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International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30994375/pilot-evaluation-of-a-conservation-corps-program-for-young-adults
#1
Caitlin S Sayegh, Stanley J Huey, Janet U Schneiderman, Sarah A Redmond
Education and employment programs may be effective at reducing problem behaviors among at-risk young adults. This pilot study evaluated whether participants in a Conservation Corps program ( N = 100) showed changes in antisocial behavior, gang membership, and substance use during the program. Participants were young adults between 18 and 24 years who were predominantly male (60%) and ethnic minority (62% Latino; 31% African American). Over the course of the 22-week program, participants showed significant decreases in self-reported antisocial behavior and gang involvement, and approximately 28% earned a high school diploma...
April 17, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973032/identifying-risk-profiles-for-antisocial-behavior-in-a-spanish-sample-of-young-offenders
#2
Laura López-Romero, Lorena Maneiro, Olalla Cutrín, José Antonio Gómez-Fraguela, Paula Villar, Mᵃ Ángeles Luengo, Jorge Sobral, Estrella Romero
One of the main purposes of juvenile risk assessment is to distinguish different risk profiles, which may lead to referring youths into specific intervention programs tailored to their specific needs. This study is devoted to identifying main typologies of risk in a sample of 286 Spanish young offenders aged 14 to 22 ( M = 17.36; SD = 1.61) years. Participants were classified into different profiles, representing different levels of risk in terms of individual and psychosocial dynamic variables. A three-class (low-, middle-, and high-risk profiles) and a four-class (low-, middle-, high-risk family problems/callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and high-risk impulsive/undercontrolled) solutions were identified...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30964352/the-power-of-being-there-for-each-other-the-importance-of-self-awareness-identifying-stress-and-burnout-and-proactive-self-care-strategies-for-sex-offender-treatment-providers
#3
Karen Parsonson, Luz Alquicira
This was an exploratory study which hypothesized that there would be significant individual differences in feelings, perceptions, experiences, self-care strategies, and barriers to practicing self-care between sex offender treatment professionals. Nine sex offender treatment providers, all female, received structured interviews. Experience with the population varied from 3 to 15 years. Qualitative data were evaluated for themes in perceived context and nature of their work. The focus was upon conceptualization of self-care and implications, both professionally and personally...
April 9, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957662/match-a-new-approach-for-differentiating-linking-series-of-sex-worker-homicides-and-sexual-assaults
#4
C Gabrielle Salfati, Marina Sorochinski
Sex workers as a group are one of the more common targets in serial homicide, yet the most likely to go unsolved. Part of the reason for this is the difficulty in linking individual crime scenes to a series, especially in those series where offenders not only target sex worker victims but also target non-sex worker victims. Inconsistencies in both victim targeting and behaviors engaged in across series add to the difficulties of linking and solvability in these types of crimes. The current study aimed to add to the current body of literature on serial crime linkage by examining not only the most salient behavioral indicators useful for crime scene classification of serial homicides that involve sex worker victims but also examine the trajectories of behavioral change that can help link apparently inconsistent crime scenes and proposes the new Model for the Analysis of Trajectories and Consistency in Homicide (MATCH)...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957603/thwarted-interpersonal-needs-and-suicide-ideation-distress-among-psychiatric-inpatients-the-moderating-role-of-criminal-associates
#5
Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz, Jared F Roush, Sarah L Brown, Jessica L Alquist, Angelea D Bolaños, Robert D Morgan, Erin K Poindexter
Psychiatric inpatients are at elevated risk of suicide, and approximately half are criminal justice-involved. Their involvement with criminal associates may be linked to increased suicide ideation distress; however, this has not been examined. This study tested main effects of, and interactions between, thwarted belongingness (TB) or perceived burdensomeness (PB), time spent with associates, and associates' criminal involvement predicting suicide ideation distress. In our study, psychiatric inpatients ( n = 139) completed assessments cross-sectionally...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30957597/barriers-to-education-policies-and-perceptions-of-individuals-with-histories-of-sexual-offenses-in-higher-education
#6
Lauren Rubenstein, Olivia M Tabaczyk, Elizabeth Jeglic
Although education has been demonstrated to promote desistance, a person with a sex offense conviction faces numerous obstacles when pursuing a postsecondary education. In the present study, we investigated perceptions of university administrators toward applicants convicted of sexual offenses. Responses were collected through an online survey disseminated to national higher education administrator organizations. Results indicated that 70% of institutions collect information regarding students' criminal histories, with 62% of these institutions taking sexual offenses into consideration in admissions decisions...
April 8, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30947588/an-updated-sexual-homicide-crime-scene-rating-scale-for-sexual-sadism-sadsex-sh
#7
Wade C Myers, Eric Beauregard, William Menard
The Sexual Homicide Crime Scene Rating Scale for Sexual Sadism (SADSEX-SH) is a rating scale which dimensionally measures the degree of offender sexual sadism in suspected sexual homicide cases. Scoring is accomplished using crime scene and related investigative information. Preliminary norms for the SADSEX-SH prototype indicate that it correctly classified offenders with and without sexual sadism. This study further assessed SADSEX-SH sensitivity, specificity, and inter-rater reliability by comparing a larger sample of male sexual homicide offenders with ( n = 20) and without ( n = 20) sexual sadism...
April 5, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30947575/sexual-homicide-the-need-for-an-international-examination-of-the-crime-scene
#8
Eric Beauregard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30943825/sex-worker-homicide-series-profiling-the-crime-scene
#9
Marina Sorochinski, C Gabrielle Salfati
Contrary to popular misconceptions, offenders who kill sex workers as part of their series exhibit substantial variability in their victim selection and behavioral patterns, thus creating additional issues for the investigation of these crimes. This article first aims to outline differences in the demographics of crime scene actions present in homicide series with exclusively sex worker victims and series that includes both sex worker and non-sex worker victims, with the aim of understanding the crime scene aetiology of these two different types of series...
April 3, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30943818/whiter-than-white-the-art-of-delaying-detection-in-sexual-killers
#10
Ewa B Stefanska, Adam J Carter
The study investigated whether different types of sexual homicide perpetrators are more or less skilled at delaying detection. A newly proposed direct/indirect typology was used alongside information about the time of arrest, the frequency of specific precautions as well as the impact of forensic strategies used by the perpetrators to examine skill at delaying detection. The results indicated that the time from the killing to the arrest, as measured in days, was longer for the direct than the indirect sexual killers...
April 3, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30938214/validating-drug-court-collaboration-instrument-differences-in-model-adherence-between-adult-and-juvenile-drug-courts
#11
Xiaohan Mei, Jacqueline G van Wormer, Ruibin Lu, Mia J Abboud, Faith E Lutze
Drug courts aim to significantly address drug abuse and drug-related criminality. However, the effectiveness of drug courts varies from court to court. The variation of success demands insights regarding what is going on inside the "black box" of drug court practices. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate to what extent drug courts are operated in adherence with guiding principles and strategies. Using a national sample and validated measures, the current article examines the "black boxes" of adult and juvenile drug courts across the country...
April 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30924386/the-perfect-storm-mapping-the-life-course-trajectories-of-serial-killers
#12
Sasha Reid, Aleece Katan, Ayah Ellithy, Ran Della Stua, Egor V Denisov
Since the 1970s, scholars have produced a large body of research attempting to establish the mechanisms by which sexual serial killers come to arrive at a life of repeat fatal violence. From the standpoint of developmental psychology, however, the explanations offered are far too limited in scope. Human development is the product of complex reciprocal transactions that occur between an individual and their environment throughout their life span. This present study is meant to encourage a critical reconsideration of past knowledge (mainly static traits) in favor of the recognition of the complexity of human development...
March 29, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30917703/cognitive-interviewing-to-improve-questionnaires-for-justice-involved-youth
#13
Jason R Silva, Beth Fera, Susruta Sudula, Deborah Koetzle, Craig Schwalbe
This study demonstrates the utility of cognitive interviewing for survey and scale development in criminal justice research and identifies common comprehension problems with survey items for justice-involved youth. A cognitive interviewing strategy was utilized with a sample of youth who completed a survey examining risk factors for recidivism. A content analysis of interviews was used to identify patterns and to classify the nature and type of comprehension issues youth experienced. Five specific comprehension issues were identified including reading comprehension, item ambiguity, precondition binds, double-barreled questions, and double negatives...
March 28, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30913938/psychosocial-factors-and-juvenile-homicide-in-argentina
#14
Renata Wiese, Eugenio Cálcena, Adrián Darío Aramayo Criniti, Cecilia Inés Catanesi, Jorge Oscar Folino
Although knowledge on and prevention of juvenile homicide are crucial for social welfare and have been approached through different methodological instruments, this behavior is still quite difficult to be addressed. In this study, we have analyzed several psychological and social factors that could be theoretically related to juvenile homicidal behavior. Our case-control study included young ( M = 16.8 years) males institutionalized in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, under judicial order for crime...
March 27, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897982/sexual-sadism-and-psychopathy-in-sexual-homicide-offenders-an-exploration-of-their-associates-in-a-clinical-sample
#15
Rajan Darjee
Sexual sadism and psychopathy are often considered synonymous with sexual homicide, but there is limited research on their associates in sexual homicide offenders. Associates of dimensional measures of sexual sadism (Sexual Sadism Scale; SeSaS) and psychopathy (Psychopathy Check List-Revised [PCL-R] total, Factor 1, and Factor 2) were examined in 51 male Scottish cases. Over a third were DSM-IV ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV) sexual sadists, just under a third screened in with the SeSaS, and a quarter were "Hare psychopaths...
March 22, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30845857/it-s-not-the-csi-effect-criminal-justice-students-choice-of-major-and-career-goals
#16
Kimberly Collica-Cox, Gennifer Furst
The media tends to influence public perceptions of the criminal justice system. The media's impact, known as the CSI Effect, is not well documented in criminal justice majors. The present study adds to a small body of literature regarding the impact of media on criminal justice students' decisions, and seeks to identify the factors that influence students' choices, regarding their major/career goals. Based on the results from surveys administered at an urban university in the United States, most criminal justice students reported that they were not influenced by the media, yet the vast majority believed this to be true of their fellow majors...
March 8, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30829105/a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-canadian-and-korean-sexual-homicide
#17
Jonghan Sea, Eric Beauregard, Melissa Martineau
Sexual homicide is a crime of rare occurrence. However, crime severity surveys ranked this form of sexual violence as the second most serious crime. Despite an increase in recent years in the publication of empirical studies on sexual homicide, most of these studies originate from Western countries. Therefore, to our knowledge, no studies to date have tested whether the country where sexual homicides are committed influences the way these crimes are executed by the offenders. The current study attempts to shed additional light on the sexual homicide offender (SHO) by comparing Korean and Canadian SHOs as well as comparing both groups of SHOs with a group of nonsexual homicide offenders (NSHOs)...
March 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30829093/sexual-homicide-in-france
#18
Jonathan James, Jean Proulx, Elen Vuidard, Audrey Renard, Stéphanie Le Maout, Marie-Laure Brunel-Dupin
The primary objective of this study was to describe and compare the modus operandi, and associated contextual and situational factors, of French serial sexual murderers (SSMs) and nonserial sexual murderers (NSMs). A further objective was to verify the generalizability of the conclusions of James and Proulx's 2016 systematic review of the modus operandi of sexual murderers, the majority of whom were American or English. Detailed data on the precrime, modus operandi, postcrime, and victimology factors of 120 French sexual murderers (SSMs: n = 33; NSMs: n = 87) were compared...
March 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30829092/sexual-homicide-of-children-a-new-classification
#19
Julien Chopin, Eric Beauregard
The sexual homicide of a child is an unusual event, and very few studies have been conducted on the topic. Previous studies have mainly focused on the differences between sexual homicide of child and adult victims. The current study aims to identify a typology of sexual homicide of children based on modus operandi, offenders' and victims' characteristics. Using two-step cluster analysis on a sample of 72 cases of extra familial sexual homicide of children (aged 16 years or below) from France, six clusters have been identified on the basis of eight modus operandi variables: intentional/prepubescent, inadvertent/prepubescent, intentional/preteen, inadvertent/preteen, indiscriminate/teen, and intentional/teen...
March 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30829090/perceived-social-ties-and-mental-health-among-formerly-incarcerated-men-in-new-york-city
#20
Pamela Valera, Javier F Boyas
The incarcerated population has been substantially burdened by syndemic productions involving mental health illness and substance abuse problems. The present analysis describes the mental health symptoms of a nonprobability sample of 225 formerly incarcerated men and establishes the types of perceived support they received during incarceration as predictors of their psychological well-being upon release. The men were between 35 and 67 years of age; the mean age was 47.27 ( SD = 6.64), and Blacks and Latinos were about equally represented...
March 2, 2019: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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