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Journal of Cellular Physiology

Elham Shakiba, Monireh Movahedi, Ahmad Majd, Mehdi Hedayati
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common endocrine malignancies. Mutations in the rearranged during transfection (RET) gene, especially in exon 10, 11, and 16, as well as epigenetic modifications, constitute the major underlying molecular events leading to medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). There are few studies on the mutations and epigenetic changes of RET gene in Iranian patients with MTC. In the present study, we aimed to address this question and explore the clinical relevance of such genetic alternations in an Iranian population...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Zheng Qi, Shushan Li, Yu Su, Ji Zhang, Yu Kang, Yunli Huang, Feng Jin, Qinghe Xing
This study aims to investigate the role of microRNA-145 (miR-145) in protection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice by regulating expression of granzyme K (GZMK) with the treatment of sevoflurane. The mice model of myocardial I/R injury was established by left coronary artery ligation. The expression of miR-145 and GZMK in myocardial tissues of mice was detected by Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The changes of the cardiac function and hemodynamics, pathological changes of myocardial tissues, the ultrastructure of cardiomyocytes, myocardial infarction area, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were observed...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Wen-Yang Li, Aidi Wang, Hongyu Jin, Ying Zou, Zanfeng Wang, Wei Wang, Jian Kang
Hypoglossal motoneurons innervate genioglossus muscle, the contraction of which is critical in the maintenance of upper airway patency in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. As a potassium channel distributed in hypoglossal motoneurons, TWIK-related acid-sensitive K+ channel-1 (TASK-1) could be inhibited by 5-HT. This study aimed to investigate if TASK-1 expression in hypoglossal nucleus could be influenced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) and 5-HT2A receptors antagonist. Two hundred twenty-eight rats were exposed to CIH or normoxia (NO) in the presence and absence of 5-HT 2A receptor antagonist (MDL-100907) microinjected into the hypoglossal nucleus...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Saeid Shahrabi, Zeinab D Zayeri, Narges Ansari, Elham H Hadad, Elham Rajaei
Natural killer (NK) cells play an essential role in the immune response to infections, inflammations, and malignancies. Recent studies suggest that NK cell surface receptors and cytokines are the key points of the disease development and protection. We hypothesized that the interactions between NK cell receptors and targeted cells construct an eventual niche, and this niche has an eventual profile in various autoimmune diseases and cancers. The NK cells preactivated with cytokines, such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-12, IL-15, and IL-18 can have higher cytotoxicity; however, the toxic side effect of IL-2 should be considered...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Zheng-Yang Wang, Zhu Zhu, Hua-Fei Wang, Bo Qin, Jing Liu, Xiao-Han Yao, Wen-Cai Li, Kui-Sheng Chen
Circular RNAs have been found to be aberrantly expressed in tumors and their significance in tumorigenesis has been focused on. The role of circDYNC1H1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pathogenesis and its relationship with miR-140-5p were explored. The expression of circDYNC1H1, miR-140-5p, and SULT2B1 in HCC tissues and cells was measured, and Pearson's analysis was used to analyze their expression correlation. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and Transwell assays were performed to determine cell proliferation and migration...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Hong-Chen Yan, Lin Li, Jing-Cai Liu, Yu-Feng Wang, Xue-Lian Liu, Wei Ge, Paul W Dyce, Lan Li, Xiao-Feng Sun, Wei Shen, Shun-Feng Cheng
Previous studies have shown that primordial germ cell-like cells (PGCLCs) can be obtained from human, porcine and mouse skin-derived stem cells (SDSCs). In this paper, we found retinoic acid (RA), the active derivative of vitamin A, accelerated the growth of porcine primordial germ cells (pPGCs) and porcine PGCLCs (pPGCLCs) which were derived from porcine SDSCs (pSDSCs). Moreover, flow cytometry results revealed that the proliferation promoting effect of RA was attenuated by U0126, a specific inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, Amir Mohammadzadeh, Ali Adib, Saber Ghazizadeh Darband, Shirin Sadighparvar, Ainaz Mihanfar, Maryam Majidinia, Bahman Yousefi
Much research has been conducted to discover novel techniques to reverse the process of tumorigenesis and, cure already stablished malignancies. One well-stablished approach has been the use of organic compounds and naturally found agents such as melatonin whose anticancer effects have been shown in multiple studies, signaling a unique opportunity regarding cancer prevention and treatment. Various agents use a variety of methods to exert their anticancer effects. Two of the most important of these methods are interfering with cell signaling pathways and changing cellular functions, such as autophagy, which is essential in maintaining cellular stability against multiple exogenous and endogenous sources of stress, and is a major tool to evade early cell death...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Xiaojie Wang, Waleed M Ghareeb, Yiyi Zhang, Qian Yu, Xingrong Lu, Ying Huang, Shenghui Huang, Yanwu Sun, Pan Chi
The resistance against oxaliplatin (L-OHP) based regimens remains a major obstacle for its efficient usage in treating metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In this study, we performed weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) to systematically screen the relevant hub genes for L-OHP resistance using the raw microarray data of 30 consecutive mCRC samples from our earlier study (GSE69657). The results were further confirmed through datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). From L-OHP resistance module, nine genes in both the coexpression and protein-protein interaction networks were chosen as hub genes...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Haochuan Liu, Bing Chen, Yi Li
Despite the improvements in fracture healing, about 10% of patients undergo abnormal healing. As a tumor suppressor, upregulation of microRNA (miR)-203 has been observed in osteogenic differentiation. Herein, we aimed to explore the functional role of miR-203 in osteoblasts as well as the underlying mechanisms. The expression of miR-203 in MC3T3-E1 cells that underwent osteogenic differentiation was determined by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of aberrantly expressed miR-203 on cell viability, migration, and expressions of proteins associated with proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation were measured by using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell cell migration assay, and western blot/qRT-PCR, respectively...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Reza Sahebi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Effat Farrokhi, Majid Rezayi, Sara Samadi, Shabbou Bahramian, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality globally. There are few useful markers available for CVD risk stratification that has proven clinical utility. Scavenger receptor B type I (SR-BI) is a cell surface protein that plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis through its interaction with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) esters (CE). HDL delivers CE to the liver through selective uptake by the SR-BI. SR-BI also regulates the inflammatory response. It has been shown that SR-BI overexpression has beneficial, protective effects in atherogenesis, and there is considerable interest in developing antiatherogenic strategies that involve SR-BI-mediated increases in reverse cholesterol transport through HDL and/or low-density lipoprotein...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Kai Feng, Zhaoxun Chen, Liu Pengcheng, Shuhong Zhang, Xiaoqing Wang
Apoptosis of chondrocytes are the main initiator of osteoarthritis (OA) and can be explained by oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, thus the pharmacological interventions aimed at inhibiting of these pathways may be a promising approach for the management of OA. Quercetin is a member of the flavonoid family and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in degenerative diseases. However, its effects and potential mechanisms on the pathological process of OA are not very clear. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of quercetin on OA and the underlying mechanisms...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Shijie Liao, Fangmin Song, Wenyu Feng, Xiaofei Ding, Jun Yao, Huijie Song, Yun Liu, Shiting Ma, Ziyi Wang, Xixi Lin, Jiake Xu, Jinmin Zhao, Qian Liu
Prosthesis loosening is a highly troublesome clinical problem following total joint arthroplasty. Wear-particle-induced osteoclastogenesis has been shown to be the primary cause of periprosthetic osteolysis that eventually leads to aseptic prosthesis loosening. Therefore, inhibiting osteoclastogenesis is a promising strategy to control periprosthetic osteolysis. The possible mechanism of action of rhoifolin on osteoclastogenesis and titanium particle-induced calvarial osteolysis was examined in this study. The in vitro study showed that rhoifolin could strongly suppress the receptor activators of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand-stimulated osteoclastogenesis, hydroxyapatite resorption, F-actin formation, and the gene expression of osteoclast-related genes...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Mehri Abedi, Reza Ahangari Cohan, Fereidoun Mahboudi, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi, Ramin Fazel, Narges Damavandi, Mehdi Shafiee Ardestani, Fatemeh Davami
Antibody-drug conjugates are now of considerable interest and are recommended for the treatment of cancers. Linkers are having a crucial role in potency and efficacy of these drugs. Herein, for the first time, we have used a water-soluble poly-ethylene glycol based linker (succinimidyl-[(N-maleimido propionamido)-diethyleneglycol] [SM(PEG)2]) for lysine amide coupling of DM1 drug to trastuzumab considering evaluation of the effect of using a hydrophilic linker on physicochemical and biological properties of the resulting conjugate in comparison to the conjugate containing succinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl) cyclohexane-1-carboxylate (SMCC) linker, which has a relative hydrophobic nature...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jeong-Hyeon Ko, Jae-Young Um, Seok-Geun Lee, Woong Mo Yang, Gautam Sethi, Kwang Seok Ahn
Epidemiological evidence suggests that obesity can significantly increase the risk of various cancers, although the mechanisms underlying this link are completely unknown. Here, we analyzed the effect of adipocytes on melanoma and colon cancer cells proliferation, migration, and invasion. The potential effects of conditioned media (CM) obtained from differentiated mouse 3T3-L1 cells and human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSC) on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of B16BL6 melanoma and colon 26-L5 cancer cells were investigated...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Anna Salazar-Degracia, Paula Granado-Martínez, Aïna Millán-Sánchez, Jun Tang, Alba Pons-Carreto, Esther Barreiro
Identification of to what extent tumor burden influences muscle mass independently of specific treatments for cancer-cachexia remains to be elucidated. We hypothesized that reduced tumor burden by selective treatment of tumor with immunomodulators may exert beneficial effects on muscle wasting and function in mice. Body and muscle weight, grip strength, physical activity, muscle morphometry, apoptotic nuclei, troponin-I systemic levels, interleukin-6, proteolytic markers, and tyrosine release, and apoptosis markers were determined in diaphragm and gastrocnemius muscles of lung cancer (LP07 adenocarcinoma cells) mice (BALB/c) treated with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), against immune check-points and pathways (CD-137, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein-4, programed cell death-1, and CD-19; N = 10/group)...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Ali Mirzaei, Abbas Shapouri Moghadam, Mohamad Foad Abazari, Fatemeh Nejati, Sepehr Torabinejad, Mohamad Kaabi, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi, Maryam Darvish, Fatemeh Soleimanifar, Ehsan Saburi
In recent decades, tissue engineering has been the most contributor for introducing 2D and 3D biocompatible osteoinductive scaffolds as bone implants. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), due to the unique mechanical strength and piezoelectric properties, can be a good choice for making a bone bioimplant. In the present study, PVDF nanofibers and film were fabricated as 3D and 2D scaffolds, and then, osteogenic differentiation potential of the human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was investigated when grown on the scaffolds by evaluating the common osteogenic markers in comparison with tissue culture plate...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Ying Zhou, Qihua Xu, Jingjuan Shang, Lihua Lu, Guoyan Chen
The biological activities of crocin, one of the main bioactive compounds of saffron, include anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antidepressant, and anticancer effects. Crocin has been shown to trigger the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells, but its effect on the metastasis of gastric cancer cells remains unclear. Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) are important transcription factors in the development of gastric cancer. KLF5 and HIF-1α expression were analyzed in gastric cancer tissues and cells...
March 9, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Shimeng Li, Baoxiang Pan, Lihong Li, Bo Shi, Feng Xie, Chengyan He
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is aberrantly expressed in solid tumors. Considering conflicting data, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate its prognostic role. Electronic databases were searched to collect studies about associations between XIAP expressions and survival outcomes. Hazard ratio (HR), odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were utilized as effect size estimates. A total of 3,794 patients from 21 published studies were included. The results revealed that high XIAP expressions correlated with age (OR = 2...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Chang-Peng Xu, Hong-Tao Sun, Ya-Jun Yang, Zhuang Cui, Jian Wang, Bin Yu, Fa-Zheng Wang, Qing-Po Yang, Yong Qi
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pluripotent signaling molecule. The biological effect of TNF-α includes slowing down osteogenic differentiation, which can lead to bone dysplasia in long-term inflammatory microenvironments. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-interacting protein 1 (StIP1, also known as elongator complex protein 2, ELP2) play a role in inhibiting TNF-α-induced osteoblast differentiation. In the present study, we investigated whether and how ELP2 activation mediates the effects of TNF-α on osteoblastic differentiation...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Seyed Elyas Meshkani, Narges Kooshan, Arezoo Baradaran Moghadam, Farahnaz Falanji, Abolfazl Adli, Fahimeh Baghbani-Arani, Alireza Ghasemi Arian, Abolfazl Rad
Pterygium as a complex disease shares common features with other malignant cells in its onset recurrence and especially epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) transition. Although using different approaches including conjunctival autografts, amniotic membrane, radiotherapy, mitomycin C (MMC) has shown promising insights in the inhibition of pterygium recurrence, it needs to be investigated in more details in molecular pathways to present adjuvant target therapy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of and then illustrate the role of signaling pathways on EMT in pterygium...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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