Rommers, Mirko Petrovic, Robby de Pauw, Anke Van Bladel, Dirk Cambier
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of falling in older adults has remained unchanged over the past decades, despite evidence-based prevention initiatives. Therefore, it is appropriate to reflect on the current screening approach for preventive initiatives. The objective of this study was to determine whether the multifactorial algorithm proposed by Lusardi et al. (2017) exhibits superior predictive validity compared to the currently employed algorithm by the Belgian National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance (NIHDI)...
October 10, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37722390/cpap-adherence-after-ambulatory-and-in-hospital-management-in-patients-aged-65-years-and-older
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charlène Collard, Maxime Regnier, Gisèle Maury
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to evaluate the early adherence to CPAP treatment in patients aged 65 years and older and to compare ambulatory (ACPAP) and in-hospital (HCPAP) management in starting CPAP treatment. METHODS: Adherence to CPAP therapy at 3 months was retrospectively studied in patients on whom CPAP therapy was initiated between 1 January 2020 and 31 December 2021. Patients in the ACPAP group were selected based on the current Belgian reimbursement criteria (OAHI ≥30/h and few comorbidities)...
September 18, 2023: Acta Clinica Belgica
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