Journals Scandinavian Journal of Gastro...

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Eirik Østensen Søfteland, Anne Kristin Aasebøstøl, Gjermund Johnsen, Erling Audun Bringeland
BACKGROUND: Zenker's diverticulum is a false diverticulum arising in the oesophago-pharyngeal junction. It may cause symptoms like dysphagia and regurgitation. In Central Norway, treatment is centralized to St. Olavs hospital, either as an endoscopic stapled oesophago-diverticulostomy procedure at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery or as laser diverticulostomy at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, depending on diverticulum size. METHODS: Retrospective, population-based, study from 2001-2020 on patients treated for Zenker's diverticulum, at the time with a rigid endoscopic approach...
September 20, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Julie Billing, Birgitte Berentsen, Arvid Lundervold, Eline M R Hillestad, Gülen A Lied, Trygve Hausken, Astri J Lundervold
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cognitive function in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and its relation to anxiety/depression and severity of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. METHODS: Patients with IBS ( n  = 65) and healthy controls (HCs, n  = 37) performed the ten subtests of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Age-normed index scores of five cognitive domains (Immediate memory, Visuospatial function, Language function, Attention, Recall) and a total (Fullscale) score were derived from the performance...
September 20, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Hae Won Yoo, Jae Woo Park, Min Jung Jung, Jeong-Ju Yoo, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim
BACKGROUND & AIM: The current pathologic system classifies structural deformation caused by hepatic fibrosis semi-quantitatively, which may lead to a disagreement among pathologists. We measured hepatic fibrosis quantitatively using collagen proportionate area (CPA) in compensated cirrhotic patients and assessed its impact on predicting the development of liver decompensation. METHOD: From January 2010 to June 2018, we assessed 101 patients who went through liver biopsy and received diagnosis as compensated cirrhosis with digital image analysis of CPA...
September 19, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Bo Luo, Zhiyuan Li, Ke Zhang, Sikai Wu, Weiwei Chen, Ning Fu, Zhiming Yang, Jingcheng Hao
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) plays a significant role in diagnosing common bile duct stones (CBDS). Currently, there are no studies to detect CBDS by using the deep learning (DL) model in MRCP. This study aimed to use the DL model You Only Look Once version 5 (YOLOv5) to diagnose CBDS in MRCP images and verify its validity compared to the accuracy of radiologists. METHODS: By collecting the thick-slab MRCP images of patients diagnosed with CBDS, 4 submodels of YOLOv5 were used to train and validate the performance...
September 15, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Kai Yang, Pan Ying, Beibei Sun
AIMS: Interleukin-34 (IL-34) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) have similar functions, such as promoting the formation of liver fibrosis. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the diagnostic value of serum IL-34 and CSF-1 for significant liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: A total of 369 CHB patients, consisting of 208 HBeAg-negative patients and 161 HBeAg-positive patients, were enrolled in this study. Additionally, 72 healthy individuals served as healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Zhaohui Liu, Runhua Lin, Ruinuan Wu, Rui Li
BACKGROUND: For small gastric subepithelial tumours originating from the muscularis propria, there is no uniform standard for selecting the best endoscopic resection method. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic snare resection with a transparent cap (ESR-C) and endoscopic snare resection with an elastic band (ESR-EB) for small gastric subepithelial tumours originating from the muscularis propria to determine which method is more suitable for these tumours...
September 12, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
K Basiliya, M Galanopoulos, A Papaefthymiou, G Webster, N Carroll, N S Fearnhead, G Corbett
OBJECTIVES: Stenting of malignant colon obstruction is used as a bridge to surgery or as an alternative to surgical colostomy in a palliative setting. Current guidelines recommend stent placement as the first line of treatment in colonic obstruction in both curative and palliative settings. However, it is unclear whether the location of the malignant obstruction influences the outcome of the stenting procedure. The goal of this study was to compare the outcomes of colonic stents between proximal and distal colonic strictures with regard to technical and clinical success and the risk of adverse events...
September 11, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Reidar Fossmark, Sandre Svatun Lirhus, Marte Lie Høivik
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) affect the gastrointestinal microbiota, which is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Previous studies suggest an association between PPI use and risk of incident UC as well as disease course. The aim of the study was to examine if PPI exposure is associated with disease course in UC patients. METHODS: A national cohort consisting of all newly diagnosed UC patients from 2010 to 2020 was defined combining data from Norwegian registries...
September 8, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Ji Hoon Yu, Jeong Woo Lee, Jun-Young Seo, Ju Sang Park, Sang Jong Park, Sang-Jung Kim, Eun Jeong Jang, Sang Woon Park, Jae Woo Yeon
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute peptic ulcer bleeding is the most common cause of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB). Endoscopic hemostasis is the standard treatment. However, various conditions complicate endoscopic hemostasis. Transarterial visceral embolization (TAE) may be helpful as a rescue therapy. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with rebleeding after TAE. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the records of 156 patients treated with TAE between January 2007 and December 2021...
September 6, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Li Wang, Yi-Fan Hu, An-Yin Yang, Zhi-Xiang Du, Hong-Li Liu, Ping Zhu, Li-Qiu Li, Yan-Dan Zhong, Zhi-Yuan Xu, Shuang-Shuang Wang, Yong-Feng Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is no golden standard for the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis which still dependent on liver biopsy currently. So, we developed a noninvasive prediction model to help optimize the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2019, 1739 patients who had undergone liver biopsy were seen in the second hospital of Nanjing, of which 128 were here for consultation. Clinical, laboratory, and histologic data were obtained retrospectively...
August 30, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Yijin Zhang, Gang Wan, Hongjie Li, Lili Gao, Nan Liu, Ping Gao, Yaping Liu, Xuesong Gao, Xuefei Duan
Background : The present study aimed to develop and validate a new nomogram for predicting the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral therapy from real-world data. Methods: The nomogram was established based on a real-world retrospective study of 764 patients with HBV from October 2008 to July 2020. A predictive model for the incidence of HCC was developed by multivariable Cox regression, and a nomogram was constructed. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram were assessed by the concordance index (C-index), calibration curves, and decision curve analysis (DCA)...
August 30, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Rasmus Rankala, Anssi Mustonen, Markku Voutilainen, Kalle Mattila
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), mainly Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic diseases causing a lifelong burden and often need sustained treatment throughout a patient's life. Both the incidence and prevalence of IBD has increased in the last decade. Evidence showing the drug costs to IBD patients in Finland is limited. No earlier study has evaluated the drug costs of IBD patients in Finland. Here, we thoroughly assessed these costs. METHODS: A structured questionnaire, hospital records and national registers were combined to comprehensively assess the actual costs of drug purchases made by IBD patients...
August 29, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Xin Zhang, Pengbo Wang, Yi Yang, Xin Gao, Yu Tang, Ying Luo, Xiangbing Deng, Yongyang Yu, Lanlan Zhang, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Depression increases the risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and worsens its prognosis. Monocytes/macrophages, immune modulate cells, play vital roles in both depression and CD. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether monocyte/macrophage could mediate the impact of depression on CD through induction of CD4 + T lymphocyte differentiation and epithelial barrier dysfunction, in addition to the alteration of their own phagocytic ability and cytokines production...
August 27, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Zhipeng He, Feng Lin, Tingting Cheng, Junpeng Gao, Haoran Wang, Zhigong Zhang, Xiaorong Deng
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop and externally validate a nomogram to accurately predict the overall survival (OS) of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent radical gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3492 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent radical gastrectomy from 2012 to 2017 were included as the training cohort. Survival analysis was performed via Kaplan Meier method and log-rank test. Independent postoperative prognostic factors in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma were analyzed using univariate and multifactorial COX analysis methods...
August 26, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Yusheng Chen, Zhenya Sun, Zhun Li, Ming Duan, Yan Zhou, Yi Li, Weiming Zhu, Zhen Guo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) and surgery in the treatment of duodenal stricture in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to compare the efficacy and safety among patients with CD-associated duodenal stricture treated with EBD or surgery from October 2013 to December 2021. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate factors associated with recurrence-free or surgery-free survival...
August 25, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Serena Nauser, Emily Steinkohl, Søren Schou Olesen, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Jens Brøndum Frøkjær
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the co-existence of hepatic and pancreatic fibrosis using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in chronic pancreatitis (CP), including the association between hepatic and pancreatic MRE-derived stiffness and exploration of potential etiological risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four CP patients and 35 healthy controls underwent hepatic and pancreatic MRE with measurements of tissue stiffness. Clinical parameters including stage (probable or definite CP), etiology of CP, the presence of diabetes or exocrine insufficiency, and previous history of common bile duct stenosis were assessed...
August 24, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Jenny Sjödahl, Anna Ingemansson, Tetyana Bureychak, Anna-Karin Norlin, Michael P Jones, Åshild Faresjö, Susanna Walter
Background: The objectives of the present study were to (a) measure the prevalence of defecation symptoms in IBS, (b) investigate the relationship between stool consistency and defecation symptoms in IBS, and (c) investigate the association of defecation symptoms with health-related quality of life (HRQL) and self-reported stress in patients with IBS cared for in a primary health care setting. Methods: Ten primary health care centres joined the study. 282 patients with IBS as well as 372 non-IBS controls filled in gastrointestinal symptom diaries prospectively for two weeks as well as the Perceived Stress Scale-14 (PSS14) and the EuroQol barometer to measure perceived stress and HRQL, respectively...
August 23, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Moying Li, Timo Itzel, Nathally Espinosa Montagut, Thomas Falconer, Jimmy Daza, Jimyung Park, Jae Youn Cheong, Rae Woong Park, Isabella Wiest, Matthias Philip Ebert, George Hripcsak, Andreas Teufel
OBJECTIVES OF THE ARTICLE: Liver cirrhosis is the end-stage liver disease associated with poor prognosis and cardiovascular comorbidity could significantly impact mortality of cirrhotic patients. We conducted a large, retrospective study to investigate the survival impact of cardiovascular co-medications in patients with liver cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study-specific R package was processed on the local databases of partner institutions within the Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics consortium, namely Columbia University, New York City (NYC), USA and Ajou University School of Medicine (AUSOM), South Korea...
August 22, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Xiao Han, Jianbo Ni, Bin Li, Jingpiao Bao, Rong Wan, Guoyong Hu, Congying Chen
OBJECTIVES: Retinol binding protein (RBP) is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis and hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate serum RBP levels in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: The study included 1,871 AP patients, including 1,411 with mild AP (MAP), 244 with moderately severe AP (MSAP), and 186 with severe AP (SAP). Retrospective analysis was conducted on RBP concentrations and other clinical data of AP patients...
August 22, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Johanna Kristina Larsson, Spencer Clarkson, Klas Sjoberg
BACKGROUND: In microscopic colitis (MC), the incidence has increased over the last decades. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of lymphocytic (LC) and collagenous colitis (CC) in the county Skåne (Scania), southern Sweden, during the period 2010-20 with focus both on the temporal and spatial variations. METHODS: The MC diagnosis was retrieved from the biopsy registries at the Departments of Pathology. Established diagnostic criteria (increased lymphocyte count, inflammation in lamina propria and in CC a collagen band) were used for diagnosis...
August 20, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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