Read by QxMD icon Read

Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics

Subir Kumar Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Brijesh Dabhi, Kinnari N Mistry, Hitesh Patel, Sanjay Lal
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent multi-functional cytokine which plays a key role in the pathogenesis of DN. In this study, we evaluated the possible association of the VEGF gene (I/D) polymorphisms with DN in type 2 diabetes patients in West Indian population. Genotyping (I/D) of the VEGF gene polymorphism was done by the polymerase chain reaction. A total of 103 patients with type 2 diabetes, 102 patients with DN, 108 patients with non-diabetic nephropathy and 143 healthy controls were genotyped...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Partha P D Sharma, D Sarkar
Polypyrrole (PPy)-bile salt composite was used for sensing ethanol vapor. PPy was synthesized by interface polymerization for subsequent fabrication of thin film of its composite with bile salt, by in-situ co-dispersion method and then exposed to ethanol vapour. Sensing was visualized through changes in morphological, structural and optical characterizations. The ethanol exposed film showed larger agglomeration as revealed in its surface morphology on scanning electron microscope (SEM) and greater crystallinity as seen through X-Ray diffraction (XRD)...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Marta Michalska, Marcin Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Bodek, Kazimiera Henryka Bodek
The effect of homogeneous fibrin (Fb), collagen (Coll) and composite fibrin-heparin (Fb-Hp), fibrin-collagen (Fb-Coll) membranes on in vitro release of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) was evaluated in the presence or absence of amoxicillin using of the ELISA immunoassay test. Amoxicillin concentration was determined spectrophotometrically at 272 nm. The process of the PDGF-BB growth factor and amoxicillin release from the studied membranes was of a two-phase nature in the majority of the systems analysed...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
S Hashemnia, Z Mokhtari, J Tashkhourian, A A Moosavi-Movahedi
The carboxylic groups of glutamic acid and aspartic acid residues of catalase (CAT) were chemically modified using the treatment of the enzyme with 1-ethyl-3-(3'-dimethylamino) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and neomycin. The effect of covalent attachment of neomycin on the enzymatic activity, conformational and aggregation properties of CAT was investigated. The modification of CAT with different concentrations of neomycin showed two different types of behavior, depending up on the concentration range of neomycin...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Abir Ben Bacha, Nadine M S Moubayed, Islam Abid
Lipases are the enzymes of choice for laundry detergent industries, owing to their triglyceride removing ability from the soiled fabric, which eventually reduces the usage of phosphate-based chemical cleansers in the detergent formulation. In this study, a novel thermo-alkaline lipase-producing strain identified as Bacillus stearothermophilus was isolated from the soil samples of olive oil mill. Enhanced lipase production was observed at 55 degrees C, pH 11 and after 48 h of incubation. Among the substrates tested, xylose (a carbon source), peptone (a nitrogen source) and olive oil at a concentration of 1% were suitable substrates for enhancing lipase production...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
A K Mishra, Bharati Pandey, Chetna Tyagi, Ohika Chakraborty, Amrender Kumar, A K Jain
Chitinases are the hydrolytic enzymes which protect plants against pathogen attack. However, the precise role of chitinases in disease resistance has not been explored in wheat. In the present study, in silico approach, including secondary structure analysis, detailed signature pattern study, cis-acting regulatory elements survey, evolutionary trends and three-dimensional molecular modeling was used for different chitinase classes of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Homology modeling of class I, II, IV and 3 chitinase proteins was performed using the template crystal structure...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Rajani Kant Chittela, Michael Melzer, Jayashree Krishna Sainis
Recombinases are known to play an important role in the homology search and strand exchange during meiosis as well as homologous recombination (HR)-mediated DNA repair specifically require Mg2+ ion for their activity. The Ca2+ has been shown to stimulate the strand exchange activity of hDmc1 and ScDmc1 by forming the extended filaments on DNA. Oryza sativa disrupted meiotic cDNA1A (OsDmc1A), a homologue of yeast and human Dmc1 from rice shows the hallmark functions of recombinase. Here, we report the effects of Ca2+ and Mg2+ on OsDmc1A activity from rice (Oryza sativa)...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Jai Gopal Sharma, Moirangthem Kameshwor Singh, Rina Chakrabarti
The antioxidant and growth stimulating properties of seeds of Achyranthes aspera were evaluated on UV-B irradiated Catla catla (catla) larvae. Catla larvae (initial weight: 1.2 ± 0.01 mg) were fed with four different diets--D1, D2 and D3 containing 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5% seeds of A. aspera and D4, control diet for 35 days. The larvae were then exposed to UV-B radiation (80 μW/cm2) on every alternate day for 20 days. Survival, growth, tissue glutamic oxaloacetic transminase (GOT), tissue glutamate pyruvate transminase (GPT), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were studied in larvae on day-21 of irradiation...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Gaurav Gupta, Amar Sunil More, Rashmi Rekha Kumari, Madhu Cholenahalli Lingaraju, Nitya Nand Pathak, Dhirendra Kumar, Dinesh Kumar, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Surender Kumar Tandan
Oxidative stress has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Entada pursaetha has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of stem of alcoholic extract of E. pursaetha (PSE) in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. The protective effect of PSE was determined at three different doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg body weight by oral gavage for 7 days. Morphological (colon length and colon weight/length ratio), clinical (disease activity index) and macroscopic (damage score) features were determined using standard criteria...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Xingyu Miao, Xiaoying Wu, Wei Shi
We investigated the intrathecally administrated unbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) by lumbar puncture and assessed the technical difficulties and effects in various neurological conditions. One hundred patients underwent subarachnoid placement of UC-MSCs between December 2006 and May 2010 in the Affiliated Hospital of Medicine. Technical difficulties in patients in the form of localization of subarachnoid space, number of attempts, and post-procedural complications were evaluated. Functional evaluation was done using Hauser Ambulation Index (HAI) by the stem cell transplant team on a regular basis...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Xiangping Liu, Teng Ma, Hongzhi Wang, Zhongwei Sheng, Xinhong Dou, Kehua Wang, Zhiteng Li, Zhiming Pan, Guobin Chang, Guohong Chen
The immune performance, SNPs and expression levels of candidate genes (IL1-β, Nramp1, TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB and NLRC5) were analyzed in carrier chickens of a Chinese indigenous breed infected with Salmonella enterica Serovar Pullorum at different persistence periods (12, 19 and 24 weeks of age). Carrier birds at 19 weeks of age presented significant difference in most immune parameters, as compared to carriers at 12 and 24 weeks of age, while no significant difference in most immune parameters was observed between carriers at 12 and 24 weeks of age...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Venil N Sumantran, Pratik Mishra, N Sudhakar
A new hallmark of cancer involves acquisition of a lipogenic phenotype which promotes tumorigenesis. Little is known about lipid metabolism in melanomas. Therefore, we used BRB (Biometrics Research Branch) class comparison tool with multivariate analysis to identify differentially expressed genes in human cutaneous melanomas, compared with benign nevi and normal skin derived from the microarray dataset (GDS1375). The methods were validated by identifying known melanoma biomarkers (CITED1, FGFR2, PTPRF, LICAM, SPP1 and PHACTR1) in our results...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Sayed Modinur Rahaman, Kuntal Dey, Tapati Chakraborti, Sajal Chakraborti
The role of angiotensin II in regulating Na+/K(+)-ATPase activity has been investigated in bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (BPASMCs). Our study reveals that angiotensin II inhibits the Na+/K+ATPase activity via glutathionylation of the pump with the involvement of an increase in NADPH oxidase-derived O2*-. Additionally, angiotensin II treatment to the cells increases the inhibitory potency of the 15.6 kDa inhibitor towards the Na+/K+ATPase activity.
April 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
B Santhosh Kumar, S Sandhyamani, Shaiju S Nazeer, R S Jayasree
Autofluorescence exhibited by tissues often interferes with immunofluorescence. Using imaging and spectral analysis, we observed remarkable reduction of autofluorescence of formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues irradiated with light prior to incubation with immunofluorescent dyes. The technique of photobleaching offers significant improvement in the quality and specificity of immunofluorescence. This has the potential for better techniques for disease diagnosis.
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
M Mayil Vaganan, S Sarumathi, A Nandakumar, I Ravi, M M Mustaffa
Four protocols viz., the trichloroacetic acid-acetone (TCA), phenol-ammonium acetate (PAA), phenol/SDS-ammonium acetate (PSA) and trisbase-acetone (TBA) were evaluated with modifications for protein extraction from banana (Grand Naine) roots, considered as recalcitrant tissues for proteomic analysis. The two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) separated proteins were compared based on protein yield, number of resolved proteins, sum of spot quantity, average spot intensity and proteins resolved in 4-7 pI range...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
A K Mishra, Gitanjali Tandon, Rajendra Sharma, H Chandrasekharan, P S Pandey
Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stresses limiting grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Wheat early salt-stress response gene (WESR3) is one of the major salt stress genes, which is affected in the first phase of salt stress. In this study, sequence and structural analysis of protein coded by WESR3 gene was carried out using various bioinformatics tools. Sequence analysis of WESR3 protein revealed the presence of highly conserved regions of Mlo gene family. Three-dimensional modeling was carried out to elucidate its structure and its active site...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Sayantani Sihi, Sankar Bakshi, Dibyendu Narayan Sengupta
DNA polymerase λ (DNA pol λ) is the only reported X-family DNA polymerases in plants and has been shown to play a significant role in dry quiescent seeds, growth, development and nuclear DNA repair. cDNA for DNA pol λ has been reported in Arabidopsis and japonica rice cultivar and has been characterized from E. coli expressed protein, but very little is known about its activity at protein level in plants. The enzymatic activity of DNA pol λ was studied in dry, imbibed and during different germination stages of indica rice IR-8 (salt sensitive) by in-gel activity assay to determine its physiological role in important stages of growth and development...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Archana Singh, Bharat Bhushan, Kishor Gaikwad, O P Yadav, Suresh Kumar, R D Rai
Plants, being sessile in nature, have developed mechanisms to cope with high salt concentrations in the soil. In this study, the effects of NaCl (50-200 mM) on expression of high-affinity potassium transporters (HKTs), antioxidant enzymes and their isozyme profiles were investigated in two contrasting bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes viz., HD2329 (salt-sensitive) and Kharchia65 (salt-tolerant). Kharchia65 can successfully grow in salt affected soils, while HD2329 cannot tolerate salt stress. Differential expression studies of two HKT genes (TaHKT2;1...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Shadi Rokhsartalab Azar, Raika Naiebi, Ameneh Homami, Zahra Akbari, Anvarsadat Kianmehr, Rahman Mahdizadehdehosta, Faezeh Najafzadeh
The enzyme D-galactose dehydrogenase (GalDH) has been used in diagnostic kits to screen blood serum of neonates for galactosemia. It is also a significant tool for the measurement of β-D-galactose, α-D-galactose and lactose as well. In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to identify the suitable conditions for recovery of recombinant GalDH from Pseudomonas fluorescens in aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS). The identified GalDH gene was amplified by PCR and confirmed by further cloning and sequencing...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"