Xinyue Tang, Haoran Dai, Yuehong Hu, Wenbin Liu, Qihan Zhao, Hanxue Jiang, Zhendong Feng, Naiqian Zhang, Hongliang Rui, Baoli Liu
Membranous nephropathy (MN) occurs predominantly in middle-aged and elderly individuals and ranks among the most prevalent etiologies of elderly nephrotic syndrome. As an autoimmune glomerular disorder characterized by glomerular basement membrane thickening and immune complex deposition, conventional MN animal models, including the Heymann nephritis rat model and the c-BSA mouse model, have laid a foundation for MN pathogenesis research. However, differences in target antigens between rodents and humans have impeded this work...
November 30, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Hui Kong, Juan-Juan Han, Leonid Kapilevich, Xin-An Zhang
The immune system is an important defense against diseases, and it is essential to maintain the homeostasis of the body's internal environment. Under normal physiological conditions, the steady state of the immune system should be sustained to play normal immune response and immune function. Exploring the molecular mechanism of maintaining immune homeostasis under physiological and pathological conditions will provides understanding of the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, infections, metabolic disorders, and tumors, as well as new ideas and molecular targets for the prevention and treatment of these diseases...
November 30, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Tobias Gaemelke, Marie-Louise K Jørgensen, Morten Riemenschneider, Ulrik Dalgas, Lars G Hvid
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of older (>60 years) people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) is increasing. This introduces numerous challenges, as both MS and ageing independently contribute to the deterioration of neuromuscular function. AIM: The aim was to compare the neuromuscular function in pwMS and healthy controls (HC) across three age groups: young, middle-aged, and old. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, the maximal muscle strength (Fmax) and rate of force development (RFD) of the knee extensors (KE) and plantar flexors (PF) were assessed using an isokinetic dynamometer...
November 27, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
E Johnson, T J Ellmers, T Muehlbauer, S R Lord, M W Hill
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of arm movements on postural control when standing under different sensory conditions in healthy young and older adults. Fifteen young (mean ± SD age; 21.3 ± 4.2 years) and 15 older (mean ± SD age; 73.3 ± 5.0 years) adults completed the modified Romberg test, which uses four task manipulations (i.e. eyes open and eyes closed on a firm and foam surface) to compromise the fidelity of sensory feedback mechanisms...
November 26, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Dung Kim Nguyen, Arnaud Vanden-Bossche, Norbert Laroche, Mireille Thomas, Marie-Thérèse Linossier, Sylvie Peyroche, Delphine Farlay, Hélène Follet, Patrice Laquerrière, Marie-Hélène Lafage-Proust, Thierry Thomas, Laurence Vico, Hubert Marotte, Marthe Rousseau
Aging is associated with detrimental bone loss leading to fragility fractures in both men and women. Notably, a majority of bone loss with aging is cortical, as well as a large number of fractures are non-vertebral and at the non-hip sites. Nacre is a product of mollusks composed of calcium carbonate embedded in organic components. As our previous study demonstrated the protective effect of nacre supplementation on trabecular bone loss in ovariectomized rats, we sought to evaluate the effect of dietary nacre on bone loss related to aging in female mice which do not suffer true menopause as observed in women...
November 23, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Rola S Zeidan, Taylor McElroy, Laxmi Rathor, Matthew S Martenson, Yi Lin, Robert T Mankowski
By definition, aging is a natural, gradual and continuous process. On the other hand, frailty reflects the increase in vulnerability to stressors and shortens the time without disease (health span) while longevity refers to the length of life (lifespan). The average life expectancy has significantly increased during the last few decades. A longer lifespan has been accompanied by an increase in frailty and decreased independence in older adults, with major differences existing between men and women. For example, women tend to live longer than men but also experience higher rates of frailty and disability...
November 20, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Qin Xiao, Chen-Chen Sun, Chang-Fa Tang
Skeletal muscle atrophy is a common muscle disease that is directly caused by an imbalance in protein synthesis and degradation. At the histological level, it is mainly characterized by a reduction in muscle mass and fiber cross-sectional area (CSA). Patients with skeletal muscle atrophy present with reduced motor ability, easy fatigue, and poor life quality. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an inducible enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of heme and has attracted much attention for its anti-oxidation effects...
November 18, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Milena Georgieva, Charilaos Xenodochidis, Natalia Krasteva
Recent scientific interest has been directed towards age-related diseases, driven by the significant increase in global life expectancy and the growing population of individuals aged 65 and above. The ageing process encompasses various biological, physiological, environmental, psychological, behavioural, and social changes, leading to an augmented susceptibility to chronic illnesses. Cardiovascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, liver and oncological diseases are prevalent in the elderly. Moreover, ageing individuals demonstrate reduced regenerative capacity and decreased tolerance towards therapeutic interventions, including organ transplantation...
November 15, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Zheng Kuai, Xin Chao, Yuting He, Weiying Ren
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies found that autophagy levels in liver and intestinal segments of naturally aging rats were downregulated, and the expression of pro-inflammatory factors was increased. The increased expression of pro-inflammatory factors might be related to the downregulation of autophagy. AMPK is the most critical upstream targeting and regulating molecule of autophagy, and Metformin, as an agonist of AMPK, has the effects of anti-inflammation and anti-aging. We pretreated 29-month-old naturally aging rats with Metformin for a short period and observed the changes in autophagy levels and pro-inflammatory factors in the liver, ileum, and colon after 31 days of intervention and preliminarily investigated the mechanism of its action...
November 13, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Hao Qin, Longlong Hu, Wenjun Wang, Zuozhong Yu, Yang Chen, Yuanbin Zhao, Yanhui Liao, Weilin Zhang, Renqiang Yang
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is an independent risk factor of atherosclerosis (AS). Some reports have shown that homocysteine (Hcy) could accelerate the development of AS by promoting endothelial cell senescence. miRNAs were widely involved in the pathophysiology of HHcy. However, few studies have focused on the changes of miRNA-mRNA networks in the artery of HHcy patients. For this reason, RNA-sequencing was adopted to investigate the expression of miRNA and mRNA in HHcy model mouse arteries. We found that the expression of 216 mRNAs and 48 miRNAs were significantly changed...
November 13, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Michał Tyliszczak, Benita Wiatrak, Maciej Danielewski, Adam Szeląg, Alicja Z Kucharska, Tomasz Sozański
Fermented food is commonly viewed as healthy, mostly due to its probiotic and digestion-enhancing properties and recently it has been examined with regard to the development of new therapeutic and preventive measures for Alzheimer's disease. Fermented food has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and to alter the gut microbiota. However, the exact pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease is still unknown and its connections to systemic inflammation and gut dysbiosis, as potential targets of fermented food, require further investigation...
November 13, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Azianah Ibrahim, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Suzana Shahar, Noor Hazfalinda Hamzah, Chin Ai-Vyrn, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorespiratory fitness has an inverse relationship with cognitive impairment and frailty in older adults. Direct assessment of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is the gold standard to assess cardiorespiratory fitness. However, it is costly and requires a laboratory setting. Therefore, VO2 max estimation among older adults with cognitive frailty (CF) will allow the assessment of aerobic capacity, which is commonly overlooked due to the complexity of the test. AIM: This study aims to determine the use of one of three physical performance tests (2-minute step, 2-minute walk, and 1-minute sit to stand) to effectively estimate cardiorespiratory fitness among older adults with CF...
November 13, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
B Jobin, B Boller, J Frasnelli
One of the major challenges in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is to increase the specificity of the early diagnosis. While episodic memory impairment is a sensitive AD marker, other measures are needed to improve diagnostic specificity. A promising biomarker might be a cerebral atrophy of the central olfactory processing areas in the early stages of the disease since an impairment of olfactory identification is present at the clinical stage of AD. Our goal was therefore, (1) to evaluate the grey matter volume (GMV) of central olfactory processing regions in prodromal AD and (2) to assess its association with episodic memory...
November 10, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Gustavo Barja, Reinald Pamplona
What are the structural components and physiological mechanisms determining the aging process? Can the different mechanisms described in aging biology converge into a core of coordinated aging effectors? Why some human beings, for instance, can reach 115-122 years of age while rats can live at best a maximum of 4 years? Can the aging rate be modified? How much can human lifespan be extended? Is aging a programmed or non-programmed process? This special issue includes invited articles to explore the physiological mechanisms of aging, and both classical and updated hypotheses on the evolutionary meaning of aging...
November 6, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Xin-Chen Huang, Yi-Long Huang, Yi-Tong Guo, Si-Yu Li, Chao Gao, Jia-Xin Chen, Ji-Yao Ma, Bo He
BACKGROUND: Severe sarcopenia may result in severe disability. Early diagnosis is currently the key to enhancing the treatment of sarcopenia, and there is an urgent need for a highly sensitive and dependable tool to evaluate the course of early sarcopenia in clinical practice. This study aims to investigate longitudinally the early diagnosability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based fat infiltration and blood flow perfusion technology in sarcopenia progression. METHODS: 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into six groups that were based on different periods of dexamethasone (DEX) injection (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 days)...
October 31, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Jintao Chen, Qun Xu, Xinyi Wang, Zherong Xu, Xujiao Chen
Sarcopenia involves in the loss of muscle mass associated with aging, which is the major cause of progressive muscle weakness and deterioration in older adults. Muscle atrophy is a direct presentation of sarcopenia, and it greatly contributes to the decline in quality of life among older adults. Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) stability is the key link to maintain muscle function. Besides, the degenerative change of NMJ promotes the process of muscle atrophy in the elderly. Based on previous transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analyses of aged muscle, this study used the 18-month-old aged mouse model and the 6-month-old young mouse model to deliberate the role and underlying mechanisms of Cullin-3 (Cul3) in age-related muscle atrophy...
October 30, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Masaki Yoshioka, Keisei Kosaki, Shunta Noma, Masahiro Matsui, Makoto Kuro-O, Ai Shibata, Chie Saito, Kunihiro Yamagata, Koichiro Oka, Seiji Maeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Sonu Kumar Gupta, Sagar Vyavahare, Ian L Duchesne Blanes, Ford Berger, Carlos Isales, Sadanand Fulzele
The intricate interplay between gut microbiota and the host is pivotal in maintaining homeostasis and health. Dietary tryptophan (TRP) metabolism initiates a cascade of essential endogenous metabolites, including kynurenine, kynurenic acid, serotonin, and melatonin, as well as microbiota-derived Trp metabolites like tryptamine, indole propionic acid (IPA), and other indole derivatives. Notably, tryptamine and IPA, among the indole metabolites, exert crucial roles in modulating immune, metabolic, and neuronal responses at both local and distant sites...
October 26, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Shima Torkzadeh-Mahani, Mehdi Abbasnejad, Maryam Raoof, Ghizlane Aarab, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Frank Lobbezoo
Aging is related to a variety of physiological organ changes, including central and peripheral nervous systems. It has been reported that the orexin signaling has a potential analgesic effect in different models of pain, especially inflammatory pulpal pain. However, the age-induced alteration in dental pain perception and orexin analgesia has not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we tested that how aging may change the effect of orexin-A on nociceptive behaviors in a rat dental pulp pain model. The expression levels of orexin receptors and the nociceptive neuropeptides substance P (SP) and calcitonin-related gene peptide (CGRP) were also assessed in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) of young and aged rats...
October 26, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
Kevin McCarthy, Aisling M O'Halloran, Padraic Fallon, Rose Anne Kenny, Cathal McCrory
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for the development of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality. It has an estimated prevalence of 40 % among older adults. Epigenetic clocks, which measure biological age based on DNA methylation (DNAm) patterns, are a candidate biomarker for ageing. GrimAge is one such clock which is based on levels of DNAm at 100 Cytosine-phosphate-Guanine (CpG) sites. This study hypothesised that those with MetS have 'accelerated ageing' (biological age greater than their chronological age) as indexed by GrimAge...
October 24, 2023: Experimental Gerontology
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