Pablo Pérez López, Valéria Café Marçal, Elizabeth A Leece, Rachel D Hattersley
BACKGROUND: Oedema is described in the soft palate of dogs affected by brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Activated mast cells (MCs) release vasoactive mediators that temporarily increase vascular permeability. METHODS: Data and caudal soft palate tissue were prospectively collected from a population of dogs undergoing surgical management of BOAS and a control group of greyhound cadavers with no previous history of respiratory signs. Histological assessment was performed to quantify the number of MCs within the lamina propria of each group...
March 23, 2023: Veterinary Record
Peers L Davies, Robert M Hyde, Fiona M Lovatt
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the longitudinal dynamics of antimicrobial use (AMU) on sheep farms and explore associations between AMU and management factors, vaccination strategies, reproductive performance and prevalence of lameness. METHODS: Antimicrobial supply data were collected for 272 British sheep farms for 3-6 consecutive years between 2015 and 2021. These data were obtained from the farms' veterinary practices. RESULTS: Annual median AMU ranged from 8...
March 20, 2023: Veterinary Record
Carmen Gallo, Bárbara Tabilo, Grisel Navarro, Clive Phillips
BACKGROUND: The space requirements for accommodating cattle during confinement are based on assessment of both the physical space occupied by the animals and that needed for essential behaviours. The aim of this study was to estimate the area (m2 ) occupied by cattle of different liveweights in the static standing (ST), recumbency (SR) and sleeping (SL) postures. METHODS: The study was conducted in Chile. The area (m2 ) occupied by 26 female beef cross cattle with liveweights between 45 and 642 kg was estimated in the ST, SR and SL postures through planimetry using overhead photographs...
March 15, 2023: Veterinary Record
Jamie-Leigh Thompson, Jill MacKay, Kelly Bowlt Blacklock
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate whether low-fidelity surgical training models increased veterinary students' surgical confidence and competence and decreased procedural stress related to core surgical entrustable professional activities (EPAs). METHODS: Final-year veterinary students repeatedly performed one of three surgical EPAs on a low-fidelity surgical training model (canine castration, subcutaneous lump removal and eyelid laceration repair) and completed a survey at set time points...
March 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Alberto Palella Gómez, Samuela Mazzucchelli, Kinley Smith, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Lacerda
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate long-term treatment outcomes in feline corneal sequestrum (FCS), compare the recurrence rates between different surgical techniques, identify possible recurrence risk factors and monitor the development of FCS in the contralateral eye. METHODS: The medical records of 72 cats (79 eyes) with FCS treated between 2009 and 2017 were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: The most commonly affected breeds were Persian, domestic shorthaired and Burmesecats...
March 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Roberta Franchi, Marco Giraldi, Walter Bertazzolo, Francesca Bartolini, Francesca Maria Di Maria, Saverio Paltrinieri
BACKGROUND: Automated fluorescence-based haematology analysers are now available for reticulocyte enumeration in veterinary medicine, but manual counting is still largely used. This study aimed to evaluate potential sources of analytical and pre-analytical errors when performing automated and manual counts. METHODS: Automated and two-operator double-blind manual reticulocyte counts were performed on 15 blood samples. The intra-assay variation of the automated and manual counts and the interoperator variation in the manual counts were then calculated...
March 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Barr N Hadar, Brenda N Bonnett, Zvonimir Poljak, Theresa M Bernardo
BACKGROUND: Sources of population-based cat health information are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine disease frequency in cats using pet insurance data to inform health promotion efforts. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of cats insured with Agria Pet Insurance in Sweden (2011-2016) was performed. Incidence rates of broad disease categories were calculated based on veterinary care events and an exact denominator consisting of cat-years-at-risk...
March 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Rory Fentem, Aran Nagendran, Katia Marioni-Henry, Megan Madden, Stephanie Phillipps, Camilla Cooper, Rita Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify complications associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection in dogs. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational multicentre study using data collected from 102 dogs undergoing CSF collection for the investigation of neurological disease. CSF was collected from the cerebellomedullary cistern (CMC), lumbar subarachnoid space (LSAS) or both sites. Pre-, intra- and postprocedural data were collected. Descriptive statistics were performed to outline complications associated with CSF collection...
March 12, 2023: Veterinary Record
Marco Gandini, Gessica Giusto
BACKGROUND: Accurate reporting of postoperative complications is paramount to understanding procedural outcomes, comparing procedures and assuring quality improvement. Standardising definitions of complications in equine surgeries will improve the evidence of their outcomes. To this end, we proposed a classification for postoperative complications and applied it to a cohort of 190 horses undergoing emergency laparotomy. METHODS: A classification system for postoperative complications in equine surgery was developed...
March 12, 2023: Veterinary Record
Alison Howell, Cyril Caminade, Franz Brülisauer, Sian Mitchell, Diana Williams
BACKGROUND: The Ollerenshaw forecasting model is based on rainfall and evapotranspiration and has been in use to predict losses from fasciolosis since 1959. We evaluated the performance of the model against observed data. METHODS: Weather data were used to calculate, map and plot fasciolosis risk values for each year from 1950 to 2019. We then compared the model's predictions with recorded acute fasciolosis losses in sheep from 2010 to 2019 and calculated the sensitivity and specificity of the model...
March 5, 2023: Veterinary Record
Janine Astrid Terschuur, Richard P C Coomer, Ian Handel, Maria Chiara Pressanto, Shaun A McKane
BACKGROUND: Skin closure of laparotomy incisions using topical 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (2-OCA) mesh provides a secure bactericidal barrier in humans, which may reduce the risk of postoperative incisional complications. However, the benefits of using this mesh have not been objectively assessed in horses. METHODS: From 2009 to 2020, three methods of skin closure were used following laparotomy for acute colic, including metallic staples (MS), suture (ST) and cyanoacrylate mesh (DP)...
February 21, 2023: Veterinary Record
Polly Rathbone, Juan C Arango-Sabogal, Amanda M De Mestre, Camilla J Scott
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is important in equine reproduction, as antimicrobials have historically been widely used in the management of breeding mares. However, evidence of the characteristics of AMR in uterine isolates is limited in the UK. The objective of this retrospective study was therefore to describe temporal changes in AMR patterns of bacteria isolated from the endometrium of Thoroughbred broodmares in south-east England between 2014 and 2020. METHOD: Endometrial swabs were processed for microbiology and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST)...
February 21, 2023: Veterinary Record
Peers Davies, Scott Jones, Stephen Dunham, Rachael E Tarlinton
BACKGROUND: Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) are lentiviruses of sheep and goats, formerly known as maedi-visna (MV) in sheep and caprine encephalitis and arthritis in goats. In sheep, SRLVs commonly cause progressive pneumonia, wasting and indurative mastitis. SRLVs have a long latent period, and chronic production losses are often not recognised until very late. Few studies quantifying the production losses in ewes have been published, and none have been published under UK flock husbandry conditions...
February 21, 2023: Veterinary Record
Sarah Wood, Ellie Sellers, Rebecca Vallis, Sarah Baillie
BACKGROUND: As farm animal clinical practice continues to evolve, it is timely to gather expert opinion on and form an evidence base for the practical skill requirements for new graduates entering farm animal practice to ensure that undergraduate training maps to the needs of the profession. METHODS: Existing lists of practical skills for cattle and sheep were reviewed. Practitioners were recruited from UK farm and mixed veterinary practices to take part in a Delphi process to gain consensus on the most (and least) important skills for day 1 in practice...
February 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Kira Elisabeth Runge, Maj Bak, Amalie Vestergaard, Jacob Staerk-Østergaard, Stine Jacobsen, Tina Holberg Pihl
BACKGROUND: Predicting non-survival in horses with acute colitis improves early decision making. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prognostic value of serum amyloid A (SAA) and other clinicopathological and clinical variables in adult horses with acute colitis. METHODS: Clinical variables, SAA and other blood biomarkers, including plasma L-lactate (lactate), were assessed in 176 horses with acute colitis. A multivariate model for the prediction of non-survival was constructed...
February 13, 2023: Veterinary Record
Domingo Casamián-Sorrosal, Rafael Barrera-Chacón, Sonja Fonfara, José Ignacio Cristobal-Verdejo, Jesús Talavera-López, Silvia Belinchón-Lorenzo, Guadalupe Miró-Corrales, Alicia Caro-Vadillo, Francisco Javier Duque
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis frequently occurs in canine leishmaniosis (CanL). Heart fatty acid-binding protein (HFABP) is a biomarker of myocardial damage. METHODS: This study aimed to compare HFABP concentration (HFABPc) in healthy dogs and dogs at different stages of CanL and evaluate the correlation of this biomarker with several clinicopathological and echocardiographic variables. Thirty-one dogs diagnosed with CanL and 10 healthy dogs were included. RESULTS: HFABPc was not statistically different (p > 0...
February 8, 2023: Veterinary Record
Rachel Bragg, Alexander Corbishley, Samantha Lycett, Elizabeth Burrough, Geraldine Russell, Alastair Macrae
BACKGROUND: Successfully rearing beef calves to weaning and beyond determines the economic performance of a beef farm. As such, it is important to understand the factors influencing performance outcomes. METHODS: This study recorded the health events, mortality and growth rates of 674 calves born on 50 commercial beef farms in Great Britain using a postsampling questionnaire. All calves had a known postcolostral serum IgG status. RESULTS: Preweaning mortality in the study population was 1...
January 31, 2023: Veterinary Record
Christoph Leineweber, Rachel E Marschang
BACKGROUND: Nidoviruses are increasingly detected in various snake species worldwide, but much remains to be learned about their distribution and the factors influencing their epidemiology. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the results of routine nidovirus testing, by PCR, of 5210 swab samples from pet snakes from various European countries that were submitted to a commercial veterinary laboratory in Germany between 2016 and 2021. RESULTS: The overall detection rate was 19...
January 31, 2023: Veterinary Record
Genever Morgan, Mikhela Saal, Aoife Corr, Claire Jenkins, Marie Anne Chattaway, Gina Pinchbeck, Nicola Williams
BACKGROUND: Dried non-heat-treated meat treats, such as ears, skin and tails, are popular supplementary dog foods. Previous studies have demonstrated Salmonella spp. contamination on treats, particularly in pig ears and chicken products. This small, exploratory, cross-sectional study investigated Salmonella spp. presence in dried treats available in the UK. METHODS: A selection of dried treats from local pet shops and online retailers underwent bacterial culture for Salmonella spp...
January 30, 2023: Veterinary Record
Engin Kılıç, Sadık Yayla, Celal Şahin Ermutlu, Vedat Baran, Burhan Özba, Uğur Aydın, Uğur Yıldız
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to develop a safe fixation technique for the effective treatment of supracondylar and distal diaphyseal femoral fractures in newborn calves. METHODS: This study included a total of 25 newborn calves diagnosed with supracondylar or distal diaphyseal femoral fractures based on anamnesis and clinical and radiographic examination findings. Operations were performed under intrathecal anaesthesia. During the operation, the fracture line was found, and fixation was achieved by placing two Steinmann and Schanz pins...
January 27, 2023: Veterinary Record
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