Journals International Urology and Neph...

International Urology and Nephrology
Tuba Vural, Vural Taner Yilmaz, Sadi Koksoy, Abdullah Kisaoglu, Deniz Ozel, Ismail Demiryilmaz, Bulent Aydinli, Huseyin Kocak, Gultekin Suleymanlar
PURPOSE: It is known that vitamin D has positive effects on graft functions (reduce fibrosis, suppress excessive inflammatory response, improve graft functions). In our study, it was aimed to evaluate the effects and predictive roles of vitamin D, the expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in lymphocytes, monocytes, natural killer cells on chronic rejection and graft functions in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: Seventy one people were included in the study and analyses were made by dividing them into 3 groups...
March 17, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Siyao Li, Mengru Zeng
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of free triiodothyronine to free thyroxine (FT3/FT4) ratio with 5-year mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) through 2001-2002 and 2007-2012. METHODS: Two thousand four hundred twenty-four patients with CKD stage 1-5 were included. Patients' baseline characteristics were collected. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association of FT3/FT4 ratio with 5-year all-cause and cardiovascular mortality...
March 14, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Lazar Chisavu, Adelina Mihaescu, Flaviu Bob, Alexandru Motofelea, Oana Schiller, Luciana Marc, Razvan Dragota-Pascota, Flavia Chisavu, Adalbert Schiller
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evidence trends and changes in mortality, comorbid conditions, prognosis, and causes of death after 5 years of continuous evolution of hemodialysis (HD) patients in Romania. METHODS: We included two cohorts of stable HD patients (901 from 2012 and 1396 from 2017). Both cohorts were followed up for 1 year. The 5-year survivors of the 2012 cohort were identified in 2017 and their data changes were assessed. RESULTS: The 2017 patients were older, with longer time on dialysis, higher serum creatinine and urea levels, and required higher ultrafiltration volume per dialysis...
March 14, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Sanjoy Kumar Sureka, Ankit Misra, Himanshu Raj, Anupam Shukla, Uday Pratap Singh
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of 2-core prostate biopsy in advanced prostate cancer patients. This included a retrospective analysis of 12-core prostate biopsies and a prospective validation that a reduced number of cores are sufficient for histopathological diagnosis. METHODS: The first phase analyzed retrospective data from 12-core prostate biopsies between January 2013 and 2018. In the second phase, from January 2018 to January 2022, in a prospective setting, patients with PSA > 75 ng/dl underwent bone scans first...
March 14, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Spencer S Liem, Timothy Demus, Alexandra Perez, Dhaval Jivanji, Crystal Y Lee, Kevin A George, Alejandra Perez, Luigi Cubeddu, Jorge F Pereira
PURPOSE: Pain management is central in the treatment of urolithiasis. We aimed to estimate the impact of the 2017 Department of Health and Human Services declaration of an opioid crisis on prescribing patterns of opioids and NSAIDs in emergency department visits for urolithiasis. METHODS: The National Health Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) was queried for emergency department visits of adults with a diagnosis of urolithiasis. The association between urolithiasis and narcotic and NSAIDs prescription patterns was evaluated and compared at pre-declaration (2014-2016) to post-declaration (2017-2018) periods...
March 13, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Amr Ehab El-Qushayri, Abdullah Reda
AIM: To study the most beneficial coronary revascularization strategy in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). METHODS: In 16th June 2022 and updated on 26th February 2023, we searched in five databases including PubMed for relevant articles. The odds ratio (OR) together with the 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were used to report the results. RESULTS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was significantly associated with significant lower in-hospital mortality (OR 0...
March 12, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Eris Ozkan, Mahmut Gok, Hakki Cetinkaya, Mustafa Kaplan, Gulizar Sahin
PURPOSE: The increasing frequency of coexistence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and obesity-associated glomerulopathy and the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and chronic kidney disease have been demonstrated in studies. Based on this information, in this study, we aimed to compare FSGS and other primary glomerulonephritis diagnoses in terms of parameters of metabolic syndrome and hepatic steatosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, the data of 44 patients who were diagnosed FSGS through kidney biopsy and 38 patients with any other primary glomerulonephritis diagnoses in our nephrology clinic were retrospectively analyzed...
March 11, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Maggie Tso, Kamal Sud, Connie Van, Wubshet Tesfaye, Ronald L Castelino
PURPOSE: Published works have reported the impact of a nephrologist intervention on outcomes for patients with hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI), however little is known about the clinical characteristics of patients with community-acquired acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) and the impact of nephrology interventions on outcomes in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective study on all adult patients admitted to a large tertiary care hospital in 2019 who were identified to have CA-AKI were followed from hospital admission to discharge...
March 9, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Wei Xu, Shihui Li, Fang Cheng, Lifeng Gong, Weigang Tang, Jingkui Lu, Yani Li, Zhixia Wang
OBJECTIVE: Thermal ablation, including microwave ablation (MWA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA), has been recommended for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of MWA and RFA in patients with PHPT and refractory SHPT. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), and Wanfang were searched from inception to December 5, 2022...
March 9, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Ying Cao, Heng Zhang, Xiao-Hu Tang, Gui-Lan Tu, Ye Tian, Guang-Heng Luo, Yan-Dong Wang, Zhen Wang, Lin-Yue An, Mu-Xia Luo, Lei Tang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of sex hormone imbalance on rat prostatic inflammation and fibrosis and identify the key molecules involved. METHODS: Castrated Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were treated with a constant dose of oestradiol (E2 ) and different doses of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to achieve different oestrogen/androgen ratios. After 8 weeks, serum E2 and DHT concentrations, relative seminal vesicle weights, histopathological changes and inflammation were measured, collagen fiber content and oestrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR) expression were detected, mRNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs)...
March 9, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Yuexian Shi, Haiming Zhang, Zhaoling Nie, Yingxin Fu
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the quality of life of living kidney donors in mainland China. The data on anxiety and depression of living kidney donors was also scant. This study aimed to investigate quality of life, anxiety, and depression and identify their influencing factors among living kidney donors in mainland China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included 122 living kidney donors from a kidney transplantation center in China. The abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2-item and Patient Health Questionnaire 2-item were used to assess the quality of life, anxiety and depression symptoms, respectively...
March 7, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Alireza Abdollahi Moghaddam, Vafa Baradaran Rahimi, Negar Morovatdar, Ramin Rezaee, Sadegh Alavi Babalhekam
PURPOSE: The contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) rate is increasing globally and can increase the rate of mortality and long-term problems. This study aims to determine the effect of Nicorandil on preventing CIN among patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. METHODS: In a controlled randomized open-labeled clinical trial, all included patients undergoing cardiac catheterization due to coronary problems and possessing at least two risk factors of contrast nephropathy were divided into two groups of intervention and control...
March 7, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Yuemeng Sun, Yawei Ren, Ping Lan, Xiaoyang Yu, Jie Feng, Dapeng Hao, Liyi Xie
AIM: To compare clinical and pathological characteristics as well as prognosis between diabetic nephropathy (DN) and non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD) so as to explore potential diagnostic criteria of DN and provide some guidance for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with kidney involvement. METHODS: T2DM patients with renal impairment who underwent kidney biopsy were included in this study, who were classified into 3 groups (DN, NDRD, DN with NDRD) based on their renal pathological diagnosis...
March 6, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Ezgi Coskun Yenigun, Didem Turgut, Simal Koksal Cevher, Cigdem Yucel, Cenk Aypak, Fatih Dede
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is an early finding of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and is related to different mechanisms. Cyst expansion-related renin secretion or early endothelial dysfunctions are some of these hypotheses. In addition, the underlying genetic factor is thought to play a role in the inheritance of hypertension. The differential course of hypertension in ADPKD preoccupies that relatives of ADPKD patients may also be at risk for this underlying mechanisms with a genetically determined abnormal endothelial-vascular state...
March 6, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Hany Hammad, Asmaa Shaaban, Mariana Victor Philips, Ahmed Fayed, Tarek Samy Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Amelioration of proteinuria is one of main treatment targets in patients with glomerulonephritis, yet the remission rates are suboptimal. AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine the effect of the sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor (empagliflozin) on proteinuria and kidney function progression, in patients with glomerulonephritis not due to diabetic kidney diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were recruited. The entry criteria were diagnosis of glomerulonephritis, and proteinuria (proteinuria ≥ 500 mg⁄g) in spite of the use of the maximal tolerated dose of RAAS blocking agents together with specific immunosuppression treatment regimens...
March 6, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Fabio Grizzi, Mohamed Ahmed Ahmed Abdelaziz Hegazi, Gianluigi Taverna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Dong Liang, Hui Zhang, Qianyu Lin, Xiuhua Wu, Min Yang, Hua Dong, Yaning Wang, Zhenmin Chen, Yunqi Liu, Xiaomin Zhang
PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate the clinicopathological features of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) with hyperuricemia (HUA), together with associated factors within 10 years in a single centre in Shandong Province. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed the clinical and pathological data of 694 IMN patients in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2019. Based on serum uric acid (UA) level, the patients were divided into hyperuricemia (HUA) group (n = 213) and normal serum uric acid (NUA) group (n = 481)...
March 3, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Serkan Yildiz, Cihan Heybeli, Lee Smith, Pinar Soysal, Rumeyza Kazancioglu
PURPOSE: To determine predictors of loss of appetite among older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: Demographic and clinical data, and scores of comprehensive geriatric assessment parameters of patients who were ≥ 60 years old and have CKD according to an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were reviewed. Loss of appetite was defined as a score of ≤ 28 in The Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire...
March 3, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
Yanfang Yang, Zhidong Huang, Bo Wu, Jin Lu, Jiaming Xiu, Jiabin Tu, Shaowen Chen, Yuxiong Pan, Kunming Bao, Junjie Wang, Weihua Chen, Jin Liu, Yong Liu, Shiqun Chen, Kaihong Chen, Liling Chen
BACKGROUND: The harmful effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains controversial. Furthermore, it seems that no consistent conclusion on whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) modifies the relationship of DM and poor prognosis in patients with HFrEF. METHODS: We analyzed the individuals with HFrEF from the Cardiorenal ImprovemeNt (CIN) cohort between January 2007 and December 2018. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality...
March 3, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
I-Kuan Wang, Tung-Min Yu, Tzung-Hai Yen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chi-Yuan Li, Chieh-Min Hsu, Tsung-Hsun Tsai, Fung-Chang Sung
PURPOSE: This study is to compare risks of developing renal cell carcinoma or urothelial cancer between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: The age-, sex-, and index year-matched patients with newly diagnosed end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) undergoing dialysis [HD (N = 22,587) or PD (N = 11,547)] from 2000 to 2015 in Taiwan were identified. Patients were followed until the development of renal cell carcinoma or urothelial cancer, renal transplantation, death, or the end of follow-up (December 31, 2017)...
March 1, 2023: International Urology and Nephrology
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