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Bulletin of the History of Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613051/table-of-contents-volume-92
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613050/subject-and-author-index-volume-92
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613048/news-and-events
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613047/the-origins-of-family-planning-in-tunisia-reform-public-health-and-international-aid
#4
Jennifer Johnson
This article explores the origins of the national family planning program in Tunisia during the 1960s. It moves beyond previous interpretations of the global population control movement that emphasized external intervention at the hands of international organizations. Instead it analyzes the mutually beneficial partnership between Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba and the Population Council, an American organization committed to reducing population growth. Using Tunisian sources and Population Council records, it argues that after independence in 1956, Bourguiba sought to address France's underdevelopment of public health during the colonial period with robust reforms and international aid...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613046/the-mist-tent-an-analysis-of-therapeutic-change-in-the-history-of-cystic-fibrosis-care
#5
Michelle Lynne Labonte
Mist tent therapy for cystic fibrosis went through a rise and fall in popularity between the 1950s and 1970s, providing an opportunity to explore the nature of therapeutic change in medicine. The therapy "worked" in the context of a particularly grim life expectancy in the early 1950s and in the setting of a comprehensive therapeutic program that began in Cleveland in 1957. Although clinical studies published in the 1970s provided evidence that mist tents were ineffective or even harmful, these later studies were not necessarily more robust than earlier studies that provided evidence of mist tent efficacy, suggesting that other factors may have also contributed to mist tent abandonment...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613045/gender-and-cortisone-clinical-practice-and-transatlantic-exchange-in-the-medical-management-of-intersex-in-the-1950s
#6
Sandra Eder
This article complicates the history of the standardization of intersex case management developed at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in the 1950s by focusing on clinical practices and logics and the transatlantic circulation of knowledge. Using patient records and published studies, I follow the exchanges between pediatric endocrinologists Lawson Wilkins (Pediatric Endocrinology Clinic, Baltimore) and Andrea Prader (University Children's Hospital, Zürich) on cortisone treatment for children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), on psychosexuality and gender role, on choosing and changing the sex of intersex children, and on genital surgery...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613044/john-houghton-and-medical-practice-in-london-c-1700
#7
Jonathan Barry
This article considers the evidence for medical practice in London c. 1700 provided by A Collection for the Improvement of Husbandry and Trade (1692-1703) by the apothecary and Fellow of the Royal Society, John Houghton (1645-1705). Houghton discusses how products are used medicinally, as well as the necessary qualifications for a physician, and reports his own experiments and health experiences. His advertisements reveal the range of (largely medical) products he could himself supply, but he also offered an information service, often for medical practitioners, throwing light on both the supply and demand for medical practitioners in different communities and the desirable attributes of shops...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613043/editors-note
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30369502/american-association-for-the-history-of-medicine-awards-and-prizes-2019
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30369501/american-association-for-the-history-of-medicine-report-of-the-ninety-first-annual-meeting
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30369500/group-weight-loss-and-multiple-screening-a-tale-of-two-heart-disease-programs-in-postwar-american-public-health
#11
Nicolas Rasmussen
In the late 1940s, amid elevated concern about heart disease and new funding to fight it, multiple screening emerged alongside group psychotherapy for weight loss as two innovative responses of the American public health community. I describe the early trajectory and fate in the 1950s of both programs as shaped by the ongoing political controversy about national health insurance. Group weight loss became the main de facto American response to a perceived obesity-driven heart disease crisis. The episode casts light on the larger picture of how postwar American public health gravitated toward interventions centered on individual behavior and may offer lessons for obesity interventions today...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30369499/drawing-damaged-bodies-british-medical-art-in-the-early-twentieth-century
#12
Samuel J Alberti
Historians are acutely aware of the role of art in medicine. Elaborate early modern works catch our eye; technical innovations attract analysis. This paper beats a different path by examining three little-known artists in early twentieth-century Britain who deployed what may seem like an outdated method: drawing. Locating the function of pencil and ink illustrations across a range of sites, we take a journey from the exterior of the living patient via invasive surgical operations to the bodily interior. We see the enduring importance of delineation against a backdrop of the mechanization of conflict and of imaging...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30369498/-i-was-doctor-white-settler-women-s-amateur-medical-practice-in-east-and-south-central-african-communities-1890-1939
#13
Julia Wells
Professional medicine in colonial British Africa has been extensively examined by historians. Few scholars, however, have adequately considered the role that white settlers without medical training played in the provision of colonial health care in local African communities. This article addresses the gap by exploring amateur medical treatment by white settler women in East and South-Central African communities between 1890 and 1939, primarily in highland areas of Kenya and Southern Rhodesia. It examines the types of conditions treated, what techniques and equipment were used for treatment, and where treatment was carried out...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961720/memento-m%C3%A3-tter
#14
Paula A Summerly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961719/news-and-events
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961718/some-notes-on-papyrus-ebers-ancient-egyptian-treatments-of-migraine-and-a-crocodile-on-the-patient-s-head
#16
Lutz Popko
Modern literature about the history of migraine treatments often starts with an ancient Egyptian remedy said to be from Papyrus Ebers that involves crocodiles that should be wrapped around the head. A fresh look on this treatment shows the need for revision on many points, including the source of the remedy, its content and meaning, and further implications for the history of Papyrus Ebers.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961717/swann-song-antibiotic-regulation-in-british-livestock-production-1953-2006
#17
Claas Kirchhelle
Antibiotics have played a significant yet ambivalent role in Western livestock husbandry. Mass introduced to agriculture to boost animal production and reduce feed consumption in the early 1950s, agricultural antibiotics were soon accused of selecting for bacterial resistance, causing residues and enabling bad animal welfare. The dilemma posed by agricultural antibiotic regulation persists to this day. This essay traces the history of British antibiotic regulation from 1953 to the influential 1969 Swann report...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961716/religion-medicine-and-politics-catholic-physicians-guilds-in-america-1909-32
#18
Jessica Martucci
In 1909 the first Catholic physicians' guild formed in New York City. By 1911 guilds could be found in Philadelphia and Boston. They acted as professional organizations as well as brotherhoods built on a set of shared religious and moral convictions. They brought moral perspectives from Catholic doctrine into critical conversation with their medical work. By 1931, enough enthusiasm existed to form the National Federation of Catholic Physicians' Guilds (NFCPG). The creation of NFCPG marked a clear effort to insert Catholic values into America's health care debates...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961715/leprosy-s-untainted-child
#19
Jo Robertson
In the face of an obdurate disease, the Mission to Lepers made a virtue out of "saving" children from leprosy and from paganism by separating them from their parents so that they became a source of publicity, sponsorship, and fund-raising. This policy transformed a benevolent work of mercy into a professional one, for it soon became clear that children separated from their parents did not develop leprosy. Consequently, the asylum became a site where scientific conclusions were made about the transmission of the disease, and the authority of the mission was enhanced at international medical conferences...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29961714/-this-fathom-long-body-bodily-materiality-and-ascetic-ideology-in-medieval-chinese-buddhist-scriptures
#20
C Pierce Salguero
An outside observer might be excused for assuming that Buddhists, being focused on transcendence, would have little interest in investigating the body's structure or constituent parts in any detail. However, nothing could be further from the truth. Bodies and body parts have in fact long been ubiquitous subjects of contemplation, speculation, and veneration in Buddhist circles. This article discusses representative examples of Chinese Buddhist scriptures from the medieval period that forward an ascetic ideology, with special attention to how the corporeal body is spoken about in such texts...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
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