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Journal of the History of Biology

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762150/andrew-s-reynolds-the-third-lens-metaphor-and-the-creation-of-modern-cell-biology-chicago-university-of-chicago-press-2018-272-pp-30-00-paper-isbn-9780226563121
#1
Karl S Matlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30742247/giovanni-aloi-speculative-taxidermy-natural-history-animal-surfaces-and-art-in-the-anthropocene-new-york-columbia-university-press-2018-328-pp-isbn-9780231180702-hard-cover-isbn-9780231180719-paperback
#2
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737618/sara-kenney-and-john-watkiss-surgeon-x-vol-1-6-the-path-of-most-resistance-london-image-comics-2017-218-pp-14-99-isbn-10-1534301542
#3
Cristina Moreno Lozano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689139/animal-behavior-population-biology-and-the-modern-synthesis-1955-1985
#5
Jean-Baptiste Grodwohl
This paper examines the history of animal behavior studies after the synthesis period. Three episodes are considered: the adoption of the theory of natural selection, the mathematization of ideas, and the spread of molecular methods in behavior studies. In these three episodes, students of behavior adopted practices and standards developed in population ecology and population genetics. While they borrowed tools and methods from these fields, they made distinct uses (inclusive fitness method, evolutionary theory of games, emphasis on individual selection) that set them relatively apart and led them to contribute, in their own way, to evolutionary theory...
January 28, 2019: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635751/2019-everett-mendelsohn-prize
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30604319/michel-anctil-luminous-creatures-the-history-and-science-of-light-production-in-living-organisms-montreal-mcgill-queen-s-university-press-2018-486-pp-56-photos-c-49-95-cloth-isbn-9780773553125
#7
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30539350/inevitable-decay-debates-over-climate-food-security-and-plant-heredity-in-nineteenth-century-britain
#8
John Lidwell-Durnin
Climate change and the failure of crops are significant but overlooked events in the history of heredity. Bad weather and dangerously low harvests provided momentum and urgency for answers to questions about how best to improve and acclimatize staple varieties. In the 1790s, a series of crop failures in Britain led to the popularization of and widespread debate over Thomas Andrew Knight's suggestion that poor weather was in fact largely unconnected to the bad harvests. Rather, Knight argued, Britain's older varieties-particularly its fruit trees-were coming to the natural end of their lifespans...
December 11, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30465299/o-organism-where-art-thou-old-and-new-challenges-for-organism-centered-biology
#9
Jan Baedke
This paper addresses theoretical challenges, still relevant today, that arose in the first decades of the twentieth century related to the concept of the organism. During this period, new insights into the plasticity and robustness of organisms as well as their complex interactions fueled calls, especially in the UK and in the German-speaking world, for grounding biological theory on the concept of the organism. This new organism-centered biology (OCB) understood organisms as the most important explanatory and methodological unit in biological investigations...
November 21, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30488162/sarah-s-richardson-and-hallam-stevens-eds-postgenomics-perspectives-on-biology-after-the-genome-durham-duke-university-press-2015-294-pp-99-95-cloth-isbn-9780822358947
#10
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402778/the-unfinished-synthesis-paleontology-and-evolutionary-biology-in-the-20th-century
#11
David Sepkoski
In the received view of the history of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, paleontology was given a prominent role in evolutionary biology thanks to the significant influence of paleontologist George Gaylord Simpson on both the institutional and conceptual development of the Synthesis. Simpson's 1944 Tempo and Mode in Evolution is considered a classic of Synthesis-era biology, and Simpson often remarked on the influence of other major Synthesis figures-such as Ernst Mayr and Theodosius Dobzhansky-on his developing thought...
November 6, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390178/the-bermuda-triangle-the-pragmatics-policies-and-principles-for-data-sharing-in-the-history-of-the-human-genome-project
#12
Kathryn Maxson Jones, Rachel A Ankeny, Robert Cook-Deegan
The Bermuda Principles for DNA sequence data sharing are an enduring legacy of the Human Genome Project (HGP). They were adopted by the HGP at a strategy meeting in Bermuda in February of 1996 and implemented in formal policies by early 1998, mandating daily release of HGP-funded DNA sequences into the public domain. The idea of daily sharing, we argue, emanated directly from strategies for large, goal-directed molecular biology projects first tested within the "community" of C. elegans researchers, and were introduced and defended for the HGP by the nematode biologists John Sulston and Robert Waterston...
November 2, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30386945/special-issue-editors-introduction-genomics-and-the-human-genome-project
#13
EDITORIAL
Eric D Green, Christopher R Donohue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30377879/life-time-and-the-organism-temporal-registers-in-the-construction-of-life-forms
#14
Dominic J Berry, Paolo Palladino
In this paper we articulate how time and temporalities are involved in the making of living things. For these purposes, we draw on an instructive episode concerning Norfolk Horn sheep. We attend to historical debates over the nature of the breed, whether it is extinct or not, and whether presently living exemplars are faithful copies of those that came before. We argue that there are features to these debates that are important to understanding contemporary configurations of life, time, and the organism, especially as these are articulated within the field of synthetic biology...
October 30, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30361838/speciation-post-synthesis-1960-2000
#15
Anya Plutynski
Speciation-the origin of new species-has been one of the most active areas of research in evolutionary biology, both during, and since the Modern Synthesis. While the Modern Synthesis certainly shaped research on speciation in significant ways, providing a core framework, and set of categories and methods to work with, the history of work on speciation since the mid-20th Century is a history of divergence and diversification. This piece traces this divergence, through both theoretical advances, and empirical insights into how different lineages, with different genetics and ecological conditions, are shaped by very different modes of diversification...
October 25, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30338423/variations-on-a-chip-technologies-of-difference-in-human-genetics-research
#16
Ramya M Rajagopalan, Joan H Fujimura
In this article we examine the history of the production of microarray technologies and their role in constructing and operationalizing views of human genetic difference in contemporary genomics. Rather than the "turn to difference" emerging as a post-Human Genome Project (HGP) phenomenon, interest in individual and group differences was a central, motivating concept in human genetics throughout the twentieth century. This interest was entwined with efforts to develop polymorphic "genetic markers" for studying human traits and diseases...
October 18, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30203215/a-reappraisal-of-charles-darwin-s-engagement-with-the-work-of-william-sharp-macleay
#17
Aaron Novick
Charles Darwin, in his species notebooks, engaged seriously with the quinarian system of William Sharp Macleay. Much of the attention given to this engagement has focused on Darwin's attempt to explain, in a transmutationist framework, the intricate patterns that characterized the quinarian system. Here, I show that Darwin's attempt to explain these quinarian patterns primarily occurred before he had read any work by Macleay. By the time Darwin began reading Macleay's writings, he had already arrived at a skeptical view of the reality of these patterns...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29623486/darwin-s-two-theories-1844-and-1859
#18
Derek Partridge
Darwin's first two, relatively complete, explicit articulations of his theorizing on evolution were his Essay of 1844 and On the Origin of Species published in 1859. A comparative analysis concludes that they espoused radically different theories despite exhibiting a continuity of strategy, much common structure and the same key idea. Both were theories of evolution by means of natural selection. In 1844, organic adaptation was confined to occasional intervals initiated and controlled by de-stabilization events...
September 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#19
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
September 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29098484/the-fate-of-the-method-of-paradigms-in-paleobiology
#20
Martin J S Rudwick
An earlier article described the mid-twentieth century origins of the method of "paradigms" in paleobiology, as a way of making testable hypotheses about the functional morphology of extinct organisms. The present article describes the use of "paradigms" through the 1970s and, briefly, to the end of the century. After I had proposed the paradigm method to help interpret the ecological history of brachiopods, my students developed it in relation to that and other invertebrate phyla, notably in Euan Clarkson's analysis of vision in trilobites...
September 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
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