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Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Feinian Chen, Zhiyong Lin, Luoman Bao, Zachary Zimmer, Socorro Gultiano, Judith B Borja
Although chronic life strain is often found to be associated with adverse health outcomes, empirical research is lacking on the health implications of persistent role overload that many women around the world are subject to, the so-called double burden of work and family responsibilities. Using data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (1994-2012), we examined the linkage between time-use profiles and body mass index (BMI) trajectories for Filipino women over an 18-year span. Out of the four classes of women with differential levels of a combination of work and family duties, the group with the heaviest double burden has the highest average BMI...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Chloe Grace Hart, Aliya Saperstein, Devon Magliozzi, Laurel Westbrook
This study leverages multiple measures of gender from a US national online survey (N = 1,508) to better assess how gender is related to self-rated health. In contrast to research linking feminine behaviors with good health and masculine behaviors with poor health, we find that masculinity is associated with better self-rated health for cisgender men, whereas femininity is associated with better self-rated health for cisgender women. The patterns are similar whether we consider self-identification or how people feel others perceive their gender, though reflected appraisals are most strongly associated with health for cisgender women...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Cindy L Cain
There is no doubt that the organization of healthcare is currently shifting, partly in response to changing macrolevel policies. Studies of healthcare policies often do not consider healthcare workers' experiences of policy change, thus limiting our understanding of when and how policies work. This article uses longitudinal qualitative data, including participant observation and semistructured interviews with workers within hospice care as their organizations shifted in response to a Medicare policy change...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Cindy L Cain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Miao Li, Rong Fu, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
Drawing on the intergenerational stress proliferation theory, the courtesy stigma thesis, and the buffering ethnic culture thesis, this study examines the association between maternal obesity and child's peer victimization and whether this association varies for white and black children. Based on longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of mother-child pairs in the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement, negative binomial models show that maternal obesity is associated with increased frequency of peer victimization, even after controlling for family socioeconomic status, child weight status, health status, self-esteem, and demographic characteristics...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Lauren D Olsen
In their attempt to address racial disparities in the provision of health care, the U.S. medical profession has reproduced racial inequalities of their own. In this article, I draw upon interview data with medical educators and students to detail how medical educators routinely offload the instruction on the social underpinnings and consequences of race onto students, particularly students of color. I develop the concept of the conscripted curriculum to capture how students' social identities are utilized by educators in the professionalization process...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Jane D McLeod, Lydia DiSabatino
We used data from the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services (N = 1,420) to evaluate a conceptual model linking social background (race-ethnicity, socioeconomic status [SES]) to parental distress through children's clinical profiles and parental beliefs about the nature and causes of their child's autism. Children's clinical profiles varied by social background; white children and children of more highly educated and affluent parents were less likely to experience comorbid conditions and were more likely to be diagnosed with Asperger's...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Rose Grace Grose, Sarah R Hayford, Yuk Fai Cheong, Sarah Garver, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Kathryn M Yount
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC) is a human rights violation with adverse health consequences. Although prevalence is declining, the practice persists in many countries, and the individual and contextual risk factors associated with FGMC remain poorly understood. We propose an integrated theory about contextual factors and test it using multilevel discrete-time hazard models in a nationally representative sample of 7,535 women with daughters who participated in the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Richard M Carpiano, Brian C Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
David R Williams
This article provides an overview of research on race-related stressors that can affect the mental health of socially disadvantaged racial and ethnic populations. It begins by reviewing the research on self-reported discrimination and mental health. Although discrimination is the most studied aspect of racism, racism can also affect mental health through structural/institutional mechanisms and racism that is deeply embedded in the larger culture. Key priorities for research include more systematic attention to stress proliferation processes due to institutional racism, the assessment of stressful experiences linked to natural or manmade environmental crises, documenting and understanding the health effects of hostility against immigrants and people of color, cataloguing and quantifying protective resources, and enhancing our understanding of the complex association between physical and mental health...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Michael J McFarland, John Taylor, Cheryl A S McFarland, Katherine L Friedman
Police maltreatment, whether experienced personally or indirectly through one's family or friends, represents a structurally rooted public health problem that disproportionately affects minorities. Researchers, however, know little about the physiological mechanisms connecting unfair treatment by police (UTBP) to poor health. Shortened telomeres due to exposure to this stressor represent one plausible mechanism. Using data from a community sample of black (n = 262) and white (n = 252) men residing in Nashville-Davidson County, we test four hypotheses: (1) Black men will be more likely to report UTBP than white men, (2) those reporting UTBP will have shorter telomeres than those not reporting UTBP, (3) this association will be more pronounced among black men, and (4) these hypotheses will extend to those who report vicarious UTBP...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Sara Rubin, Nancy Burke, Meredith Van Natta, Irene Yen, Janet K Shim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Corinne Reczek, Lauren Gebhardt-Kram, Alexandra Kissling, Debra Umberson
Marriage benefits health in part because spouses promote one another's well-being, yet how spouses facilitate formal healthcare (e.g., doctor's visits, emergency care) via what we call healthcare work is unknown. Moreover, like other aspects of the marital-health link, healthcare work dynamics likely vary by gender and couple type. To explore this possibility, we use in-depth interviews with 90 midlife gay, lesbian, and heterosexual spouses to examine how spouses perform healthcare work. Our results show that in heterosexual marriage, women perform the bulk of healthcare work and typically do so in coercive ways...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Molly Dondero, Jennifer Van Hook, Michelle L Frisco, Molly A Martin
Immigrant health assimilation is often framed as a linear, individualistic process. Yet new assimilation theory and structural theories of health behavior imply variation in health assimilation as immigrants and their families interact with different US social institutions throughout the day. We test this idea by analyzing how two indicators of dietary assimilation-food acculturation and healthy eating-vary throughout the day as Mexican children in immigrant households consume food in different institutional settings...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Christine Percheski, Jess M Meyer
Poor health may destabilize romantic unions by impeding fulfillment of family responsibilities, increasing stress, and causing financial strain. We hypothesized that the associations of health characteristics with union stability for parenting couples vary by the gender of the partner in poor health and the couple's marital status because of gender and marital status differences in family responsibilities and health-related coping behaviors. Using longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n = 2,997), we examined how three health measures predicted union dissolution for urban married and cohabiting couples with young children...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Michaela Curran, Matthew C Mahutga
Cross-national empirical research about the link between income inequality and population health produces conflicting conclusions. We address these mixed findings by examining the degree to which the income inequality and health relationship varies with economic development. We estimate fixed-effects models with different measures of income inequality and population health. Results suggest that development moderates the association between inequality and two measures of population health. Our findings produce two generalizations...
December 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Rachel Behler, Rachel Donnelly, Debra Umberson
Ample work stresses the interdependence of spouses' psychological distress and that women are more influenced by their spouse's distress than men. Yet previous studies have focused primarily on heterosexual couples, raising questions about whether and how this gendered pattern might unfold for men and women in same-sex marriages. We analyze 10 days of diary data from a purposive sample of men and women in same-sex and different-sex marriages (n = 756 individuals from 378 couples) to examine psychological distress transmission between spouses and how this process may differ for men and women in same-sex and different-sex marriages...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Taylor W Hargrove
This study addresses three research questions critical to understanding if and how skin color shapes health among African Americans: (1) Does skin color predict trajectories of body mass index (BMI) among African Americans across ages 32 to 55? (2) To what extent is this relationship contingent on gender? (3) Do sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors explain the skin color-BMI relationship? Using data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study and growth curve models, results indicate that dark-skinned women have the highest BMI across adulthood compared to all other skin color-gender groups...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Stefan Timmermans, Ashelee Yang, Melissa Gardner, Catherine E Keegan, Beverly M Yashar, Patricia Y Fechner, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Eric Vilain, Laura A Siminoff, David E Sandberg
Genital surgery in children with ambiguous or atypical genitalia has been marred by controversies about the appropriateness and timing of surgery, generating clinical uncertainty about decision making. Since 2006, medical experts and patient advocates have argued for putting the child's needs central as patient-centered care. Based on audio recordings of 31 parent-clinician interactions in three clinics of disorders of sex development, we analyze how parents and clinicians decide on genital surgery. We find that clinicians and parents aim for parent-centered rather than infant-centered care...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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