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In Vitro

D Danielpour, D A Sirbasku
In this report, we present evidence that estrogen-dependent rat mammary tumor cells produce autostimulatory (autocrine) growth factors in response to estrogens, and that hormone autonomous cells produce autocrine activities that are no longer under estrogen regulation. Confirmation of the in vivo significance of autostimulatory factors was sought by inoculating rats with mixed populations of estrogen-dependent, responsive, and autonomous MTW9/PL mammary tumor cells, and showing that after 16 weeks growth in castrated male rats, the estrogen-dependent and responsive mammary tumor cells not only survived, but continued to grow...
December 1984: In Vitro
J E Wiley, L M Sargent, S L Inhorn, L F Meisner
Six different techniques were evaluated to define better those technical factors that are most critical for obtaining prometaphase cells for banding analysis. Our results demonstrate: colcemid exposures of 30 min or less have no effect on increasing the yield of prometaphase cells, colcemid exposures of greater than 0.1 microgram/ml can be toxic, methotrexate depresses the mitotic index significantly and seems to increase the incidence of prometaphase cells only because it suppresses later forms; and (d) the optimum number of cytogenetically satisfactory prometaphase cells can be obtained with a 4-h exposure to a combination of low concentration actinomycin D (0...
December 1984: In Vitro
I Chartrain, S Magre, M Maingourd, A Jost
It was observed previously that primordia of fetal rat testes when explanted in vitro in a synthetic medium at the outset of sexual differentiation differentiate seminiferous cords during the following days, but that the addition of 15% fetal bovine serum prevents this morphogenesis. In the present study, human, horse, bovine calf, and rat sera were shown to exert the same effect. Very low concentrations of human or fetal bovine serum (0.5 or 1%) were sufficient to produce the serum effect, which was only slightly reduced when the serum was heated...
December 1984: In Vitro
G E Milo, G A Ackerman, R L Sanders
Human lung epithelial cells have been isolated and maintained in pure culture and characterized during their time in culture. Any residual fibroblasts were removed by selective trypsinization within the first 48 h in culture and the residual epithelial cells from the primary culture grew to confluent density. The epithelial cells at Passage 2 or greater were serially subpassaged when cultures reached ca. 80% confluency. This procedure permitted us to conduct biochemical and structural studies of starting materials and subsequent population doublings...
December 1984: In Vitro
S Yagev, M Heller, A Pinson
Postnatal rat heart cells in culture enriched with respect to muscle cells were obtained by either high density seeding or by the replating technique. [3H]Thymidine incorporation to DNA and the enzymatic pattern of cytoplasmic and lysosomal enzymes have been studied as a function of the culture's age, of seeding density, and replating. It was shown that replating maintains predominance of myocyte population for at least 2 wk in culture; heavy seeding density allows homogeneous myocyte population for the 1st wk in culture; and the enzyme profile of the culture may serve as an indicator for the type of cell population in culture and its state of differentiation...
December 1984: In Vitro
E M Berger, C M Morganelli
When Drosophila cell lines are exposed to physiological doses of the steroid molting hormone, ecdysterone, they enter mitotic arrest and differentiate morphologically. These responses are accompanied by specific changes in gene expression. Several enzyme activities (acetylcholinesterase, beta-galactosidase, dopa decarboxylase, and catalase) are induced and the synthesis of a cytoplasmic actin and the four small heat-shock proteins is initiated. Several of these ecdysterone inducible genes have been physically isolated and characterized, in several cases by DNA sequencing...
December 1984: In Vitro
J R Florini, D Z Ewton, M J Evinger-Hodges, S L Falen, R L Lau, J F Regan, B M Vertel
The growth and differentiation of L6 myoblasts are subject to control by two proteins secreted by cells of the Buffalo rat liver line. The first of these, rat insulinlike growth factor-II (formerly designated multiplication stimulating activity) is a potent stimulator of myoblast proliferation and differentiation, as well as associated processes such as amino acid uptake and incorporation into protein, RNA synthesis, and thymidine incorporation into DNA. In addition, this hormone causes a significant decrease in the rate of protein degradation...
December 1984: In Vitro
M P Lopez, M J Gomez-Lechon, J V Castell
Liver parenchymal cells cultured in serum-free medium may retain their ability to synthesize glycogen in response to insulin. Specific hormone requirements are needed by hepatocytes to retain the biochemical pattern of mature cells. Insulin supplementation of culture medium seems to be essential to maintain the glycogen synthesis rate of cultured hepatocytes. The continuous presence of dexamethasone amplified the insulin-induced glycogen synthesis. Cytophotometric analysis showed differences in the way that individual cells accumulate glycogen in response to insulin stimulus, which indicates that liver parenchymal cells in culture are functionally heterogeneous...
December 1984: In Vitro
J E Wiley, L F Meisner
The phorbol ester, 12-0-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was used as a comitogen with the plant lectins phytohemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavalin A (ConA) in short-term cultures of whole blood from nonmammalian vertebrates. Stimulation with TPA in addition to standard mitogens resulted in a synergistic effect, consistently yielding more metaphases than cultures stimulated with either PHA, ConA, or TPA alone and is successful with blood samples as small as 0.1 ml. The increased mitotic index makes it possible to use different banding procedures for systematic studies...
December 1984: In Vitro
D M Peehl, T A Stamey
Reproducible subculture of adult human prostatic epithelial cells from normal, benign hyperplastic and malignant tissue has been achieved. Cholera toxin is the key component in the culture system, but use of an optimal basal medium (PFMR-4) supplemented with a high level of serum in collagen-coated dishes also improves growth and serial propagation.
December 1984: In Vitro
P D Dass, F E Murdoch, M C Wu
Several studies indicate that glutamine is a critical requirement for growth of cultured cells. The present studies describe the effect of deprivation of glucose or glutamine on mouse bone marrow cell or HL-60 cell colony formation in soft agar. The mouse bone marrow cells were induced to undergo granulocyte/macrophage type differentiation by colony-stimulating factor. Glutamine, but not glucose, was found to be an indispensable metabolite for the cloning of HL-60 cells or differentiated mouse bone marrow cells...
November 1984: In Vitro
A R Greenfield, S M Taffet, M K Haddox
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the active component of bacterial endotoxin, caused no significant increase in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in serum-starved, Chinese hamster ovary fibroblasts. However, concurrent addition of LPS with 10% fetal bovine serum caused a synergistic 30 to 40-fold increase in enzyme activity as compared to the 10 to 20-fold increase seen after addition of serum alone. This synergism was not due to an alteration in the time course of enzyme induction after serum addition. The LPS-induced synergy of ODC induction by serum was inhibited by the concurrent addition of the specific LPS-antagonist, Polymyxin B...
November 1984: In Vitro
K M Siddiqui, D P Chopra
Primary and passaged cultures of normal colon epithelial cells, derived from human fetuses (13 to 17 wk of conceptual age) have been established. These cultures have been passaged 16 times thus far. The cultures have been initiated and maintained in medium consisting of 50% Dulbecco's minimum essential medium and 50% Ham's F12 medium and supplemented with antibiotics (penicillin, 100 U/ml; streptomycin, 100 micrograms/ml); ascorbic acid, 40 micrograms/ml; L-isoleucine, 50 micrograms/ml; epidermal growth factor, 20 ng/ml; insulin, 5 micrograms/ml; cholera toxin, 5 ng/ml; transferrin, 1 microgram/ml; fetal bovine serum (10%); and HEPES, 25 mM final concentration, and incubated at 37 degrees C in humidified gas containing 5% CO2: 95% air...
November 1984: In Vitro
M A Anderson, J F Gusella
We have investigated the potential for using cyclosporin A to increase the efficiency with which Epstein-Barr virus-transformed human lymphoblast lines can be prepared. Use of this immunosuppressive drug has permitted the development of a procedure with success rates exceeding 95% despite the processing of very large numbers of samples.
November 1984: In Vitro
D L Cox, R A Moeckli, A H Fieldsteel
Recently, the successful in vitro cultivation of the Nichols strain of Treponema pallidum was achieved. Afterward, attempts were made to cultivate three other strains of T. pallidum and two strains of T. pertenue. The cultivation of the KKJ, Mexico A, and Bosnia A strains of T. pallidum was somewhat successful; the average increases were 10.8, 9.1, and 7.5-fold, respectively. The range of growth for each of these strains varied dramatically from experiment to experiment. The KKJ strain varied from 14.4 to 8...
November 1984: In Vitro
D H Keith, R L Teplitz, A D Riggs
As part of a study on X chromosomes, metaphase cell synchrony and chromosome isolation methods were developed for the opossum (Didelphis virginiana) kidney epithelial cell line (OK). The cell synchrony yielded large amounts of metaphase cells using a relatively simple method in which a key feature was a calcium- and magnesium-free balanced salt wash. A neutral pH chromosome isolation method was developed for the kidney epithelial cells, because they were somewhat difficult to disrupt fully by other methods...
November 1984: In Vitro
K Dobrosielski-Vergona
Glucose-6-phosphatase activity decreases whereas gamma glutamyltranspeptidase activity increases during hepatocarcinogenesis and the maintenance of hepatocytes in primary culture. This report describes the effect of culture conditions that are known to preserve hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity on gamma glutamyltranspeptidase activity. The results indicate that the regulation of glucose-6-phosphatase and gamma glutamyltranspeptidase activities is not coordinated in primary cultures of hepatocytes.
November 1984: In Vitro
M J Gómez-Lechón, P Lopez, J V Castell
The present study was undertaken to define the conditions for optimal cryopreservation of hepatocytes. Two different freezing procedures were analyzed: a slow freezing rate (SFR) (-2 degrees C/min down to -30 degrees C and then quick freezing to -196 degrees C) and a fast freezing rate (FFR) (direct freezing of tubes to -196 degrees C: -39 degrees C/min). Cells were frozen in fetal bovine serum containing 10% Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). After rapid thawing at 37 degrees C, followed by dilution and removal of the cryoprotectant, cells were plated and several parameters were followed as criteria for optimal cryopreservation of cells...
November 1984: In Vitro
J Yourno, W A Samsonoff, A Willey, P Burkhart, F Lizzi, A Tartaglia
All cells examined from the non-B, non-T acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line, NALL-1, stained positive both for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and for common ALL antigen. In addition, peroxidase activity was detected by light microscopy in 55 to 75% of cells and peroxidase-positive granules were detected ultrastructurally in greater than 80% of cells. Peroxidase activity in NALL-1 may result from derepression of peroxidase genes or clonal proliferation of a biphenotypic precursor cell.
November 1984: In Vitro
R E Anderson, J W Kemp, W S Jee, D M Woodbury
Na+,K+-ATPase, HCO3(-)-ATPase, Ca2+,Mg2+,-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase, and alkaline phosphatase activities were measured in cultures of osteoblastlike cells treated with fluoride and cortisol separately and in combinations. Low concentrations of cortisol increased HCO3- -ATPase (10(-11) to 10(-18) M cortisol) and alkaline phosphatase (10(-11) to 10(-9) M cortisol) activities, but higher cortisol concentrations reduced these activities. Na+,K+-ATPase, Ca2+,Mg2+-ATPase, and Ca2+-ATPase activities tended only to be reduced by cortisol...
November 1984: In Vitro
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