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New Zealand Veterinary Journal

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30885095/investigating-associations-between-lamb-growth-to-weaning-and-dam-udder-and-teat-scores
#1
K J Griffiths, A L Ridler, Cwr Compton, R A Corner-Thomas, P R Kenyon
AIMS: To investigate associations between lamb growth to weaning and dam udder and teat scores at four management times: pre-mating, pre-lambing, docking and weaning. METHODS: Romney ewes (n = 1,009) were enrolled from a commercial sheep flock located near Masterton, Wairarapa, New Zealand in a prospective observational study. Ewes had a range of udder and teat scores measured at each of pre-mating, pre-lambing, docking and weaning management times. The udder and teats of each ewe were scored using both visual assessment and hands-on palpation techniques, with ewes in both standing and sitting positions...
March 19, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30885064/investigating-associations-between-lamb-survival-to-weaning-and-dam-udder-and-teat-scores
#2
K J Griffiths, A L Ridler, Cwr Compton, R A Corner-Thomas, P R Kenyon
AIMS: Firstly, to examine a range of udder and teat traits in Romney ewes and to describe the frequency with which different scores occur. Secondly, to investigate associations between lamb survival to weaning and ewe udder and teat scores. METHODS: Mixed-age, mature Romney ewes (n = 1,009) were enrolled from a commercial sheep flock located near Masterton, Wairarapa, New Zealand in a prospective observational study, starting in January 2017. Ewes had a range of udder and teat scores measured at key management times: pre-mating, pre-lambing, docking and weaning...
March 19, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30806171/assessing-obesity-in-adult-dogs-and-cats-presenting-for-routine-vaccination-appointments-in-the-north-island-of-new-zealand-using-electronic-medical-records-data
#3
M C Gates, S Zito, L C Harvey, A Dale, J K Walker
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of obesity in adult dogs and cats presented to first-opinion veterinary clinics in the North Island of New Zealand for routine vaccination appointments, using electronic medical records. METHODS: Ten first-opinion veterinary clinics across the North Island of New Zealand provided electronic medical records for all routine vaccination appointments for adult (>1 year old) dogs and cats between 01 January 2011 and 30 June 2016. Animals with a body condition score (BCS) of 6 or 7 on a 9-point scale and 4 on a 5-point scale were classified as overweight; those with a BCS of 8 or 9 on a 9-point scale and 5 on a 5-point scale were classified as obese...
February 26, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786825/quantitative-and-thematic-analysis-of-complaints-by-clients-against-clinical-veterinary-practitioners-in-new-zealand
#4
Sjg Gordon, D H Gardner, J F Weston, C Bolwell, J Benschop, T J Parkinson
AIMS: To provide a descriptive analysis of all notifications and complaints received by the Veterinary Council of New Zealand (VCNZ) during1992-2016 and to use a thematic analysis of complaints made by clients to the VCNZ during 2013-2015 to determine the underlying reasons for their complaints. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was used. Notifications and complaints against veterinarians between 1992-2016 (n = 1218) were summarised based on complaint categories and by gender of the veterinarian respondents, the number of years registered with the VCNZ and the animal species to which the complaint related...
February 20, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753790/concentrations-of-interleukin-6-8-10-and-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-in-the-faeces-of-dogs-with-acute-diarrhoea
#5
N Prakash, P Stumbles, C S Mansfield
AIM: To compare the concentration of faecal cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, -8, -10, and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α in dogs with acute diarrhoea with clinically normal (non-diarrhoeic) dogs. METHODS: A total of 14 dogs presenting with acute diarrhoea, and 25 dogs with no history of gastrointestinal signs in the 2 months prior to enrolment, were recruited from two veterinary hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. IL-6, -8, -10, and TNF-α were measured in faecal samples using canine-specific ELISA...
February 12, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30753789/inter-observer-agreement-between-two-observers-for-bovine-digital-dermatitis-identification-in-new-zealand-using-digital-photographs
#6
D A Yang, R Laven
AIMS: To assess the inter-observer agreement for detecting bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions in digital colour photographs of the hind feet of cows, which had been taken while the animals were standing to be milked, between two trained observers. METHODS: Thirty-six photographs were selected from a total of 184 photographs held by the first author (R1), who had classified them as negative (n = 11) or positive (n = 25) for BDD. They were delivered to a technician (R2) who had previously visually inspected cattle for BDD lesions, and who then recorded the photographs as being either BDD-positive or BDD-negative...
February 12, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30742780/urine-retention-in-cattle-putatively-associated-with-injection-of-an-ivermectin-and-closantel-anthelmintic-formulation-into-the-ischiorectal-fossa
#7
F Castillo-Alcala, S Brown, T Crawshaw, R A Laven, G Riddle, I Lizarraga
CASE HISTORY: A group of 39, 19- to 22-month-old Friesian bulls were administered an ivermectin/closantel anthelmintic via intended S/C injection in the ischiorectal fossa on 15 June 2017 (Day 0). Over the next 50 days, 22 affected bulls presented various degrees of anorexia, abdominal pain and urine dribbling. Seventeen bulls were examined by transrectal ultrasonography which revealed urinary bladder distension in all 17, and peritoneal fluid accumulation in some. Overall, eight bulls died or were subjected to euthanasia...
February 11, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30731043/isolation-and-genotyping-of-campylobacter-species-from-kiwi-apteryx-spp-in-captivity-implications-for-transmission-to-and-from-humans
#8
Slw On, B Brett, S Horan, H Erskine, S Lin, A J Cornelius
AIMS: To investigate the presence of Campylobacter spp. in captive kiwi (Apteryx spp.) and compare their genotypic profiles with those of human and animal origin, in order to assess their potential for zoonotic or zooanthroponotic transmission. METHODS: Conventional selective enrichment and filter-based isolation methods were applied to isolate Campylobacter spp. from fresh faecal samples from 12 North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli) and one great spotted kiwi (A...
February 7, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626280/electrochemotherapy-with-cisplatin-for-the-treatment-of-a-non-operable-cutaneous-fibroma-in-a-cockatiel-nymphicus-hollandicus
#9
J Račnik, T Svara, M Zadravec, M Gombac, N Tozon, M Čemazar, G Sersa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30625279/scrotal-circumference-bodyweight-and-semen-characteristics-in-growing-dairy-breed-natural-service-bulls-in-tasmania-australia
#10
R K Waite, C J Dwyer, D S Beggs, P D Mansell, M A Stevenson, M F Pyman
AIMS: To provide herd managers with a set of decision rules allowing them to predict the likelihood that a juvenile bull is ready for Bull Breeding Soundness Evaluation (BBSE), or breeding, if bodyweight and scrotal circumference are known. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study following two groups of young pasture-fed Holstein and Jersey bulls from northwest Tasmania, Australia. Individual scrotal circumference, bodyweight and semen characteristics were recorded at 6-8 weekly intervals, from 6-18 months of age...
January 9, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30625035/re-re-ophthalmic-complications-following-ocular-penetration-during-routine-dentistry-in-13-cats
#11
H A Volk, K D Bayley, N Fiani, F M Billson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30572789/lead-concentrations-in-the-blood-and-eggs-of-backyard-laying-hens
#12
E Cowie, B D Gartrell
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of lead exposure in hens and eggs from backyard poultry in a sample of Auckland households, the relationship between concentrations of lead in the blood of the hens and in the shells and yolks of eggs from the same household, and to examine associations with measures of hen health, environment and husbandry factors. METHODS: Thirty households participated in the study from August to November 2016, each providing one adult hen for sampling, an egg from the household if available, and completing a questionnaire on hen husbandry...
December 20, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570373/re-ophthalmic-complications-following-ocular-penetration-during-routine-dentistry-in-13-cats
#13
A Forsayeth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30557526/production-responses-and-cost-benefit-of-long-acting-pre-lambing-anthelmintic-treatment-of-yearling-ewes-in-two-commercial-flocks-in-new-zealand
#14
A L Ridler, C M Miller, D M Leathwick, S Ganesh, C B Garland, H M Bruce
AIMS: To investigate the production responses and cost-benefit of administering a controlled-release anthelmintic capsule (CRC) to pregnant yearling ewes prior to lambing. METHODS: Yearling ewes from two commercial sheep flocks (A, n = 489; B, n = 248) in the North Island of New Zealand were enrolled in the study. Prior to lambing, CRC containing albendazole and abamectin were administered to half the ewes while the other half remained untreated. Ewe liveweights and body condition scores were measured prior to lambing, at weaning and, for Flock B, prior to subsequent mating...
December 17, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30557525/considering-the-relationship-between-domestic-violence-and-pet-abuse-and-its-significance-in-the-veterinary-clinical-and-educational-contexts
#15
X Newland, M Boller, E Boller
This thematic review examines the literature regarding the relationship between domestic violence (DV) and pet abuse (PA) particularly in the veterinary clinical and educational contexts. It examines the significance of this relationship for the veterinary profession including the veterinarian's role and associated legal and ethical obligations, and relevant current veterinary education standards, to identify future clinical and educational directions. Articles were sourced from online databases by searching the keywords without date restrictions...
December 17, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30557522/investigation-of-the-association-between-the-interval-from-internal-teat-sealant-administration-to-calving-and-early-lactation-clinical-mastitis-in-new-zealand-dairy-heifers
#16
G P Chambers, H T Newton
AIM: To examine the association between the interval from internal teat sealant (ITS) administration to calving and the incidence of farmer-recorded clinical mastitis in the first 30 days of lactation in pasture-based dairy heifers. METHODS: Heifers that were administered an ITS by a single veterinary business in the South Island of New Zealand over the winter of 2014 were enrolled in a cross-sectional observational study. ITS was administered to all heifers on each participating farm on a single calendar day...
December 17, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30522418/effect-of-diets-containing-sulfate-or-chloride-based-anionic-salts-fed-to-grazing-prepartum-dairy-cows-on-concentrations-of-ca-in-plasma-disease-incidence-and-milk-yield
#17
P Melendez, V Zaror, P Gaul, S E Poock, J P Goff
AIMS: To compare the effect of two partial mixed ration diets containing either sulfate or chloride-based anionic salts, fed to grazing prepartum dairy cows, on concentrations of Ca, Mg, P and beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in plasma, disease incidence and milk yield during the early postpartum period. METHODS: The study was conducted on a seasonal-calving grazing dairy farm located in Benton (MO, USA). In August 2016, two groups of 200 cows were randomly assigned at 30 days before expected parturition to receive either a sulfate or chloride-based anionic diet, to achieve a dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) of -25 mEq/kg DM...
December 6, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30517829/does-blood-contamination-of-urine-compromise-interpretation-of-the-urine-protein-to-creatinine-ratio-in-dogs
#18
Ekp Jillings, R A Squires, S Azarpeykan, N Lopez-Villalobos
AIMS: To determine the effect of contamination of urine with 0-5% blood, varying in haematocrit and protein concentrations, on the urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) in dogs, and to determine whether the colour of urine can be used to aid interpretation of UPC results. METHODS: Urine samples were collected by free catch from 18 dogs, all of which had UPC <0.2. Venous blood samples were also collected from each dog, and the blood from each dog was added to its own urine to produce serial concentrations of 0...
December 5, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30476438/associations-between-theileria-orientalis-ikeda-type-infection-and-the-growth-rates-and-haematocrit-of-suckled-beef-calves-in-the-north-island-of-new-zealand
#19
K E Lawrence, B L Lawrence, R E Hickson, C A Hewitt, K Gedye, L M Fermin, W E Pomroy
AIM: The principle aim of this study was to examine the association between infection with Theileria orientalis Ikeda type and growth rates of suckled beef calves on four beef farms. In addition, associations between calf sex, sampling time, and individual farm and T. orientalis Ikeda type infection intensity and haematocrit (HCT) were investigated. METHODS: The study was a prospective longitudinal study in which 240 calves from four purposively selected beef farms in the North Island of New Zealand were blood sampled and weighed in late spring, mid-summer and early autumn...
November 26, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30145942/effects-of-sporidesmin-on-cultured-biliary-tract-cells-from-romney-lambs-that-differed-in-their-sensitivity-to-sporidesmin
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
G C Lindsay, C A Morris, M Boucher, K Capundan, T W Jordan
AIMS To investigate the effects of sporidesmin on cells cultured from the epithelial surface of sheep gallbladder walls, and to examine cellular responses to sporidesmin using cultures prepared from the gallbladders of sheep from selection lines that differed in sensitivity to sporidesmin-induced liver damage. METHODS Gallbladders were obtained following slaughter of lambs that were selected for resistance or susceptibility to sporidesmin-induced liver damage, or were not selected (controls). Monolayer cell cultures were established after incubation of excised gallbladders with protease to detach the lining epithelial cells from the muscular and connective tissue of the gallbladder wall...
November 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
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