Journals Archives of Environmental Cont...

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
S Shelciya, V Glen Esmeralda, Jamila Patterson
Mangroves constitute a unique and important type of coastal wetlands in tropical and subtropical zones worldwide. The abundance of microplastics (MPs) in the mangrove sediments is poorly understood. This study aimed to quantify the role of mangrove root systems in effectively entrapping MPs in the mangrove areas of Tuticorin and Punnakayal Estuary. It investigated the abundance, characteristics, and weathering patterns of MPs in different mangrove sediments. Sediment samples were collected from ten mangrove sites and two control sites without mangroves...
June 7, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
D P Gedig, M Hauger, D A Armstrong, K M Jeffries
Mercury contamination is a global issue because mercury concentrations in aquatic systems are influenced by both natural and anthropogenic pathways. Here, liver and muscle total mercury (THg) concentrations in black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus from three boreal lakes in southeastern Manitoba, Canada, were related to age, morphology and physiological traits to better understand the dynamics of mercury accumulation in an introduced generalist fish species. These THg concentrations were then compared to black crappie mercury concentrations in other Canadian water bodies and to mercury concentrations in other freshwater fishes in southeastern Manitoba...
June 5, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Vo-Chau-Ngan Nguyen, Hoang-Vinh-Truong Phan, Van-Kieu Nguyen, Duc-Thuong Vo, Thanh-Nha Tran, Minh-Trung Dao, Le-Thuy-Thuy-Trang Hoang
Cassia fistula seed-derived coagulant has been reported to exhibit high coagulating-flocculating activity, environmental friendliness, and cost-effectiveness for the wastewater treatment, especially of textile wastewater. For heavy metal removal, however, research focusing on evaluating the feasibility of this material is still limited. Therefore, this study reports jar-test experiments in which the Zn2+ and Ni2+ removal efficiency of C. fistula coagulant was assessed. Moreover, a comparison of coagulation performance using a conventional chemical coagulant and the natural coagulant was performed...
May 30, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Van-Hao Duong, Duc-Thang Duong, Loat Van Bui, Thanh Tien Kim, Hue Minh Bui, Trong Dinh Tran, Trinh Trong Phan, Thanh-Duong Nguyen
The Red River is one of the largest rivers that plays an important role in the economic development of North Vietnam. There are many radionuclides bearing rare earth, uranium ore mines, mining industrial zones and magma intrusive formations along this river. The contamination and accumulation of radionuclides could exist at high concentration in surface sediments of this river. Thus, the present investigation aims to study the activity concentrations of 226 Ra, 232 Th (228 Ra), 40 K, and 137 Cs in Red River surface sediments...
May 26, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Erika A Burton, Brian Atkinson, Joseph Salerno, Hufsa N Khan, Ryan S Prosser, Patricia L Gillis
The elevated use of salt as a de-icing agent on roads in Canada is causing an increase in the chloride concentration of freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater Unionid mussels are a group of organisms that are sensitive to increases in chloride levels. Unionids have greater diversity in North America than anywhere else on Earth, but they are also one of the most imperiled groups of organisms. This underscores the importance of understanding the effect that increasing salt exposure has on these threatened species...
May 26, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Alla P Toropova, Andrey A Toropov, Alessandra Roncaglioni, Emilio Benfenati, Danuta Leszczynska, Jerzy Leszczynski
The traditional application for quantitative structure-property/activity relationships (QSPRs/QSARs) in the fields of thermodynamics, toxicology or drug design is predicting the impact of molecular features using data on the measurable characteristics of substances. However, it is often necessary to evaluate the influence of various exposure conditions and environmental factors, besides the molecular structure. Different enzyme-driven processes lead to the accumulation of metal ions by the worms. Heavy metals are sequestered in these organisms without being released back into the soil...
May 18, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Van Sang Nguyen, Hoang Ngoc Khue Vu, Thoai Tam Nguyen, Thi Thao Nguyen Huynh, Quoc Bang Ho
Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) is one of the main socioeconomic and financial centers of Vietnam. The city also faces serious air pollution. However, the city polluted with benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) has rarely been studied. We used positive matrix factorization (PMF) to analyze BTEX concentrations measured at two sampling locations to identify the main sources of BTEX in HCMC. The locations represented residential area (i.e., To Hien Thanh) and industrial area (i.e., Tan Binh Industrial Park)...
May 17, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yi Zhang, Hao Zhang, Kang Yan, Qi You, Saiqi Zeng, Yuheng Wu, Futao Chen, Jian Chen, Jianming Xu, Haizhen Wang
Pollution from electronic-waste (E-waste) dismantling is of great concern. This study investigated the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in 253 cropland soil samples around an abandoned E-waste dismantling site in Taizhou city, Zhejiang province in China, using an analytical method which simultaneously extracted, purified and determined the identity and quantity of the three types of persistent organic pollutants...
May 2, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Sahar Karray, Justine Marchand, Alain Geffard, Tarek Rebai, Françoise Denis, Benoît Chénais, Amel Hamza-Chaffai
In this study, we focused on evaluating the responses of the cockle, Cerastoderma glaucum to in situ exposures to metals at three sites in the Gulf of Gabes in the coastal zone of Tunisia differing in levels of metal contamination. Firstly, we examined the general physiological state of the organisms. Secondly, we evaluated the bioaccumulation of several metals (Cd, Cu, Zn, Ni) in the cockles. Thirdly, we focused on evaluating histologically changes in gametogenesis and sexual maturity of the organisms. Finally, we determined the expression of seven key genes encoding enzymes or proteins involved in responses to different types of environmental stressors...
April 29, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Phayong Thepaksorn, Pureum Lee, Yoko Shiwaku, Bo Zheng, Akio Koizumi, Kouji H Harada
Our previous studies reported that perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) contamination decreased in well, tap, and surface water around a fluoropolymer plant in Osaka, Japan, between 2003 and 2016. In this study, we evaluated the degradability of PFOA and perfluorohexanoic acid in river soils to identify the influence of the degradation on the perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) in the Yodo River Basin. We also investigated the influence of abiotic oxidation on the formation of PFCAs in soils and measured the fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) as precursors of PFCAs in the soil and air samples collected at Osaka and Kyoto...
April 26, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Jean-Philippe Bedell, André-Marie Dendievel, Antoine Gosset, Brice Mourier
Sediment management along engineered river systems includes dredging operations and sediment deposition in the sea (capping) or on land. Thus, determining the ecotoxicological risk gradient associated with river sediments is critical. In this study, we investigated sediment samples along the Rhône River (France) and conducted environmental risk assessment tests with the idea to evaluate them in the future for deposit on soil. Based on an on-land deposit scenario, the capacity of the sediment samples from four sites (LDB, BER, GEC, and TRS) to support vegetation was evaluated by characterising the physical and chemical parameters (pH, conductivity, total organic carbon, grain size, C/N, potassium, nitrogen, and selected pollutants), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and metal trace elements...
April 25, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Rosa Fakhri, Mohsen Jalali, Faranak Ranjbar
Biochemical processes in the rhizosphere affect the availability and distribution of heavy metals (HMs) in various forms. Rhizosphere soil (RS) and non-rhizosphere soil (NRS) samples were collected from 10 fields under tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.) cultivation to investigate the release kinetics and distribution of HMs including cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) in five fractions. The cumulative amounts of Cu and Fe released after 88 h were in the following ranges, respectively: 1...
April 21, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Zhiping Ye, Jianyao Chen, Zuobing Liang, Shaoheng Li, Rui Li, Lei Gao, Guangzhe Jin, Yuta Shimizu, Shin-Ichi Onodera, Mitsuyo Saito, Gnanachandrasamy Gopalakrishnan
Sequential extraction was used to study the mobility and ecological risk of chemical fractions of six heavy metals in sediments collected from the Pearl River Delta (PRE) in China. Results revealed that residual fractions (F4) were the dominant forms for Cr and Ni in surface sediments, indicating that they were primarily stable in nature and had low bioavailability and ecotoxicity. Cd had a high environmental risk owing to its higher availability in acid-soluble fraction (F1), whereas Pb occurred predominantly in the reducible fraction (F2) in surface sediments...
April 12, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Saeed Shojaee Barjoee, Mohammad Azizi, Mosayeb Kouhkan, Iraj Alipourfard, Adeleh Bayat, Yones Heydari Shahbaz, Amir Badieefar, Mohd Talib Latif
In the present study, the researchers used an integrated approach composed of response surface analysis (RSM) and MPACT model to predict fatality rates caused by benzene emitted from floating-roof tanks. RSM scenarios were configured in Expert Design (version 7.0) software using the central composite design (CCD) method and five variables of wind speed, relative humidity, atmospheric temperature, failure diameter, and emission height were considered. Continuous Pasquill-Gifford Gaussian model was used to estimate the results of the RSM scenarios...
April 11, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ceyhun Akarsu, Vildan Zülal Sönmez, Nüket Sivri
In recent years, the demand for critical raw materials such as gallium, gadolinium and germanium (G(s)) has steadily increased in various industries. However, treatment or recycling rates of these elements are extremely low, which can lead to environmental pollution. An assessment of the ecological risks was also not possible until now, as there were no calculated toxicity coefficients for G(s). In this study, a well-known method, the so-called potential ecological risk index (PERI), was used for the first time to calculate the toxicity coefficients of these elements using data from recent literature studies on G(s) elements...
April 8, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Federica Castellani, Mara Galletti, Fedra Charavgis, Alessandra Cingolani, Sonia Renzi, Mirko Nucci, Carmela Protano, Matteo Vitali
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a wide class of emerging pollutants. In this study, we applied the US EPA method 533 for the determination of 21 PFCs in river water samples. In particular, this method was used to investigate the presence of the target PFCs in six rivers in central Italy during a 4-month-long monitoring campaign. In 73% of the analyzed samples, at least some of the target PFCs were detected at concentrations higher than the limit of detection (LOD). The sum of the 21 target analytes (∑21 PFCs) ranged from 4...
April 6, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Flora Qarri, Alda Kika, Lirim Bekteshi, Sonila Kane, Shaniko Allajbeu, Pranvera Lazo
This research used moss biomonitoring to assess the atmospheric deposition of selected trace metals across the whole territory of Albania, a country of diverse lithology, and topography. Here, we assess three elements (Cr, Ni, and Co) that were identified in high concentrations compared to values reported by European moss surveys of 2010 and 2015. The possibility of element uptake by moss from substrate soils was assessed by analyzing moss and topsoil samples from the same areas. For this purpose, moss (Hypnum cupressiforme (Hedw...
April 5, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Luu Viet Dung, Nguyen Tai Tue, Pham Van Lam, Tran Dang Quy, Vo Minh Canh, Nguyen Duc Tam, Mai Trong Nhuan
Stable isotope signatures (δ13 C, δ15 N) and trace elements (TEs) were analyzed from invertebrates and fish to assess food web structure and the biomagnification or biodilution of Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, Mn, Cr, Hg and As in coastal waters of Ha Tinh Province, Central Vietnam. δ13 C and δ15 N values of purported food sources (sediments, phytoplankton, macroalgae, and zooplankton) ranged from -21.24 ± 0.39‰ to -16.72 ± 1.02‰ and from 3.02 ± 0...
April 5, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Amanda Oliveira Mourão, Mayra Soares Santos, Alexandre Sylvio Vieira da Costa, Heberson Teixeira da Silva, Luiz Fernando Oliveira Maia, Márcia Cristina da Silva Faria, Mariandry Del Vale Rodriguez Rodriguez, Jairo Lisboa Rodrigues
The rupture of the Fundão dam released about 50 million m3 of mining tailings in the Doce river basin. To assess the potential for environmental contamination and the risks of residual exposure of the human population generated by these tailings, water and fish samples from the Doce river were collected 25 days after the accident and analyzed the physicochemical parameters of the water and levels of metals by ICP-MS, in addition to the temporal variability of the concentration of these elements through other studies...
April 2, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Long Ta Bui, Diem Luong Thi Tran
Economic activities are constantly increasing in the southern key economic region (SKER), especially in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), which leads to the influx of large amounts of wastewater from this region into Ganh Rai Bay (GRB). The problem of assessing the marine environmental carrying capacity (MECC) of coastal areas is urgent, and the role of self-cleaning must be elucidated. Four typical pollution parameters were selected: ammonium (NH4 + ), biological oxygen demand (BOD), phosphate (PO4 3- ), and coliforms...
March 28, 2023: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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