journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38538571/association-between-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-asthma-based-on-the-nhanes-and-mendelian-randomization-study
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pan Yin, Shiran Tao, Zixuan Xing, Shenglin Luo, Zhiluo Yang, Zihan Xue, Ruida Yang, Luyu Liu, Shaobo Wu, Juan Ge
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a crucial risk factor for asthma. Observational studies have examined the association between abdominal obesity and asthma symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and asthma and its potential as an independent indicator. METHODS: This study utilized data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning 2011-8. Multivariable logistic regression and stratified variable selection were employed to identify associations between asthma and VAT...
March 27, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38538569/effects-of-remimazolam-tosilate-on-gastrointestinal-hormones-and-gastrointestinal-motility-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-with-sedation-a-randomized-control-trial
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianyi Yang, Yinji Zhou, Mingshan Wang, Lina Zhang, Bing Liu, Lixin Sun, Fei Shi, Yang Yuan, Gaofeng Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the impacts of remimazolam tosilate on gastrointestinal hormones and motility in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy with sedation. METHODS: A total of 262 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I or II patients, aged 18-65 years, scheduled for gastrointestinal endoscopy with sedation, were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 131 each): the remimazolam tosilate group (Group R) and the propofol group (Group P)...
March 27, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38521977/is-coffee-tea-and-red-wine-consumption-beneficial-for-individuals-with-hypertension
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shuchen Zhang, Boyang Xiang, Xiangyu Su, Yujia Zhou, Yiheng Zhao, Xiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of tea, coffee, and red wine intakes with health risks among individuals with hypertension. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included participants with hypertension from the UK Biobank cohort. Study exposures included self-reported intakes of coffee, tea, and red wine. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcomes were cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular disease. The associations of beverage intake with outcomes were analyzed using Cox regression models...
March 23, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520740/exploring-the-potential-of-multi-cancer-early-detection-tests-as-triage-tools-in-urgent-referrals-insights-from-recent-clinical-trial
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mustafa Al-Obeidee, Esraa Al-Obeidee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507237/research-on-predicting-hematoma-expansion-in-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-based-on-deep-features-of-the-vgg-19-network
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fa Wu, Peng Wang, Huimin Yang, Jie Wu, Yi Liu, Yulin Yang, Zhiwei Zuo, Tingting Wu, Jianghao Li
PURPOSE: To construct a clinical noncontrastive computed tomography (NCCT) deep learning joint model for predicting early hematoma expansion (HE) after cerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and evaluate its predictive performance. METHODS: All 254 patients with primary cerebral hemorrhage from January 2017 to December 2022 in the General Hospital of the Western Theater Command were included. According to the criteria of hematoma enlargement exceeding 33% or the volume exceeding 6 ml, the patients were divided into the HE group and the hematoma non-enlargement (NHE) group...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507221/progress-in-the-relationship-between-mechanical-ventilation-parameters-and-ventilator-related-complications-during-perioperative-anesthesia
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hu Yue, Tao Yong
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation, as an important respiratory support, plays an important role in general anesthesia and it is the cornerstone of intraoperative management of surgical patients. Different from spontaneous respiration, intraoperative mechanical ventilation can lead to postoperative lung injury, and its impact on surgical mortality cannot be ignored. Postoperative lung injury increases hospital stay and is related to preoperative conditions, anesthesia time, and intraoperative ventilation settings...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507113/association-between-amiodarone-use-and-risk-of-cataract-a-population-based-active-comparator-study
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheng-Yin To, Hsin-Ting Lin, Chun-Cheng Liao, Ke-Ting Pan, Yuan-Liang Wen, Senyeong Kao, Li-Ting Kao
BACKGROUND: Despite previous concerns about ocular side effects related to amiodarone, the relationship between amiodarone and cataract remains uncertain. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential association between amiodarone use and the subsequent risk of cataract, taking into account potential confounders. METHODS: This population-based, active comparator-controlled cohort study utilized the data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance program and involved adults over 40 years old between 2001 and 2013...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497290/bone-metastases-among-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-a-population-based-study
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Feng Chen, Bo He, Yang Wang
PURPOSE: (i) To analyze age-adjusted incidence rates of synchronous bone metastases diagnosed alongside primary malignancy from 2010 to 2018 in the US population, (ii) determine the incidence proportions (IPs) and characteristics of synchronous bone metastases among newly diagnosed cancer patients in the USA especially pediatric cases, and (iii) assess the implications of synchronous bone metastases on cancer patient's survival, and identify the survival risk factors for these cancer patients...
March 18, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497288/performance-of-generative-pre-trained-transformer-4-gpt-4-in-rcog-diploma-style-questions
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard Armitage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38493357/mesenteric-phlebosclerosis-caused-by-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Akiho Araki, Kosuke Ishizuka, Ryuji Uchida, Kenya Ie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38493312/crosstalk-between-covid-19-and-the-gut-brain-axis-a-gut-feeling
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nida Kalam, Vinod R M T Balasubramaniam
The microbes in the gut are crucial for maintaining the body's immune system and overall gut health. However, it is not fully understood how an unstable gut environment can lead to more severe cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The gut microbiota also plays a role in the gut-brain axis and interacts with the central nervous system through metabolic and neuroendocrine pathways. The interaction between the microbiota and the host's body involves hormonal, immune, and neural pathways, and any disruption in the balance of gut bacteria can lead to dysbiosis, which contributes to pathogen growth...
March 16, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38491971/the-association-of-circulating-lipoprotein-lipids-and-apolipoproteins-with-risk-of-endometriosis-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiwen He, Shengyu Xie, Yi Liu
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a poorly understood disease that affects up to 196 million women worldwide and imposes high costs in terms of economic burden and quality of life of women. Traits of circulating lipids have been related to the onset and progression of endometriosis in previous observational studies but the results have remained contradictory. METHODS: We performed univariable and multivariable Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses using instrument variables to genetically predict the associations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and B from the UK Biobank with endometriosis (consisting of 8288 cases and 68 969 controls from the FinnGen consortium)...
March 16, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38490259/the-causality-between-c-reactive-protein-and-asthma-a-two-sample-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yong Mou, Wenhao Cao, Rujuan Wang, Xiaofan Liu, Xiuwen Yang, Jing Zhu
PURPOSE: This study sought to investigate the causal effects of circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) level on risk of asthma and its subtypes by two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: We utilized single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with both CRP and outcomes of asthma, allergic asthma, and obesity-related asthma as genetic variables via a genome-wide summary association study (GWAS). MR analysis mainly based on the inverse variance weighted (IVW) method was performed to infer the causal relationship between exposure and outcomes...
March 15, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38484779/safeguarding-healthcare-professionals-from-sexual-harassment-in-the-workplace-urgent-need-for-effective-training-and-education
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Xiao, Liang Liu, Zhou Zhang
Sexual harassment (SH) is a particularly harmful type of harassment that can inflict lasting psychological harm on victims. Within the healthcare sector, it negatively impacts teamwork, communication, and potentially compromises patient care. While concerns about workplace SH, including in healthcare, are long-standing, the #MeToo movement has brought renewed scrutiny to this issue since late 2017. Despite increased awareness, evidence suggests that SH remains prevalent in healthcare settings and shows no signs of decline over time...
March 14, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38466153/artificial-intelligence-tools-in-medical-education-beyond-chat-generative-pre-trained-transformer-chatgpt
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li Feng Tan, Isaac K S Ng, Desmond Teo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38453146/understanding-decision-curve-analysis-in-clinical-prediction-model-research
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luqing Zhao, Yueshuang Leng, Yongbin Hu, Juxiong Xiao, Qingling Li, Chuyi Liu, Yitao Mao
BACKGROUND: Many medical graduate students lack a thorough understanding of decision curve analysis (DCA), a valuable tool in clinical research for evaluating diagnostic models. METHODS: This article elucidates the concept and process of DCA through the lens of clinical research practices, exemplified by its application in diagnosing liver cancer using serum alpha-fetoprotein levels and radiomics indices. It covers the calculation of probability thresholds, computation of net benefits for each threshold, construction of decision curves, and comparison of decision curves from different models to identify the one offering the highest net benefit...
March 7, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38453142/lost-in-translation-a-national-cross-sectional-study-on-medical-interpreter-use-by-pediatric-residents
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah Peters, Erin Peebles, Matthew Carwana
BACKGROUND: Lack of communication in a family's preferred language is inequitable and results in inferior care. Pediatric residents provide care to many families with non-English or French language preferences (NEFLP). There is no data available about how Canadian pediatric residents use interpreters, making it difficult to develop targeted interventions to improve patient experience. OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to assess translation services in pediatric training centers and evaluate resident perception of their clinical skills when working with NEFLP patients and families...
March 7, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38453141/association-of-diverticulitis-and-potential-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-population-based-matched-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kuan Chen, Yung-Chang Wang, Kuang-Tsu Yang, Ting-Hsin Huang, Yao-Min Hung, Renin Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested relationship between diverticular disease and cardiovascular disease. Since cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular accident share a lot of pathogenesis, diverticulitis could also be a risk factor for stroke. This study tried to establish epidemiological evidence of the relationship between colon diverticulitis and ischemic stroke. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, patients with newly diagnosed colon diverticulitis (N = 6238) and patients without colon diverticulitis (control group; N = 24 952) were recruited between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2017...
March 7, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38449066/small-extracellular-vesicle-micrornas-in-pediatric-myasthenia-gravis-plasma-and-skeletal-muscle
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mengying Zhu, Yilong Wang, Xuebin Xu, Xiaotong Guo, Yuchen Mao, Feng Gao
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of myasthenia gravis (MG) in children remains difficult. Circulating small extracellular vesicle (sEV)-derived miRNAs (sEV-miRNAs) have been recognized as biomarkers of various diseases and can be excreted by different cell types. These biomarker candidates also play a vital role in autoimmune diseases via intercellular communication. METHODS: In the present study, we used sEV isolation and purification methods to extract the plasma-derived sEV-miRNAs from children with MG and healthy controls...
March 6, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38439557/sigmoidal-relationship-between-liver-fat-content-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-chinese-adults
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pingping Yu, Huachao Yang, Hu Li, Ying Mei, Yuanyuan Wu, Hongfeng Cheng, Huiru Su, Yueling Deng, Tao Jiang, Zhongxiang He, Peng Hu
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between liver fat content (LFC) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and determine the new threshold of LFC to diagnose NAFLD. METHODS: The data from questionnaire survey, general physical examination, laboratory examination, and image examination were collected. Multivariate regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, smooth curve fitting, and threshold effect analysis were performed using the R software to investigate the relationship between LFC and NAFLD and to identify the new threshold of LFC to diagnose NAFLD...
March 4, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
journal
journal
22372
2
3
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.