journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606997/the-impact-of-open-access-on-citations-pageviews-and-downloads-a-scientometric-analysis-in-postgraduate-medical-journal
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hang Yi, Yang Cao, Qihao Leng, Yan Wang, Guochao Zhang, Yousheng Mao
PURPOSE: The influence of Open Access (OA) on the citation impact of scholarly articles remains a topic of considerable debate. This study aims to elucidate the relationship between OA publication and citation metrics, as well as article visibility, within the context of the Postgraduate Medical Journal (PMJ). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 373 articles published in PMJ between 2020 and 2021. Data on OA status, citations, page views, PDF downloads, and other relevant variables were extracted from Journal Citation Reports and PMJ's official website...
April 12, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598958/geriatric-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-622-cases
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nebiye Yentur Doni, İsa An
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is most common in childhood because children are exposed to the parasite early and, unlike adults, do not have immunity to CL. Since CL is less common in geriatric patients, clinical and epidemiological data in this age group are limited. This study aims to compare the clinical and demographic characteristics of geriatric patients diagnosed with CL with young patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 622 patients aged 65 and over and 6350 patients aged 19-64, who applied to Şanlıurfa Oriental Boil Diagnosis and Treatment Center between January 2013 and February 2024 and were diagnosed with CL by parasitological examination, were included...
April 10, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598956/comprehensively-evaluating-the-relationships-between-marital-status-and-other-family-factors-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-long-term-overall-mortality-in-the-elderly-a-study-of-48%C3%A2-510-chinese-individuals
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guang-Zhi Liao, Yan Huang, Jing-Yuan Guan, Man-Qing Luo, Li-Yan Huang, Jia-Yu Feng, Yu-Hui Zhang, Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Marital status is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and overall mortality, yet limited research on this topic in elderly individuals is available. Our aim was to comprehensively assess the impact of marital status and other family factors on CVD incidence and long-term mortality among elderly people. METHODS: Data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002/2005/2008-2018) for participants aged ≥60 years were analysed...
April 10, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38588583/exploring-tiktok-to-increase-one-s-health-literacy-the-philippine-experience
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dalmacito A Cordero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38588582/should-obstetric-mortality-be-an-inalienable-right
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olusegun Olalekan Badejoko, Ibraheem Olayemi Awowole, Akaninyene Eseme Ubom, Olaniyi Joseph Olayemi
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians often times find themselves in a conflict of right and duty with their patients, when these patients refuse recommended treatment. On the one hand, the obstetrician, aiming to fulfil the duty of care, recommends a treatment in the best interest of the woman. The woman, on the other hand, exercising her right of self-determination and autonomy, declines the recommended treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted for literature, articles and case reports on the subject on PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar using the keywords: medical ethics, medical law, obstetric mortality, maternal medicine, foetal medicine, patient autonomy, informed consent, right to life and right to liberty...
April 8, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38572927/advances-in-the-study-of-microparticles-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yifeng Hou, Yun Tang, Shanjun Cai
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the common diabetic microangiopathies, which severely impairs vision in diabetic population. The underlying mechanisms regarding the development of DR are not fully understood, and there is a lack of biomarkers to guide clinical, assessment of disease progression. Recently researchers have found that microparticles (MP) and its bioactive molecules are involved in the development of DR. MP is widely distributed in the circulation and can exert autocrine and paracrine benefits in intercellular signalling, provide a catalytic platform for the thrombospondin complex to promote coagulation, and promote the accumulation of reactive oxygen species to cause endothelial damage...
April 4, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38565127/time-dependent-risk-of-atopic-dermatitis-following-nontyphoidal-salmonella-infection
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Renin Chang, Hui-Yuan Chen, Yao-Min Hung, Jing-Yang Huang, James Cheng-Chung Wei
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) remains unclear. Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infection might trigger immune-mediated reactions. We aimed to examine NTS and the risk of subsequent AD. METHODS: From 2002 to 2015, eligible patients (aged 0-100 years) with NTS were identified. NTS and non-NTS groups were matched at a 1:10 ratio on age and sex. We utilized conditional multivariable Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for AD development...
April 2, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38548317/use-of-social-deprivation-status-in-primary-prevention-cardiovascular-risk-scores-a-must-but-a-challenge
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dorien M Kimenai, Anoop S V Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38538571/association-between-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-asthma-based-on-the-nhanes-and-mendelian-randomization-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pan Yin, Shiran Tao, Zixuan Xing, Shenglin Luo, Zhiluo Yang, Zihan Xue, Ruida Yang, Luyu Liu, Shaobo Wu, Juan Ge
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a crucial risk factor for asthma. Observational studies have examined the association between abdominal obesity and asthma symptoms. This study aimed to investigate the causal relationship between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and asthma and its potential as an independent indicator. METHODS: This study utilized data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning 2011-8. Multivariable logistic regression and stratified variable selection were employed to identify associations between asthma and VAT...
March 27, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38538569/effects-of-remimazolam-tosilate-on-gastrointestinal-hormones-and-gastrointestinal-motility-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-with-sedation-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianyi Yang, Yinji Zhou, Mingshan Wang, Lina Zhang, Bing Liu, Lixin Sun, Fei Shi, Yang Yuan, Gaofeng Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the impacts of remimazolam tosilate on gastrointestinal hormones and motility in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy with sedation. METHODS: A total of 262 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I or II patients, aged 18-65 years, scheduled for gastrointestinal endoscopy with sedation, were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 131 each): the remimazolam tosilate group (Group R) and the propofol group (Group P)...
March 27, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38521977/is-coffee-tea-and-red-wine-consumption-beneficial-for-individuals-with-hypertension
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shuchen Zhang, Boyang Xiang, Xiangyu Su, Yujia Zhou, Yiheng Zhao, Xiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of tea, coffee, and red wine intakes with health risks among individuals with hypertension. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included participants with hypertension from the UK Biobank cohort. Study exposures included self-reported intakes of coffee, tea, and red wine. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcomes were cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular disease. The associations of beverage intake with outcomes were analyzed using Cox regression models...
March 23, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38520740/exploring-the-potential-of-multi-cancer-early-detection-tests-as-triage-tools-in-urgent-referrals-insights-from-recent-clinical-trial
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mustafa Al-Obeidee, Esraa Al-Obeidee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507237/research-on-predicting-hematoma-expansion-in-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-based-on-deep-features-of-the-vgg-19-network
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fa Wu, Peng Wang, Huimin Yang, Jie Wu, Yi Liu, Yulin Yang, Zhiwei Zuo, Tingting Wu, Jianghao Li
PURPOSE: To construct a clinical noncontrastive computed tomography (NCCT) deep learning joint model for predicting early hematoma expansion (HE) after cerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and evaluate its predictive performance. METHODS: All 254 patients with primary cerebral hemorrhage from January 2017 to December 2022 in the General Hospital of the Western Theater Command were included. According to the criteria of hematoma enlargement exceeding 33% or the volume exceeding 6 ml, the patients were divided into the HE group and the hematoma non-enlargement (NHE) group...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507221/progress-in-the-relationship-between-mechanical-ventilation-parameters-and-ventilator-related-complications-during-perioperative-anesthesia
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hu Yue, Tao Yong
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation, as an important respiratory support, plays an important role in general anesthesia and it is the cornerstone of intraoperative management of surgical patients. Different from spontaneous respiration, intraoperative mechanical ventilation can lead to postoperative lung injury, and its impact on surgical mortality cannot be ignored. Postoperative lung injury increases hospital stay and is related to preoperative conditions, anesthesia time, and intraoperative ventilation settings...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38507113/association-between-amiodarone-use-and-risk-of-cataract-a-population-based-active-comparator-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheng-Yin To, Hsin-Ting Lin, Chun-Cheng Liao, Ke-Ting Pan, Yuan-Liang Wen, Senyeong Kao, Li-Ting Kao
BACKGROUND: Despite previous concerns about ocular side effects related to amiodarone, the relationship between amiodarone and cataract remains uncertain. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the potential association between amiodarone use and the subsequent risk of cataract, taking into account potential confounders. METHODS: This population-based, active comparator-controlled cohort study utilized the data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance program and involved adults over 40 years old between 2001 and 2013...
March 20, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497290/bone-metastases-among-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-a-population-based-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Feng Chen, Bo He, Yang Wang
PURPOSE: (i) To analyze age-adjusted incidence rates of synchronous bone metastases diagnosed alongside primary malignancy from 2010 to 2018 in the US population, (ii) determine the incidence proportions (IPs) and characteristics of synchronous bone metastases among newly diagnosed cancer patients in the USA especially pediatric cases, and (iii) assess the implications of synchronous bone metastases on cancer patient's survival, and identify the survival risk factors for these cancer patients...
March 18, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38497288/performance-of-generative-pre-trained-transformer-4-gpt-4-in-rcog-diploma-style-questions
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard Armitage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38493357/mesenteric-phlebosclerosis-caused-by-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Akiho Araki, Kosuke Ishizuka, Ryuji Uchida, Kenya Ie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38493312/crosstalk-between-covid-19-and-the-gut-brain-axis-a-gut-feeling
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nida Kalam, Vinod R M T Balasubramaniam
The microbes in the gut are crucial for maintaining the body's immune system and overall gut health. However, it is not fully understood how an unstable gut environment can lead to more severe cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The gut microbiota also plays a role in the gut-brain axis and interacts with the central nervous system through metabolic and neuroendocrine pathways. The interaction between the microbiota and the host's body involves hormonal, immune, and neural pathways, and any disruption in the balance of gut bacteria can lead to dysbiosis, which contributes to pathogen growth...
March 16, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38491971/the-association-of-circulating-lipoprotein-lipids-and-apolipoproteins-with-risk-of-endometriosis-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiwen He, Shengyu Xie, Yi Liu
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a poorly understood disease that affects up to 196 million women worldwide and imposes high costs in terms of economic burden and quality of life of women. Traits of circulating lipids have been related to the onset and progression of endometriosis in previous observational studies but the results have remained contradictory. METHODS: We performed univariable and multivariable Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses using instrument variables to genetically predict the associations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and B from the UK Biobank with endometriosis (consisting of 8288 cases and 68 969 controls from the FinnGen consortium)...
March 16, 2024: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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