journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761216/reply-to-goergen-s
#1
LETTER
Justine Chanclud, Eléonore Blondiaux, Catherine Garel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38761215/congenital-pulmonary-venolobar-syndrome-with-thoracic-ectopic-kidney
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neeraj Kumar, Niraj Nirmal Pandey, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Priya Jagia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38758373/deep-learning-reconstruction-computed-tomography-with-low-dose-imaging
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Akio Tamura, Yoshitaka Ota, Kunihiro Yoshioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38755443/pediatric-three-dimensional-quantitative-cardiovascular-computed-tomography
#4
REVIEW
Hyun Woo Goo
High-resolution, isotropic, 3-dimensional (D) data from pediatric cardiovascular computed tomography (CT) offer great potential for the accurate quantitative evaluation of pediatric cardiovascular and pulmonary vascular diseases. Recent pilot studies using pediatric 3-D cardiovascular CT have shown promising results in assessing cardiac function in conditions such as tetralogy of Fallot, cardiac defects with a hypoplastic ventricle, Ebstein anomaly, and in quantifying myocardial mass. In addition, the quantitative assessment of pulmonary vascularity is useful for evaluating differential right-to-left pulmonary vascular volume ratio, the effectiveness of pulmonary angioplasty, and predicting pulmonary hypertension...
May 17, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38750327/ultrasound-and-computed-tomography-angiography-diagnosis-of-fetal-right-atrial-isomerism-with-cardiac-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-and-intestinal-malrotation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junxia Gao, Hongping Ou, Hui Xing, Hui Chen, Yanli Huang, Feng Cao, Yu Wang
Right atrial isomerism is a rare and severe isomerism. It is frequently associated with complex congenital heart disease and various extracardiac anomalies. Imaging diagnosis of right atrial isomerism is a challenge. Multisystem and complex anomalies in a 24-week-old fetus were diagnosed with prenatal ultrasound, postnatal computed tomography angiography (CTA), and autopsy. The ultrasound detected most major cardiovascular anomalies including right atrial isomerism and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection...
May 16, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38750326/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-caudal-regression-syndrome
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Venkatram Krishnan, Sriram Jaganathan, Sateesh Jayappa, Charles Glasier, Arabinda Choudhary, Raghu Ramakrishnaiah, Janice Murphy
Caudal regression syndrome is a form of segmental spinal dysgenesis involving the caudal spinal column, ranging from segmental coccygeal agenesis to extensive thoracolumbar agenesis with varying degrees of spinal cord dysgenesis. A majority of caudal regression cases are sporadic but maternal pre-gestational diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor. Imaging is an integral part of management of caudal regression syndrome. Antenatal diagnosis on obstetric ultrasound and evaluation with fetal MRI is ideal...
May 16, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38750325/ct-radiation-exposure-and-cancer-risk-from-knowing-to-acting
#7
EDITORIAL
Donald P Frush, Guy Frija, Bibb Allen, Boris Brkljacic, John Damilakis, Mahadevappa Mahesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38740606/the-many-faces-of-sickle-cell-disease-in-children-complications-in-the-appendicular-skeleton
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marcela De La Hoz Polo, Victoria E Hudson, John Adu, Subarna Chakravorty, Saira Haque
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary red cell disorder with clinical manifestations secondary to sickling or crescent-shaped distortion of the red blood cells. Musculoskeletal complications of SCD are often the main causes for acute and chronic morbidities in children with manifestations including osteomyelitis, osteoporosis and osteonecrosis. This article aims to familiarise the paediatric radiologist with appendicular skeletal complications of SCD in the paediatric population and their imaging appearance...
May 14, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38736018/mr-imaging-spectrum-of-adolescent-pubic-symphyseal-injuries-athletic-pubalgia
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rida Salman, Abeer Albar, J Herman Kan
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings associated with athletic pubalgia are well documented in the adult literature. OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of MRI findings in adolescents with pubic symphyseal injuries/athletic pubalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board approved, retrospective study of all patients < 18 years who were referred for MRI, over the last 10 years. Two pediatric musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated the MRI in consensus for the following findings: Chronic Salter-Harris (SH)-I equivalent fracture or asymmetric parasymphyseal ossific fraying, non-retractile muscular tear or retraction, and edema of the aponeurosis and arcuate ligament...
May 13, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38717607/evaluating-breast-ultrasonography-as-a-complementary-diagnostic-method-in-girls-with-central-precocious-puberty
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Erhan Bıyıklı, Didem Helvacıoğlu, Onur Buğdaycı, Buşra Gürpınar Tosun, Serap Turan, Tülay Güran, Abdullah Bereket
BACKGROUND: Assessment of breast development by physical examination can be difficult in the early stages and in overweight girls. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ultrasonography (US) for evaluation of early breast development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective study, 125 girls (age 7.1 ± 1.5 years) with breast development before 8 years underwent US breast staging, breast volume, and elastography, in addition to clinical/hormonal evaluation for precocious puberty...
May 8, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38700554/photon-counting-computed-tomography-for-paediatric-congenital-heart-defects-yields-images-of-high-diagnostic-quality-with-low-radiation-doses-at-both-70-kv-and-90-kv
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fredrik Stålhammar, Marie-Louise Aurumskjöld, Sofie Meyer, Marie Wiklund, Pär Wingren, Petru Liuba, Erik Hedström
BACKGROUND: Photon-counting computed tomography (PCCT) is a new clinical method that may show better diagnostic quality at lower radiation doses than conventional CT. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic quality and radiation dose of paediatric cardiovascular PCCT for diagnosis of congenital heart defects at 70 kV and 90 kV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective assessment included clinical non-gated paediatric PCCT examinations for assessment of congenital heart defects...
May 3, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38693251/gartland-classification-concordance-of-supracondylar-fractures-among-pediatric-emergency-medicine-physicians-radiologists-and-orthopedic-surgeons
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca J Schultz, Jason Zarahi Amaral, Callie S Bridges, Joseph Y Allen, Eric S Bih, Andrea T Cruz, Aharon Z Gladstein, Erin B Henkel, Steven J Kraus, Brian G Smith, Jon C Wall, J Herman Kan
BACKGROUND: The modified Gartland classification is the most widely accepted grading method of supracondylar humeral fractures among orthopedic surgeons and is relevant to identifying fractures that may require surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the interobserver reliability of the modified Gartland classification among pediatric radiologists, pediatric orthopedic surgeons, and pediatric emergency medicine physicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Elbow radiographs for 100 children with supracondylar humeral fractures were retrospectively independently graded by two pediatric radiologists, two pediatric orthopedic surgeons, and two pediatric emergency medicine physicians using the modified Gartland classification...
May 2, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38693250/percutaneous-cecostomy-25-year-two-institution-experience
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charles A James, Mark J Hogan, Ryan P Seay, Luke T James, Hanna K Jensen, Nicholas A Kaukis, Mary B Moore, Leah E Braswell
BACKGROUND: Reports of technical success, adverse events, and long-term outcome of percutaneous cecostomy in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize technical success, 30-day severe adverse events, and long-term outcome of percutaneous cecostomy at two centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of hospital course and long-term follow-up (through May 2022) of percutaneous cecostomy tubes placed May 1997 to August 2011 at two children's hospitals was used...
May 2, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38687346/as-fast-as-an-x-ray-real-time-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christian Roth, Christoph-Eckhard Heyde, Eckehard Schumann, Dirk Voit, Jens Frahm, Franz W Hirsch, Rebecca Anders, Daniel Gräfe
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic scoliosis is common in adolescence. Due to the rapid growth of the spine, it must be monitored closely with radiographs to ensure timely intervention when therapy is needed. As these radiographs continue into young adulthood, patients are repeatedly exposed to ionizing radiation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is equivalent to conventional radiography in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis for determining curvature, rotation and the Risser stage...
April 30, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38671145/bone-marrow-disease-in-rhabdomyosarcoma-visualized-by-2-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pia Kröning, Sebastian Berg, Martin T Freitag, Reineke A Schoot, Alexandra Fischer, Alexander Puzik, T Feuchtinger, Charlotte Niemeyer, Philipp Tobias Meyer, Markus Uhl, Simone Hettmer
Bone marrow metastases-noted in 6% of patients with rhabdomyosarcoma-have been linked to very poor outcomes. Bilateral bone marrow sampling from iliac crests has been the gold standard for bone marrow examination in rhabdomyosarcoma, but sampling errors due to patchy bone marrow involvement may limit its sensitivity. Here, we report the case of a 6-year-old boy with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the skull base and multiple 2-[18 F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-[18 F]FDG)-avid bone marrow metastases visualized by positron emission tomography and computed tomography (2-[18 F]FDG PET/CT)...
April 26, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38653794/congenital-agenesis-of-the-common-bile-duct
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Siddhi Chawla, Ashish Swami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644431/imaging-findings-of-children-with-pten-related-hamartoma-tumor-syndrome-a-20-year-multicentric-pediatric-cohort
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claudia Martinez-Rios, Laura S De Leon Benedetti, Luis Octavio Tierradentro-Garcia, Ozge Aksel Kilicarslan, Pablo Caro-Dominguez, Hansel J Otero
BACKGROUND: PTEN-related hamartoma tumor syndrome results from a mutation in the PTEN gene located at 10q23.31. This syndrome represents a spectrum of different phenotypes of variable expressions, now recognized as part of the same condition. Patients with this mutation have an increased risk of developing a wide range of findings, including malignancies. Although widely described in adults, there are no large series describing the imaging findings in patients before adulthood. Knowledge of the findings seen in children and adolescents with PTEN-related hamartoma tumor syndrome can help guide further management and improve surveillance recommendations...
April 22, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642126/denosumab-induced-bone-changes-in-a-child-a-case-report
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caroline Rutten, Claudia Martinez-Rios, Alan Daneman
We present the case of a 9-year-old girl who developed striking bone changes following two years of denosumab therapy for giant cell lesions of the jaw.
April 20, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38641735/measuring-synovial-thickness-on-knee-mri-in-pediatric-patients-with-arthritis-is-contrast-necessary
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Atsuhiko Handa, M Alejandra Bedoya, Jade Iwasaka-Neder, Patrick R Johnston, Mindy S Lo, Sarah D Bixby
BACKGROUND: The use of contrast-enhanced imaging has long been standard for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments of synovitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, advancements in MRI technology have allowed for reliable identification of synovium without contrast. OBJECTIVE: To assess the equivalence of unenhanced MRI with contrast-enhanced MRI in evaluating synovial thickness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board approved, retrospective study performed in a tertiary children's hospital...
April 19, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38637337/transseptal-coronary-artery-a-pictorial-review
#20
REVIEW
Vijetha V Maller, Jason N Johnson, Umar Boston, Christopher Knott-Craig
A transseptal coronary artery course, also known as a transconal course, is an anomalous course of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) or the left anterior descending artery (LAD) through the conal septal myocardium. The conal septal myocardium is the posterior wall of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), acting as a dividing myocardial wall between the subaortic and subpulmonary outflow tracts. The initial segment of a transseptal coronary artery has an extraconal course between the aorta and the RVOT cranial to the true intramyocardial segment...
April 19, 2024: Pediatric Radiology
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