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Journal of Small Animal Practice

S Spence, A French, J Penferis, L Macfarlane, R Guitierrez-Quintana, L Dickson, K Holmes, G McLauchlan
OBJECTIVES: To document the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in dogs with steroid-responsive meningitis arteritis and to assess resolution of these abnormalities following corticosteroid therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Steroid-responsive meningitis arteritis was diagnosed based on signalment, physical examination findings, complete blood count, biochemistry and CSF analysis. Echocardiography, C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I were measured in all cases before and 10 to 14 days after commencing corticosteroid therapy...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S A Wennogle, E K Randall, S L Priestnall, D C Twedt, K W Simpson
OBJECTIVES: To detect and localise bacteria in gallbladder mucoceles using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). To report clinical signs, clinicopathologic abnormalities, sonographic findings and histopathological findings in FISH+ and FISH- dogs with gallbladder mucoceles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of signalment, clinical signs, clinicopathologic and sonographic findings of 25 cases of histopathologically confirmed gallbladder mucocele. Histopathological sections of gallbladder mucocele were evaluated for cystic mucinous hyperplasia, cystic mucinous hyperplasia with cholecystitis and rupture...
February 10, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
I Thas, R A Wagner, O Thas
OBJECTIVES: To describe the health disorders seen in captivity in 206 pet prairie dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of medical records of pet prairie dogs that were presented to a veterinary clinic in the period January 2002 to December 2011. RESULTS: The most frequent diseases were respiratory (28.2%), dental (25.2%), integumentary (22.3%) and digestive (19.4%). The most common clinical disorders were rhinitis, elodontoma, hypothermia, gastrointestinal stasis, diarrhoea, obesity and gastrointestinal tympany...
February 10, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Longo, S A Gomes, M Lowrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D M Cheney, M C Coleman, A K Voges, K M Thieman Mankin, J F Griffin
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound and CT for localising solitary hepatic masses to particular liver divisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dogs diagnosed with a solitary liver mass by ultrasound and/or CT, with surgical or necropsy confirmation within 1 month of imaging. Ultrasound reports were reviewed for mass location. CT scans were reviewed by two radiologists and mass location was determined by consensus agreement. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for ultrasound and CT for each liver division...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Giraut, J Häggström, L L E Koskinen, H Lohi, M Wiberg
OBJECTIVES: To establish normal reference ranges for standard echocardiographic measurements in Salukis and to examine whether bodyweight, age, gender and heart rate had an influence on the echocardiographic variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five privately owned healthy purebred Salukis, aged 2 to 10 years were included. Case history was obtained and dogs were examined by physical examination, complete blood cell count, serum biochemistry and echocardiography...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A R R Furtado, G B Cherubini, O Taeymans
OBJECTIVES: To describe the MRI features and prevalence of paravertebral muscle signal intensity changes in dogs with acute intervertebral disc extrusion and to search for associations between the signal changes and clinical history, signalment, neurological examination, serum creatine kinase activity and MRI characteristics of the disc herniation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records and MRI examinations from 688 dogs with surgically confirmed acute intervertebral disc extrusion were reviewed retrospectively...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
K D J Swanson, T A M Harper, M McMichael, R C Fries, K M Lascola, C Chandler, D J Schaeffer, S K Chinnadurai
OBJECTIVE: To develop a perceived exertion scale for dogs exercising on a treadmill and to assess intra- and inter-observer variability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy client-owned dogs participated in paired exercise trials. Measurements of lactate, glucose, heart rate, temperature, respiratory rate and regional tissue oximetry were obtained before, during and after exercise. Perceived exertion scale scores were recorded during exercise and using video recordings to evaluate inter-observer variability...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Ribas Latre, A McPartland, D Cain, D Walker, V Black, N Van Den Steen, S Warman, I Battersby, K Murtagh, P Silvestrini, D Batchelor, S W Tappin
OBJECTIVES: To report clinical and laboratory features, treatment responses and outcome in dogs diagnosed with sterile steroid-responsive lymphadenitis in the United Kingdom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with sterile steroid-responsive lymphadenitis from 2009 to 2016 at six specialist referral centres were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The study included 49 dogs. Springer spaniels appeared to be over-represented (16 of 49 dogs)...
January 26, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C Maurey, H-J Boulouis, M Canonne-Guibert, G Benchekroun
OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical signs, laboratory findings, possible predisposing factors, antimicrobial sensitivity and outcomes of dogs and cats diagnosed with urinary tract infection caused by Corynebacterium urealyticum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, observational study of dogs and cats that were diagnosed with urinary tract infection caused by C. urealyticum. RESULTS: This report concerns a total of 11 dogs and 10 cats. All cats had a history of urethral catheterisation, and six cats had undergone urological surgery before diagnosis of this specific infection...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
L Ferasin, C Linney
Cough has been historically reported as a major clinical sign of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema in dogs. However, recent evidence appears to contradict the traditional dogmatic approach that linked cough to congestive heart failure in dogs. Here we use a question-based format to introduce and discuss the modern evidence regarding "cardiac cough" and the interpretation of this important but often misleading clinical sign.
January 16, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A R Serras, D Berlato, S Murphy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the owners' perception of dogs' quality of life before, immediately after and 6 weeks after radiotherapy treatments for a variety of neoplasms and assess owner satisfaction over their decision to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were given to owners whose dogs completed a radiotherapy treatment at a referral radiation oncology centre. Questionnaires were given at three time points: before treatment, on the last day of treatment and more than 6 weeks after the treatment was finished...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Small Animal Practice
R M Allan, V J Adams, N W Johnston
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of three commonly used methods of controlling dental plaque accumulation within a general practice setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A blinded study, block randomising dogs at recruitment to receive one of three treatments to start after a routine scale and polish procedure: once daily tooth brushing using a toothbrush and veterinary toothpaste, once daily administration of a single dental hygiene chew or a prescription dental diet...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Armenise, R S Boysen, E Rudloff, L Neri, G Spattini, E Storti
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and findings of the 'veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure' protocol in dogs suffering from trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study on a new point-of-care ultrasound protocol on 64 dogs suffering from trauma and comparison of findings with radiology. RESULTS: Comparison of the results of this new ultrasound protocol for trauma patients with radiography findings for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, alveolar-interstitial syndrome and abdominal effusion revealed positive agreement of 89, 83, 100 and 87% and negative agreement of 76, 83, 76 and 92%, respectively...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M C Nolff, S Winter, S Reese, A Meyer-Lindenberg
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of polyhexanide, cold argon plasma and saline in reducing bacterial bio-burden in dog bite wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective blinded randomised clinical trial. Dogs were randomly assigned to one of the treatment groups by lottery and bacterial cultures obtained before and after treatment were compared. Bite wounds were surgically debrided and treated with polyhexanide, cold argon plasma or saline lavage. All wounds were cultured three times: directly after debridement, directly after prelavage with 2 mL/cm2 (saline in the saline and cold argon plasma group, or polyhexanide) and following the definitive lavage...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D C Miraldo, M Solano, S Kalff
To describe the clinical features and treatment of a cat that was initially presented with fibrotic myopathy affecting the left tensor fascia lata. Approximately 5 months later, the cat was presented again with multiple idiopathic fibrotic myopathies, affecting the ipsilateral rectus femoris and the contralateral semitendinosus muscles. These were each separate lesions and occurred without known history of trauma. Surgical resection of the fibrotic portion of the affected muscles resulted in immediate, but not long-term, resolution of clinical signs...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Ruiz-Drebing, R Dennis, A Sparkes, E Dominguez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the MRI characteristics of normal palatine tonsils in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 95 dogs with presumed normal tonsils. Tonsillar margination, shape and signal intensity in pre- and postcontrast studies were assessed and the cross-sectional area was measured at the point of maximal size on transverse images. RESULTS: In all cases the tonsils were located with their largest transverse cross-section at the level of the temporomandibular joints...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Mills, T Hargittai
Patellar luxation and associated pelvic limb lameness were treated with polyethylene sulcal ridge augmentation prostheses in four cats. In all cases, the lameness resolved within weeks of a single surgery. No important complications were encountered. On radiographs obtained at least 2 years postoperatively, three cases showed radiographic progression of degenerative joint disease, and one showed evidence of screw loosening, but these were not reflected in apparent lameness and no case required revision.
November 28, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
G Zhang, V Langova, M Havlicek
Here we describe the use of a novel lip-to-nose flap technique for nasal planum reconstruction after tumour removal in a dog. A mast cell tumour involving the nasal planum was first resected by removing the roof and the wing of the left nasal vestibule. An interpolation subdermal plexus flap was derived from the left caudal lip with vascular contribution from the lateral nasal artery. This lip-to-nose flap was rotated into the defect via a bridging incision. The mucocutaneous junction of the lip was used to emulate the keratinised nasal planum and the buccal mucosa was sutured to be congruent with the mucosa of the vestibule...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S A Gomes, M O'Cathasaigh, L Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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