Emily J Jaehne, Hayette Semaan, Adam Grosman, Xiangjun Xu, Quenten Schwarz, Maarten van den Buuse
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the Val66Met polymorphism may play a role in the development of psychosis and schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term effects of methamphetamine (Meth) on psychosis-like behaviour and dopamine receptor and dopamine transporter gene expression in a novel rat model of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism. At the end of a 7-day subchronic Meth treatment, female rats with the Met/Met genotype selectively showed locomotor hyperactivity sensitisation to the acute effect of Meth...
September 22, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Xing-Dong Chen, Jing-Xiang Wei, Hai-Yan Wang, Yu-Yuan Peng, Can Tang, Yang Ding, Sen Li, Zai-Yun Long, Xiu-Min Lu, Yong-Tang Wang
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex mental disorder, closely associated with stress and traumatic events. Salidroside (Sal) has been reported to possess neuroprotective effects. However, the behavioral effects and mechanisms of Sal on PTSD remain unknown. In this study, we utilized a rat model of PTSD induced by single prolonged stress (SPS) and administered Sal intraperitoneally (25, 50, 75 mg/kg/d) for 14 days. We then examined the behavioral effects and underlying mechanisms of Sal on SPS-induced PTSD rats...
September 22, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Zhao-Jun Wang, Xin-Ru Li, Shi-Fan Chai, Wei-Ran Li, Shuo Li, Meng Hou, Jia-Lei Li, Yu-Cai Ye, Hong-Yan Cai, Christian Hölscher, Mei-Na Wu
Disorders of brain glucose metabolism is known to affect brain activity in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Furthermore, recent evidence has shown an association between AD and type 2 diabetes. Numerous reports have found that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists improve the cognitive behavior and pathological features in AD patients and animals, which may be related to the improvement of glucose metabolism in the brain. However, the mechanism by which GLP-1 agonists improve the brain glucose metabolism in AD patients remains unclear...
September 18, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Lu Zhang, Chunqiao Lin, Jiushuang Zhu, Yan He, Meng Zhan, Xiuwen Xia, Ni Yang, Kun Yang, Baojia Wang, Zhanqion Zhong, Yili Wang, Weijun Ding, Youjun Yang
Maternal immune activation (MIA) resulting from viral infections during pregnancy is linked to increased rates of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring. However, the mechanisms underlying MIA-induced neurobehavioral abnormalities remain unclear. Here, we used a poly (I:C)-induced MIA mouse model to demonstrate the presence of multiple behavioral deficits in male offspring. Through RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), we identified significant upregulation of genes involved in axonogenesis, synaptogenesis, and glutamatergic synaptic neurotransmission in the mPFC of MIA mice...
September 14, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Felix P Mayer, Marco Niello, Simon Bulling, Yuan-Wei Zhang, Yang Li, Oliver Kudlacek, Marion Holy, Fatemeh Kooti, Walter Sandtner, Gary Rudnick, Diethart Schmid, Harald H Sitte
Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a cathinone derivative that is recreationally consumed for its energizing and empathogenic effects. The stimulating properties are believed to arise from the ability of mephedrone to interact with the high-affinity transporters for dopamine (DA) (DAT) and norepinephrine (NET), whereas the entactogenic effect presumably relies on its activity at the serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT). Early studies found that mephedrone acts as a releaser at NET, DAT and SERT, and thus promotes efflux of the respective monoamines...
September 11, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Yixia Gan, Yigang Dong, Shanghua Dai, Haifeng Shi, Xinyi Li, Fanglin Wang, Yingmei Fu, Yi Dong
Physical inactivity is a global epidemic. People who take the initiative to exercise will feel pleasure during the exercise process and stick with it for a long time, while people who passively ask for exercise will feel pain and cannot stick with it. However, the neural mechanisms underlying voluntary and forced exercise remain unclear. Here, we report that voluntary running increased the frequency and amplitude of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSC) but decreased membrane excitability in D1R-MSNs, whereas D2R-MSNs did not change in mEPSC and membrane excitability...
September 9, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Gabrielle Moody, Angela Musco, Joseph Bennett, Lonnie P Wollmuth
The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) is a ubiquitously expressed glutamate-gated ion channel that plays key roles in brain development and function. Not surprisingly, a variety of disease-associated variants have been identified in genes encoding NMDAR subunits. A critical first step to assess whether these variants contribute to their associated disorder is to characterize their effect on receptor function. However, the complexity of NMDAR function makes this challenging, with many variants typically altering multiple functional properties...
September 7, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Adam Wojtas, Monika Herian, Marzena Maćkowiak, Anna Solarz, Agnieszka Wawrzczak-Bargiela, Agnieszka Bysiek, Karolina Noworyta, Krystyna Gołembiowska
2-(4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)etanoamine (25B-NBOMe) is a highly selective 5-HT2A receptor agonist, exhibiting a potent hallucinogenic activity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of a 7-day treatment with 25B-NBOMe in a dose of 0.3 mg/kg on the following: the neurotransmitter release in vivo using microdialysis in freely moving animals, hallucinogenic activity measured in the Wet Dog Shake (WDS) test, anxiety level as measured in the light/dark box (LDB) and locomotor activity in the open field (OF) test, DNA damage with the comet assay, and on a number of neuronal and glial cells with immunohistochemistry...
September 7, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Irene B Maroto, Estefanía Moreno, Carlos Costas-Insua, Javier Merino-Gracia, Rebeca Diez-Alarcia, Alicia Álvaro-Blázquez, Ángeles Canales, Enric I Canela, Vicent Casadó, Leyre Urigüen, Ignacio Rodríguez-Crespo, Manuel Guzmán
Cannabinoids exert pleiotropic effects on the brain by engaging the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1 R), a presynaptic metabotropic receptor that regulates key neuronal functions in a highly context-dependent manner. We have previously shown that CB1 R interacts with growth-associated protein of 43 kDa (GAP43) and that this interaction inhibits CB1 R function on hippocampal excitatory synaptic transmission, thereby impairing the therapeutic effect of cannabinoids on epileptic seizures in vivo. However, the underlying molecular features of this interaction remain unexplored...
September 7, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Iris Speigel, Kishan Patel, Vanessa Osman, Hugh C Hemmings
Volatile anesthetics alter presynaptic function through effects on Ca2+ influx and neurotransmitter release. These actions are proposed to play important roles in their pleiotropic neurophysiological effects including immobility, unconsciousness and amnesia. Nitric oxide and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO/cGMP) signaling has been implicated in presynaptic mechanisms, and disruption of NO/cGMP signaling has been shown to alter sensitivity to volatile anesthetics in vivo. We investigated volatile anesthetic actions NO/cGMP signaling in relation to presynaptic function in cultured rat hippocampal neurons using pharmacological tools and genetically encoded biosensors and sequestering probes of cGMP levels...
September 6, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Ling Liu, Zhihao Luo, Yuanying Mai, Yi Lu, Zhaoxia Sun, Jianfeng Chen, Tianyu Zeng, Lei Chen, Zihao Liu, Hanyu Yang, Qin Xu, Lan Lan, Chunzhi Tang
Pyramidal neuron (Pyn) hyperactivity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is involved in the modulation of pain. Previous studies indicate that the activation of α2 adrenoceptors (α2-ARs) by dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a safe and effective means of alleviating multiple types of pain. Here, we showed that systemically administered DEX can ameliorate the inflammatory pain induced by hindpaw injection of formalin (FA) and further examined the molecular and synaptic mechanisms of this DEX-elicited antinociceptive effect...
September 6, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Mingxie Ni, Meng Zheng, Bingran Chen, Xu Lu, Hui Zhao, Tao Zhu, Li Cheng, Han Han, Ting Ye, Huijun Liu, Ying Ye, Chao Huang, Xiaomei Yuan
We recently reported that reversing the chronic stress-induced decline of microglia in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus by intraperitoneal injection of a low dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) ameliorated depression-like behavior in chronically stressed mice. In this study, we found that a single intranasal administration of LPS dose-dependently improved depression-like behavior in mice treated with chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), as evidenced by the reduction of immobility time in the tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST) and by the increase of sucrose uptake in the sucrose preference test (SPT)...
September 5, 2023: Neuropharmacology
L Hopkins Jordan, Sarah T Goldsmith, Samuel K Wood, H Nelson Katharine, Jordan S Carter, Dylan L Freels, Stacia I Lewandowski, Benjamin M Siemsen, Adam R Denton, Michael D Scofield, Carmela M Reichel
Return to methamphetamine (meth) use is part of an overarching addictive disorder hallmarked by cognitive sequela and cortical dysfunction in individuals who use meth chronically. In rats, long access meth self-administration produces object recognition memory deficits due to drug-induced plasticity within the perirhinal cortex (PRH). PRH projections are numerous and include the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). To evaluate the role of the PRH-mPFC reciprocal circuit in novel object recognition memory, a rgAAV encoding GFP-tagged Cre recombinase was infused into the PRH or the mPFC and rats were tested for recognition memory...
September 4, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Deepshila Gautam, Muhammad Ummear Raza, M Miyakoshi, J L Molina, Y B Joshi, P E Clayson, G A Light, N R Swerdlow, V Sivarao Digavalli
Sensory networks naturally entrain to rhythmic stimuli like a click train delivered at a particular frequency. Such synchronization is integral to information processing, can be measured by electroencephalography (EEG) and is an accessible index of neural network function. Click trains evoke neural entrainment not only at the driving frequency (F), referred to as the auditory steady state response (ASSR), but also at its higher multiples called the steady state harmonic response (SSHR). Since harmonics play an important and non-redundant role in acoustic information processing, we hypothesized that SSHR may differ from ASSR in presentation and pharmacological sensitivity...
September 4, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Yu Wang, Jiayang Zou, Yue Wang, Jinyang Wang, Xiaoming Ji, Tianyun Zhang, Yun Chu, Rui Cui, Guoliang Zhang, Geming Shi, Yuming Wu, Yunxiao Kang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder, and curative treatment has not been developed. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential effects of hydralazine (Hyd, a hypertension treatment drug) on the development process of AD and its mechanisms. We treated 6-month-old male APP/PS1 mice with Hyd for 5 weeks, measured changes in behavior and pathological status, and analyzed differences in gene expression by RNA sequencing. The results demonstrated that Hyd improved cognitive deficits and decreased amyloid beta protein deposition in the cortex and hippocampus, while RNA sequencing analysis suggested that the regulation of neuroinflammation and energy metabolism might play pivotal roles for Hyd's beneficial effects...
September 1, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Marsida Kallupi, Roberto Ciccocioppo
Environmental conditioning factors have a profound impact on alcohol-seeking behavior and the maintenance of alcohol use in individuals with alcohol dependence. Cues associated with alcohol, depending on the perceived value of the primary reinforcer, gain salience and can trigger relapse. This study investigates the correlation between the reward magnitude of the primary reinforcer and the reinstatement evoked by cues predictive of their availability in male rats. Rat self-administration procedures were used to test reinstatement, with reinforcers consisting of 10% alcohol, 10% sucrose, or 2% sodium chloride (NaCl) experienced under need-state conditions...
August 31, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Braulio Munoz, Brady K Atwood
Corticostriatal circuits are generally characterized by the release of glutamate neurotransmitter from cortical terminals within the striatum. It is well known that cortical excitatory input to the dorsal striatum regulates addictive drug-related behaviors. We previously reported that anterior insular cortex (AIC) synaptic inputs to the dorsolateral striatum (DLS) control binge alcohol drinking in mice. These AIC-DLS glutamate synapses are also the sole sites of corticostriatal mu opioid receptor-mediated excitatory long-term depression (MOR-LTD) in the DLS...
August 31, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Haohao Yan, Yiding Han, Xiaoxiao Shan, Huabing Li, Feng Liu, Guojun Xie, Ping Li, Wenbin Guo
The study aimed to investigate the functional connectivity (FC) between the cerebellum and intrinsic cerebral networks in patients with panic disorder (PD), and to observe changes in the cerebellar-cerebral FC following pharmacotherapy. Fifty-four patients with PD and 54 healthy controls (HCs) underwent clinical assessments and functional magnetic resonance imaging scans before and after a 5-week paroxetine treatment. Seed-based cerebellar-cerebral FC was compared between the PD and HC groups, as well as between patients with PD before and after treatment...
August 29, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Xinjuan Wang, Xueyu Hou, Yu Huo, Di Wang, Xiang Fan, Xiaorui Lin, Weidong Yu, Cailian Cui, Jingzhu Guo, Yijing Li
Dysfunctional glutamatergic neurotransmission contributes importantly to the pathophysiology of depression. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of glutamatergic dysfunction remain poorly understood. Here, we employed chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to induce depression-like behavior in male mice and to assess the alterations of glutamatergic system within the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). Male mice subjected to CUMS showed an increase in levels of glutamate content, synaptosomal GluN2B-NMDA receptors (GluN2B-NMDARs) and phosphorylated synaptosomal associated protein 25 KD of Ser187 (pSer187-SNAP25), which is involved in synaptic vesicular fusion processes in the vmPFC...
August 23, 2023: Neuropharmacology
Yi Zhou, Yue Chen, Hui He, Meichang Peng, Meiqin Zeng, Haitao Sun
At present, a large number of relevant studies have suggested that the changes in gut microbiota are related to the course of nervous system diseases, and the microbiota-gut-brain axis is necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Indole and its derivatives, as the products of the gut microbiota metabolism of tryptophan, can be used as ligands to regulate inflammation and autoimmune response in vivo. In recent years, some studies have found that the levels of indole and its derivatives differ significantly between patients with central nervous system diseases and healthy individuals, suggesting that they may be important mediators for the involvement of the microbiota-gut-brain axis in the disease course...
August 22, 2023: Neuropharmacology
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