journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38763323/response-letter-to-understanding-the-age-related-epithelial-shifts-at-the-uterine-cervix-and-the-area-of-risk-for-squamous-cell-cervical-cancer
#1
LETTER
Kanan T Desai, John Doorbar, Silvia de Sanjose, Mark Schiffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38762144/how-may-we-effectively-motivate-people-to-reduce-the-consumption-of-meat-results-of-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
REVIEW
Gianfranco Di Gennaro, Francesca Licata, Arturo Pujia, Tiziana Montalcini, Aida Bianco
PURPOSE: Excessive meat consumption (MC) is associated with multiple health risks. Additionally, it can undermine environmental sustainability and affect the potential improvement of animal welfare. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of literacy interventions (LIs) in reducing MC. METHODS: Studies assessing the efficacy of LIs addressing health risks, environmental sustainability and/or animal welfare in reducing MC were searched. We used random-effects meta-analysis to estimate the overall efficacy and conducted subgroup analyses to identify the most effective information contents...
May 16, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759760/understanding-the-age-related-epithelial-shifts-at-the-uterine-cervix-and-the-area-of-risk-for-squamous-cell-cervical-cancer
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olaf Reich, Sigrid Regauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754738/long-covid-among-us-adults-from-a-population-based-study-association-with-vaccination-cigarette-smoking-and-the-modifying-effect-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olufemi Erinoso, Olatokunbo Osibogun, Siva Balakrishnan, Wei Yang
OBJECTIVE: Post-COVID Conditions (or Long COVID) have been widely reported, but population-based studies exploring the relationship between its risk factors are lacking. We examined the associations between Long COVID, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], vaccination status, and cigarette smoking. We also tested for the modifying effect of COPD status. METHODS: Data from the 2022 US nationwide Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed...
May 14, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754737/association-of-lifestyle-behaviors-and-oral-health-care-needs-mediating-effects-of-inflammatory-markers
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cheng-Xi Li, Jing Leng, Kun Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Mounting evidence indicates that modifiable risk factors such as lifestyle behaviors may be involved in the occurrence of oral diseases. However, existing research doesn't come to a unanimous consent. This study aims to evaluate the association between lifestyle behaviors and oral health care needs. METHODS: This study used the nationally representative dataset from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from March 2017 to 2020 pre-pandemic...
May 14, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38744378/loneliness-and-regular-sports-participation-among-people-of-turkish-and-moroccan-origin-and-native-dutch-people-in-the-netherlands-a-longitudinal-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thijs van den Broek
OBJECTIVE: Sports participation is lower in people of Turkish and Moroccan origin in the Netherlands than in native Dutch people. Addressing this inequality call for better insights into antecedents of sports participation in different ethnic groups. Theorists suggested that loneliness may hamper sports participation, and levels of loneliness are high among people of Turkish and Moroccan origin. This study assessed the longitudinal association between loneliness and regular sports participation among Turkish origin, Moroccan origin and native Dutch people...
May 12, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735588/non-tobacco-nicotine-e-cigarette-use-and-flavored-e-cigarette-use-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wei Li, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Meghan E Morean, Krysten W Bold, Danielle R Davis, Deepa R Camenga, Grace Kong
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette flavors can create sensations of sweetness and coolness while masking the aversiveness of nicotine. Recently, non-tobacco nicotine (NTN) products were introduced to the market, but little is known about flavors in NTN e-cigarette use. We examined associations between flavors (i.e., sweet, mint/menthol) and susceptibility to and use of NTN e-cigarettes. METHODS: 1239 US young adults (18-25 years) completed an anonymous, online survey in Fall 2021...
May 10, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735587/lipid-metabolism-mediates-the-association-between-body-mass-index-change-and-bone-mineral-density-the-taizhou-imaging-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiacheng Wang, Yawen Wang, Yi Zheng, Yucan Li, Min Fan, Weizhong Tian, Yanfeng Jiang, Yingzhe Wang, Mei Cui, Chen Suo, Tiejun Zhang, Li Jin, Xingdong Chen, Kelin Xu
BACKGROUND: Limited research explores the impact of body mass index (BMI) change on osteoporosis, regarding the role of lipid metabolism. We aimed to cross-sectionally investigate these relationships in 820 Chinese participants aged 55-65 from the Taizhou Imaging Study. METHODS: We used the baseline data collected between 2013 and 2018. T-score was calculated by standardizing bone mineral density and was used for osteoporosis and osteopenia diagnosis. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the effect of BMI change on bone health status...
May 10, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735586/neighbourhood-walkability-and-greenspace-and-their-associations-with-health-related-fitness-in-urban-dwelling-canadian-adults
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Levi Frehlich, Tanvir C Turin, Patricia Doyle-Baker, Gavin R McCormack
OBJECTIVE: Muscular strength and body composition are important components of health-related fitness (HRF). Grip strength and body fat percent, in particular, are associated with chronic disease and affected by health behaviours. Evidence suggests relationships between the neighbourhood built environment (BE) and HRF exist, however, few studies have focused on grip strength and body fat percent. Therefore, our study aim was to estimate the sex-specific associations between the neighbourhood BE, grip strength, and body fat percent among urban-dwelling Canadian adults...
May 10, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735585/determinants-of-receipt-of-prostate-cancer-screening-among-men-living-with-hiv-enrolled-in-an-urban-hiv-clinic-in-the-united-states-over-the-period-of-2000-2020
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Filip Pirsl, Jeanne C Keruly, Richard D Moore, Bryan Lau, Corinne E Joshu
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is projected to account for the greatest proportion of cancer-related burden among men with HIV. However, incidence is reportedly lower than in men without HIV, potentially due to differences in screening. Factors influencing receipt of screening in men with HIV are unknown. We described receipt of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and assessed factors for association with receipt of PSA test. METHODS: Demographics, measures of HIV and related care, and non-HIV care were assessed for association with receipt of first PSA test in men ≥40 years old each calendar year in 2000-2020 using univariable and multivariable Poisson regression...
May 10, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38729527/utilizing-social-determinants-of-health-to-identify-most-vulnerable-neighborhoods-latent-class-analysis-and-gis-map
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yongwen Jiang, Karyn Backus, Marc Camardo, Jennifer Morin, Orlando Velazco, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVES: Public Health officials are often challenged to effectively allocate limited resources. Social determinants of health (SDOH) may cluster in areas to cause unique profiles related to various adverse life events. The authors use the framework of unintended teen pregnancies to illustrate how to identify the most vulnerable neighborhoods. METHODS: This study used data from the U.S. American Community Survey, Princeton Eviction Lab, and Connecticut Office of Vital Records...
May 8, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38723779/evaluating-the-impact-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-tax-on-overweight-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-an-affluent-asian-setting-a-willingness-to-pay-survey-and-simulation-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jingxuan Wang, Yuchen Wei, Matteo M Galizzi, Hoi Shan Kwan, Benny Chung Ying Zee, Hong Fung, Tony Ka Chun Yung, Eliza Lai Yi Wong, Qianying Yue, Michelle Kit Ling Lee, Yushan Wu, Kailu Wang, Hongjiang Wu, Eng Kiong Yeoh, Ka Chun Chong
BACKGROUND: The potential health effects of taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been insufficiently examined in Asian contexts. This study aimed to assess the impact of SSB taxation on the prevalence of obesity/overweight and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Hong Kong using a willingness-to-pay (WTP) survey and simulation analysis. METHODS: A random telephone survey was conducted with 1000 adults from May to June 2020. We used a contingent valuation approach to assess individuals' WTP for SSBs under four tax payment scenarios (5%, 10%, 40%, and 50% of the current market price)...
May 7, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38714275/association-between-walking-pace-and-risks-of-major-chronic-diseases-in-individuals-with-hypertension-based-on-a-prospective-study-in-uk-biobank-involvement-of-inflammation
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Peng, Fubin Liu, Peng Wang, Xixuan Wang, Changyu Si, Jianxiao Gong, Huijun Zhou, Ming Zhang, Fangfang Song
OBJECTIVE: Walking pace is associated with risks of major chronic diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) in the general population. However, whether increasing walking pace could reduce risks of major chronic diseases in individuals with hypertension remains to be explored, and the underlying mechanism potentially mediated by low-grade inflammation is also unclear. METHODS: A total of 160,470 participants with hypertension were included based on the UK Biobank...
May 5, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38714274/changing-eating-to-manage-weight-or-shape-a-cross-sectional-and-prospective-study-of-the-prevalence-and-correlates-in-a-large-canadian-adolescent-cohort
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristen M Lucibello, Qianyu Zhang, Scott T Leatherdale, Karen A Patte
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined reports of changing eating to manage weight/shape over one year among adolescents. It also tested how changing eating for weight/shape was associated with physical activity (resistance training, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and mental health (depressive symptoms, flourishing), and whether weight perceptions moderated these associations. METHODS: Participants were Canadian adolescents (N = 20,614, Mage  ± SD = 14...
May 5, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38705485/factors-associated-with-out-of-school-physical-activity-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-a-stratified-cross-sectional-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin Ge, Erliang Zhang, Yujie Liu, Huilun Li, Fan Hu, Jianchang Chen, YiRan Wang, Yong Cai, Mi Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This observational study examined the factors associated with the physical activity (PA) of children and adolescents outside of school within the framework of Problem Behavior Theory (PBT). METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained data from 6528 children and adolescents aged 6-16 years recruited from ten schools in Shanghai, China. The questionnaire measured out-of-school PA and PBT-based correlates. A series of multiple linear regressions were used to explore the factors influencing children and adolescents' out-of-school PA separately...
May 3, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38705484/association-between-autoimmune-liver-diseases-and-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-multivariable-mendelian-randomization-study-in-european-population
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wenhui Zhang, Ren Lang
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have indicated a link between autoimmune liver diseases (AILD) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) through observational studies. The association between AILD and CHB remains indeterminate. METHODS: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was conducted to scrutinize the causal nexus between AILD and CHB utilizing summary statistics derived from extensive genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in European populations. The primary statistical methodology employed was the inverse variance-weighted (IVW) method to deduce the causal connection of AILD on CHB...
May 3, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38704099/impact-of-symptoms-experiences-and-perceptions-of-the-menstrual-cycle-on-recreational-physical-activity-of-cyclically-menstruating-individuals-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Sharan Srinivasa Gopalan, Caitlin Mann, Ryan E Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: The menstrual cycle often presents barriers to participation in daily life activities, including physical activity (PA), which is a cornerstone of health and well-being. The purpose of this systematic review was to explore and summarize the impact of symptoms, experiences, and perceptions of the menstrual cycle on recreational PA (RPA), including sports, exercise and active recreation, in the general population. METHODS: Six databases were searched for studies that investigated the impact of the menstrual cycle on PA among individuals who were cyclically menstruating, healthy, and not involved in professional sports training...
May 2, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38701953/effectiveness-of-patient-reminders-on-influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-feasibility-study-in-australian-general-practices
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Gonzalez-Chica, Oliver Frank, Jessie Edwards, Elizabeth Hoon, Carla de Oliveira Bernardo, Anton Knieriemen, Nigel Stocks
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination is recommended for Australians 18+ years old with medical risk factors, but coverage is suboptimal. We aimed to examine whether automatic, opportunistic patient reminders (SMS and/or printed) before appointments with a general practitioner increased influenza vaccination uptake. METHODS: This clustered non-randomised feasibility study in Australian general practice included patients aged 18-64 years with at least one medical risk factor attending participating practices between May and September 2021...
May 1, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38701952/using-electronic-health-records-to-evaluate-the-adherence-to-cervical-cancer-prevention-guidelines-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kerli Mooses, Aleksandra Šavrova, Maarja Pajusalu, Marek Oja, Sirli Tamm, Markus Haug, Lee Padrik, Made Laanpere, Anneli Uusküla, Raivo Kolde
OBJECTIVE: The fight against cervical cancer requires effective screening together with optimal and on-time treatment along the care continuum. We examined the impact of cervical cancer testing and treatment guidelines on testing practices, and follow-up adherence to guidelines. METHODS: Data from Estonian electronic health records and healthcare provision claims for 50,702 women was used. The annual rates of PAP tests, HPV tests and colposcopies during two guideline periods (2nd version 2012-2014 vs 3rd version 2016-2019) were compared...
May 1, 2024: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38701951/predictors-of-stool-deoxyribonucleic-acid-test-use-in-the-united-states-implications-for-outreach-to-under-resourced-populations
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kathleen A Fairman, Sarah Lira
OBJECTIVE: Although colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) is a public health priority, uptake is suboptimal in under-resourced groups. Noninvasive modalities, including stool deoxyribonucleic acid (sDNA) testing, may mitigate economic, geographic, cultural, or impairment-related barriers to CRCS. We assessed use of sDNA testing and other CRCS modalities in U.S. residents, comparing subgroups defined by several social determinants of health (SDOH). METHODS: A nationally representative sample of community-dwelling respondents aged 50-75 years self-reported use of CRCS modalities in the 2020 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey...
May 1, 2024: Preventive Medicine
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