journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804082/standard-tests-of-haemostasis-do-not-predict-elevated-thromboelastographic-maximum-amplitude-an-index-of-hypercoagulability-in-sick-dogs
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R C Clarkin-Breslin, N V Chalifoux, Y Buriko
OBJECTIVES: To compare standard tests of haemostasis in hypercoagulable and normocoagulable sick dogs as identified by thromboelastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, D-dimers, packed red blood cell volume and platelet counts in client-owned sick dogs with hypercoagulable (n = 36) and normocoagulable (n = 35) states as identified by thromboelastography maximum amplitude above or within the established reference interval, respectively...
May 28, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804079/wsava-guidelines-for-the-control-of-reproduction-in-dogs-and-cats
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Romagnoli, N Krekeler, K de Cramer, M Kutzler, R McCarthy, S Schaefer-Somi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38757475/toxoplasma-gondii-and-neospora-caninum-infection-in-epileptic-dogs
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
G Morganti, G Rigamonti, M C Marchesi, G Maggi, G Angeli, I Moretta, L Brustenga, M Diaferia, F Veronesi
OBJECTIVES: Studies in humans have demonstrated the role of Toxoplasma gondii, a protozoan parasite, in epileptic seizures. This study aimed to investigate the serological correlation between T. gondii and N. caninum and epilepsy in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical record database of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Perugia, was searched for dogs serologically tested by IFAT for T. gondii and N. caninum and following specific inclusion criteria...
May 16, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38742752/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-femoral-fractures-other-than-capital-physeal-fractures-in-dogs-14-cases-2012-2020
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T A Adams, S C Jones, J Dyce
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this retrospective study were to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes in dogs with proximal femoral fractures, other than capital physeal fractures, treated via total hip arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records as well as pre-operative, immediate post-operative and 2 to 3 months post-operative radiographs of 14 dogs with femoral head and neck fractures treated via total hip arthroplasty were reviewed. A Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs questionnaire was completed by owners to assess long-term outcomes...
May 14, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38736278/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-gingivitis-in-a-cohort-of-uk-companion-cats-aged-up-to-6%C3%A2-years
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J L Williams, C Roberts, R Harley, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
OBJECTIVES: Prospectively collected data were used to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in a cohort of companion cats aged up to 6 years and to investigate factors associated with the risk of gingivitis in cats aged 3 to 4 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from a longitudinal study of domestic cats (the Bristol Cats Study), using owner-completed questionnaires and veterinary surgeon-completed oral health scores. Prevalence estimates of veterinary-reported gingivitis for cats aged up to 6 years old (n = 1534) were calculated for different age groups...
May 12, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38733276/clinical-and-computed-tomography-findings-in-cats-with-nasopharyngeal-stenosis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Mestrinho, R Fonseca
OBJECTIVES: Concurrent anomalies are often found in nasopharyngeal stenosis and choanal atresia; some seem to be of primary nature, whereas others may be coincidental. This study aimed to report the computed tomography features and related comorbidities of these diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed using case and control groups defined according to the presence of signs of upper airway disease and the presence/absence of nasopharyngeal stenosis, respectively...
May 11, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38730564/diffuse-muscular-metastasis-in-a-dog-with-a-cutaneous-mast-cell-tumour
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
I Aledón-Català, P Ziobro, P S Frezoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38693785/complication-rates-associated-with-nasoesophageal-versus-nasogastric-feeding-tube-placement-in-dogs-and-cats-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
F Camacho, K Humm
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of accidental placement of nasoenteric tubes into the respiratory tract. To compare the methods of checking correct tube placement. To compare the complication rates between nasoesophageal and nasogastric tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals requiring nasoenteric feeding tubes were prospectively randomised to have either nasoesophageal or nasogastric tube placement. Various techniques for assessing tube position were compared with thoracic radiographic findings...
May 1, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38679786/diagnostic-findings-in-sinonasal-aspergillosis-in-dogs-in-the-united-kingdom-475-cases-2011-2021
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
C Prior, H Swales, M Sharman, N Reed, N Bommer, A Kent, B Glanemann, K Clarke, A Kortum, D Kelly, C Lea, E Roberts, L Rutherford, A Tamborini, K Murphy, D J Batchelor, S Calleja, R Burrow, P Jamieson, M Best, S Borgonovi, I Calvo-Saiz, I Elgueta, C Piazza, C Gil Morales, A Hrovat, M Keane, J Kennils, E Lopez, S Spence, E Izaguirre, M Hernandez-Perello, N Lau, A Paul, A Ridyard, C Shales, E Shelton, A Farges, G Specchia, L Espada, S J Fowlie, S Tappin, N Van den Steen, T H Sparks, F Allerton
OBJECTIVES: To describe the diagnostic tests used and their comparative performance in dogs diagnosed with sinonasal aspergillosis in the United Kingdom. A secondary objective was to describe the signalment, clinical findings and common clinicopathologic abnormalities in sinonasal aspergillosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-centre retrospective survey was performed involving 23 referral centres in the United Kingdom to identify dogs diagnosed with sinonasal aspergillosis from January 2011 to December 2021...
April 28, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38653546/the-epidemiology-of-tick-infestation-in-dog-breeds-in-the-uk
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D G O'Neill, R Komutrattananon, D B Church, A N Hartley, D C Brodbelt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence and risk factors for tick infestation in dogs in the UK based on anonymised electronic patient records. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records of dogs under veterinary care in 2016 at clinics participating in the VetCompass Programme were followed over a 5-year period to identify cases of tick infestation. Risk factor analysis used multivariable logistic regression modelling. RESULTS: The study included 905,553 dogs...
April 23, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622928/urinalysis-and-culture-results-of-free-catch-urine-samples-in-dogs-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W W Mandese, M Suero, P S Reynolds, S Kariyawasam, S Beatty, F Griffin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of bacterial presence in free-catch urine samples preceded by either a standardised prepped ("clean-catch") protocol versus unprepped (non-cleaned) voiding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a single-centre prospective single-blinded randomised controlled trial. Urine samples were obtained from 100 client-owned dogs presenting for routine evaluation. Dogs were randomly assigned to either the prepped group (preputial or peri-vulvar area cleaned with sterile saline before collection) or the unprepped group (no preliminary cleansing) stratified by sex...
April 15, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622907/clinical-findings-treatment-and-outcome-of-trapped-neutrophil-syndrome-in-border-collies-12-cases-2011-2022
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Suciu, D Starybrat, C Gil-Morales, H Matson, R Jepson, M Williams, M Lyraki, L McMahon, S Nerhagen, A Veitch, E Llewellyn
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate clinical signs, diagnostic findings, treatment administered and short- (survival to 28 days) and long-term prognosis (survival >6 months) in dogs diagnosed with trapped neutrophil syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 12 dogs (10 Border Collies and two Border Collie Crossbreeds) homozygous for VPS13B gene mutation causing trapped neutrophil syndrome from seven veterinary institutions between January 2011 and June 2022 were evaluated retrospectively...
April 15, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622029/investigation-of-neutering-status-and-age-of-neutering-in-female-dachshunds-with-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-extrusion
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Doeven, T Cardy, A H Crawford
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate neutering status and age of neutering in female Dachshunds with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. We hypothesised that neutered Dachshunds presented with intervertebral disc extrusion at an earlier age, with a higher grade of neurological deficits and with more extensive extrusion of disc material compared with intact females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective multi-centre study of client-owned female Dachshunds with surgically confirmed thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion...
April 15, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38616108/single-step-non-surgical-placement-of-permanent-low-profile-cystostomy-tubes-in-dogs-10-cases-2018-2023
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
C Lea, D Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Low-profile cystostomy tubes provide an alternative to conventional cystostomy tubes with external tubing. Previously, these have been placed surgically involving coeliotomy, cystotomy and cystopexy, or have been used as replacement tubes in existing stoma sites. The purpose of this study is to describe a technique for, and the outcomes of, single-step, non-surgical low-profile cystostomy tube placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases that had single-step, non-surgical placement of low-profile cystotomy tube attempted at the authors' institutions were included in this study...
April 14, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594872/histopathological-diagnosis-and-surgical-complications-following-bilateral-anal-sacculectomy-for-the-treatment-of-unilateral-canine-apocrine-gland-anal-sac-adenocarcinoma-35-cases-2019-2023
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Franca, P Stamenova, J L Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To report the histopathological diagnosis of both anal sacs in dogs undergoing bilateral anal sacculectomy for the treatment of unilateral apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma and to compare the surgical complication rate associated with this procedure in this population with previously published literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records were retrospectively reviewed for dogs that underwent bilateral anal sacculectomy for the treatment of apparently unilateral apocrine gland anal sac adenocarcinoma, at a single institute between 2019 and 2023...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594836/two-doses-of-subcutaneous-methadone-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomies
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Upchurch, K T T Lin, B KuKanich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate analgesia, sedation and adverse effects of two doses of subcutaneous methadone in dogs undergoing tibial plateau levelling osteotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen client-owned dogs undergoing unilateral tibial plateau levelling osteotomy were randomly allocated to receive either 0.25 mg/kg methadone (eight dogs) or 0.5 mg/kg methadone (nine dogs). All dogs were premedicated with methadone and 2 to 6 mcg/kg dexmedetomidine subcutaneously...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38594828/comparison-of-culture-dependent-and-independent-bacterial-detection-results-on-nasal-swabs-in-dogs-with-nasal-discharge
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
E Vangrinsven, J N Duprez, C Meex, B Taminiau, G Daube, F Billen, J Mainil, C Clercx
OBJECTIVES: The role of bacterial communities in the pathophysiology of canine nasal disease is still unclear. How and when to treat dogs with suspected secondary bacterial rhinitis and on which test to rely before making a decision to treat with antimicrobials has not been established. The objective is to compare the results of bacterial identification using agar-plate cultures and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing in dogs with nasal discharge suspected to be of bacterial origin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine client-owned dogs presented for investigation of nasal disease were included in the study...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568777/2024-guidelines-for-the-vaccination-of-dogs-and-cats-compiled-by-the-vaccination-guidelines-group-vgg-of-the-world-small-animal-veterinary-association-wsava
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R A Squires, C Crawford, M Marcondes, N Whitley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568753/imaging-features-of-occipito-atlanto-axial-joint-malformation-in-a-young-dog
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
C G Danciu, S Formoso Prado, E Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566458/use-of-levetiracetam-for-the-successful-treatment-of-suspected-myoclonic-seizures-five-dogs-2016-2022
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Linder, J Mehra, S Miller, M J Lewis, R T Bentley, S Thomovsky
OBJECTIVES: Myoclonic seizures are considered a type of generalised seizure characterised by brief, jerking movements of the body. The aim of this study is to describe cases of suspected canine myoclonic seizure of idiopathic aetiology and to discuss the successful use of the anticonvulsant levetiracetam as treatment in each of these cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dogs with epileptic myoclonus suspected to be idiopathic in aetiology were considered for inclusion...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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