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Journal of Community Psychology

Camilla Cummings, Molly Brown
Homeless service systems have been implementing assessment tools to inform service provision for individuals and families. Although a variety of assessments are available, their psychometric evidence base is limited. The self-sufficiency matrix (SSM) is one assessment that demonstrates promising reliability and validity. However, the SSM's factor structure has been inconsistent across studies. This study explored the factor structure of the SSM, using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of individuals (N = 427) and families ( N = 428) at risk of or experiencing homelessness...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Ahmet Tanhan, Vincent T Francisco
Muslims in the United States experience many psychosocial issues and underutilize mental health services. This study sought to systematically identify the common issues and strengths of the Muslims affiliated with a college in the Southeast region of the United States and address them accordingly. A survey comprising 33 items and 2 open-ended questions regarding common issues and strengths was constructed. A total of 116 participants completed the survey. The overall rating for items was quite high, whereas the satisfaction rating was very low...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Anamika Barman-Adhikari, Jonah P DeChants, Daphne M Brydon, Andrea Portillo, Kimberly Bender
This study used Photovoice methods with young adults experiencing homelessness to collaboratively identify issues that are of greatest importance in an open-ended, exploratory, and inductive manner. Participants selected two concepts to focus their inquiry: freedom and prosperity. Within these concepts, participants discussed nature as a source of inspiration, a desire to better themselves and to change their situations, and passion for contributing to social change by exposing economic inequality and raising awareness about homelessness...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Hilary Dutton, Pat Bullen, Kelsey L Deane
This study aims to capture descriptive data on how mentors self-disclose to their adolescent mentees. Self-disclosure is a normative communication process that facilitates trust and closeness in interpersonal relationships. Despite being a relational intervention, little is known about self-disclosure in youth-mentoring relationships. A total of 54 mentors from 2 community-based mentoring programs in Auckland, New Zealand, participated in this mixed-methods study about their experiences of disclosing to mentees via an online questionnaire...
February 3, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Rinat Michael
Tutoring and mentoring programs may be a promisingintervention to help at-risk children who may be in need of a positive influence in their lives. The purpose of the current study was to examine the contribution of tutoring to at-risk adolescents' self-efficacy and future career expectations. Ninety-eight tutees and 147 college student tutors completed the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children, the Work and Education subscale of the Future Expectations Scale for Adolescents, and a background questionnaire twice: first at the beginning and then toward the end of 8 months of tutoring...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Haimin Pan
This study explored the context effect in the relationship between capital (income, social support, and cultural capital) and changes in global meaning. We interviewed a sample of 352 bereaved Chinese elders from 18 communities in rural China and conducted hierarchical linear modeling for data analysis. The effects of social support and cultural capital in terms of traditional Chinese culture on changes in global meaning differed across communities. Social support earned its credit in buffering function against bereavement, whereas traditional Chinese culture posed a risk of elevating negative global meaning...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Ariel M Domlyn, Abraham Wandersman
Organizational readiness for an innovation (a program, policy, or practice new to a setting) is important for successful implementation. The R = MC2 heuristic focuses on capacity and motivation as a framework for readiness; it comprises 3 components and 18 subcomponents. A Delphi study with community coalition leaders was undertaken to assess when each subcomponent is most significant in the life cycle of implementing an innovation in a coalition. Results include that motivation is viewed as most important in the early stages of implementation and leadership, climate, program champions, and interorganizational relationships are relevant throughout the lifespan of implementation...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Rebecca J McCloskey, Fei Pei
This study was designed to examine the roles of neighborhood social cohesion and parenting stress in influencing maternal mental health outcomes among primarily low-income, unmarried, urban mothers. Structural equation modeling was conducted using cross-sectional Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study data (N = 3,876), to test the hypotheses that neighborhood social cohesion would be associated with depression and anxiety among mothers with children aged 3 years and that this relationship would be mediated by parenting stress...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Larry R Hearld, Jeffrey A Alexander, Laura J Wolf, Yunfeng Shi
There is growing interest in the use of intersectoral collaboration (e.g., alliances, coalitions, partnerships) to address complex, health-related issues in local communities. Relatively little empirical research, however, has examined how to foster and sustain collaboration across sectors during later stages of development, despite a recognition that the needs and goals for collaboration may change over time. The purpose of this study was to address this gap by examining the perceptions of alliance participants regarding the importance of collaborating with different industry sectors as alliances transitioned from stable, prescriptive foundation support to a more uncertain future...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Patricia Logan-Greene, Brad Linn, Robin Hartinger-Saunders, Thomas Nochajski, William F Wieczorek, Barbara Rittner
AIMS: The social/environmental context of youth is important for mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) health. This study used person-oriented methods to examine the influences of family, neighborhood, and poverty on late adolescent MEB outcomes. METHODS: Latent class analysis was used to discern significant clusters of at-risk, diverse young men (N = 625) based on contextual factors; differences in MEB outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Four classes emerged...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Misha White, Eric Legg, Behrang Foroughi, Jeff Rose
This study explores sense of community (SOC) among low-income college students. The development of a SOC among college students, especially low-income students, may be particularly vital because of its implications for student success. Six low-income Arizona State University students were selected based on receipt of a prestigious last-dollar scholarship. Using narrative inquiry, participants were interviewed about their understanding and experiences with communities. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Jason Bantjes, Leslie Swartz, Jeanine Botha
Despite the increasing prominence of competitive disability sport, the literature on the experiences of disabled athletes, particularly in low- and middle- income countries, is sparse. We aimed to describe the participation experiences of a group of athletes in competitive disability sport in South Africa, as well as exploring the ways they talk about issues of identity and self-representation in the context of elite disability sport. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews with a purposefully sampled group of 22 athletes competing at a national level...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Fatai Gbadebo Adeleke
This study examines the influence of persistent communal conflicts on child delinquency. Within psychosociological models, the study investigates child delinquency in conflict areas in southwestern Nigeria. Triangulation of sampling techniques and methods of data collection were adopted (questionnaire, focus group discussions, in-depth interview, records, journals, and publications). The records showed that there were more child delinquents in the communal conflict areas and the factors responsible were as follows: a gap in family communication, regulation and control mechanism deficiency, institutional and social lapses, excessive drugs abuse, persistent economic hardship and social disorganization, long communal hatred, and negative social variables...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Katricia Stewart, Greg Townley
Homeless youth are adolescents and young adults who do not have stable dwellings but instead live on the streets, in shelters, or in other unstable situations. Although researchers have begun examining well-being among this population, little is known about components of well-being that are relevant to homeless youth or which factors predict differences in well-being. This study examined psychological well-being and its associations with demographic characteristics, intrapersonal factors (mental health, optimism, and self-esteem), and social-contextual factors (social support, sense of community, and empowerment) among 100 youth experiencing homelessness...
January 6, 2019: Journal of Community Psychology
Kristin Bevilacqua, Samantha Schneider, Rehana Rasul, Emanuela Taioli, Rebecca M Schwartz
The Rockaways area of New York City was especially devastated by Hurricane Sandy. This study examined participant characteristics associated with acceptance of a linkage to and attendance at appointments for mental health difficulties (MHD). Participants (N = 1,011) completed questionnaires to assess mental health symptoms. Participants who met screening criteria (n = 442) were offered linkage to care. Individuals who had a higher mental health symptom burden (MHSB; i.e., those who screened in on more than one criteria vs...
December 30, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Emily L Ferrell, Sarah E Russin, Rachel M Hardy
This study explored the experiences of individuals who self-identify as providing support to a friend, family member, or significant other with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We analyzed and coded a total of 345 posts from an online support forum, with reference to 13 categories (finances, life interference, venting/emotional expression, maltreatment, sexual behavior, distress, prevented expression, physical health, communication, no personal space, isolation, and compassion fatigue). Categories for coding were established a priori and based on previous literature about caregiving and supporting...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Hyejin Bang, Gonzalo A Bravo, Katiuscia Mello Figuerôa, Fernando Marinho Mezzadri
This study examined the impacts of volunteers' motivation and satisfaction through Olympic/Paralympic volunteering experiences on their intention to volunteer for future community events and the moderating role of previous volunteering experience in the relationships among motivations, satisfaction, and intention to continue volunteering. A sample of volunteers (N = 4,824) was drawn from the data collected by Nielsen during the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Responses from a total of 25 items of volunteer motivations, satisfaction, future intention to volunteer, and previous experience status were used for the study's analyses...
December 24, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, Nicole J Driffill, Joloire Lauture, Ali Khan, Stella O King-Turner
This mixed methods retrospective case series and qualitative descriptive study describes pregnancy outcomes during the postincarceration period. A retrospective case series via electronic medical record chart review from a subset of women attending a postincarceration primary care clinic with a condition of interest (pregnancy) described demographics, substance use, diagnoses, and pregnancy outcomes. We compared 27 pregnant to 79 nonpregnant women and contextualized quantitative data with qualitative descriptive vignettes...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Community Psychology
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