Zeyan Li, Duanduan Chen, Zhiye Li, Haojun Fan, Liwei Guo, Binbin Sui, Yiannis Ventikos
The cerebral environment is a complex system consisting of parenchymal tissue and multiple fluids. Dementia is a common class of neurodegenerative diseases, caused by structural damages and functional deficits in the cerebral environment. In order to better understand the pathology of dementia from a cerebral fluid transport angle and provide clearer evidence that could help differentiate between dementia subtypes, such as Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia, we conducted fluid-structure interaction modelling of the brain using a multiple-network poroelasticity model, which considers both neuropathological and cerebrovascular factors...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Lomas S Persad, Benjamin I Binder-Markey, Alexander Y Shin, Richard L Lieber, Kenton R Kaufman
Musculoskeletal models are valuable for studying and understanding the human body in a variety of clinical applications that include surgical planning, injury prevention, and prosthetic design. Subject-specific models have proven to be more accurate and useful compared to generic models. Nevertheless, it is important to validate all models when possible. To this end, gracilis muscle-tendon parameters were directly measured intraoperatively and used to test model predictions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits and limitations of systematically incorporating subject-specific variables into muscle models used to predict passive force and fiber length...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
F Lefebvre, I Rogowski, N Long, Y Blache
Scapular kinematic estimates are altered by soft tissue artefacts, therefore experimental and numerical methods should be developed to improve their accuracy. This study aimed to assess the influence of weights applied to the scapula markers within a closed-loop multibody kinematic optimization on scapular kinematic estimates. Fifteen healthy volunteers performed static postures mimicking analytical, daily living and sport movements. Scapulo-thoracic angles were computed either from a scapula locator as the reference, or from a closed-loop multibody-kinematic optimization (MKO) including a participant-specific point-on-ellipsoid scapulothoracic joint...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Jorge E Morais, Tiago M Barbosa, Tiago Lopes, Vassilios Gourgoulis, Thomas Nikodelis, Daniel A Marinho
This study aimed to: (i) verify the within-subject effect of the dominant and non-dominant upper limb propulsion during consecutive arm-pulls through discrete (average) and continuous analysis (SPM), and; (ii) compare young swimmers' propulsion between both upper limbs through discrete (average) and continuous analysis (Statistical Parametric Mapping - SPM). The sample consisted of 17 young male swimmers (age = 16.02 ± 0.61-years) who regularly participate in national and international level competitions...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Daniel J English, Nivan Weerakkody, Anita Zacharias, Rodney A Green, Cassandra Hocking, Rodrigo Rico Bini
Cervical active range of motion (AROM) is an important outcome measure for clinicians working with a range of patient populations, especially people with neck pain. Multi-sensor inertial measurement unit (IMU) devices demonstrate good validity in the research laboratory but are expensive and not easily accessible in clinical settings. The use of single-IMU devices has been proposed but their validity for measuring cervical AROM is unknown. A concurrent and content validity study was conducted, comparing accuracy of single-IMU NeckCare Pro™ with multi-IMU Xsens™ for measuring cervical AROM in healthy adults (8 males, 7 females, mean age 30...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Coline Van Waerbeke, Richard W Willy, André Jacques, Eric Berton, Max R Paquette, Guillaume Rao
The study aims to investigate the effects of different loads and speed during running on inter- and intra-individual muscle force amplitudes, variabilities and coordination patterns. Nine healthy participants ran on an instrumentalized treadmill with an empty weight vest at two velocities (2.6 m/s and 3.3 m/s) or while carrying three different loads (4.5, 9.1, 13.6 kg) at 2.6 m/s while kinematics and kinetics were synchronously recorded. The major lower limb muscle forces were estimated using a musculoskeletal model...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Kirk E Bassett, Steven K Charles, Dustin A Bruening
Quantifying motion in the midfoot during gait and other movements is important for a variety of applications, but challenging due to the complexity of the multiple small articulations involved. The most common motion capture based techniques are limited in their ability to characterize the non-planar nature of the midfoot joint axes. In this study we developed a novel Signed Helical Angle (SHA) to quantify midfoot angular displacement. Motion capture data from 40 healthy subjects walking at a controlled speed were used to calculate finite helical axes and angles from a two-segment foot model...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Zachary Ripic, Mitch Nienhuis, Joseph F Signorile, Thomas M Best, Kevin A Jacobs, Moataz Eltoukhy
Vision-based methods using RGB inputs for human pose estimation have grown in recent years but have undergone limited testing in clinical and biomechanics research areas like gait analysis. The purpose of the present study was to compare lower extremity kinematics during overground gait between a traditional marker-based approach and a commercial multi-view markerless system in a sample of subjects including young adults, older adults, and adults diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. A convenience sample of 35 adults between the age of 18-85 years were included in this study, yielding a total of 114 trials and 228 gait cycles that were compared between systems...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Jianhang Du, Junping Peng, Xuelian Shen, Xiaoling Li, Huiling Zhong, Zhuxuan Gao, Muyan Chen, Lin Qi, Qilian Xie
As a non-invasive assisted circulation therapy, enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) has demonstrated potential in treatment of lower-extremity arterial disease (LEAD). However, the underlying hemodynamic mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to conduct the first prospective investigation of the EECP-induced responses of blood flow behavior and wall shear stress (WSS) metrics in the femoral artery. Twelve healthy male volunteers were enrolled. A Doppler ultrasound-basedapproach was introduced for the in vivo determination of blood flow in the common femoral artery (CFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA) during EECP intervention, with incremental treatment pressures ranging from 10 to 40 kPa...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Andrea Monte, Jiri Skypala, Dominik Vilimek, Vladimir Juras, Daniel Jandacka
Achilles tendon stiffness (kAT) and Young's modulus (yAT) are important determinants of tendon function. However, their evaluation requires sophisticated equipment and time-consuming procedures. The goal of this study was twofold: to compare kAT and yAT between populations using the classical approach proposed in the literature (a combination of ultrasound and force data) and the MRI technique to understand the MRI's capability in determining differences in kAT and yAT. Furthermore, we investigated potential correlations between short and long T2* relaxation time, kAT and yAT to determine whether T2* relaxation time may be associated with material or structural properties...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Kellie M Halloran, Michael D K Focht, Alexander Teague, Joseph Peters, Ian Rice, Mariana E Kersh
Wheelchair users (WCUs) face high rates of shoulder overuse injuries. As exercise is recommended to reduce cardiovascular disease prevalent among WCUs, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the mechanisms behind shoulder soft-tissue injury in WCUs. Understanding the kinetics and kinematics during upper-limb propulsion is the first step toward evaluating soft-tissue injury risk in WCUs. This paper examines continuous kinetic and kinematic data available in the literature. Attach-unit and recumbent handcycling are examined and compared...
August 30, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Sarah C Griffin, Violet Williams, Natasa Vidic, Kurt E Beschorner
Severe and fatal falls involving ladders commonly occur during transitions across the ladder and another support surface. Slipping is a common initiating event in ladder falls. This study characterized the friction requirements and body kinematics of descending roof-to-ladder transitions with and without a walk-through extension. Healthy adults who regularly climb ladders (n = 17) completed descending roof-to-ladder transitions, while foot-rung kinetics and body kinematics were recorded. The peak required coefficient of friction (RCOF) with respect to the plane of the shoe sole was calculated...
August 26, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Silje Ekroll Jahren, Thomas Martinez, Armando Walter, Lorenzo Ferrari, Francesco Clavica, Dominik Obrist, Yoan Civet, Yves Perriard
Dielectric elastomer actuator augmented aorta (DEA) represents a novel approach with high potential for assisting a failing heart. The soft tubular device replaces a section of the aorta and increases its diameter when activated. The hemodynamic interaction between the DEA and the left ventricle (LV) has not been investigated with wave intensity (WI) analysis before. The objective of this study is to investigate the hemodynamic effects of the DEA on the aortic WI pattern. WI was calculated from aortic pressure and flow measured in-vivo in the descending aorta of two pigs implanted with DEAs...
August 25, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
F Leboeuf, A Barre, K Aminian, M Sangeux
There is a lack of knowledge about the accuracy of the Conventional Gait Model (CGM), compared to the true bone motion. Accuracy is hindered by both marker misplacement and soft-tissue artefact (STA). The effect of the lateral knee marker (KNE) misplacement and STA was determined from a secondary analysis of 13 subjects equipped with a total knee prothesis for which simultaneous dual-plane fluoroscopy and marker-based motion capture was available. In average, STA alone led to 3.3°, 2.9° and 6.7° errors for knee flexion, knee abduction, and the absolute hip rotation respectively...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Allison R Altman-Singles, David A Phillips, Mukul C Talaty, Brooke M Odle, Jacob W Hinkel-Lipsker, Craig M Goehler, Kimberly E Bigelow
Undergraduate research is commonly performed in many STEM disciplines and has a wide array of benefits for students, laboratories, principal investigators, and institutions. While many fields have assessed best practices and the cost-benefit analysis of incorporating undergraduates in research, this has not yet been addressed in biomechanics. This paper represents the perspectives of seven members of the American Society of Biomechanics (ASB) Teaching Biomechanics Interest Group (TBIG). These TBIG members discussed their own experience regarding the opportunities, challenges, and benefits of undergraduate research and this perspective paper presents the commonalities found during these interactions...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
James L Williamson, Glen A Lichtwark, Taylor J M Dick
Spring-based passive ankle exoskeletons have been designed to emulate the energy conservation and power amplification roles of biological muscle-tendon units during locomotion. Yet, it remains unknown if similar assistive devices can serve the other elastomechanical role of biological muscle-tendon units - power attenuation. Here we explored the effect of bilateral passive ankle exoskeletons on neuromuscular control and muscle fascicle dynamics in the ankle plantarflexors during rapid, unexpected vertical perturbations...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Gerard A Ateshian, Kyriacos A Athanasiou, Louis J Soslowsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Loreine M L Helmer, Cornelis Klop, Frank Lobbezoo, Jan de Lange, Jan Harm Koolstra, Leander Dubois
After a fracture of the condyle, the head of the condyle is often pulled inwards, which causes the fractured part to angulate medially. This change can cause a disbalance in the masticatory system. The disbalance could lead to contact stress differences within the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) which might induce remodelling within the TMJ to restore the balance. The contact stress in the fractured condyle during open and closing movements is expected to decrease, while the contact stress in the non-fractured condyle will increase...
August 22, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
M Bahramian, N Arjmand, M El-Rich, M Parnianpour
Obesity has been associated to increase the risk of low back disorders. Previous musculoskeletal models simulating the effect of body weight on intervertebral joint loads have assumed identical body postures for obese and normal-weight individuals during a given physical activity. Our recent kinematic-measurement studies, however, indicate that obese individuals adapt different body postures (segmental orientations) than normal-weight ones when performing load-reaching activities. The present study, therefore, used a subject- and kinematics-specific musculoskeletal modeling approach to compare spinal loads of nine normal-weight and nine obese individuals each performing twelve static two-handed load-reaching activities at different hand heights, anterior distances, and asymmetry angles (total of 12 tasks × 18 subjects = 216 model simulations)...
August 22, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Callum J Funk, Rebecca L Krupenevich, Gregory S Sawicki, Jason R Franz
The relationship between individual muscle dynamics and whole-body metabolic cost is not well established. Here we use biofeedback to modulate triceps surae (TS) activity during walking to test the following hypotheses based on basic principles of muscle physiology: (1) increased TS activity would increase metabolic cost via shorter muscle fascicle lengths and thus reduced force capacity and (2) decreased TS activity would decrease metabolic cost via longer muscle fascicle lengths and thus increased force capacity...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
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