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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Michelle Maiuolo, Frank P Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi
Adolescents experience high rates of mental health problems but are reluctant to seek professional help. Parents play an integral role in the help seeking process for their adolescent children. Parental authoritativeness and support have been identified as contributing to better mental health outcomes and a reduction in help seeking barriers in their children. The current study examined the influence of parental authoritativeness and support on help seeking intentions and behaviors in 1582 students (49% female) in 17 schools (mean age = 17...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Megan K Maas, Bethany C Bray, Jennie G Noll
Adolescents' online sexual experiences (e.g., pornography use, sexual chatting, sexualized social media use, and nude image exchange) provide a new context for sexual socialization. Traditionally, online sexual experiences are often aggregated averages, which neglect their complexity and fail to identify individual differences in the experience. Moreover, the lack of longitudinal research in this area has failed to determine if these experiences predict later offline sexual health and violence outcomes. An analysis of two waves of surveys completed by ethnically and socioeconomically diverse female adolescents (N = 296; 49% maltreated; aged 14-16 years) participating in a larger cross-sequential study was conducted to address these gaps...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Elisabetta Crocetti, Silvia Moscatelli, Goda Kaniušonytė, Wim Meeus, Rita Žukauskienė, Monica Rubini
Morality, competence, and sociability have been conceptualized as fundamental dimensions of social judgment that individuals use to evaluate themselves and other people and groups. The way in which adolescents perceive themselves along these dimensions affects the quality of their relationships across multiple social contexts. Given the centrality of morality, competence, and sociability for adolescents' social life, the purpose of this study was to understand how these dimensions develop over time with a focus on gender differences, since males and females can show distinct trajectories due to socialization and developmental processes...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Rose Wesche, Derek A Kreager, Mark E Feinberg, Eva S Lefkowitz
Well-liked adolescents are more likely than their peers to engage in sexual behaviors, which may place them at higher risk of negative outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. Yet, little is known regarding whether peer acceptance in adolescence predicts sexual outcomes in young adulthood. Understanding developmental links between peer acceptance and sexual outcomes will inform theories of how peers affect health and can help identify targets for health promotion efforts. Using longitudinal sociometric data from 1878 participants in the PROSPER study (54% female, 82% White, mean age = 11...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Melissa A Lippold, Gregory M Fosco, Andrea Hussong, Nilam Ram
Research documents that lability in parent-child relationships-fluctuations up and down in parent-child relationships-is normative during adolescence and is associated with increased risk for negative outcomes for youth. Yet little is known about factors that predict lability in parenting. This study evaluated whether children's behaviors predicted lability in parent-child relationships. Specifically this study tested whether youth maladjustment (delinquency, substance use, internalizing problems) in Grade 6 was associated with greater lability (e...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Lucia F O'Sullivan, Kathleen Hughes, France Talbot, Rice Fuller
Breakups are common but often one of the most distressing experiences that young people can have. Poor adjustment to relationship loss is linked to depressive symptoms and rumination. This study assessed traits that reflect resiliency and that might comprise protective factors that ameliorate depressive symptoms and rumination. Online survey participants included 866 male and female late adolescents (18-22 years; Mean age = 20.7; 62% female; 82% White/Caucasian; 7% Asian/Southeast Asian; 6% Black/African American) who recently had experienced the breakup of a romantic relationship...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Emma C Burns, Keiko C P Bostwick, Rebecca J Collie, Andrew J Martin
Previous work has established a significant increase in disengagement as students progress through secondary school. This work has also established that rates of disengagement appear to be higher among boys, leading to an increased focus on the underlying causes and factors associated with disengagement within this population. However, less is known about the patterns of disengagement exhibited by girls. Given that disengagement is consistently associated with negative personal and academic outcomes, it is important to more closely examine the disengagement trajectories of girls...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Yijie Wang, Mingzhang Chen, Ji Hyun Lee
Social norms around adolescent risky health behaviors have been often studied in separate developmental settings (e.g., family norms, peer norms), and little is known regarding the overall patterns of social norms across contexts and how they influence adolescent risky health behaviors. This study explored profiles of social norms around risky health behaviors across family, peer, and school settings, using data from 11,086 adolescents (50% female; 49% White, 22% Black, 18% Latinx, 8% Asian American, 3% other race/ethnicities) in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Heather Joshi, Ingrid Schoon
Pathways into and out of conduct problems differ by circumstances experienced since infancy. There is a research gap in understanding how these developmental patterns vary according to the timing and persistence of risk and whether there are differences across ecological domains. This study examines variations in trajectories of conduct problems between ages 3 to 14 years and associated child, family and socio-economic risk factors from ages 9 months to 14 years, drawing on the UK Millennium Cohort Study (n = 17,206, 49% female), a nationally representative longitudinal study of children born between 2000/02...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Alex S F Kwong, David Manley, Nicholas J Timpson, Rebecca M Pearson, Jon Heron, Hannah Sallis, Evie Stergiakouli, Oliver S P Davis, George Leckie
Depression is a common mental illness and research has focused on late childhood and adolescence in an attempt to prevent or reduce later psychopathology and/or social impairments. It is important to establish and study population-averaged trajectories of depressive symptoms across adolescence as this could characterise specific changes in populations and help identify critical points to intervene with treatment. Multilevel growth-curve models were used to explore adolescent trajectories of depressive symptoms in 9301 individuals (57% female) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK based pregnancy cohort...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Elizabeth B Raposa, Jean Rhodes, Geert Jan J M Stams, Noel Card, Samantha Burton, Sarah Schwartz, Laura A Yoviene Sykes, Stella Kanchewa, Janis Kupersmidt, Saida Hussain
Mentoring programs, which pair youth with caring, non-parental adults with the goal of promoting positive youth development, are an increasingly popular strategy for early intervention with at-risk youth. However, important questions remain about the extent to which these interventions improve youth outcomes. The present study involved a comprehensive meta-analysis of all outcome studies of intergenerational, one-on-one youth mentoring programs written in the English language between 1975 and 2017, using rigorous inclusion criteria designed to align with developmental theories of youth mentoring...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Julie Maslowsky, Olusegun Owotomo, Edward D Huntley, Daniel Keating
Although explanatory models of adolescent risk behavior have predominantly focused on adolescents' limited ability to self-regulate impulsive and/or reward-driven behavior (reactive risk behavior), recent arguments suggest that a significant proportion of adolescent risk behavior may actually be strategic and planned in advance (reasoned risk behavior). The present study evaluates hypothesized predictors of reasoned versus reactive risk behavior using self-reported and neurocognitive task data from a large, diverse adolescent sample (N = 1266 participants; N = 3894 risk behaviors)...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Alia T Rowe, Tamika C B Zapolski, Devon J Hensel, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes-Najor
Peer victimization is associated with alcohol use among adolescents. However, few studies have examined the mediating role of depression and anxiety, or differences by race. The current study examined the prospective relationship of peer victimization, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and alcohol use across two timeframes: 9th to 11th grade and 10th to 12th grade among African American and White youth. Two thousand two hundred and two high school youth (57.6% female) who identified as either African American (n = 342, 15...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Brae Anne McArthur, Taylor A Burke, Samantha L Connolly, Thomas M Olino, Margaret N Lumley, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Research in developmental psychology highlights youth's self-schemas as one possible pathway to improve adolescents' functioning and promote positive developmental outcomes. Despite this, the trajectory of positive and negative self-schemas is relatively understudied. This study addresses this limitation by empirically examining the trajectory of self-schemas in a community sample of 623 youth (M = 13.04 years; 54% female; 49% African American, 4% Biracial, 47% European American) who were followed over a seven-year period...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ronald L Simons, David Woodring, Leslie Gordon Simons, Tara E Sutton, Man-Kit Lei, Steven R H Beach, Ashley B Barr, Frederick X Gibbons
There is strong evidence that chronic, systemic inflammation hastens onset of the diseases of old age that ultimately lead to death. Importantly, several studies suggest that childhood adversity predicts chronic inflammation. Unfortunately, this research has been plagued by retrospective reports of childhood adversity, an absence of controls for adult stressors, and a failure to investigate various competing models of the link between childhood adversity and chronic inflammation. The present study was designed to address these limitations...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Meme Wang-Schweig, Brenda A Miller
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an alignment error in the tables. The corrected Tables 1 and 2 are presented with this erratum.
December 29, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Anne Puolakanaho, Raimo Lappalainen, Päivi Lappalainen, Joona S Muotka, Riikka Hirvonen, Kenneth M Eklund, Timo P S Ahonen, Noona Kiuru
Acceptance and commitment therapy programs have rarely been used as preventive tools for alleviating stress and enhancing coping skills among adolescents. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a novel Finnish web- and mobile-delivered five-week intervention program called Youth COMPASS among a general sample of ninth-grade adolescents (n = 249, 49% females). The intervention group showed a small but significant decrease in overall stress (between-group Cohen's d = 0.22) and an increase in academic buoyancy (d = 0...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Lynne Zarbatany, Wendy E Ellis, Xinyin Chen, Megan Kinal, Lisa Boyko
Accessing resources in peer groups is essential for youth's survival and reproduction. To date, little is known about the behavioral strategies used by socially prominent preadolescent and early adolescent resource controllers in peer cliques, groups of individuals who hang out together during free time at school. Theory suggests that clique hierarchical organization should influence forceful resource control behavior of central (prominent) clique members, but evidence is mixed. This study examined the effects of clique hierarchical organization on forceful behavior used by central clique members to obtain a special toy during a 5-minute resource contest with clique-mates...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Brett Holfeld, Faye Mishna
Experiences of traditional victimization often co-occur with cyber victimization in adolescence but are not always controlled for when considering how cyber victimization is uniquely related to internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This is particularly problematic in longitudinal studies that attempt to determine the longitudinal associations between cyber victimization and internalizing symptoms, and between cyber victimization and externalizing problems and how these patterns may differ for adolescent boys and girls...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Sharlyn M Ferguson, Allison M Ryan
Popularity is highly desired among youth, often more so than academic achievement or friendship. Recent evidence suggests being known as "popular" among peers (perceived popularity) may be more detrimental during adolescence than being widely well-liked (sociometric popularity). Thus, this study sought to better understand how two dimensions of popularity (perceived and sociometric) may contribute to adolescents' own perceptions of satisfaction and happiness regarding their social life at school, and hypothesized that "being popular" would have a more complex (and curvilinear) association with adolescents' social contentment than previously considered by linear models...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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