Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Communication Disorders

Alexander Tucci, Elena Plante, Rebecca Vance, Trianna Oglivie
PURPOSE: The first stage of test development is the generation of a pool of potential items to be used in the assessment. Ideally, these items are then tested in the field on members of the population for which the assessment is intended. This initial analysis assures that tests build in validity at the level of the individual items. METHOD: Seventy-four potential test items developed for the Shirts and Shoes Test (Plante & Vance, 2012) were tested on 513 children between the ages of 3 and 6 years...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Communication Disorders
Jerry L Punch, Rose Hitt, Sandi W Smith
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify multidimensional factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for use in developing an inventory in which HRQoL is a core concept in evaluating the impact of hearing loss and the efficacy of rehabilitative interventions. METHOD: A qualitative approach was used in which we posed two major questions to a focus group consisting of eight adults with self-reported, bilateral sensorineural hearing loss of varying degrees...
January 6, 2019: Journal of Communication Disorders
Amanda V Binns, Lynda R Hutchinson, Janis Oram Cardy
PURPOSE: Children's engagement in self-regulation is a strong and positive predictor of their social and academic success, making self-regulation an important focus for caregivers and clinicians. The aims of this article are to provide a framework for understanding self-regulation and to identify strategies speech-language pathologists can use to integrate self-regulation work into their clinical practice. METHOD: Empirically supported considerations describing the developmental progression from co-regulation to self-regulation are outlined, and the effects of stress on self-regulation are discussed...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Helen L Blake, Sharynne McLeod
PURPOSE: To use the ICF to classify characteristics and aspirations of multilingual university students and faculty who seek speech-language pathologists' support for intelligibility in English and to identify activities, facilitators, and barriers that impact participation in society. METHOD: A retrospective record review was conducted on files of 175 clients attending a university clinic for intelligibility enhancement (accent modification). Participants came from 35 countries and spoke 28 different home languages...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Matthew D Carter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a computer-based simulated learning environment on student learning in speech-language pathology. Despite a growing trend in the implementation of computer-based simulated learning environments, no research yet supports its efficacy. In addition, although over half of the United States' speech-language pathologists work in school systems, no studies have investigated simulated learning environments that focus on pediatric developmental language disorders as the disorder to be exemplified by the simulations...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Andrew J Vermiglio, Keerthana Velappan, Paige Heeke, Emery Bulla, Xiangming Fang, Elizabeth Bonilla, Elizabeth Garner, Julia Skinner
BACKGROUND: According to the American Academy of Audiology, a recommendation for frequency-modulation systems may be based upon performances on speech perception tests that do not include background noise. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the presumption that non-speech recognition in noise test results are related to speech recognition in noise ability for a group of young adults. RESEARCH DESIGN: Performances on the non-speech recognition in noise tests included in the SCAN-3:A test battery were compared to speech recognition in noise performances as measured with the auditory figure ground subtest of the SCAN-3:A and the Hearing in Noise Test...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Jason A Whitfield, Anna C Gravelin
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine a statistical approach to differentiating shorter silent intervals (e.g., stop gaps) from longer silent intervals (e.g., pause) at varying syntactic locations within a reading passage to better characterize articulatory and prosodic aspects of speech timing in Parkinson disease (PD). Silent intervals 15 ms and longer were extracted from reading sample. Logarithmic transformation of the silent interval durations yielded a bimodal distribution. Gaussian Mixture Model analysis was used to statistically differentiate the first mode (Mode 1) that corresponded to short silent intervals from the second mode (Mode 2) that corresponded to longer silent intervals...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Peter Mariën, Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven
Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS) is an intriguing motor speech disorder which has captured the interest of the scientific community and media for decades. At the moment, there is no comprehensive model which can account for the pathophysiology of this disorder. This paper presents a review of 112 FAS cases published between 1907 and October 2016: these were analyzed with respect to demographic characteristics, lesion location, associated neurocognitive symptoms, and comorbid speech and language disorders. The analysis revealed that organic-neurogenic FAS is more frequent in women than in men...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Shang-Yu Wu, Rei-Jane Huang, I-Fang Tsai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the applicability of D, the Measure of Textual Lexical Diversity (MTLD), and Moving ¬Average Type ¬Token Ratio (MATTR) for measuring lexical diversity of Mandarin-speaking preschoolers. This study examined if D, MTLD, and MATTR can be used to differentiate two different age groups (children age 3 and 4 years) and two language ability groups (typically developing children and children with language delay). METHOD: Seventy-eight Mandarin-speaking typically developing children and 56 Mandarin-speaking children with language delay participated in this study...
January 2019: Journal of Communication Disorders
Emily R Fyfe, Lauren Eisenband Matz, Kayla M Hunt, Martha W Alibali
Previous research suggests that children with language disorders often have difficulties in mathematical tasks. In the current study, we investigated two relevant factors - working memory and pattern skills - that may underlie children's poor mathematics performance. Children with developmental language disorder (DLD, n = 18, ages 6-13) and age-matched typically-developing children (n = 18) completed three math tasks that tapped calculation skill and knowledge of concepts. Children also completed a visual pattern extension task and a verbal working memory task...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
J C Vásquez-Correa, J R Orozco-Arroyave, T Bocklet, E Nöth
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder that produces motor and non-motor impairments. The evaluation of motor symptoms is currently performed following the third section of the Movement Disorder Society - Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS-III); however, only one item of that scale is related to speech impairments. It is necessary to develop a specific scale such that considers those aspects related to speech impairments of the patients. AIMS: (i) To introduce and evaluate the suitability of a modified version of the Frenchay Dysarthria Assessment (m-FDA) scale to quantify the dysarthria level of PD patients; (ii) to objectively model dysarthric speech signals considering four speech dimensions; (iii) to develop a methodology, based on speech processing and machine learning methods, to automatically quantify/predict the dysarthria level of patients with PD...
November 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Omayma Afsah, Mona Rabea
PURPOSE: Phonological processes are systematic changes in sound classes, sound sequences or syllable structure. The aim of this study was to develop an assessment tool for identification of developmental phonological processes in Arabic-speaking Egyptian children in order to provide normative data of phonological processes in typically developing children and distinguish between normal children and children with phonological impairment. METHOD: The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive one...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Krithika Govindarajan, Johanne Paradis
PURPOSE: The narrative abilities of bilinguals with TD and with DLD/SLI in their English L2 were examined in order to 1) identify the narrative components that differentiate these two groups and 2) determine the role of age and input factors in predicting L2 narrative abilities in each group. METHOD: Participants were 24 English L2 children with DLD and 63 English L2 children with TD, matched on age (mean = 5; 8) and length of exposure to the L2 (mean = 24 months)...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Mariagrazia Zuccarini, Annalisa Guarini, Jana Marie Iverson, Erika Benassi, Silvia Savini, Rosina Alessandroni, Giacomo Faldella, Alessandra Sansavini
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research on typically and atypically developing infants has shown that motor skills play an important role in language development. To date, however, the role of specific object exploration skills for early gesture and vocabulary development has not been investigated in extremely low gestational age infants (ELGA, GA < 28 weeks), who are at greater risk for motor and language delays than full-term (FT) infants. PURPOSE: This longitudinal study examined relations between 6-month active exploratory behaviors and 12- month word comprehension, gestures and vocal production, controlling for cognitive performance and neonatal condition (ELGA vs FT)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Dennis Tsilimingras, Wanda Gibson Scipio, Krista Clancy, Leon Hudson, Xuefeng Liu, Jennifer Mendez, Ramona Benkert
Interprofessional education (IPE) gained a strong foothold in the beginning of the twenty-first century as an effort to improve care to patients through enhanced teamwork. The aim of this study was to compare attitudes and experiences of the learners, which included graduate students, physicians in training, and practicing healthcare professionals, before and after an interprofessional clinical practice (IPCP) six-h autism didactic and experiential training session. The training session consisted of a 1-h lecture on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), a 2-h behavior review meeting consisting of four different case study discussions among the learners, a 1-h lunch, a 1-h therapy session with children diagnosed with ASD, and a 1-h discussion among the learners...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Eric J Sanders, Karen A Erickson
This study investigated the ability of students with intellectual disability (ID) (n = 39) to answer questions beginning with different wh- question words presented in two referential conditions (i.e., with and without a picture). It also investigated participants' ability to answer questions that were more concrete (i.e., who, what, where) or abstract (i.e., when, why, how). Across conditions, the rank ordering of correct responses for each question word was: what, who, where, how, why, when. Logistic regression analysis revealed no overall statistical significance between the probability of answering questions correctly across referential conditions...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Beula M Magimairaj
Working memory (WM) assessment is often part of cognitive-linguistic test batteries. The author examined the relationship between parent rating of WM functioning and children's performance-based WM, and the relationship of each with receptive and expressive spoken language measures. Study participants were eighty-three 7- to 11-year-old children. The sample represented a broad range of cognitive abilities. No participating child had frank neurological or intellectual disabilities, autism, fluency disorder, or hearing loss...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Hiwa Mohammadi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Zohreh Rahimi, Faezeh Faghihi, Hashem Farhangdoost
The involvement of the brain dopamine system in the pathophysiology of developmental stuttering has been previously suggested. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between developmental stuttering in children and the levels of serum homovanillic acid (HVA), dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) C957T (rs6277), and solute carrier family 6 member 3 (SLC6A3) human dopamine transporter (hDAT) A559V (rs28364997) single-nucleotide polymorphisms. In a case-control study, serum level of HVA, DRD2 C957T, and DAT A559V were compared between 85 children who stuttered (CWS) and 85 age- and sex-matched children who did not stutter (CWNS)...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Stephen Kintz, Valentyna Hibbs, Amy Henderson, Morgan Andrews, Heather Harris Wright
BACKGROUND: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) present with numerous discourse deficits associated with impairments to the linguistic system and other cognitive systems. Individuals with TBI may produce discourse that is lacking important information and poorly organized, as well as containing numerous coherence disrupting elements. Yet there are few studies directly addressing discourse deficits in individuals with TBI to guide clinicians. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to determine if discourse processing treatment improved the discourse production in individual with TBI...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kim Bettens, Laura Bruneel, Youri Maryn, Marc De Bodt, Anke Luyten, Kristiane M Van Lierde
PURPOSE: Perceptual assessments remain the most commonly utilized procedure to diagnose and evaluate resonance disorders. However, the discussion continues about which rating scale has to be applied. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the reliability and validity of ordinal and visual analogue scales to rate hypernasality, audible nasal airflow and speech understandability. METHODS: Four experienced speech-language pathologists rated 35 speech samples of children with a range of hypernasality, audible nasal airflow and speech understandability, using an ordinal scale and a visual analogue scale...
July 22, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"