Anna Maria Re, Francesca De Vita, Cesare Cornoldi, Susanna Schmidt
Copying a text quickly and accurately is important both in school and in daily life. However, this skill has never been systematically studied, either in children with typical development (TD) or in children with specific learning disabilities (SLD). The aim of this research was to study the features of a copy task and its relationship with other writing tasks. For this purpose, 674 children with TD and 65 children with SLD from Grades 6 through 8 were tested with a copy task and other writing assessment tasks, measuring three aspects of writing: handwriting speed, spelling, and expressive writing...
March 10, 2023: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Nicole Casali, Chiara Meneghetti, Carla Tinti, Anna Maria Re, Barbara Sini, Maria Chiara Passolunghi, Antonella Valenti, Lorena Montesano, Gerardo Pellegrino, Barbara Carretti
Understanding the individual qualities sustaining students with and without specific learning disabilities (SLDs) is key to supporting their academic achievement and well-being. In this study, we investigated the differences between students with and without SLDs in terms of intraindividual factors (soft skills and study-related factors), academic and nonacademic outcomes (achievement, academic and life satisfaction), and the relationships between such intraindividual factors and the three outcomes. A total of 318 students (79 males; M age = 22...
February 15, 2023: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Tuija Aro, Reeta Neittaanmäki, Elisa Korhonen, Heli Riihimäki, Minna Torppa
The present study examined whether learning disabilities (LD) in reading and/or math (i.e., reading disability [RD], math disability [MD], and RD+MD) co-occur with other diagnoses. The data comprised a clinical sample ( n = 430) with LD identified in childhood and a sample of matched controls ( n = 2,140). Their medical diagnoses (according to the International Classification of Diseases nosology) until adulthood (20-39 years) were analyzed. The co-occurrence of LD with neurodevelopmental disorders was considered a homotypic comorbidity, and co-occurrence with disorders or diseases from the other diagnostic categories (i...
February 11, 2023: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Lisa B Hurwitz, Kirk P Vanacore
Experts laud the potential of educational technology (edtech) to promote reading among students with disabilities, but supporting evidence is lacking. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Lexia® Core5® Reading edtech program (Core5) on the Measures of Academic Progress® (MAP) Growth Reading™ and easyCBM oral reading fluency performance of students with reading or language-based disabilities in Grades K to 5. Core5 systematically addresses multiple reading domains and previously was effective in general education...
December 15, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Daphne Greenberg, Dolores Perin
The purpose of this special issue's five articles is to highlight issues regarding decoding, comprehension, oral language fluency, and writing for adults with low literacy skills. Our authors' samples include adults attending adult literacy programs, as well as those who are attending postsecondary programs who may or may not have official learning disability diagnoses. The authors address issues that are not often covered in adult literacy scholarship. Through this special issue, we hope to highlight the importance of, and directions for, future research on adults with low literacy skills, including individuals with specific learning disabilities...
October 31, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Miao Li, George Georgiou, John R Kirby, Jan C Frijters, Wei Zhao, Tingzhao Wang
The Triangle Model of Reading proposes that phonology, orthography, and semantics are crucial to understand word reading and reading disability (RD). Morphology has been added as a binding agent to this model. However, it is unclear how these variables relate to word reading in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or comorbid ADHD and RD (ADHD+RD). This study examined the performance of Chinese children with RD, ADHD, or ADHD+RD in phonology, orthography, semantics, and morphology, and investigated whether morphology made an additional contribution beyond the other skills in explaining word reading fluency...
October 31, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Ben Seipel, Patrick C Kennedy, Sarah E Carlson, Virginia Clinton-Lisell, Mark L Davison
As access to higher education increases, it is important to monitor students with special needs to facilitate the provision of appropriate resources and support. Although metrics such as ACT's (formerly American College Testing) "reading readiness" provide insight into how many students may need such resources, they do not specify why a student may need support or how to provide that support. Increasingly, students are bringing reading comprehension struggles to college. Multiple-choice Online Causal Comprehension Assessment-College (MOCCA-College) is a new diagnostic reading comprehension assessment designed to identify who is a poor comprehender and also diagnose why they are a poor comprehender...
September 5, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Chris Dixon, Emily Oxley, Hannah Nash, Anna Steenberg Gellert
Traditional static tests of reading and reading-related skills offer some ability to predict future reading performance, though such screeners may misclassify children with or at risk of reading disorder (RD). Dynamic assessment (DA) is an alternative approach which measures learning potential and may be less dependent on learning background. A systematic review was carried out to examine the ability of DA to classify children with or at risk of RD. A database search yielded 14 eligible articles, assessing DA of decoding, phonological awareness (PA), and working memory (WM)...
August 25, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Dan Cai, Jing Zhao, Zhijun Chen, Di Liu
Executive function (EF) training has shown promise for remedying general EF deficiencies faced by students with mathematics difficulty (MD) and for improving their performance. However, latest research also suggests that the instant and sustained effects of EF training remain inconsistent. In this study, 32 students with MD, age 7 to 10 years, were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: the training group ( n = 16, 25 training sessions) and the control group ( n = 16). Both groups took a pretest, a posttest, and a follow-up test (after 6 months) on EF, fluid intelligence, and mathematics skills...
August 12, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Anna E Middleton, Emily A Farris, Jeremiah J Ring, Timothy N Odegard
Great strides have been made in the development of effective methods of instruction for children with dyslexia. However, individual response to treatment varies, and weaknesses persist for some students with dyslexia despite otherwise effective instruction. Continued efforts are needed to support the prospective identification of poor response, particularly in routine intervention settings. The current study addressed whether indicators of dyslexia risk as outlined by hybrid diagnostic models predict response in children who received Tier 3 dyslexia intervention in their schools...
July 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Marah Sutherland, Taylor Lesner, Derek Kosty, Cayla Lussier, Keith Smolkowski, Jessica Turtura, Christian T Doabler, Ben Clarke
High-quality Tier 1 instruction is frequently conceptualized as the "foundation" for other tiers of intervention within multitiered systems of support (MTSS) models. However, the vast majority of Tier 2 intervention studies do not account for Tier 1 variables when examining intervention effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to examine Tier 1 predictors, or "quality indicators," of differential responsiveness to Tier 2 mathematics intervention. Data were drawn from a large-scale data set where all teachers taught the Early Learning in Mathematics (Tier 1) core program across the academic year, and a subset of students were selected for the ROOTS (Tier 2) mathematics intervention...
June 21, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Chiara Luoni, Maristella Scorza, Silvia Stefanelli, Barbara Fagiolini, Cristiano Termine
Developmental dyscalculia (DD) has long been thought to be determined by multiple components. Dyscalculia has high comorbidity with other learning and developmental disabilities, including reading and writing disorders, attention deficits, and problems in visual/spatial skills, short memory, and working memory. This study aims to assess prevalence rates for isolated as well as comorbid DD in a sample of Italian-speaking children. In addition, we studied the neuropsychological profile of children with isolated or combined dyscalculia...
June 21, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Dawna M Duff, Alison E Hendricks, Lisa Fitton, Suzanne M Adlof
We examined how children ( n = 448) with separate or co-occurring developmental language disorder (DLD) and dyslexia performed on school-based measures of academic functioning between second and fourth grades. Children were recruited via classroom screenings and met common research criteria for DLD and dyslexia. Growth curve models were used to examine the overall form of growth and differences between groups. Children with DLD and/or dyslexia in second grade showed early and persistent deficits on school-administered measures of reading and math...
June 21, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Danfeng Li, Xuejing Zhang, Li Zhang
Developmental dyscalculia (DD) is a mathematics learning disorder that affects approximately 5% to 7% of the population. This study aimed to detect the underlying domain-specific and domain-general differences between DD and typically developing (TD) children. We recruited 9-year-old primary school children to form the DD group via a 2-year longitudinal screening process. In total, 75 DD children were screened from 1,657 children after the one-time screening, and 13 DD children were screened from 1,317 children through a consecutive 2-year longitudinal screening...
June 8, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Paul L Morgan, Adrienne D Woods, Yangyang Wang
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) overdiagnosis and overtreatment unnecessarily exposes children to potential harm and contributes to provider and community skepticism toward those with moderate or severe symptoms and significant impairments, resulting in less supportive care. Yet which sociodemographic groups of children are overdiagnosed and overtreated for ADHD is poorly understood. We conducted descriptive and logistic regression analyses of a population-based subsample of 1,070 U.S. elementary schoolchildren who had displayed above-average levels of independently assessed behavioral, academic, or executive functioning the year prior to their initial ADHD diagnoses and who did not have prior diagnostic histories...
June 8, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Rajiv Satsangi, Alexandra R Raines
As digital technology use increases in K-12 education, greater numbers of strategies become available to support students in mathematics. One technology that provides students diverse representations of mathematical concepts is virtual manipulatives. Although instruction featuring representations with physical manipulatives possesses a large body of research, the virtual form lacks comparable study, particularly with young children experiencing mathematics difficulty or identified with a mathematics learning disability...
June 5, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Michael J Orosco, Deborah K Reed
Teacher preparation for problem-solving instruction is essential to meeting the math needs of English learners (ELs) with math learning disabilities (MLD) in public schools. In investigating this instruction with Hispanic ELs with MLD, this study focused on how professional development supported one special educator's implementation of effective practices for both academic language and problem-solving instruction. The professional development prepared the teacher for instructional and cooperative learning phases that faded prompting as students achieved independence in applying the problem-solving strategy...
June 5, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Nina J Anderson, Michelle Rozenman, Bruce F Pennington, Erik G Willcutt, Lauren M McGrath
This study examined whether domain-general cognitive weaknesses in processing speed (PS) or executive functioning (EF) moderate the relation between word reading scores and anxiety such that lower word reading scores in combination with lower cognitive scores are associated with higher anxiety symptoms. The sample included 755 youth aged 8-16 who were recruited as part of the Colorado Learning Disabilities Research Center twins study. Lower scores on PS ( R 2 = .007, p = .014), EF ( R 2 = .009, p = .006), and word reading ( R 2 = ...
June 5, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Paul L Morgan, Adrienne D Woods, Yangyang Wang, George Farkas, Marianne M Hillemeier, Cynthia Mitchell
Students with disabilities (SWD) who are Black or Hispanic have been reported to be more likely to be placed primarily outside of general education classrooms while attending U.S. schools. Federal law and regulation require monitoring of special education placement based on race or ethnicity. Yet whether and to what extent racial or ethnic disparities in placement are explained by bias or by other explanatory factors is currently unclear. We evaluated for racial and ethnic bias in special education placement by analyzing longitudinal data from two independent samples of SWD ( N values range 590-1,130) attending U...
May 28, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Ai Leen Choo, Daphne Greenberg, Hongli Li, Amani Talwar
Stuttering is a disorder that affects about 1% of the population and manifests as speech disfluencies. Reading difficulties and disabilities are commonly found in this population. Nonetheless, speech disfluencies have not been explored in adult struggling readers (ASRs). In the current study, we examined the rate of stuttering in ASRs as well as the relationships between their speech fluency and reading skills. A total of 120 participants were interviewed about their experiences with reading and administered standardized reading and reading-related assessments...
May 12, 2022: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.