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Journal of Biosocial Science

Javier M Rodriguez, Arun S Karlamangla, Tara L Gruenewald, Dana Miller-Martinez, Sharon S Merkin, Teresa E Seeman
Social stratification is an important mechanism of human organization that helps to explain health differences between demographic groups commonly associated with socioeconomic gradients. Individuals, or group of individuals, with similar health profiles may have had different stratification experiences. This is particularly true as social stratification is a significant non-measurable source of systematic unobservable differences in both SES indicators and health statuses of disadvantage. The goal of the present study was to expand the bulk of research that has traditionally treated socioeconomic and demographic characteristics as independent, additive influences on health by examining data from the United States...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Biosocial Science
Zbigniew Czapla, Grażyna Liczbińska, Oskar Nowak, Janusz Piontek
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of economic changes in the Polish territories under Austrian partition at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries on the trend in adult body height, and to examine the effect of number of children in a family, as a socioeconomic factor, on the differences in heights of males and females. Data collected in a 1939 survey for a group of 350 Lemkos living in Polish lands under the Austrian partition were obtained from archive material. Individual data were obtained for body height and number of siblings, to calculate family size...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Biosocial Science
Ben Kasstan, Kate Hampshire, Claire Guest, James G Logan, Margaret Pinder, Kate Williams, Umberto D'Alessandro, Steve W Lindsay
Bio-Detection Dogs (BDDs) are used in some high-income countries as a diagnostic intervention, yet little is known about their potential in low/middle-income countries with limited diagnostic resources. This exploratory study investigated the opportunities and implications of deploying BDDs as a mobile diagnostic intervention to identify people with asymptomatic malaria, particularly at ports of entry, as an important step to malaria elimination in a population. A qualitative study design consisting of participant observation, five focus group discussions and informal conversations was employed in The Gambia in April-May 2017...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Biosocial Science
Ezra Gayawan, Rukayat Salewa Lateef
Female genital mutilation (FGM) has persisted in Nigeria despite the very harmful effects on its victims. Massive inequality in the demographic and socioeconomic status of the Nigerian populace, coupled with marked differences in cultural values, have led to lopsided patterns of most health indicators based on the geographical location. The risk factors of health indicators are equally expected to vary according to location. This study aimed to explain the spatial variations in the risk factors for female cutting in Nigeria...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Kalyan B Saha, Priyamadhaba Behera, Hrishikesh Munshi, Bal K Tiwari, Shiv K Singh, Uma C Saha, Mrigendra P Singh
National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) data have shown that nearly half of all malaria deaths in India occur in tribal-dominated areas. The present study took a qualitative approach to understanding community perceptions and practices related to malarial infection and anti-malarial programmes. Twelve focus group discussions and 26 in-depth interviews of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) were conducted in nine villages in the district of Gadchiroli, Maharashtra state in India in June 2016...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Krystal Swasey, Rajat Das Gupta, Allysha Choudhury, Jannatun Nayeem, Atia Sharmeen, Vanessa Burrowes
This cross-sectional study analysed Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 data with the aim of investigating the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hypertension in individuals aged over 35 by rural-urban place of residence. After estimation of the stratified prevalence of hypertension by background characteristics, multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to calculate the adjusted odds (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for selected factors. Of the 7839 participants, 1830 were from urban areas and 6009 from rural areas...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Abdulazeez Olumide Abioye, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Wilson Akpan
Worldwide, adolescents and young adults (aged 15-25 years) account for the highest proportion of new HIV infections, yet the uptake of HIV testing among this cohort is sub-optimal. Understanding factors that predict the uptake of HIV testing among adolescents and young adults is critical for designing effective and relevant interventions to increase testing. Drawing from the psychosocial constructs of the Health Belief Model, the study examined the effects of HIV risk perception, discussion of HIV with partners and knowing partners' HIV status on HIV testing uptake among adolescents and young adults in two Nigerian universities...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Łukasz Kryst, Magdalena Żegleń, Iwona Wronka, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Inez Bilińska-Pawlak, Rituparna Das, Rana Saha, Sukanta Das, Parasmani Dasgupta
The objective of the study was to analyse selected anthropometric features of children, adolescents and young adults from middle-class families in Kolkata, India, by BMI and adiposity categories. Standardized anthropometric measurements of 4194 individuals (1999 male and 2195 female) aged 7-21 were carried out between the years 2005 and 2011. The results were compared by BMI and adiposity categories. Statistical significance was assessed using two-way-ANOVA and linear regression analysis was performed. The study population could be differentiated in terms of BMI and adiposity categories for all examined anthropometric characteristics (p ≤ 0...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Mian B Hossain, Ifeyinwa Udo, James F Phillips
Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a major cause of mortality among children under the age of five in developing countries. This paper examines Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data on maternal recall of episodes of ARI in the contrasting settings of Bangladesh and Nigeria, where about 11.1% and 3.3% of under-5 children, respectively, are reported to have symptoms of ARI. The surveys found that about 25.6% of married Bangladeshi women and 15.4% of married Nigerian women reported experiencing spousal violence in the past year...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Sara A Morgan, Caroline Eyles, Paul J Roderick, Philip B Adongo, Allan G Hill
Defined as the co-occurrence of more than two chronic conditions, multi-morbidity has been described as a significant health care problem: a trend linked to a rise in non-communicable disease and an ageing population. Evidence on the experiences of living with multi-morbidity in middle-income countries (MICs) is limited. In high-income countries (HICs), multi-morbidity has a complex impact on health outcomes, including functional status, disability and quality of life, complexity of health care and burden of treatment...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Daniele O Konan, Lydia Mosi, Gilbert Fokou, Christelle Dassi, Charles A Narh, Charles Quaye, Jasmina Saric, Noël N Abe, Bassirou Bonfoh
Buruli ulcer (BU) belongs to the group of neglected tropical diseases and constitutes a public health problem in many rural communities in Côte d'Ivoire. The transmission patterns of this skin infection are poorly defined, hence the current study aimed to contribute to the understanding, perceptions and interpretations of its mode of transmission using a socio-environmental approach. Social and environmental risk factors that may expose people to infection, and the dynamics of local transfer of knowledge and practices related to BU, were assessed in two endemic locations in southern Côte d'Ivoire, i...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Carolyn J Dayton, Angela Johnson, Laurel M Hicks, Jessica Goletz, Suzanne Brown, Trazell Primuse, Kiddada Green, Myung Ae Nordin, Robert Welch, Maria Muzik
Despite the significant health benefits of breastfeeding for the mother and the infant, economic class and race disparities in breastfeeding rates persist. Support for breastfeeding from the father of the infant is associated with higher rates of breastfeeding initiation. However, little is known about the factors that may promote or deter father support of breastfeeding, especially in fathers exposed to contextual adversity such as poverty and violence. Using a mixed methods approach, the primary aims of the current work were to (1) elicit, using qualitative methodology, the worries, barriers and promotive factors for breastfeeding that expectant mothers and fathers identify as they prepare to parent a new infant, and (2) to examine factors that influence the parental breastfeeding intentions of both mothers and fathers using quantitative methodology...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Aparna Jain, Hussein Ismail, Elizabeth Tobey, Annabel Erulkar
Nearly 33 million female youths have an unmet need for voluntary family planning (FP), meaning they are sexually active and do not want to become pregnant. In Ethiopia, age at marriage remains low: 40% and 14% of young women aged 20-24 were married by the ages of 18 and 15, respectively. Despite increases in FP use by married 15- to 24-year-olds from 5% in 2000 to 37% in 2016, unmet need remains high at 19%. Supply-and-demand factors have been shown to limit FP use, yet little is known about how stigma influences FP use among youth...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John Cleland, John Casterline
This study examines factors associated with satisfaction with oral pills and injectables among past users in Kenya based on a baseline survey for the 2-year prospective longitudinal study Improving Measurement of Unintended Pregnancy and Unmet Need for Family Planning conducted in 2016. Married women aged 15-39 years were interviewed using a structured questionnaire that captured information on reproduction, contraceptive knowledge and beliefs and attitudes towards contraception in general and towards specific methods...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Olga Zvonareva, Willemien van Bergen, Nadezhda Kabanets, Aleksander Alliluyev, Olga Filinyuk
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global public health problem that has become a crisis fuelled by HIV and the increasing occurrence of antimicrobial resistance. What has been termed the biosocial nature of TB challenges effective control of the disease. Yet, biosocial interactions involved in the persistence of TB in diverse settings are difficult to systematically account for. The recently developed framework of syndemics provides a way to capture how complex health problems result from the interactions between diseases such as HIV and TB, and harmful social conditions such as unemployment, malnutrition and substance abuse...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Emmanuel Cohen, Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge, Amadou Ndao, Priscilla Duboz, Enguerran Macia, Lamine Gueye, Gilles Boëtsch, Patrick Pasquet, Michelle Holdsworth, Nicole Chapuis-Lucciani
Senegal is experiencing a rising obesity epidemic, due to the nutrition transition occurring in most African countries, and driven by sedentary behaviour and high-calorie dietary intake. In addition, the anthropological local drivers of the social valorization of processed high-calorie food and large body sizes could expose the population to obesity risk. This study aimed to determine the impact of these biocultural factors on the nutritional status of Senegalese adults. A mixed methods approach was used, including qualitative and quantitative studies...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Carmen D Ng
The objective of this paper was to study nutritional status and growth, as measured by height and weight, over the life course and their connection with chronic diseases in Guatemala, a country with high levels of child undernutrition and adult overnutrition, using data from the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) Nutrition Trial Cohort study. The study sample comprised a birth cohort of 1570 individuals who had data in the original 1969-1977 survey as well as the 2002-2004 follow-up, allowing for an analysis of the nutritional transition from childhood to adulthood...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
A Mushfiq Mobarak, Theresa Chaudhry, Julia Brown, Tetyana Zelenska, M Nizam Khan, Shamyla Chaudry, Rana Abdul Wajid, Alan H Bittles, Steven Li
The effects of marriage between biological relatives on the incidence of childhood genetic illness and mortality are of major policy significance, as rates of consanguinity exceed 50% in various countries. Empirical research on this question is complicated by the fact that consanguinity is often correlated with poverty and other unobserved characteristics of households, which may have independent effects on mortality. This study has developed an instrumental variables empirical strategy to re-examine this question, based on the concept that the availability of unmarried cousins of the opposite gender at the time of marriage creates quasi-random variation in the propensity to marry consanguineously...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Eesa Mohammadi, Roghaiyeh Nourizadeh, Masoumeh Simbar, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Nicole Rohana
A woman's decision to continue or terminate an unplanned pregnancy is affected by a broad range of contextual and cognitive factors. The identification of women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy is crucial for health care providers to be able to offer supportive care and counselling. The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to accurately measure women's perceptions of unplanned pregnancy: the Women's Perceptions of Unplanned Pregnancy Questionnaire. The instrument was developed using a methodological framework guided by Waltz et al...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Alok Bhargava, Xiayun Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
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