Journals Australian and New Zealand Jou...

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Zohaib Nadeem, Stephen Parker, Hugh McGovern, Lena Kl Oestreich
OBJECTIVE: Despite rapid advances in psychedelic sciences and the increasing number of countries legalizing psychedelics for the treatment of mental illnesses, the attitudes, knowledge and readiness of both mental health consumers and the general population remain largely unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Australians, targeting individuals with mental illness as potential mental health service users. A sub-sample of individuals free of mental illness was also surveyed to assess attitudes in the general population...
June 22, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Claudia Bull, Jia Yin Goh, Nicola Warren, Steve Kisely
OBJECTIVE: Emergency departments the world over have seen substantial increases in the number of individuals presenting for mental health reasons. However, we have a limited understanding of their experiences of care. The aim of this review was to systematically examine and synthesise literature relating to the experiences of individuals presenting to emergency department for mental health reasons. METHODS: We followed Pluye and Hong's seven-step approach to conducting a systematic mixed studies review...
June 16, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Chun-Wei Chang, Wen-Yin Chen, Po-Yu Chen, Chun-Hung Pan, Sheng-Shiang Su, Shang-Ying Tsai, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Sepsis constitutes a condition that involves life-threatening organ dysfunction induced by severe infection. This nested case-control study investigated risk factors for severe sepsis and whether antipsychotic use is associated with severe sepsis risk in patients with schizophrenia, a topic that has not been comprehensively explored in previous studies. METHODS: We selected 39,432 patients with schizophrenia aged between 15 and 65 years from Taiwan's Psychiatric Inpatient Medical Claims database for the period 2000-2012...
June 10, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Vikas Arya, Philip Burgess, Sandra Diminic, Meredith G Harris, Tim Slade, Matthew Sunderland, Caley Tapp, Joshua Vescovi, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts, examine services received for suicide attempts, and explore the relationship between suicide attempts and self-harm without suicidal intent. METHODS: We used survey data from the 2020-2022 National Study of Mental Health and Wellbeing, which involved a nationally representative sample of Australian adults aged 16-85 ( n  = 15,893). Comparisons were made with the 2007 National Study of Mental Health and Wellbeing ( n  = 8841)...
June 10, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Catherine McHugh, Nan Hu, Gabrielle Georgiou, Michael Hodgins, Sarah Leung, Mariyam Cadiri, Nicola Paul, Vikki Ryall, Debra Rickwood, Valsamma Eapen, Jackie Curtis, Raghu Lingam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of integrated models of mental healthcare in enhancing clinical outcomes, quality of life, satisfaction with care and health service delivery outcomes in young people aged 12-25 years. A secondary objective was to identify common components of integrated mental health interventions. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published 2001-2023 that assessed clinical or health service use outcomes of integrated care, relative to treatment as usual, for any mental health condition in 12-25 years old accessing community-based care...
June 7, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Tegan Stettaford, Caitlin Fehily, Elizabeth Campbell, Daniel Barker, Christopher Oldmeadow, Emma McKeon, Sophie Love, Sharon Lawn, David Castle, Jennifer Bowman
OBJECTIVE: People with mental health conditions have high rates of chronic physical diseases, partially attributable to lifestyle risks factors. This study examined risk prevalence among community mental health service clients, their readiness and confidence to change, and associations with participant characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of adult clients from 12 community mental health services across 3 local health districts in New South Wales, Australia, collected from 2021 to 2022...
June 6, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Bruno Agustini, Adam J Walker, Alyna Turner, Anna L Wrobel, Lana J Williams, Olivia M Dean, Stephanie Miles, Susan L Rossell, Michael Berk, Mohammadreza Mohebbi
OBJECTIVE: Harmonized tools are essential for reliable data sharing and accurate identification of relevant factors in mental health research. The primary objective of this study was to create a harmonized questionnaire to collect demographic, clinical and behavioral data in diverse clinical trials in adult psychiatry. METHODS: We conducted a literature review and examined 24 questionnaires used in previously published randomized controlled trials in psychiatry, identifying a total of 27 domains previously explored...
June 6, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Emily Martin, Subramanian Purushothaman, Emma Ballard, Julie A Blake, Kylie Burke, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Despite electroconvulsive therapy being one of the most effective treatments in psychiatry, few studies report trends in the provision of electroconvulsive therapy over time. This study aims to investigate the use of electroconvulsive therapy between 2009 and 2020 in an Australian public tertiary mental health facility, and to describe the electroconvulsive therapy patient population and change in courses of treatment. METHODS: Routinely collected data for 677 patients who received 1669 electroconvulsive therapy courses of treatment at an Australian public tertiary mental health facility between 2009 and 2020 were examined...
June 3, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jamie J Lopes, Sean P Carruthers, Denny Meyer, Brian Dean, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVE: Studies using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy reveal substantial inconsistencies in the levels of brain glutamate, glutamine and glutamate + glutamine across schizophrenia spectrum disorders. This systematic review employs qualitative and quantitative methods to analyse the patterns and relationships between glutamatergic metabolites, schizophrenia spectrum disorders and brain regions. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using various databases with keywords including glutamate, glutamine, schizophrenia, psychosis and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
May 29, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jayashri Kulkarni, Caroline Gurvich, Eveline Mu, Grace Molloy, Sonya Lovell, Ginni Mansberg, Shelly Horton, Erin Morton, Talat Uppal, Ceri Cashell, Anthony de Castella, Dan Reisel, Linda Dear, Naomi Weatherburn-Reeves, Katie Harris, Kerry Pietrobon, Kelly Teagle, Bo Youn Kim, Louise Newson, Cassandra Szoeke
Menopause is a biological process experienced by all people assigned female at birth. A significant number of women experience mental ill health related to the major brain gonadal hormone shifts that occur in their midlife. There is poor understanding and management of the complex mental ill health issues, with the biological brain hormone changes receiving little formal attention. The current treatment advice is to manage this special type of mental ill health in the same way that all mental ill health is managed...
May 18, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
S Kisely, H Herrman, S Chamoli, D Hemachandra, S Lawn, L Bajurny, N Wright, G Mellsop
There has been recent discussion in Australia and New Zealand concerning the utility of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) and the role of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) in their development. The College Board therefore established a Steering Group (SG) to oversee an exploration of options and produce recommendations about contemporary approaches to the development of high-quality evidence-based clinical practice guidance for psychiatry. This paper outlines the SG's conclusions and recommendations, as well as the underlying methods and reasoning...
May 18, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Kun Kwak, Anthony Hew, Shalini Arunogiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Corrie Goodhand, Georgia Lyons, Anina Johnson, Olav Nielssen, Matthew Large, Kimberlie Dean
BACKGROUND: Contact with health services prior to offences committed by people with mental illness is an opportunity for intervention and prevention. This study examines the pattern and correlates of health service contact by people with severe mental illness before a serious offence. METHOD: Linkage of a cohort of 477 Forensic Patients found not guilty due to mental illness between 1990 and 2016, and statewide databases of contact with emergency departments, hospital admission and outpatient mental health services in the state of New South Wales, Australia...
May 10, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Christian Young, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Helga Zoega, Emily Banks, Kathleen Clapham, Sue Woolfenden, Mandy Cutmore, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe mental health service and psychotropic medicine use among a cohort of Aboriginal young people and quantify their relation to sociodemographic, family and health factors. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study with data linkage, 892 Aboriginal children aged 0-17 years living in urban and regional areas of New South Wales, Australia, were included. We assessed mental health-related service use, paediatric service use and psychotropic medicine dispensing claims covered by the Australian Government Medicare Benefits Schedule and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme from July 2012 to June 2017...
May 6, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Maarten C Eisma, Lara O Schmitt
OBJECTIVE: Two similar but distinct versions of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) have recently been included in the International Classification of Diseases eleventh edition (ICD-11) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - fifth edition, Text-Revision ( DSM -5-TR). This study provides a criterion validity test of both new criteria sets of PGD, by examining concurrent and longitudinal associations of ICD-11 and DSM -5-TR prolonged grief symptoms with quality of life (QOL)...
May 6, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Salam Hussain, Suneel Chamoli, Paul Fitzgerald, Ashu Gandhi, Shane Gill, Shanthi Sarma, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVES: To provide guidance for the optimal administration of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, based on scientific evidence and supplemented by expert clinical consensus. METHODS: Articles and information were sourced from existing guidelines and published literature. The findings were then formulated into consensus-based recommendations and guidance by the authors. The guidelines were subjected to rigorous successive consultation within the RANZCP, involving the Section of ECT and Neurostimulation (SEN) Committee, its broader membership and expert committees...
May 5, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Nicola Warren, Gemma McKeon, James G Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Lisa Brophy, Justine Fletcher, Shrinkhala Dawadi, John Reece, Vrinda Edan, Joanne Enticott, John Farhall, Ellie Fossey, Bridget Hamilton, Carol Harvey, Graham Meadows, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Emma Morrisroe, Richard Newton, Victoria Palmer, Ruth Vine, Shifra Waks, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Prevention and Recovery Care services are residential sub-acute services in Victoria, Australia, guided by a commitment to recovery-oriented practice. The evidence regarding the effectiveness of this service model is limited, largely relying on small, localised evaluations. This study involved a state-wide investigation into the personal recovery, perceived needs for care, well-being and quality-of-life outcomes experienced by Prevention and Recovery Care services' consumers...
April 28, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Csongor G Oltvolgyi, Carla Meurk, Ed Heffernan
OBJECTIVE: Increased suicidality and suicide deaths among veterans of the Australian Defence Force have gained recent prominence. A systematic scoping review was conducted to identify, summarise and synthesise the existing literature relating to Australian veteran suicide and suicidality, with the objective of identifying future research priorities. METHODS: We conducted a PRISMA-compliant systematic search on PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases for all manuscripts reporting primary data on suicide and suicidality in Australian veterans...
April 22, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Steve Kisely, Tessa Zirnsak, Amy Corderoy, Christopher James Ryan, Lisa Brophy
AIMS: Community treatment orders have been introduced in many jurisdictions with increasing use over time. We conducted a rapid umbrella review to synthesise the quantitative and qualitative evidence from systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses of their potential harms and benefits. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO for relevant systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses. Where available, participants on community treatment orders were compared with controls receiving voluntary psychiatric treatment...
April 22, 2024: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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