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Journal of Psycholinguistic Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30993570/the-use-of-a-reading-lexicon-to-aid-contextual-vocabulary-acquisition-by-efl-arab-learners
#1
Maha Alyami, Mohammed Ali Mohsen
This article investigates how the use of a deliberate approach of analyzing a given reading may predict differences in CVA effectiveness. Sixty Arab EFL learners were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group, thirty participants for each. The experimental group received training in the deliberate Clarke and Nation (System 8:211-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/0346-251X(80)90003-2 , 1980) CVA technique, whereas the control group were not guided through a training method. Then, both groups were asked to answer three vocabulary tests and then participate to finish a series of six readings adjusted using Nation's K-level reading lexicon to control the difficult words during readings...
April 16, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30963377/causal-information-over-facial-expression-modulation-of-facial-expression-processing-by-congruency-and-causal-factor-of-the-linguistic-cues-in-5-year-old-japanese-children
#2
Yun-Hee Park, Shoji Itakura
It is unknown whether linguistic cues influence preschoolers' recognition of facial expression when the emotion of the face is incongruent with the linguistic cues and what type of linguistic cue is influential in the modulation of facial expression. In a priming task, we presented 5-year-old children three types of linguistic information conveying happy or sad emotion (simple label, label with rich causal explanation of emotion, and label with poor causal explanation of emotion) prior to the presentation of a happy or a sad face...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30963376/how-do-different-types-of-alignment-affect-perceived-entity-status
#3
Tailer G Ransom, Rick Dale, Roger J Kreuz, Deborah Tollefsen
Perceptions of entitativity are thought to be influenced by salient features such as the physical proximity and physical similarity of group members (Campbell in Behav Sci 3:14-25, 1958). But social interactions among group members involve a number of low-level alignment (Pickering and Garrod in Behav Brain Sci 27:212-225, 2004) and synchronization (Marsh et al. in Top Cogn Sci 1:320-339, 2009) processes. Conversational partners, for instance, become aligned in syntax, semantics, emotion, and bodily posture...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30945043/subject-aux-inversion-in-children-with-sli
#4
Kelly Rombough, Rosalind Thornton
An elicited production study investigated subject-aux inversion in 5-year-old children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 2 control groups, typically-developing 5-year-old children and 3-year-old children matched by mean length of utterance. The experimental findings showed that children with specific language impairment produced subject-aux inversion in yes/no questions significantly less often than either of the control groups. However, the fact that lack of inversion is reflected in the input led to the proposal that children with specific language impairment choose the most economical grammatical option...
April 3, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30941673/willingness-to-communicate-a-predictor-of-pushing-vocabulary-knowledge-from-receptive-to-productive
#5
Kamal Heidari
The issue of moving vocabulary knowledge from receptive to productive mode is among the most important but less studied strands of second or foreign language learning. The present study served as an attempt to shed light on this issue by taking into account the trait of willingness to communicate as an indicator of learners' capability in promoting their lexical knowledge from receptive to productive status. It, in fact, sought to examine the role of willingness to communicate, as a type of individual difference, in the receptive/productive vocabulary knowledge of learners...
April 2, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30937687/language-learnability-analysis-of-hindi-a-comparison-with-ideal-and-constrained-learning-approaches
#6
Sandeep Saini, Vineet Sahula
Native language acquisition is one of the initial processes undertaken by the human brain in the infant stage of life. The linguist community has always been interested in finding the method, which is adopted by the human brain to acquire the native language. Word segmentation in one of the most important tasks in acquiring the language. Statistical learning has been employed to be one of the earliest strategies that mimic the way an infant can adapt to segment a lot of different words. It is desired that the language learnability theories be universal in nature and work on most, if not all the languages...
April 1, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30927183/the-voice-and-speech-quality-correlates-of-psychological-observations-in-jungian-active-imagination-experiment
#7
Svetlana Zdravković, Slobodan Jovičić, Snežana Gudurić
Jungian active imagination is a well known and valuable method in analytical psychology and psychotherapy. The present study assessed, for the first time, psychological and psycho-acoustical (voice and speech quality) effects of active imagination experiment in outdoor, forest, ambient. In order to analyse the voice and speech quality, participants' verbal expressions were recorded before and after the experiment. Psychological observations were based on the thirteen features and were rated according to the bipolar Comparison Mean Opinion Score scale...
March 29, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30903423/the-effects-of-vocabulary-enhancement-exercises-and-group-dynamic-assessment-on-word-learning-through-lexical-inferencing
#8
Khosro Bahramlou, Adel Esmaeili
The study aimed to explore the effect of group dynamic assessment on word learning through lexical inferencing and to compare it to that of vocabulary enhancement exercises. Through purposive sampling, 45 intermediate EFL learners were selected as participants and randomly assigned to three groups. The participants read six texts over a 6-day period and answered comprehension questions for each text. In the second phase of each treatment session, the first group engaged in lexical inferencing of the underlined words within group dynamic assessment framework...
March 22, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30895555/onset-age-of-language-acquisition-effects-in-a-foreign-language-context-evidence-from-chinese-english-bilingual-children
#9
Jin Xue, Xiaolan Hu, Rong Yan, Hong Wang, Xi Chen, Miao Li
The present study examined the relationship between age of acquisition (AoA) and bilingual development for native Chinese children who learned English as a foreign language. A composite test measuring different aspects of language and cognitive skills in Chinese and English was administered on 85 Chinese native primary schoolers, who received bilingual instruction at different points of development (for Chinese, 0 ≤ AoA ≤ 7 years; for English, 2 ≤ AoA ≤ 10 years). Results found AoA constraints on the outcomes of L1 Chinese acquisition are significantly different from those for L2 English...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877504/a-note-on-the-voice-mismatch-asymmetry-in-ellipsis
#10
Charles Clifton, Ming Xiang, Lyn Frazier
Theories of ellipsis differ in the identity condition claimed to hold between an antecedent and an elided constituent. A syntactic identity condition leads to the prediction that syntactic mismatches between an antecedent and elided constituent should give rise to a penalty, and that penalty should be greater than in corresponding examples without ellipsis. Further, if syntactic mismatches are ungrammatical, violating the syntactic identity condition, then in effect they are speech errors and would be expected to be rated higher when a passive clause antecedes an active elided VP than vice versa because people misremember passives as actives more often the reverse...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30863915/grammar-gender-and-demonstratives-in-lateralized-imagery-for-sentences
#11
Mikkel Wallentin, Roberta Rocca, Sofia Stroustrup
We investigated biases in the organization of imagery by asking participants to make stick-figure drawings of sentences containing a man, a woman and a transitive action (e.g. she kisses that guy). Previous findings show that prominent features of meaning and sentence structure are placed to the left in drawings, according to reading direction (e.g. Stroustrup and Wallentin in Lang Cogn 10(2):193-207, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2017.19 ). Five hundred thirty participants listened to sentences in Danish and made eight drawings each...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30838495/on-the-implicit-anaphoric-argument-of-relational-nouns-in-mandarin-chinese
#12
Alan Hezao Ke, Ya Zhao, Liqun Gao, Shuying Liu, Acrisio Pires
This paper provides experimental and theoretical evidence for the syntactic realization of an implicit possessor argument in Relational Nouns (RNs, e.g. father) in Mandarin Chinese. The results of Experiment 1 show that the antecedent of the implicit argument in RNs must be a noun phrase (NP) in the sentence where the RN is located, rather than an NP in the discourse context. Experiment 2 shows that the implicit argument of RNs must be bound by a c-commanding NP. The results exclude the possibility that the RNs' implicit argument is a pronominal that would link to a contextually salient NP and would not require a c-commanding referential antecedent...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30840217/sensitivity-to-inflectional-morphemes-in-the-absence-of-meaning-evidence-from-a-novel-task
#13
Luca Cilibrasi, Vesna Stojanovik, Patricia Riddell, Douglas Saddy
A number of studies in different languages have shown that speakers may be sensitive to the presence of inflectional morphology in the absence of verb meaning (Caramazza et al. in Cognition 28(3):297-332, 1988; Clahsen in Behav Brain Sci 22(06):991-1013, 1999; Post et al. in Cognition 109(1):1-17, 2008). In this study, sensitivity to inflectional morphemes was tested in a purposely developed task with English-like nonwords. Native speakers of English were presented with pairs of nonwords and were asked to judge whether the two nonwords in each pair were the same or different...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771064/the-development-of-anaphora-resolution-in-spanish
#14
Isabel R Rodríguez-Ortiz, Francisco J Moreno-Pérez, Pablo Delgado, David Saldaña
The present study focuses on the development of Spanish pronominal processing. We investigate whether the pronoun interpretation problem (i.e., reflexive pronouns comprehension is resolved at an earlier age than that of personal pronouns, also known as the Delay of the Principle B Effect), which has been documented in other languages, also occurs in Spanish. For this purpose, we conducted two experiments including pronoun resolution tasks. In Experiment 1, a task adapted from the experimental paradigm proposed by Love et al...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734140/academic-vocabulary-knowledge-and-reading-comprehension-skills-among-seventh-graders-in-arabic-as-l1
#15
Bahaa Makhoul, Katrina Sabah
The current study attempted to investigate the contribution of an intervention program to fostering Arabic academic vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension skills among seventh grade Arabic native speaking pupils. For this purpose, 247 pupils from four schools in northern Israel have participated in the study. Arabic literacy units that targeted academic vocabulary and reading comprehension skills were administrated for a period of 5 months. To assess the efficacy of the intervention program, academic vocabulary tests (receptive and productive) as well as reading comprehension test were administrated...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719613/the-role-of-short-vowels-in-reading-arabic-a-critical-literature-review
#16
Salim Abu-Rabia
The purpose of the present review is to examine the studies that tested the role of short vowels in reading Arabic. Most of the studies are reviewed in this paper and two contradicted data are presented: data that support positive contribution of short vowels in reading Arabic, and the other data that reject the assumption that short vowels contribute to the quality of reading, and suggest that these short vowels do not add any positive contribution and maybe the opposite; short vowels hinder reading in Arabic orthography...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684119/latent-semantic-analysis-discriminates-children-with-developmental-language-disorder-dld-from-children-with-typical-language-development
#17
Rasmus Bååth, Sverker Sikström, Nelli Kalnak, Kristina Hansson, Birgitta Sahlén
Computer based analyses offer a possibility for objective methods to assess semantic-linguistic quality of narratives at the text level. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether a semantic language impairment index (SELIMI) based on latent semantic analysis (LSA) can discriminate between children with developmental language disorder (DLD) and children with typical language development. Spoken narratives from 54 children with DLD and 54 age matched controls with typical language development were summarized in a semantic representation generated using LSA...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684118/input-training-matters-in-l2-syntactic-representation-entrenchment-evidence-from-a-follow-up-erp-study
#18
Taiping Deng, Baoguo Chen
The usage-based theory highlights the important role of linguistic input in language acquisition, and assumes that syntactic representations could be entrenched through usage or exposure. In the present study, we used the event-related potential technique to investigate the long-term effect of input training on second language (L2) syntactic representations entrenchment, using English subject-verb agreement structures as the stimuli. Results showed that 3 months after the training of the specific subject-verb agreement structures, a significant P600 was observed in the key region (the verb) of the sentences with syntactic violations in the experimental group, but not in the control group...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656462/embodiment-effect-on-the-comprehension-of-mandarin-manual-action-language-an-erp-study
#19
Huili Wang, Jianrong Li, Xiaoshuang Wang, Meng Jiang, Fengyu Cong, Manuel de Vega
Embodiment theories argue that language comprehension involves activating specific sensory-motor systems in the brain. Previous research performed in English and other Indo-European languages suggests that, when compared to compatible sentences referring to the same actions performed sequentially (e.g. 'After cleaning the wound he unrolled the bandage'), incompatible sentences describing two manual actions performed simultaneously by an agent (e.g. 'While cleaning the wound he unrolled the bandage') were worse understood and increased the event-related potentials (ERPs) component N400...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644021/the-role-of-short-vowels-in-arabic-listening-comprehension
#20
Salim Abu Rabia
The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of short Arabic vowels on listening comprehension. It is well documented that short vowels affect reading and reading comprehension in Arabic literacy. Since reading comprehension and listening comprehension share many commonalities, it is assumed that short vowels will positively affect listening comprehension too. Two listening conditions were presented to students in three grade levels, 7th, 10th and 12th grades: a fully vowelized text and the second without short vowels (on ends of words)...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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