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Journals Journal of Behavior Therapy an...

Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38870548/influences-of-sleep-cortisol-reactivity-and-risk-reward-based-decision-making-on-suicide
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keyne C Law, Katherine L O'Connell, Samantha V Jacobson, Margaret M Baer, Phillip M Baker, Matthew T Tull
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is a known contributor to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. This study examines whether sleep quality modulates the effect of an individual's stress response and risk/reward-based decision making on suicide risk. METHODS: Participants were 160 adults at a residential substance use treatment facility with lifetime exposure to trauma who completed a clinician-administered measure of suicide risk, the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), and a self-report measure of sleep...
May 31, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38795568/effects-of-positivity-training-on-character-strengths-time-perspective-and-self-awareness-in-women-with-depression
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Simin Barzigar, Rezvan Homaei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Depression exerts significant negative impacts across various life domains, including social interactions, occupational functioning, and economic well-being. These effects permeate both personal and interpersonal spheres. However, it seems that character strengths, time perspective, and self-awareness play a critical role in promoting mental well-being. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of positivity training on character strengths, time perspective, and self-awareness in depressed women...
May 22, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38776752/self-control-problems-in-intermittent-explosive-disorder-presentation-of-an-explanatory-approach
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hassan Soleimani Rad, Abbas Abolghasemi, Iraj Shakerinia, Seyed Valiollah Mousavi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) is an impulsive aggression disorder with self-control problems. However, the mechanisms underpinning the self-control problems in IED have not been clearly investigated. Therefore, this study examined the nature of self-control problems and their types, including cognitive inhibition, behavioral inhibition, and emotional interference in IED. METHODS: Participants included three groups: IED (n = 54), psychiatric control (n = 59), and healthy control (n = 62)...
May 19, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38739973/those-who-enjoy-to-hurt-the-influence-of-dark-personality-traits-on-animal-and-human-directed-sadistic-pleasure
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jill Lobbestael, Franziska Wolf, Mario Gollwitzer, Roy F Baumeister
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sadistic pleasure - gratuitous enjoyment from inflicting pain on others - has devastating interpersonal and societal consequences. The current knowledge on non-sexual, everyday sadism - a trait that resides within the general population - is scarce. The present study therefore focussed on personality correlates of sadistic pleasure. It investigated the relationship between the Dark Triad traits, and both dispositional and state-level sadistic pleasure. METHODS: N = 120 participants filled out questionnaires to assess their level of Dark Triad traits, psychopathy subfactors, and dispositional sadism...
May 5, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38704973/is-repeated-mistake-making-an-effective-treatment-strategy-for-perfectionism-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah A Clark, Tapan A Patel, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism has been linked to self-criticism, procrastination, and psychological disorders. In a previous study, an exposure-based treatment for perfectionism (ETP), which included exposures targeted at concern over mistakes, showed positive outcomes when compared to waitlist. The aim of this study was to further investigate ETP by comparing it to a stress-management condition and assessing durability of treatment effects by conducting a one-month follow-up assessment...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564955/corrigendum-to-interpretation-biases-in-childhood-spider-fear-content-specificity-priming-and-avoidance-journal-of-behavior-therapy-and-experimental-psychiatry-83-2024-june-101941
#6
Anke M Klein, Rianne E van Niekerk, Mike Rinck, Esther Allart, Eni S Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38574561/an-imagery-rescripting-based-intervention-in-children-and-adolescents-who-endured-a-negative-life-event-a-pilot-study-satisfaction-and-feasibility-survey
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ellin Simon, Jurian Beeftink, Babelle van 't Hullenaar, Susan van Hooren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: ImRs, a technique targeting distressing mental images, has shown promise in adult psychiatric treatment. Initial research indicates positive outcomes in children, with potential for reducing mental health care burden. This pilot study examined the use of Imagery Rescripting (ImRs) as an intervention for children who have experienced negative life events. We aimed to assess short-term emotional changes, participant satisfaction, and the feasibility of a larger-scale ImRs intervention for children...
March 22, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38531125/externally-orienting-cues-improve-cognitive-control-in-ocd
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lora Bednarek, Stephanie Glover, Xiao Ma, Christopher Pittenger, Helen Pushkarskaya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An executive overload model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) posits that broad difficulties with executive functioning in OCD result from an overload on the executive system by obsessive thoughts. It implies that, if individuals with OCD "snap out" of their obsessive thoughts, their performance on neurocognitive tasks will improve. METHODS: We test this prediction using the revised Attention Network Test, ANT-R, and distinct subsamples of data from unmedicated OCD and healthy controls (HC)...
March 14, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38493567/imagery-rescripting-the-value-of-an-added-positive-emotion-component
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicole Geschwind, Evelyn Keasberry, Marisol Voncken, Jill Lobbestael, Maarten Peters, Marleen Rijkeboer, Dalena van Heugten-van der Kloet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Imagery Rescripting (ImRs) aims to reduce trauma-related negative emotions and intrusions. Positive emotions during ImRs may aid coping with the consequences of trauma, but protocols vary in the extent to which they explicitly target such positive emotions. We used a multiple-day design with a trauma film paradigm to investigate whether adding an explicit positive emotion component to ImRs improved intervention effects in a non-clinical sample. In addition, we explored potentially differential effects on high, medium, and low arousal positive affect...
March 12, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38513433/compulsive-rituals-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-qualitative-exploration-of-thoughts-feelings-and-behavioral-patterns
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yair Wairauch, Jedidiah Siev, Udi Hasdai, Reuven Dar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rituals are common among healthy individuals and across cultures and often serve adaptive purposes. In individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), rituals become compulsive, time-consuming and distressing, and may lead to functional impairment. Previous research has examined the functions and characteristics of compulsive rituals, but there is paucity of in-depth, first-person reports about this topic. METHOD: We used a qualitative approach to explore thoughts, feelings, and behavioral patterns that characterize OCD rituals...
March 11, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38489952/transitioning-to-college-testing-cognitive-bias-modification-for-interpretations-as-an-inoculation-tool-for-social-anxiety-in-college-first-years
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah E Dreyer-Oren, Akanksha Das, Rachel B Geyer, Robert E Fite, Elizabeth J Kiel, Elise M Clerkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Reducing social anxiety development among incoming college students may improve college adjustment and mental health outcomes. This study tested whether cognitive bias modification for interpretations (CBM-I) reduces social anxiety and increases adjustment during the transition to college, and whether changes in outcomes would be mediated by changes in interpretation biases. METHODS: Participants (N = 73) were randomly assigned to a 3-session weekly CBM-I condition or symptom tracking (ST) control condition...
March 11, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38489951/the-effect-of-self-focused-attention-during-mirror-gazing-on-body-image-evaluations-appearance-related-imagery-and-urges-to-mirror-gaze
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jasmine Chuah, Oliver Suendermann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mirror gazing has been linked to poor body image. Cognitive-behavioral models propose that mirror gazing induces self-focused attention. This activates appearance-related imagery, increases body dissatisfaction, and promotes further mirror gazing. However, evidence for these relationships remains scarce. Our study experimentally investigated how self-focused attention impacts overall and facial appearance satisfaction, perceived attractiveness, distress about appearance and disliked features, vividness and emotional quality of appearance-related imagery, and urges to mirror gaze...
March 3, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37984086/mental-threat-rehearsal-increases-fear-generalization
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eva A M van Dis, Muriel A Hagenaars, Iris M Engelhard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fear generalization to harmless stimuli characterizes anxiety-related disorders, but much remains unknown about its determinants. Based on studies showing that mental imagery of threat can increase conditioned fear responding, we tested whether it also facilitates fear generalization, and whether threat inflation moderates this effect. METHODS: In a fear conditioning study, 120 participants first completed an acquisition phase, in which one of two pictures was followed by an aversive sound (human scream)...
March 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38479086/non-fear-emotions-in-changes-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-during-treatment
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sophie A Rameckers, Arnold A P van Emmerik, Raoul P P P Grasman, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not only associated with fear but also with other emotions. The present study aimed to examine if changes in shame, guilt, anger, and disgust predicted changes in PTSD symptoms during treatment, while also testing if PTSD symptoms, in turn, predicted changes in these emotions. METHODS: Participants (N = 155) with childhood-related PTSD received a maximum of 12 sessions of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing or imagery rescripting...
February 29, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447472/testing-a-brief-attention-training-protocol-to-prevent-emotional-distress-from-a-fear-induction-procedure
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mikael Rubin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attentional hypervigilance to threat in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important topic to investigate. Efforts to leverage attention training to prevent PTSD have been promising but underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. The current study tested whether Attention Bias Modification (ABM) prior to an emotion induction of fear could reduce self-reported fear and arousal compared to two control conditions. METHODS: Participants (N = 86) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk and randomized to receive either (1) ABM where they were directed towards fear related words on every trial; (2) Attention Control Training (ACT) where they were directed towards fear related words on 50% of trials; or (3) Neutral training where all words were neutral...
February 28, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38428361/embodied-cognitive-restructuring-the-impact-of-posture-and-movement-on-changing-dysfunctional-attitudes
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M S O'Toole, J Michalak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous theoretical and empirical work has pointed to the important role of the body in emotion generation and emotion regulation. In the present study, we wanted to investigate if the performance of certain body postures and movement could facilitate cognitive restructuring of dysfunctional cognitive attitudes more effectively than traditional, verbal-only methods. METHODS: In total, 130 participants were randomized to one of two groups...
February 24, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38593495/fear-related-associations-in-children-of-parents-with-an-anxiety-disorder
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anke M Klein, Rianne E Van Niekerk, Esther Allart Van Dam, Mike Rinck, Marc J P M Verbraak, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Eni S Becker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children of parents with an anxiety disorder are at elevated risk for developing an anxiety disorder themselves. According to cognitive theories, a possible risk factor is the development of schema-related associations. This study is the first to investigate whether children of anxious parents display fear-related associations and whether these associations relate to parental anxiety. METHODS: 44 children of parents with panic disorder, 27 children of parents with social anxiety disorder, and 84 children of parents without an anxiety disorder filled out the SCARED-71, and the children performed an Affective Priming Task...
February 21, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38325242/sleep-related-attentional-bias-in-insomnia-the-mediating-role-of-arousal
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cindy Lebrun, Pom Charras, Sophie Bayard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Characterize the nature of attentional biases toward nocturnal and diurnal sleep-related stimuli in individuals with insomnia disorder. We investigated the contributing role of sleep-related attentional biases in insomnia severity and whether their effects on insomnia severity were mediated by arousal and valence levels of the presented stimuli. METHODS: Sixty-four individuals with insomnia disorder and 70 controls completed two Posner spatial cueing tasks including both nocturnal (alarm clocks) and diurnal (fatigue) pictorial stimuli associated with neutral cues...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38309121/effectiveness-of-exposure-based-treatment-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-an-open-clinical-trial-to-test-its-relation-with-indices-of-emotional-processing-and-inhibitory-learning
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rachel de Jong, Miriam J J Lommen, Peter J de Jong, Wiljo J P J van Hout, Adina C E Duin-van der Marel, Maaike H Nauta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The current study examined how effectiveness of exposure-based CBT was related to indices of emotional processing and inhibitory learning during exposure exercises. METHODS: Adolescents with anxiety disorder(s) (N = 72; age 11-19; 85% girls) received a group-based, intensive two-week treatment of which effectiveness was indexed by the SCARED and by ratings of anxiety and approach towards individualized goal situations. To index emotional processing, subjective units of distress (SUDs) were used to indicate both initial and final fear level, and absolute, relative, and total dose of fear reduction...
January 18, 2024: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38281333/interpretation-biases-in-childhood-spider-fear-content-specificity-priming-and-avoidance
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anke M Klein, Rianne E van Niekerk, Mike Rinck, Esther Allart, Eni S Becker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relation between fear and interpretation bias has been widely studied in children. However, much less is known about its content-specificity and how interpretation biases predict variance in avoidance. The current study examined different interpretation bias tasks, the role of priming and the ability of the interpretation bias tasks to predict spider fear-related avoidance behaviour. METHODS: 169 children with varying levels of spider fear performed a behavioural avoidance task, two versions of the Ambiguous Scenarios Task (AST; with and without priming), and a size and distance estimation task...
December 21, 2023: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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