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Ecology of Food and Nutrition

Craig Hadley, Lesley Jo Weaver, Fikrea Tesema, Fasil Tessema
To what extent do people agree on the meaning of foods, and does this vary by socioeconomic status, demographics, or household type? Addressing this question is critical for testing hypotheses about the relationship between food insecurity, food meaning, and mental well-being because it speaks directly to the social implications of food behaviors. In this study, we test for a shared cultural model of food meaning in two diverse settings: urban Ethiopia and rural Brazil. Using freelist and pile sort data from 63 respondents in Ethiopia and 62 from Brazil, we show strong consensus on the prestige value of various key food items in each context...
February 7, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Virginia C Stage, Carrie Downing, Archana V Hegde, Dipti A Dev, Amanda D Peterson, L Suzanne Goodell
This study examined the accuracy of parent-report child fruit/vegetable (FV) liking. Child/parent dyads (n = 24) were recruited from six Head Start preschools in North Carolina. Liking for 10 FVs was assessed using a validated pictorial tool for children; a similar scale was used for parents. Negative relationships were observed between parent/child for one fruit (grapes) and one vegetable (broccoli). Positive relationships were observed among oranges, grapes, and overall fruit rankings. Parents tended to rank children's liking of fruits higher than their children, while children ranked liking vegetables higher...
February 3, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
M Pilar Villena-Esponera, Rafael Moreno-Rojas, Guillermo Molina-Recio
Ecuador is the country that receives and integrates the largest amount of refugees and migrants of Latin America into its population and it has to have valid instruments for measuring and monitoring its food insecurity situation. A food security scale was applied to a sample of households in one rural area (n = 36), and another peri-urban one (n = 153). The validation was made following FAO recommendations. On applying the Raschse model it was observed that the theoretical severity of the questions was reflected similarly in the experiences of the households...
January 31, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Ana Deaconu, Geneviève Mercille, Malek Batal
Agroecology is increasingly recognized as a sustainable production strategy that is appropriate for the rural poor. Meanwhile, agricultural initiatives have received much attention for their role in improving farmer nutrition, and three key pathways between agriculture and nutrition include consumption of own production, income and women's empowerment. In this study based in Ecuador's Imbabura province, we used qualitative methods to explore the practices of agroecological farmers with respect to these three key pathways...
January 28, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Meghan Lynch, Lauren A Brooks-Cleator, Audrey R Giles, M Hope Rumford
This paper used netnography and thematic analysis of the comments made in online news articles to understand better the public response to the closure of the only KFC restaurant in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, in 2015. While the popular media often cover fast-food restaurant closures, past academic research has not examined the public response to these closures. To begin to fill this gap, we examined the comments sections of five online news articles from the Canadian news outlet,, and reactions shared on Facebook...
January 27, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Carmen P Wong, Tammy M Bray, Sunil K Khanna
This study evaluated an alternative ocean-based fish protein, Advanced Protein Powder (APP) as a feasible, environmentally sustainable protein source to reduce childhood malnutrition. We completed a rodent feeding study to evaluate growth and development in young growing mice on a purified diet containing APP as compared to mice-fed diets using other common protein sources - casein, whey, and soy. Results suggested APP to be an effective and safe protein source and ensured normal body growth, bone development, and brain function in APP diet-fed mice...
January 16, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Natoshia M Askelson, Cristian Meier, Patrick Brady, Carrie Scheidel, Patti Delger
We aimed to describe the successes and challenges of implementing a pilot program by working with students and food service staff in four rural high schools to encourage healthy eating among rural adolescents. The pilot program engaged students and school food service directors (FSDs) in identifying and making changes to the school lunchroom environment based on behavioral economics. As part of a multi-method evaluation, we conducted interviews with FSDs and staff, held focus groups with students, and recorded our observations as researchers...
January 9, 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
L Kihlström, M Burris, J Dobbins, E McGrath, A Renda, T Cordier, Y Song, K Prendergast, K Serrano Arce, E Shannon, D Himmelgreen
Individuals 65 years or older will comprise an estimated 20.0% of the U.S. population by 2030. This study investigated the association between food insecurity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among an older adult population (n = 234). HRQoL was measured using Healthy Days, a validated survey tool developed by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. Food-insecure individuals were more likely to report ≥14 physically unhealthy days (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 0.47-4.78) and ≥14 days with activity limitations (OR = 4...
December 23, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Alexandra Ross, Nandita Krishnan, Janaki Panchal, Jennifer K Brooks, Emily Lloyd, Ting-Hsuan Joyce Lee, Joel Gittelsohn
We sought to collect information about the operations of wholesalers and store owner perceptions of smartphones to plan for and create a smartphone application that will facilitate the distribution of healthy foods to corner stores. In-depth interviews were conducted with wholesalers, corner store owners, distributors, and food environment experts in Baltimore City, Maryland, which included providing feedback for a mockup of the app. Store owners that were comfortable with smartphones liked the idea of the app because it was economically practical, culturally suitable, simple and easy to use, and provided a large variety of items at a fair or low price...
December 7, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Alen Agaronov, Tara Entwistle, May May Leung
Based on a participatory action research project in New York City from 2012 to 2014, our study compares the experience of black and Latino adolescents between their school and home food environments. Following a photovoice approach, adolescents participated in a "food justice" curriculum, photographed foodscapes, and conducted photo-elicited interviews. Using a grounded theory approach, we found that adolescents had mismatched experiences between school and home food environments under two conditions: sensory-emotional and sociopolitical...
January 2019: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Kausar Iqbal, Carol Hutchinson, Chanuantong Tanasugarn
Inappropriate feeding practices puts infants and young children at risk of iron deficiency anemia. Maternal complementary feeding (CF) behavior is determined by influences at various levels, including knowledge and attitude about feeding, inter-personal interaction with family/friends, community norms and support. The aim of this study is to understand the various influences on maternal CF behavior in order to develop a culturally appropriate nutrition education program to improve iron status of children aged 9-24 months...
November 19, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sule Aktaç, Guleren Sabuncular, Dicle Kargin, Fatma Esra Gunes
The aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the effect of nutrition education on nutritional knowledge levels of pregnant women. The study was undertaken on a sample of pregnant women (i = 743) attending health centers in Istanbul for prenatal care. Nutrition knowledge scores were significantly higher in posttest (23.0) than pretest (16.0) after receiving nutrition education (p < .001). Significant differences in pretest (p < .05) but not posttest (p > .05) scores were found for factors, such as education level, work status, and the number of pregnancies; significant differences in both test scores were found for age and nutrition information (p < ...
November 13, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Amit Sharma, Joonho Moon, Lisa Bailey-Davis
Loss aversion has been extensively studied in economics, but there is less discussion of it in the context of time. Results from a field experiment conducted in a U.S. public school lunch cafeteria suggest that students could be loss averse to time and that interventions, such as a pre-plated service lane could increase the speed of service and guide students to make better food choices. Faster, pre-plated service lanes may leverage loss aversion bias, be beneficial for larger schools, reduce wait time for students, and thereby increase their satisfaction with the service process...
November 13, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sunil K Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Sunil K Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
John B Nezlek, Catherine A Forestell, David B Newman
The goal of the present study was to examine differences in the daily experiences of vegetarians and non-vegetarians. At the end of each day for two weeks, a convenience sample of American undergraduates described how they felt and how they thought about themselves that day, and they described the events that occurred to them that day. Multilevel modeling analyses (days nested within persons) found that vegetarians (individuals who avoided all meat and fish, n = 24) reported lower self-esteem, lower psychological adjustment, less meaning in life, and more negative moods than semi-vegetarians (individuals who ate some meat and/or fish, n = 56) and omnivores (individuals who did not restrict their intake of meat or fish, n = 323)...
September 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Julie Ruel-Bergeron, Kristen Hurley, Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Rachel Oemcke, Ephraim Chirwa, Mutinta Hambayi, Nancy Aburto, Parul Christian
Childhood stunting holds consequences for child development. A nutrition program delivering small-quantity lipid based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to children 6-23 months and child feeding messages was implemented in Malawi to reduce stunting. This study sought to understand the facilitators and barriers to program participation using in-depth interviews, pile sorts, direct observations, and focus group discussions with caretakers, village leaders and program volunteers. Perceptions of the LNS were positive, and visible changes in child health contributed to program participation...
September 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Grodji Albarin Gbogouri, Patrick Aubin Dakia, Souleymane Traore, Kouakou Brou
The socio-demographic features and eating pattern were assessed on 156 Ivorian students (18-34 years) from Nangui Abrogoua University. The study population was made of randomly selected students who were willing to participate to the survey. The semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption pattern and 24-h dietary recall to document the dietary intake. Results showed that 88% of the respondents were not used to having breakfast, while 87.70% and 94...
September 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Numeri C Geresomo, Elizabeth Kamau Mbuthia, Joseph W Matofari, Agnes M Mwangwela
The effect of a targeted training intervention on uptake of recommended hygiene practices by caregivers of children 6-23 months was assessed. A sub-sample of 40 mothers from 303 households was used for a detailed study of hygiene practices during preparation of complementary foods after training. Mothers and caregivers were observed for 6 months and evaluated using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS and Chi-square test was used to determine the differences in proportions of mothers and caregivers who adopted recommended practices...
July 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Satesh Balachanthar, Nor Azazi Zakaria, Lai Kuan Lee
Emergency food assistance forms an integral component of flood mitigation in Malaysia. A cross-sectional survey investigating emergency food assistance among 202 flood victims was conducted and alternative food assistance plan was developed using linear programming targeting post-disaster food requirement scenarios. From the study, the receipt of food aid was significantly associated with ethnicity, household income, residential area and evacuation into temporary shelters. Linear programming analysis identified nutritionally appropriate food assistance targeting mass feeding, emergency food basket, and immediate food requirement for as low as MYR 6...
July 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
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