Journals Journal of Abnormal Child Psyc...

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Eleanor Leigh, Ailsa Lee, Hannah M Brown, Simone Pisano, Argyris Stringaris
Although youth irritability is linked with substantial psychiatric morbidity and impairment, little is known about how personal characteristics influence its course. In this study we examined the prospective associations between angry and depressive rumination and irritability. A sample of 165 school pupils aged 12-14 years were assessed at two time points six months apart. They completed measures of irritability at Times 1 and 2 and depressive and angry rumination at Time 1. In line with our hypotheses, we found that angry rumination is significantly associated with irritability six months later, over and above baseline irritability and depressive rumination...
December 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sin-Ying Lin, Nicholas R Eaton, Jessica L Schleider
Mounting evidence highlights the link between screen time and adolescent mood problems. However, there are several shortcomings to the extant literature: (1) this link is underexplored in preadolescents, (2) most existing studies look at mood problems using categorical diagnoses rather than from a symptom-level perspective, despite the heterogeneity within mood disorders, (3) few studies have simultaneously examined the links of mood symptoms with different types of screen time, and (4) family/child-level factors that have shown links to youth psychopathology are not typically considered...
December 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Alison E Hipwell, Savannah R Roberts, Anne J Maheux, Stephanie D Stepp
Adolescence is a developmental period during which youth tend to initiate sexual behavior, which may include sexual risk behavior. Symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) are associated with increased rates of risky behaviors. However, little is known about longitudinal associations between BPD symptoms and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence. This study examines developmental trajectories of adolescent girls' BPD symptoms and sexual risk behaviors in a community sample of Black and White girls from the Pittsburgh Girls Study (n = 1620)...
December 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Zoe R Smith, David H Zald, Benjamin B Lahey
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by behavioral symptoms reflecting slowness and lethargy (e.g., sluggishness, appearing sleepy) and inconsistent alertness/mental confusion (e.g., daydreaming, fogginess). SCT is substantially correlated with the inattentive symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and may be part of that domain, but in cross-sectional data, SCT is also strongly associated with both inattention and depression. To date, no study has examined the prospective associations of SCT symptoms in childhood/adolescence with symptoms of ADHD and internalizing problems in adulthood...
December 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sarah L Pedersen, Traci M Kennedy, Heather M Joseph, Sarah J Riston, Heidi L Kipp, Brooke S G Molina
Research on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) points to the possibility that contextual factors (e.g., time of day, school vs. home) may be related to symptoms and impairment. This prior research has relied on laboratory-based or retrospective, global approaches which has limited ecological validity. The present study substantively contributes to the extant literature by examining adolescents' ADHD symptoms in the real world across the day on both school and non-school days to test whether symptoms worsened throughout the day and were higher on school days relative to non-school days...
December 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Nada M Goodrum, Daniel W Smith, Rochelle F Hanson, Angela D Moreland, Benjamin E Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
Violence is a public health concern linked with mental health problems among adolescents, and risk behavior increases the likelihood of violence exposure. Family cohesion may attenuate the negative effects of risk behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine family cohesion as a moderator in the relation between risk behavior (substance use and delinquency) and violence exposure, and to explore longitudinal associations among cohesion, violence exposure, and subsequent mental health outcomes (PTSD and depression)...
November 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Erika D Felix, Tamara D Afifi, Sean M Horan, Haley Meskunas, Adam Garber
Although families can be a source of support post-disaster, depending on how they communicate about their stress, their attempts at support can be helpful or harmful. This study explored the moderating role of topic avoidance and co-rumination on post-disaster mental health (MH) in a sample of 485 parent-child dyads following severe floods affecting Texas. Parents (69.0% female) and their oldest child between the ages of 10-19 years (M = 13.75 years, SD = 2.56) completed online surveys approximately one-year post-flooding...
November 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rosalie Corona, Melissa R Dvorsky, Stephanie Romo, Amanda M Parks, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Zoe R Smith, Melissa Avila, Joshua Langberg
Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at high risk for tobacco use, but tobacco use prevention strategies are not regularly incorporated into evidence-based ADHD interventions. We conducted a pilot randomized-controlled trial to determine the feasibility of integrating tobacco use prevention skills into a behavioral treatment for ADHD and to provide preliminary efficacy data comparing a combined (ADHD + tobacco) intervention (N = 40) to an ADHD only intervention (N = 23) on tobacco risk outcomes...
November 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Rafaella J Jakubovic, Deborah A G Drabick
Community violence exposure (CVE) is associated with aggression among youth, particularly those who reside in low-income, urban neighborhoods. However, not all youth who experience CVE exhibit aggression. Working memory (WM) difficulties may interfere with attributions or retrieval of nonaggressive responses, suggesting that individual differences in WM may contribute to proactive and/or reactive aggression among youth who experience CVE. Participants were 104 low-income, urban youth (M = 9.92 ± 1...
November 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Nicole N Capriola-Hall, Jordan A Booker, Thomas H Ollendick
Specific phobias are among the most prevalent anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Although brief and intensive treatments are evidence-based interventions (Davis III et al. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15, 233-256, 2019), up to one-third of youth do not show significant change in their symptoms following these interventions. Hence, consideration of additional factors influencing treatment response is necessary. Child-factors such as temperament and parent-factors such as parenting behaviors both contribute to the development of specific phobias and their maintenance over time...
October 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Gretchen R Perhamus, Jamie M Ostrov
The present study examines the role of irritability in form and function subtypes of aggression over 1 year in early childhood (N = 300, Mage  = 44.70 months, SD = 4.38 months). This study prospectively tests hostile attribution biases (HAB) as a mediator in irritability's relations with aggression, with hypothesized form-specific relations between HAB and aggression. Moderation by gender and a reversed alternative model (aggression to irritability, mediated by HAB), were also tested. Path analyses showed irritability predicted increases in all subtypes of aggression (βs = 0...
September 25, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sabrina Faleschini, Célia Matte-Gagné, Thuy Mai Luu, Sylvana Côté, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
Parents of preterm children are more likely to adopt non-optimal parenting behaviors than parents of full-term (FT) children. However, there is a lack of studies on parents of children born moderate to late preterm (MLP; 32-36 gestational weeks). In this study, we aimed to examine: (1) the association between MLP birth status and the trajectory of parental overprotection throughout preschool years, and (2) the role of parental overprotection, MLP birth status, and their interaction in the prediction of the trajectories of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention throughout childhood...
September 16, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Michael T Sanders, Karen L Bierman, Brenda S Heinrichs
Growing up in poverty increases youth risk for developing aggressive behavior problems, which, in turn, are associated with a host of problematic outcomes, including school drop-out, substance use, mental health problems, and delinquency. In part, this may be due to exposure to adverse school contexts that create socialization influences supporting aggression. In the current study, 356 children from low-income families (58% White, 17% Latinx, 25% Black; 54% girls) were followed from preschool through seventh grade...
September 15, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Annabel Songco, Charlotte Booth, Olivia Spiegler, Sam Parsons, Elaine Fox
The development of negative cognitive biases, together with symptoms of anxiety and depression, has yet to be investigated longitudinally. Using a three-wave design, the present study examined developmental trajectories of anxiety and depressive symptoms and the co-occurrence of cognitive biases, in a large normative sample of adolescents (N = 504). Data was drawn from the CogBIAS Longitudinal Study (CogBIAS-L-S), which assessed a wide range of psychological variables, including cognitive biases and self-reported anxiety and depressive symptoms, when adolescents were approximately 13, 14...
September 14, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, Rachel Grove, John McAloon, David Berle
The aim of this study was to identify whether parenting style during a child's toddler years predicts the course of the child's internalising symptoms throughout early to middle childhood. The current study uses data from waves 1 to 7 (acquired biennially) of the infant cohort (N = 4494) of Growing up in Australia: the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), a population-based longitudinal study. Latent class growth analysis identified four distinct longitudinal trajectories of internalizing symptoms: Low stable (66% of the children), High increasing (7%), Low increasing (17%) and High decreasing (10%)...
September 11, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Frances L Wang, Sarah L Pedersen, Bernie Devlin, Elizabeth M Gnagy, William E Pelham, Brooke S G Molina
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
September 7, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
G Leonard Burns, Christian Geiser, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, Theodore P Beauchaine
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The supplementary material was not captured to our commentary article.
September 7, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Phoebe Thomson, Nandita Vijayakumar, Katherine A Johnson, Charles B Malpas, Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Philip Hazell, Timothy J Silk
The present study characterizes changes in sustained attention ability over ages 9-14, and whether longitudinal trajectories of attention development differ between persistent ADHD, remitted ADHD and control groups. The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) was administered to 120 children with ADHD and 123 controls on three occasions between ages 9 and 14. Trajectories of sustained attention development, indicated by changes in SART performance (standard deviation of response time [SDRT], omission errors, and ex-Gaussian parameters sigma and tau), were examined using generalized additive mixed models...
September 5, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Hongjian Cao, Yue Liang, Nan Zhou
Early proximal interpersonal processes in central microsystems have been widely linked to child subsequent adaptation. What remains sparse is research spanning multiple developmental stages and examining unique, relative implications of distinct early proximal interpersonal processes for child later adjustment in various domains and the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral mechanisms underlying such associations. Using NICHD SECCYD data, a process model was tested in which negativities and positivities in three early proximal interpersonal processes (i...
September 3, 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jessica N Smith, Joseph S Raiker, Whitney D Fosco, Morgan L Jusko, Mileini Campez, Kelcey Little, Aaron Mattfeld, Kisbel Espinal, Gabriela Sanchez, Brittany Merrill, Erica D Musser, Elizabeth Gnagy, Andrew Greiner, Erika Coles, William E Pelham
Two primary methods of quantifying executive functioning include self- or other-reports (i.e., questionnaire-based EF) and cognitive test performance (i.e., task-based EF). Despite their lack of concordance with one another and relatively inconsistent associations with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, both approaches have been utilized in attempts to advance our understanding of the role of EF in symptoms of ADHD. The current study is the first to incorporate a direct assessment of behavior (i...
September 2020: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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