Jade T Mitchell, Malcolm Edwards, Kimberly Walsh, Sarah Brown-Schmidt, Melissa C Duff
INTRODUCTION: To compare comprehension of Miranda rights in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) versus adults without TBI as measured by response accuracy on the Miranda Right Comprehension Instruments. METHODS: Data were collected virtually via teleconferencing from July 2022 to February 2023. Participants included 25 adults with moderate-severe TBI (12 females, 13 males) and 25 adults without TBI (12 females, 13 males), ages 20-55 years. In this observational study, both groups (with and without TBI) completed the Miranda Right Comprehension Instruments (MRCI), which includes four instruments including Comprehension of Miranda Rights, Comprehension of Miranda Rights-Recognition, Function of Rights in Interrogation, Comprehension of Miranda Vocabulary instruments...
July 15, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kristen Secora
PURPOSE: This tutorial discusses the importance of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) supporting individuals with language disorders in their understanding of others' cognitive and affective states (theory of mind, ToM), with a special consideration given to applying these suggestions with individuals who are neurodivergent. METHOD: I motivate this tutorial by first reviewing the literature related to ToM and language abilities for various populations of individuals with language difficulties, highlighting the need for explicitly targeting the language-related skills that are thought to underlie ToM for individuals with language disorders...
June 27, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Rita Cersosimo, Filippo Domaneschi, Hamad Al-Azary
INTRODUCTION: Previous research found metaphor impairments with dyslexia; however, it is unclear if difficulties are due to initial activation of the metaphorical meaning or to subsequent discourse integration processes. The study examines the presence of early automatic processing of metaphors in adults with developmental dyslexia, considering the role of executive functions and metaphor familiarity. METHODS: Using a sentence recall task and a semantic judgment task from the Metaphor Interference Effect (MIE) paradigm, we evaluated two early stages of metaphor comprehension, namely the generation of the figurative meaning and the suppression of the literal meaning...
June 26, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Fauzia Abdalla, Abdessattar Mahfoudhi, Saleh Shaalan, Reem Almarri, Maryam Aldousari, Hessa Alseedeqi
INTRODUCTION: This study explored vocabulary development and lexical composition in young typically developing (TD) Kuwaiti children and late talkers (LT) using the Kuwaiti Arabic Communicative Development Inventory-Words and Sentences (KACDI-WS) Abdalla et al., 2016). The sample included 161 children aged 20 to 37 months: 127 TD and 34 children who were late talkers (LT group). The late talkers were first identified based on a background questionnaire answered by the parents. All the caregivers completed a 698-item web-based KACDI expressive vocabulary inventory by selecting non-imitative words that their children produced...
May 22, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Natalia Melle, Carlos Gallego, José María Lahoz-Bengoechea, Silvia Nieva
PURPOSE: This study examines whether there are differences in the speech of speakers with dysarthria, speakers with apraxia and healthy speakers in spectral acoustic measures during production of the central-peninsular Spanish alveolar sibilant fricative /s/. METHOD: To this end, production of the sibilant was analyzed in 20 subjects with dysarthria, 8 with apraxia of speech and 28 healthy speakers. Participants produced 12 sV(C) words. The variables compared across groups were the fricative's spectral amplitude difference (AmpD) and spectral moments in the temporal midpoint of fricative execution...
May 13, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Yi Esther Su, Yuhan Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Mixed findings have been reported about the computation of scalar or/and ad-hoc implicatures in primarily school-age autistic verbal children and adolescents: while some studies reported their struggles with both implicatures, others observed their strengths in computing scalar implicatures. This study extends the previous investigation by testing the derivation of scalar (including both number and quantifier) and ad-hoc implicatures of a younger group of Mandarin-speaking autistic 4-8-year-olds; moreover, we assess the biological, linguistic, and cognitive factors affecting children's implicature acquisition...
May 9, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Piotr H Skarzynski, Natalia Czajka, Rita Zdanowicz, Aleksandra Kolodziejak, Ewelina Bukato, Małgorzata Talarek, Zuzanna Pankowska, Henryk Skarzynski
INTRODUCTION: Central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) can significantly affect the daily functioning of a child, and the first step in determining whether rehabilitation procedures are required is a proper diagnosis. Different guidelines for making diagnoses have been published in the literature, and in various centers normative values for psychoacoustic tests of CAPD have been used internally. The material presented in this paper is based on more than 1000 children and is the largest collection so far published...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Veera Pirinen, Kurt Eggers, Katja Dindar, Terhi Helminen, Aija Kotila, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Leena Mäkinen, Hanna Ebeling, Tuula Hurtig, Mirjami Mäntymaa, Soile Loukusa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine possible associations of social anxiety (SA) and speaking-related physiological reactivity with the frequencies of a) total disfluencies, b) typical disfluencies, and c) stuttering-like disfluencies, as well as d) stuttering-severity in autistic young adults and controls. METHODS: Thirty-two autistic young adults and 35 controls participated in this study. Participants were presented with video clips (viewing condition) and were then asked to talk about the videos (narrating condition)...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Marinella Majorano, Valentina Persici, Michela Santangelo, Rachele Ferrari, Beatrice Bertelli, Elena Florit, Manuela Lavelli, Tamara Bastianello, Letizia Guerzoni, Domenico Cuda
INTRODUCTION: The narrative skills of children with cochlear implants (CIs) are fragile, but the factors at play and whether these difficulties could be similar to those detected in language impairment are not clear. The present study aims to assess, at the microstructural level, narrative skills, comparing children with CIs with children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) or Typical Development (TD). Furthermore, the relationship between verbal (lexical and morphosyntactic) comprehension and narrative skills across groups is investigated...
March 26, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Aline Petitpain, Juliette Brabant-Thery, Cédric Patin, Laurent Ott, Anahita Basirat
PURPOSE: Many populations in the scope of speech and language pathologists (SLPs) are at risk of prosodic disorders that can impact communicative ability. While a few studies have examined the importance of prosody in the clinical practice of English-speaking SLPs, there is a lack of similar research in non-English-speaking countries. The current study aimed to establish an overview of the situation in France and to determine factors that might be associated with assessing and treating prosody...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Fatima Jebahi, Katlyn V Nickels, Aneta Kielar
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the quantitative (total number of correct words generated) and qualitative (psycholinguistic properties of correct words generated) performance patterns on the animal fluency task in individuals with the logopenic variant of primary progressive aphasia and to investigate the influence of phonological and semantic abilities to these patterns. METHODS: Fifteen participants with lvPPA and twenty neurotypical adults completed the animal fluency task and an assessment battery to characterize their phonological and semantic abilities...
January 21, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Haeun Chung, Kyungrang Baik, Jihye Cheon, Young Tae Kim, Dongsun Yim
INTRODUCTION: One's ability to repair communication breakdowns is an important and pragmatic language skill. The present study examined children's communication repair strategies between online and face-to-face interactions using a reading comprehension task designed to probe for persistent clarification requests. METHODS: 4-6-year-old typically developing children (Age: M = 5.5years) completed a communication repair task. Online group (n = 17) completed the task online, face-to-face group(n = 22) met researchers in person...
January 21, 2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kara Hawthorne
INTRODUCTION: Prosody is used to express indexical (identifying the talker), linguistic (e.g., question intonation, lexical stress), pragmatic (e.g., contrastive stress, sarcasm), and emotional/affective functions. It is manifested through changes in fundamental frequency (f0 ), intensity, and duration. F0 and intensity are degraded when perceived through a cochlear implant (CI). The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare expressive prosody in speech produced by CI users versus normal hearing peers...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Tammie J Spaulding, Audra Blewitt
PURPOSE: This study examined if there were differences in the guilty and not guilty judgments of adults with developmental language disorder (DLD) and those with typical language (TL) functioning. METHOD: Twenty-four adults (12 DLD, 12 TL) were assigned to either the guilty or not guilty conditions. Those in the guilty condition engaged in a mock crime while those in the not guilty condition were informed that a crime had been committed. Peer jurors were presented with video interrogations of the DLD (6 guilty, 6 not guilty) and TL (6 guilty, 6 not guilty) participants and were asked to make categorical judgments of guilty and not guilty and to indicate confidence in their judgments...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Nasrin Shahouzaei, Zahra Ghayoumi-Anaraki, Toktam Maleki Shahmahmood, Narges Torke Ladani, Ali Shoeibi
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects approximately 1%-2% of individuals aged 60 and above. Communication disorders in PD can significantly impact the overall quality of life. As prosody plays a vital role in verbal communication, the present study examines Persian prosody perception in PD, focusing on linguistic and emotional aspects of prosody. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare the perception of linguistic and emotional prosody in three groups: middle-aged adults (n = 22; mean age = 50...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Mary A Hardin-Jones, Ann E Dahill, Libby Heimbaugh, Adriane Baylis, Caitlin Cummings, Kathy L Chapman
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the correspondence between consonant inventories obtained using the modified NLRT approach and parent report. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. SETTING: Multisite institutional. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 70 children with repaired CP + L (mean age = 16 months) who were participating in the multicenter study. PROCEDURES: Parents of participants were asked to record approximately two hours of their child's vocalizations/words at home using a Language ENvironmental Analysis (LENATM ) recorder...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Jasmijn Stolvoort, Megan Mackaaij, Elena Tribushinina
INTRODUCTION: Like children with typical language development, their peers with developmental language disorder (DLD) are expected to learn English as a foreign language (EFL). For pupils without DLD, it is well-established that amount of informal exposure to English outside of the classroom, starting age of EFL instruction and motivation are strong positive predictors of EFL learning rate and/or achievement, whereas anxiety is negatively related to performance. This paper is the first attempt to investigate how these predictors of EFL performance operate in learners with DLD...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Maretha V de Jonge, Nikki Nibbering, Iris Brand, Anja van der Voort
INTRODUCTION: Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder categorized by a persistent failure to speak in specific situations. In an attempt to facilitate interaction with individuals with SM, other forms of communication (e.g. computer-mediated communication; CMC) are often tried. However, CMC is understudied in individuals with SM, while, especially since the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of CMC for education and social purposes only increased. METHODS: In this study, we explored CMC in 79 adolescents with either selective mutism (n = 34), or typical development (n = 45)...
2024: Journal of Communication Disorders
Kurt Eggers, Iris Heselmans
PURPOSE: Frustration is an emotion often clinically reported by persons who stutter. So far, mainly questionnaire-based studies have reported findings related to increased frustration or decreased frustration tolerance. The aim of this preliminary study was to determine possible group differences between children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) using a behavioral experimental task, as well as to evaluate possible associations with the frequency, duration, and physical concomitants of stuttering disfluencies...
December 10, 2023: Journal of Communication Disorders
Flávia Teixeira Chimelo, Liliane Aparecida Fagundes Silva, Ivone Ferreira Neves-Lobo, Chong Ae Kim, Carla Gentile Matas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the peripheral and central auditory pathways in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) individuals. METHOD: The research sample comprised 15 individuals (one female and 14 males), aged 8 to 46 years. The following procedures were used: medical history survey, otoscopy, speech and pure-tone threshold audiometry, acoustic immittance measures, and central auditory pathway assessment with brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) and long-latency auditory evoked potentials (LLAEP)...
December 10, 2023: Journal of Communication Disorders
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