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Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Michelle G Newman, Ki Eun Shin, Stephanie T Lanza
OBJECTIVE: To extend the sparse literature on moderators, we used time-varying effect modeling (TVEM; Tan, Shiyko, Li, Li, & Dierker, 2012) to examine how depressive symptoms and duration of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) moderated effects of 3 treatments for GAD (applied relaxation [AR], cognitive-behavioral therapy [CBT], and nondirective therapy [ND]) over time using intensive repeated measures. METHOD: In a secondary analysis of Borkovec and Costello (1993), 66 GAD clients were randomly assigned to AR (n = 23), CBT (n = 23), or ND (n = 20)...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Jennifer E Johnson, Robert L Stout, Ted R Miller, Caron Zlotnick, Louis A Cerbo, Joel T Andrade, Jessica Nargiso, Joseph Bonner, Shannon Wiltsey-Stirman
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder (MDD) among prisoners. It is the first fully powered randomized trial of any treatment (pharmacological or psychosocial) targeting MDD among incarcerated individuals. METHOD: One hundred eighty-one male (n = 117) and female (n = 64) prisoners from prison facilities in 2 states were randomized to group IPT (delivered by master's-level and nonspecialist prison counselors) for MDD plus prison treatment as usual (TAU) or to TAU alone...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Myles D Young, David R Lubans, Alyce T Barnes, Narelle Eather, Emma R Pollock, Philip J Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To increase girls' well-being, strategies are needed to optimize their social-emotional competence during childhood. Although positive fathering is important for girls, many fathers discount their unique influence and few participate in interventions. The Dads And Daughters Exercising and Empowered (DADEE) program was developed to engage fathers and their daughters through shared physical activity experiences. This study examined the program's impact on girls' well-being and the father-daughter relationship...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Kiri A Patton, Jason P Connor, Jeanie Sheffield, Andrew Wood, Matthew J Gullo
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial is the 1st study to evaluate the additive efficacy of mindfulness meditation to brief school-based universal cognitive behavior therapy (CBT + MM) for adolescent alcohol consumption. Previous studies have lacked strong controls for nonspecific effects, and treatment mechanisms remain unclear. The present study compared a CBT + MM condition to an active control CBT intervention with progressive muscle relaxation (CBT + PMR) for nonspecific effects and an assessment-only control (AoC)...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Per Høglend, Knut Hagtvet
OBJECTIVE: Insight and affect awareness are correlated with outcome in a number of studies across different treatment orientations. In this study, we perform a full mediational analysis to examine whether improvement of both cognitive insight and affect awareness are mediators of the specific effects of transference work in dynamic psychotherapy. METHOD: This was a dismantling randomized controlled clinical trial specifically designed to study long-term effects of transference work (exploration of problematic patterns in the therapeutic relationship)...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Michele Morningstar, Dainelys Garcia, Melanie A Dirks, Daniel M Bagner
OBJECTIVE: Parent-training interventions to reduce behavior problems in young children typically coach parents on the content of their speech, but rarely assess parents' prosody during parent-child interactions. Infant-directed speech helps shape the parent-infant relationship and promote language development, which predicts adaptive behavioral outcomes in children. The current study examined (a) the effect of a parent-training intervention on parents' vocal cues in interactions with their infant and (b) whether parental prosody mediated the impact of the intervention on infant language production...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Julia Revillion Cox, Ruben G Martinez, Michael A Southam-Gerow
OBJECTIVE: Treatment integrity, or the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended, serves a crucial function as an independent variable check in treatment outcome research. Implementation science focuses on understanding and improving the processes (e.g., training, supervision, monitoring) that establish and support treatment integrity in community settings. This review assessed the adequacy of treatment integrity procedures (i.e., establishing, assessing, evaluating, and reporting integrity) implemented in treatment outcome research with the goals of updating the review by Perepletchikova, Treat, and Kazdin (2007) and connecting findings to implementation science goals...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Craig E Henderson, Aaron Hogue, Sarah Dauber
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether use of family therapy (FT) techniques predicted long-term clinical outcomes in usual care for adolescents enrolled in either family-based or non-family-based treatment for conduct and substance use problems. METHOD: Participants included 70 adolescents (53% female; mean age 15.4 years) from diverse backgrounds (64% Hispanic, 16% African American, 11% multiracial) assessed at baseline and 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Utilization of FT techniques was assessed for 802 therapy sessions via a therapist-report tool that collected postsession data on delivery of core treatment techniques of the FT approach...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Natalie L Wilver, Jesse R Cougle
OBJECTIVE: The current study extended upon previous research efforts by evaluating the utility and feasibility of an 8-session Internet-based interpretation bias modification (IBM) training protocol targeting evaluation- and appearance-related threat biases characteristic of the disorder compared to a progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) condition for treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). METHOD: Fifty participants with BDD were recruited from across the United States and randomly assigned to eight sessions of either IBM or PMR...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Miryam Yusufov, Joseph S Rossi, Lawrence Grebstein, Colleen A Redding, Ginette G Ferszt, James O Prochaska
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is one of the most physically and emotionally debilitating diseases. Despite evidence that psychosocial care can improve psychological and physiological functioning, as few as 4.4% of patients are willing to engage in psychosocial treatment. Few studies explored drivers of psychosocial care underutilization. Therefore, treatment engagement strategies are needed, by identifying patients' barriers to psychosocial treatment. This study evaluated readiness to utilize psychosocial care by developing transtheoretical model (TTM) measures of stage of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Hilary E Kratz, Aubyn Stahmer, Ming Xie, Steven C Marcus, Melanie Pellecchia, Jill Locke, Rinad Beidas, David S Mandell
OBJECTIVE: An organization's implementation climate, or the extent to which use of an intervention is expected, supported, and rewarded by colleagues and supervisors, has been identified as critical to successful intervention implementation and outcomes. The effect of implementation climate has not been well studied in special education settings. The present study examines the association between teachers' perceptions of implementation climate, teacher fidelity to a school-based program for students with autism, and student outcomes (measured as changes in IQ) over time...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Gina M Vincent, Dara Drawbridge, Maryann Davis
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing recognition in the justice system that transition-age youth (TAY) are in a unique developmental period that may require tailored policies and practices. This study investigated the differential predictive validity and potential for disparate impact of both juvenile (the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth and Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) and adult risk assessment instruments (the Historical-Clinical-Risk Management-20 [HCR-20] and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide [VRAG]) with this age group (ages 16-24), relative to adolescents (ages 12-15) or older adults (ages 25-40)...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Joseph R Cohen, Hena Thakur, Katie L Burkhouse, Brandon E Gibb
OBJECTIVE: Screening protocols that rely on a single informant are inadequate in predicting pediatric depression. Multi-informant and risk factor screening approaches are potentially more sensitive methods for identifying depression risk, but the incremental validity of these protocols has not been adequately tested. Using a translational analytic approach and multimethod, longitudinal study design, we simultaneously tested several multi-indicator approaches to depression screening to identify an optimal algorithm for predicting depression onset in youth...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Laura C Skriner, Brian C Chu, Mehmet Kaplan, Denise H M Bodden, Susan M Bögels, Philip C Kendall, Maaike H Nauta, Wendy K Silverman, Jeffrey J Wood, David H Barker, Jimmy de la Torre, Lissette Saavedra, Min-Ge Xie
OBJECTIVE: Integrative data analysis was used to combine existing data from nine trials of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxious youth ( N = 832) and identify trajectories of symptom change and predictors of trajectories. METHOD: Youth- and parent-reported anxiety symptoms were combined using item-response theory models. Growth mixture modeling assessed for trajectories of treatment response across pre-, mid-, and posttreatment and 1-year follow-up. Pretreatment client demographic and clinical traits and treatment modality (individual- and family-based CBT) were examined as predictors of trajectory classes...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Kristin D Martinsen, Lene Mari P Rasmussen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Solveig Holen, Anne Mari Sund, Mona Elisabeth S Løvaas, Joshua Patras, Philip C Kendall, Trine Waaktaar, Simon-Peter Neumer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC). METHOD: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( N = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child)...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Kathleen M McIntyre, Jacqueline A Mogle, Jennifer M Scodes, Martina Pavlicova, Peter A Shapiro, Ethan E Gorenstein, Felice A Tager, Catherine Monk, David M Almeida, Richard P Sloan
OBJECTIVE: Negative affect (NA) reactivity to daily stressors may confer health risks over and above stress exposure, especially in chronically angry adults. This randomized controlled trial tests the hypothesis that a 12-week cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) anger-reduction treatment would decrease NA reactivity to daily stressors assessed via ambulatory diary for those in treatment, but not on a wait-list for treatment. METHOD: Healthy adults (N = 158, aged 20-45 years, 53...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Monique F Crane, Danny Boga, Eyal Karin, Daniel F Gucciardi, Frances Rapport, Joanne Callen, Laura Sinclair
OBJECTIVE: This group-randomized control trial examined the efficacy of guided coping and emotion regulatory self-reflection as a means to strengthen resilience by testing the effects of the training on anxiety and depression symptoms and perceived stressor frequency after an intensive stressor period. METHOD: The sample was 226 officer cadets training at the Royal Military College, Australia. Cadets were randomized by platoon to the self-reflection ( n = 130) or coping skills training ( n = 96)...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Ernest N Jouriles, Renee McDonald, David Rosenfield, Kelli S Sargent
OBJECTIVE: The present research reports a randomized controlled trial evaluating TakeCARE, a video bystander program designed to help prevent relationship and sexual violence among high school students. METHOD: High school students ( n = 165) were randomly assigned to view TakeCARE or a control video. Students completed self-report measures of bystander behavior and bystander self-efficacy before viewing the videos. One week later, students completed the self-efficacy measure and were observed in virtual reality simulations of situations that offered opportunities to engage in bystander behavior...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Karin Pos, Nathalie Franke, Filip Smit, Ben F M Wijnen, Anton B P Staring, Mark Van der Gaag, Carin Meijer, Lieuwe de Haan, Eva Velthorst, Frederike Schirmbeck
OBJECTIVE: Negative symptoms largely account for poor outcome in psychotic disorders but remain difficult to treat. A cognitive-behavioral approach to these symptoms showed promise in chronic schizophrenia patients. We explored whether a combination of group and individual treatment focused on social activation (CBTsa) could benefit patients recently diagnosed with a psychotic disorder. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial enrolled 99 participants recently diagnosed with schizophrenia or a related disorder that received treatment as usual (TAU; n = 50), or TAU plus CBTsa ( n = 49)...
February 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Scott P Stumbo, Bobbi Jo H Yarborough
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are interested in service dogs to manage or reduce symptoms. Until recently, evidence was anecdotal with few research studies documenting the feasibility or benefits of service dogs for veterans. In the past year, new studies have presented preliminary evidence on the benefits of service dogs. METHOD: Comment on O'Haire and Rodriguez (2018). RESULTS: Positive findings presented in O'Haire and Rodriguez (2018) and Yarborough et al...
January 2019: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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