Amina K Abdullahi, Moin Syed, Linda P Juang, Sofia Berne, C Philip Hwang, Ann Frisén
Finding developmentally appropriate ways to support youth in understanding their own ethnic-racial identity is needed, particularly in contexts like Sweden where such support is not the norm. This preregistered longitudinal study examined whether an 8-week school-based intervention, the Identity Project, impacted youth ethnic-racial identity exploration (participation and search), resolution, private regard, and centrality. Participants were 509 adolescents in the 10th grade (Mage  = 16.28, SD = 0...
July 8, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ge Song, Judith G Smetana
Although much research has shown that parental psychological control undermines adolescents' routine disclosure to parents, past research has not examined whether the effects of psychological control on disclosure are domain-specific and mediated by the quality of adolescents' interactions with mothers and fathers. The present one-year longitudinal study examined whether parental support and negative interactions with each parent mediated longitudinal associations between adolescents' ratings of psychological control and adolescents' disclosure about routine prudential, personal, and multifaceted activities, as defined by social domain theory...
July 8, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Rui Li, Yishan Shen, Zong Meng, Yueqin Hu
Numerous contextual factors have been identified that impact the development of children's prosocial behavior, yet the influence of child-initiated factors on prosocial behavior and its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study employed three longitudinal models to examine in depth how children's school engagement may promote the development of their own prosocial behavior. Three-wave longitudinal data from 4691 children (M age  = 9.480, SD = 0.507; 48.2% female) with 2-year intervals were used...
July 8, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Huiyoung Shin, Sunjeong Gyeong
Bullying norms have been shown to affect adolescents' decisions on different behaviors in bullying situations, but little is known about the differential contribution of perceived and actual bullying norms as well as their agreement. The present study investigated the effects of perceived and actual norms, along with norm misperceptions in participant roles in bullying. A sample of 890 students (337 fourth-, 223 fifth-, and 320 sixth-graders; Female 48%; Mage  = 11.98, SDage  = 0...
July 8, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Shengcheng Song, Ruonan Guo, Xinyu Chen, Caina Li
The impact of peer clique school burnout norms on adolescents' emotional adaptation is becoming increasingly prominent, but its underlying mechanisms remain unclear, especially in China where academic achievement is highly valued. The present study examined how clique burnout norms impact the relationship between school burnout, negative cognitive bias, and depressive symptoms. A total of 904 Chinese adolescents (57% boys; Mage  = 12.73, SD = 0.43) participated in a two-wave longitudinal study (initiated in 2015, with approximately a 2-year interval)...
July 4, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
William Gilbert, Rayana Eltanoukhi, Alexandre J S Morin, Katariina Salmela-Aro
Numerous studies have sought to determine whether low self-esteem acts as a risk factor for depressive symptoms (i.e., a vulnerability model) or whether depressive symptoms lead to a decrease in self-esteem (i.e., a scar model). Although both models have received some support, very little research has: (a) addressed this question across critical life transitions likely to modify this pattern of associations, such as the transition to adulthood; (b) sought to identify the psychological mechanisms (i.e., mediators) underpinning these associations...
July 4, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Daniela V Chávez, Diego Palacios, Lydia Laninga-Wijnen, Christina Salmivalli, Claire F Garandeau, Christian Berger, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri
While the influence of high-status peers on maladaptive behaviors is well-documented, socialization processes of prosocial behavior through high-status peers remain understudied. This study examined whether adolescents' prosocial behavior was influenced by the prosocial behavior of the peers they liked and whether this effect was stronger when the peers they liked were also well-liked by their classmates. Three waves of data, six months apart, were collected among Chilean early adolescents who completed peer nominations and ratings at Time 1 (n = 294, Mage = 13...
July 4, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Sarah Gillespie, Mirinda M Morency, Emily Chan, Gail M Ferguson
Schools in the United States are increasingly offering ethnic studies classes, which focus on exploring students' ethnic-racial identities (ERI) and critical analysis of systemic racism, to their diverse student bodies, yet scant research exists on their effectiveness for students of different ethnic-racial backgrounds in multiracial classrooms. A policy change to require all high school students in one school district to take an ethnic studies class facilitated a natural experiment for comparing the effects of quasi-random assignment to an ethnic studies class (treatment) relative to a traditional social studies class (control; e...
June 29, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Maja K Schachner, Sophie Hölscher, Ughetta Moscardino, Chiara Ceccon, Linda Juang, Massimiliano Pastore
While both the classroom cultural diversity climate and curriculum-based interventions can promote cultural identity development, they have not been studied together. Drawing on theories of ethnic-racial identity development, the current study aimed to understand the dynamic interplay of a curriculum-based intervention (the Identity Project) with the classroom cultural diversity climate (heritage culture and intercultural learning, critical consciousness socialization and equal treatment) on cultural identity exploration and resolution...
June 28, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Kyle Lorenzo, Heining Cham, Tiffany Yip
Schools and friendships represent important but distinct contexts for adolescent identity development. However, research has yet to explore the long-term interplay between these factors on ethnic/racial identity (ERI). This study included a sample of 640 adolescents from 9 public high schools in a diverse United States metropolis (Mage  = 14.50, SD = 0.67; 44% Asian, 20% Black, 36% Latinx; female = 68%, male = 32%, non-binary = 0%). Latent growth curve modeling was conducted to investigate longitudinal associations in friendship ethnic/racial composition and ERI exploration...
June 28, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Mengxiao Zhai, Wenxin Gao, Yafei Feng, Jingkang Jian, Fuzhen Xu
Previous research has predominantly relied on single-informant reports to establish the association between parental control and children's anxiety. However, there remains ambiguity regarding the extent to which discrepancies in parent-child reports of parental control are related to children anxiety. This study examined parent-child perceived discrepancies in parental control and their association with children's anxiety, along with the moderated effect of parent-child closeness through cross-sectional and prospective analysis...
June 27, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Yiting Liang, Yumeng Wang, Rong Bai, Xia Liu
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is considered a strong risk factor for suicide. Although NSSI is prevalent among adolescents and varies by gender, few studies have examined the gender-specific trajectory of NSSI and its predictors. This study examined the trajectory of NSSI among Chinese adolescent boys and girls separately, and the roles of distal (i.e., childhood maltreatment and its specific subtypes) and proximal risk factors (i.e., emotional dysregulation, peer victimization) on their trajectories. A total of 3290 Chinese adolescents (Mage  = 13...
June 26, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Nicolo P Pinchak
Schools are often encouraged to foster a positive climate to reduce adolescent violence, but evidence on the effectiveness of this approach varies significantly. This study investigates the roots of this variation by testing alternative hypotheses about how positive school-level climate and school-level student friendship network density interact to shape adolescent violence perpetration. Research on informal social control and network closure suggests that the violence-reducing association of positive school climate will be enhanced among schools where students are more densely tied through their friendships...
June 24, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Nadya Gharaei, Fenella Fleischmann, Karen Phalet
Across Western Europe, immigrant-origin minority youth often struggle to belong socially and to develop national self-identification. Yet, almost no research to-date has asked how these youth perceive the cultural contents of the national identity in their residence country-or rather, to what extent they perceive youth like them to (mis)fit the national identity. The present study addressed this research gap by centering schools as developmental contexts of evolving belonging and national self-identification and newly inquiring into minority youth's perceptions of national (mis)fit as critical levers of their national identity development...
June 19, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Suzanne M Geurts, Helen G M Vossen, Regina J J M Van den Eijnden, Ina M Koning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Zhengqian Yang, Yuhan Luo, Fumei Chen, Mengdi Qi, Rui Luo, Yajun Li, Yun Wang
Depressive symptoms and aggression frequently occur together, and this co-occurrence may result in more severe developmental problems. However, it is unclear if there are distinct patterns of co-occurrence. This study investigated the co-occurrence patterns of depressive symptoms and aggression, and examined their stability and demographic characteristics. A total of 1010 Chinese adolescents (50.6% girls; mean age at T1 = 12.54 years, SD = 0.42) participated in annual surveys over three years (2019-2021)...
June 14, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Nicole R Brass, ChenYu Hung, Tayla Stephen, Christi Bergin, Chad Rose, Sara Prewett
Students' academic engagement is greatly informed by a classroom's social climate. However, more research is needed regarding how specific peer behavior, especially prosocial behavior, come to shape academic engagement. The present study investigated whether students' perceptions about their classmates' prosocial behavior were associated with their academic engagement (cognitive, behavioral, affective) across the school year. Indirect effects via increases in students' own prosocial behavior were examined. Participants were 905 middle school students from rural, low-income communities in the Midwestern United States (50% girls, 46% boys; Mage  = 12...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Huiqi Wang, Yiran Hou, Jianguo Chen, Xueling Yang, You Wang
Incongruent perceptions of parental emotional expressivity between parents and adolescents may signify relational challenges, potentially impacting adolescents' socioemotional adjustment. Direct evidence is still lacking and father-adolescent discrepancies are overlooked. This study employed a multi-informant design to investigate whether both mother-adolescent and father-adolescent discrepancies in perceptions of parental expressivity are related to adolescents' mental well-being, specifically focusing on loneliness and depression...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Cuijing Li, Quanlei Yu, Jiamiao Zhang, Zhouchao Lv, Qian Liu, Jinbo He
Adolescents who befriend online game using peers may be at risk for initiated and continued excessive game use (online gaming use homophily). The present article examined how adolescents' severity of online gaming use related to their friends' online gaming behavior bi-directionally across a semester (peer selection or peer influence effect). Students from two universities completed three waves of online surveys within four and a half months (N = 3079; 33.6% female; Mage  = 19.16; SD = 0...
June 12, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Chengjia Zhao, Huimin Ding, Lvzhou Ren, Jiankang He, Mingxuan Du, Haiyan Hu, Xinhua Shen, Guoliang Yu, Guohua Zhang
Emerging adulthood is a pivotal period for romantic relationships, yet the specific mechanisms through which attachment anxiety influences relationship dynamics and psychological outcomes in this phase are poorly understood. Particularly, in the context of romantic dyads, understanding how partners' behaviors and emotional patterns reciprocally influence each other remains underexplored. This study utilizes the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model and Actor-Partner Interdependence Mediator Model to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety,relational aggression (both perpetration and victimization), and depressive symptoms among emerging adults...
June 8, 2024: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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