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Journal of the History of Ideas

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713210/secularization-genealogy-and-the-legitimacy-of-the-modern-age-remarks-on-the-l%C3%A3-with-blumenberg-debate
#1
Peter E Gordon
This essay reconstructs the secularization debate between Blumenberg and Löwith. It explores what a genealogy of secular modernity can and cannot accomplish, asking how to build on Blumenberg's legacy without repeating his errors. Blumenberg absorbed the skepticism of a genealogy of secularism and responded with an unrealistic image of disconnected modernity, while also understanding that modernity might contain normative resources of its own not requiring the redemptive efforts of secularizing translation...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713209/archives-thresholds-discontinuities-blumenberg-and-foucault-on-historical-substantialism-and-the-phenomenology-of-history
#2
Jean-Claude Monod
Blumenberg's The Legitimacy of the Modern Age was published in the same year as Foucault's The Order of Things (1966). Both books attempt to grasp certain not altogether self-evident changes in the Western history of knowledge and attempt new methods of considering these discontinuities and the so-called "thresholds" between epochs. Beyond such general points of shared interest, one must ask if Blumenberg and Foucault share other intellectual features, for they both developed strong philosophical critiques of Husserlian and Heideggerian approaches to history, critiques that arose from their shared hostility to a kind of "historicism," alongside their refusal of any "substance...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713208/modernity-as-theodicy-odo-marquard-reads-hans-blumenberg-s-i-the-legitimacy-of-the-modern-age-i
#3
Willem Styfhals
Especially in the second part of The Legitimacy of the Modern Age, Hans Blumenberg considered philosophical modernity through a reflection on theodicy. Theodicy even appeared here as constitutive for modernity, although this philosophical project of defending God against the existence of evil had been challenged several times in the past centuries. This role of theodicy in Legitimacy has been emphasized by Blumenberg's readers, particularly Odo Marquard. This article shows how debates on modernity and theodicy actually played a more central role in the early reception of Blumenberg's book than his debates with Karl Löwith or Carl Schmitt on secularization...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713207/life-without-toothache-hans-blumenberg-s-i-zettelkasten-i-and-history-of-science-as-theoretical-attitude
#4
Daniela K Helbig
The notion of a "theoretical attitude" [theoretische Einstellung or Haltung] is of central importance to Blumenberg's work, and particularly so in his writings on the history of science. From The Legitimacy of the Modern Age onwards, Blumenberg used this notion to insist on a continuity between scientific and humanistic modes of inquiry despite their different methodologies, and he attached a strong moral significance to the theoretical attitude he sees them as sharing. This essay traces the emphasis on such an attitude in Blumenberg's work on the sciences and technology, and it historicizes Blumenberg's focus on the concept...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713206/the-history-of-dogma-and-the-story-of-modernity-the-modern-age-as-second-overcoming-of-gnosticism
#5
Daniel Weidner
This paper explores how Blumenberg narrates the history of modernity as a second overcoming of Gnosticism. This detour through late antiquity illuminates the full meaning of his idea of modernity. Blumenberg develops important methodological insights about historical change, the threshold between epochs, etc. that appear in The Legitimacy of the Modern Age. We see the central role of the interpretation of Gnosticism but also of New Testament eschatology. Both are conceived as historical catalysts that provoke modernity's emergence but remain alien to its result...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713205/introduction-reflections-on-the-fiftieth-anniversary-of-hans-blumenberg-s-i-the-legitimacy-of-the-modern-age-i
#6
Peter E Gordon
This collection celebrates the semicentennial of the publication of Hans Blumenberg's The Legitimacy of the Modern Age. The question that inspired Blumenberg may continue to provoke readers today, when challenges to secularism have emerged both in academic discourse and in political life: Can modernity ground its own normativity without appealing to the religious past? Or must we abandon the attempt to seek a rational grounding for modern norms? Is secularism still valid as a political framework and as a cognitive and moral ideal, or is it mistaken to believe in the independence or "self-assertion" of secular modernity?...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713204/sovereignty-and-government-in-jean-bodin-s-i-six-livres-de-la-r%C3%A3-publique-1576-i
#7
Sophie Nicholls
This article examines Bodin's distinction between sovereignty and government ("la police") in the Six Livres de la République (1576) in the intellectual context of the Wars of Religion, and argues that the terminology of "la police" requires investigation in order to clarify its meaning. It demonstrates how Bodin distinguished his understanding of political science from his contemporaries in explaining the relationship between administrative and sovereign power in such a way as to reinforce his concept of sovereignty...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713203/the-idea-of-royal-empire-and-the-imperial-crown-of-england-1542-1698
#8
Zach Bates
This article explores an ideological basis for a Stuart royal empire in early modern Britain that encompassed not just the three kingdoms of the Atlantic archipelago but also the overseas possessions held by the Crown. It argues that contemporaries articulated and acknowledged, especially from the 1620s into the 1680s, a fully realized entity, headed by the Stuart monarchs, and that royalism was one of the defining ideological foundations of this empire. By recovering this language of empire, it becomes possible to provide a more holistic narrative of the intellectual history of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30713202/hagiography-by-the-book-bibliomancy-and-early-modern-cultures-of-compilation-in-francisco-zumel-s-i-de-vitis-patrum-i-i-1588-i
#9
Spencer J Weinreich
This article probes the interplay of religious belief and early modern textual culture in Francisco Zumel's 1588 vita of Peter Nolasco. Like many hagiographers before and after, Zumel drew on earlier saint's lives to supply missing details; to choose his diverse set of sources, however, turned to bibliomancy, opening Laurentius Surius's hagiography collection De probatis sanctorum historiis at random. The intersection of divination and compilation constitutes not only a new and picturesque chapter in the story of early modern textuality, but also calls attention to the role of non-deliberative processes in reading and composition...
2019: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416133/contents-of-volume-79
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416131/-i-japanese-right-wing-discourse-in-international-context-i-i-minoda-muneki-s-interwar-writings-on-class-and-nation-i
#11
John Person
It is often taken for granted that ultranationalist ideologues of interwar Japan were anti-western, uncritical mouthpieces of state ideology. This article considers the case of Minoda Muneki (1894-1946) who led the purge of liberals and Marxists from imperial universities. In articulating his theory of nationalism and critique of Marxism, Minoda drew upon a global discourse of social theory. Furthermore, his rise to power was a product of a short-lived convergence of interests between his organization and government figures...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416130/-i-moral-comfort-versus-tragic-downfall-i-i-kant-s-concept-of-the-dynamically-sublime-and-schelling-s-tragic-alternative-i
#12
Amit Kravitz
The first few sections of this article concern the pleasure taken in the dynamically sublime. I argue that, according to Kant, intuited nature does not only serve to occasion that pleasure, but is actually a constitutive element of it. The latter sections concern the role of the dynamically sublime in Kant's philosophy. I argue that this notion is a significant link between morality and theology. This explains why some unique anti-Kantian arguments directed against the link have led Schelling to develop an alternative conception of the sublime, which must be understood in terms of tragedy...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416129/paul-et-virginie-i-or-the-enigma-of-evil-i-i-the-double-theodicy-of-bernardin-de-saint-pierre-i
#13
Marco Menin
This article aims to show how Bernardin de Saint-Pierre-whose philosophical and theological thought is generally overlooked by scholars-provides an original solution to the problem of the existence of evil. A comparative reading of the systematic discussion of Providence that animates The Studies of Nature, his major theoretical work, and Paul and Virginia, a true Romanesque application of the philosophical treatise, brings out a double theodicy. In fact, Saint-Pierre establishes a fruitful synergy between Rousseau's anthropodicy, which provides a social and historical justification of evil, and Leibniz's eschatology, aimed at its metaphysical and otherworldly justification...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416128/-i-conway-and-charleton-on-the-intimate-presence-of-souls-in-bodies-i
#14
Jacqueline Broad
Little is known about the shaping and development of Anne Conway's thought in relation to her early modern contemporaries. In one part of her only surviving treatise, The Principles, Conway criticises "those doctors" who uphold a dualist theory of soul and body, a mechanist conception of body (as dead and inert), and the view that the soul is "intimately present" in the body. In this paper, I argue that here she targets Walter Charleton, a well-known defender of Epicurean atomism in mid-seventeenth-century England...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416127/-i-subjection-without-servitude-i-i-the-imperial-protectorate-in-renaissance-political-thought-i
#15
Adam Woodhouse
This article excavates some of the classical foundations of early modern European thinking about empire. It shows that Renaissance humanists drew from Roman sources a conceptual apparatus with which they described the Florentine Republic's subjection of neighboring peoples in terms that avoided the idea of slavery. Of particular importance to the humanists' ideological project was their exploitation of the Roman concept of patronage. The article concludes with an account of the radical reappraisal that this patronal vision of empire underwent in Machiavelli's theory of the imperial republic, a theory with the concept of slavery at its heart...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416126/-i-the-ministerium-naturae-i-i-natural-law-in-the-exegesis-and-theological-discourse-at-paris-between-1160-and-1215-i
#16
Riccardo Saccenti
During the 12th century and early 13th century, natural law was a central interest of canon lawyers and Roman lawyers, but theologians also debated it on the basis of the exegesis of some key passages of Scripture. Peter Lombard, with his understanding of the content of Paul's Epistle to the Romans 1:19 and 2:13-14 is at the origin of a relevant tradition within the Parisian theological framework. The article examines how natural law is analyzed by the Lombard and his major successors, namely Peter Comestor, Peter the Chanter, and Stephen Langton...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30416125/-i-retracing-the-art-of-arts-and-science-of-sciences-from-gregory-the-great-to-philo-of-alexandria-i
#17
O P Andrew Hofer, O P Alan Piper
This study considers the phrase "art of arts and science of sciences," and its variants, in antiquity. Often scholars who note the phrase in a particular ancient author's writing may make reference to another ancient author, but without considering the breadth or depth of its occurrences in antiquity. Beginning with the late sixth-century Gregory the Great's Book of Pastoral Rule, this article retraces the idea through history until reaching Philo of Alexandria. Philo's two uses of the phrase have been neglected in secondary scholarship, and yet his contributions foreshadow the semantic range that will subsequently be seen...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30245491/an-anti-totalitarian-saint-the-canonization-of-edith-stein
#18
Paul Hanebrink
This essay explores the intellectual origins of Edith Stein's canonization. In the years of the early Cold War, when Christians on both sides of the Atlantic proclaimed "Judeo-Christian civilization" to be the greatest bulwark against totalitarianism in both its Nazi and Soviet guises, Stein became a powerful anti-totalitarian symbol. During the 1980s, a new Pope, John Paul II, revived the memory of Stein and linked it to his own rich understanding of Judeo-Christian civilization as a set of values opposed to both Nazism and Communism...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30245490/catholics-protestants-and-the-tortured-path-to-religious-liberty
#19
Udi Greenberg
This essay explores the transformation of Catholic thinking about the right to religious freedom. Throughout the first half of the twentieth century, Catholics vehemently opposed this right (Pope Gregory XVI called it "absurd and erroneous"). Church leaders claimed that in order to protect Catholic Church teachings on marriage, education, and worship, states had to enshrine them in law, even if that meant severely limiting the rights of Protestants, Jews, and others. The 1950s and 1960s, however, witnessed a sea change, as a growing chorus of thinkers and theologians called on Catholics to embrace a pluralist and tolerant attitude...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30245489/theology-and-the-politics-of-christian-human-rights
#20
Sarah Shortall
This article provides a rejoinder to recent historical accounts which trace the origins of international human rights to the work of conservative Christians writing in the 1930s and 1940s. Focusing on the French Catholics usually identified as the architects of Christian human rights theory, I argue that this was neither a unified project, nor an unambiguously conservative one. Instead, I stress the political ambivalence of Christian human rights discourse-the way it defied distinctions between right and left, or liberal and conservative...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
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