journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38997587/family-reflections-prematurity-is-lifelong
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kylie Pussell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38997586/family-reflections-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-mother-s-perspective
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca Schroeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38992156/postoperative-eeg-abnormalities-in-relation-to-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jinqing Feng, Rouyi Lin, Yani Zhang, Shuyao Ning, Na Du, Jianbin Li, Yanqin Cui, Guodong Huang, Huaizhen Wang, Xinxin Chen, Techang Liu, Wenxiong Chen, Li Ma, Jia Li
BACKGROUND: We had reported that postoperative EEG background including sleep-wake cycle (SWC) and discharge (seizures, spikes/sharp waves) abnormalities were significantly correlated with adverse early outcomes in children after cardiac surgery. We aimed to analyze the relations between these EEG abnormalities and neurodevelopmental outcomes at about 2 years after cardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 121 patients undergoing cardiac surgery at 3.3 months (0...
July 12, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38992155/brain-gray-matter-changes-in-children-at-risk-for-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bhaswati Roy, Jennifer A Ogren, Luke A Allen, Beate Diehl, Raman Sankar, Samden D Lhatoo, Rajesh Kumar, Ronald M Harper
BACKGROUND: Potential failing adult brain sites, stratified by risk, mediating Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) have been described, but are unknown in children. METHODS: We examined regional brain volumes using T1-weighted MRI images in 21 children with epilepsy at high SUDEP risk and 62 healthy children, together with SUDEP risk scores, calculated from focal seizure frequency. Gray matter tissue type was partitioned, maps normalized, smoothed, and compared between groups (SPM12; ANCOVA; covariates, age, sex, and BMI)...
July 11, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38992154/nutritional-management-after-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-focal-intestinal-perforation-in-preterm-infants
#5
REVIEW
Ingrid Mo, Alexandre Lapillonne, C H P van den Akker, Minesh Khashu, Mark J Johnson, Steven J McElroy, Gitte Zachariassen
Nutritional management of preterm infants recovering from necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or focal intestinal perforation (FIP) is challenging, especially in infants managed surgically. The logistics of how, when, and what to feed are unclear and current nutritional practices are primarily based on physiological principles and consensus opinion in individual units, rather than high-quality evidence. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize the literature on nutritional management after NEC or FIP in preterm infants: when to restart enteral nutrition, type of enteral nutrition to use, and how to advance nutrition...
July 11, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38992153/beyond-first-impressions-the-importance-of-seeing-the-whole-person
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meg Raby, Michele Kong
The power of a first impression and the trajectory it can set an individual on is something that impacts all people, and especially those with invisible disabilities. Societal norms and pragmatics are centered around neurotypical individuals and do not consider the perspective and neurology of the neurodivergent. What is the social norm for society can literally be impossible or physically uncomfortable for the neurodivergent, resulting in a mismatched doctor-patient relationship, an unintentionally inaccurate plan of care, or even a missed chance at a successful hire...
July 11, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982168/caregiver-reported-emotional-behavioral-symptoms-in-spanish-youth-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-longitudinal-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Eduardo Estrada, Jordina Tor, Marcela Mezzatesta, Aritz Aranbarri, Alazne Aizpitarte, Anna Butjosa, Natalia Albiac, Marina Fabrega, Josep Maria Haro, Immaculada Insa Pineda, Jose A Alda, Carles Virgili, Ester Camprodon, Montserrat Dolz, Charlotte Keating, Esther Via
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic stressors affected youth's mental health. This longitudinal study aims to explore these effects while considering predictive factors such as age and sex. METHODS: An initial sample of 1502 caregivers answered a longitudinal survey evaluating their youths' (4-17 years of age) emotional/behavioral symptoms using the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) screening tool. First assessment in May-July 2020 included the prior year's retrospective (TR ) and since-lockdown-start (T0 ) PSC, followed by monthly evaluations until February 2021...
July 10, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982167/behavioral-and-physiological-pain-structures-of-pipp-r-and-parental-stress-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sahar Gholami, Zeinab Hemati, Maryam Yazdi, Masoud Bahrami, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Although most non-acute pain assessment tools are multi-dimensional (behavioral and physiological measures) in their approach, the outputs of such tools are considered unidimensional. This study aimed to explore and determine the behavioral and physiological pain structures of Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R) for neonates and its association with parental stress. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2022-2023 in Isfahan, Iran...
July 9, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982166/prediction-of-post-hemorrhagic-ventricular-dilatation-trajectory-using-a-growth-mixture-model-in-preterm-infants
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Grace M Musiime, Khorshid Mohammad, Sarfaraz Momin, Grace P S Kwong, Jay Riva-Cambrin, James Scott, Hussein Zein, Leonora Hendson, Lara M Leijser
BACKGROUND: Early intervention for post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD), guided by ventricular size measurements from cranial ultrasound (cUS), is associated with improved neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants but benefits must be balanced against intervention risks. METHODS: Anterior horn width (AHW) and ventricular index (VI) were measured from cUS for preterm infants (<29 weeks) with intraventricular hemorrhage admitted from 2010-2018. PHVD was defined as AHW > 6 mm or VI >97th percentile for postmenstrual age...
July 9, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982165/the-history-of-diapers-and-their-environmental-impact
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cansu Tokat, Nicholas C Rickman, Cynthia F Bearer
This article examines diaper practices around the world throughout history. This article reviews the innovation of the modern diaper and the environmental effects of disposable diapers.
July 9, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38982164/exposure-to-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-children-a-pilot-project
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Judith A Groner, Lisa Nicholson, John Anthony Bauer, Hong Huang, Megan Lindstrom, Elisabeth Root
OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and markers of pre-clinical cardiovascular risk in young children. STUDY DESIGN: We studied a cohort of healthy children ages 2-5 recruited from pediatric primary care sites (n = 122). We obtained child weight, height, blood pressure and hair nicotine levels. A blood sample was obtained for biomarkers of systemic inflammation, oxidation, and prevalence of circulating endothelial progenitor cells...
July 9, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38977797/a-recommendation-for-the-use-of-electrical-biosensing-technology-in-neonatology
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lizelle van Wyk, Topun Austin, Bernard Barzilay, Maria Carmen Bravo, Morten Breindahl, Christoph Czernik, Eugene Dempsey, Willem-Pieter de Boode, Willem de Vries, Beate Horsberg Eriksen, Jean-Claude Fauchére, Elisabeth M W Kooi, Philip T Levy, Patrick J McNamara, Subhabrata Mitra, Eirik Nestaas, Heike Rabe, Yacov Rabi, Sheryle R Rogerson, Marilena Savoia, Frederico Schena, Arvind Seghal, Christop E Schwarz, Ulrich Thome, David van Laere, Gabriela C Zaharie, Samir Gupta
Non-invasive cardiac output monitoring, via electrical biosensing technology (EBT), provides continuous, multi-parameter hemodynamic variable monitoring which may allow for timely identification of hemodynamic instability in some neonates, providing an opportunity for early intervention that may improve neonatal outcomes. EBT encompasses thoracic (TEBT) and whole body (WBEBT) methods. Despite the lack of relative accuracy of these technologies, as compared to transthoracic echocardiography, the use of these technologies in neonatology, both in the research and clinical arena, have increased dramatically over the last 30 years...
July 8, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38977796/bovine-colostrum-prevents-formula-induced-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-preterm-pigs
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lin Yang, Yan Hui, Thomas Thymann, Dennis Sandris Nielsen, Ping-Ping Jiang, Per Torp Sangild
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and formula feeding increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a gut inflammatory disease known to be associated with gut microbiota (GM) changes in infants. Supplemental bovine colostrum may protect against formula-induced NEC via GM changes. We hypothesised that feeding colostrum before, after, or during formula feeding affects NEC sensitivity via changes to GM. METHODS: Colonic GM (profiled by 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplicon sequencing) was compared in preterm pigs fed colostrum for 4 days, either before, after, or together with formula feeding for 4 days...
July 8, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38977795/slowing-lung-deflation-by-increasing-the-expiratory-resistance-enhances-frc-in-preterm-rabbits
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kristel L A M Kuypers, Janneke Dekker, Kelly J Crossley, Megan J Wallace, Sophie J E Cramer, Indya M Davies, Dominic Jurkschat, Marcus J Kitchen, Arjan B Te Pas, Stuart B Hooper
BACKGROUND: As very preterm infants have surfactant-deficient and highly incompliant lungs, slowing lung deflation during expiration might help preserve functional residual capacity(FRC) during lung aeration. In this study, we investigated the effect of expiratory resistance(Re) on lung aeration during positive pressure ventilation in preterm rabbits immediately after birth. METHODS: Preterm rabbit pups were delivered at 29 days gestation, mechanically ventilated from birth and simultaneously imaged to measure lung aeration using phase-contrast X-ray...
July 8, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38972961/neonatal-dysglycemia-a-review-of-dysglycemia-in-relation-to-brain-health-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Micheline Lagacé, Emily W Y Tam
Neonatal dysglycemia has been a longstanding interest of research in neonatology. Adverse outcomes from hypoglycemia were recognized early but are still being characterized. Premature infants additionally introduced and led the reflection on the importance of neonatal hyperglycemia. Cohorts of infants following neonatal encephalopathy provided further information about the impacts of hypoglycemia and, more recently, highlighted hyperglycemia as a central concern for this population. Innovative studies exposed the challenges of management of neonatal glycemic levels with a "u-shape" relationship between dysglycemia and adverse neurological outcomes...
July 7, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38971943/diagnostic-value-of-reversed-differential-cyanosis-in-supra-cardiac-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-return
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anneloes G Munneke, Joost Lumens, Tammo Delhaas
BACKGROUND: To investigate the occurrence of reversed differential cyanosis (RDC) in case of (supra)cardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), we explored the hemodynamic changes and oxygen saturation levels during the fetal-to-neonatal transition in (supra)cardiac TAPVR, thereby revealing determinant factors of RDC. METHODS: A computational model was used to simulate the cardiovascular fetal-to-neonatal transition up to 24 h after birth. Abnormalities associated with TAPVR, like patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN), were imposed on the model...
July 6, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38969816/utility-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-for-critically-ill-infants-in-the-nicu
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shannon Y Adams, Katherine Redford, Randall Li, Ana Malfa, Richard Tucker, Beatrice E Lechner
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the value of DNR orders for critically ill infants in the NICU. METHODS: A prospective mixed-methods approach was utilized including chart review of infants who died in a regional NICU over a twenty-six-month period and surveys of their neonatologists, neonatal fellows, and nurses. RESULTS: 40 infants died during the study period and 120 staff surveys were completed. Infants with DNR orders were of a higher gestational age at birth and a higher chronological age at death...
July 5, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38969815/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-congenital-heart-disease-survivors-are-associated-with-heart-failure
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrew P Landstrom, Tracy Spears, Alfred D'Ottavio, Karen Chiswell, Kristin Sommerhalter, Aida Soim, Sherry L Farr, Tessa Crume, Wendy M Book, Kevin Whitehead, Lorenzo D Botto, Jennifer S Li, Daphne T Hsu
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in treatment and survival, individuals with congenital heart defects (CHD) have a higher risk of heart failure (HF) compared to the general population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate comorbidities associated with HF in patients with CHD with a goal of identifying potentially modifiable risk factors that may reduce HF-associated morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Five surveillance sites in the United States linked population-based healthcare data and vital records...
July 5, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38969814/long-term-developmental-outcomes-of-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fernanda J P Marques, Lani Tran, Youssef A Kousa, Marcio Leyser
BACKGROUND: Eight years after the epidemics in Brazil, children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and their families confront ongoing health challenges. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to characterize how virally induced prenatal brain injury impacts development and functional outcomes among children diagnosed with CZS. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of a consecutive series of children diagnosed with CZS. Using validated neurodevelopmental assessments, we evaluated gross motor function, manual ability, communication, eating and drinking, and visual function...
July 5, 2024: Pediatric Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38969813/cognitive-performance-in-young-adult-women-with-a-history-of-premature-adrenarche
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jussi Tennilä, Liisa Muukkonen, Pauliina Utriainen, Raimo Voutilainen, Jarmo Jääskeläinen, Jani Liimatta
BACKGROUND: Girls with premature adrenarche (PA) mature earlier than peers and have been found to have greater symptom accounts reflecting anxiety compared to peers. It is not known, however, whether PA effects cognitive development. This longitudinal case-control cohort study aimed: (1) To investigate whether a history of PA leads to measurable changes in adulthood cognitive performance, and (2) to assess whether findings characteristic of PA girls predict adulthood cognitive performance...
July 5, 2024: Pediatric Research
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