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Journals Journal of Personality and Soc...

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37796591/-thanks-but-no-thanks-gratitude-expression-paradoxically-signals-distance
#61
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiaqi Yu, Shereen J Chaudhry
Many studies have found that feelings and expressions of gratitude bring profound benefits to people and relationships. We complicate this view of gratitude. We examine two variables known to impact people's expectations for relationships: culture (collectivist vs. individualist) and relational distance (close vs. distant), and we find evidence that expressing gratitude conveys that relationship expectations have been exceeded, such that people view it as less desirable to give and receive gratitude for actions that are expected duties of a relationship...
October 5, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37796589/gender-differences-and-variability-in-creative-ability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-greater-male-variability-hypothesis-in-creativity
#62
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christa L Taylor, Sameh Said-Metwaly, Anaëlle Camarda, Baptiste Barbot
Society is largely shaped by creativity, making it critical to understand why, despite minimal mean gender differences in creative ability, substantial differences exist in the creative achievement of men and women. Although the greater male variability hypothesis (GMVH) in creativity has been proposed to explain women's underrepresentation as eminent creators, studies examining the GMVH are sparse and limited. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to examine whether the GMVH in creativity can adequately explain the gender gap in creative achievement...
October 5, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37721540/correction-to-wurm-and-sch%C3%A3-fer-2022
#63
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Gain- but not loss-related self-perceptions of aging predict mortality over a period of 23 years: A multidimensional approach" by Susanne Wurm and Sarah K. Schäfer ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 2022[Sep], Vol 123[3], 636-653). The last sentence of the second paragraph of the Prediction of Mortality Based on Single Gain- or Loss-Related SPA Dimensions section now appears as Figure 3 shows a Kaplan-Meier curve as schematic illustration of the relationship between gain-related SPA (ongoing development) and mortality over 23 years...
October 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37498689/the-effects-of-a-personality-intervention-on-satisfaction-in-10-domains-of-life-evidence-for-increases-and-correlated-change-with-personality-traits
#64
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriel Olaru, Manon A van Scheppingen, Mirjam Stieger, Tobias Kowatsch, Christoph Flückiger, Mathias Allemand
The desire to change one's personality traits has been shown to be stronger if people are dissatisfied with associated aspects of their life. While evidence for the effects of interventions on personality trait change is increasing, it is unclear whether these lead to subsequent improvements in the satisfaction with various domains of life. In this study, we examined the effects of a 3-month digital-coaching personality change intervention study on 10 domains of satisfaction. We focused on the three largest intervention groups of the study ( N = 418), which included participants who wanted to increase their Emotional Stability, Conscientiousness, or Extraversion...
October 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37439714/the-psychology-of-negative-sum-competition-in-strategic-interactions
#65
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher K Hsee, Ying Zeng, Xilin Li, Alex Imas
Many real-life examples-from interpersonal rivalries to international conflicts-suggest that people actively engage in competitive behavior even when it is negative sum (benefiting the self at a greater cost to others). This often leads to loss spirals where everyone-including the winner-ends up losing. Our research seeks to understand the psychology of such negative-sum competition in a controlled setting. To do so, we introduce an experimental paradigm in which paired participants have the option to repeatedly perform a behavior that causes a relatively small gain for the self and a larger loss to the other...
October 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37732992/generalized-morality-culturally-evolves-as-an-adaptive-heuristic-in-large-social-networks
#66
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joshua Conrad Jackson, Jamin Halberstadt, Masanori Takezawa, Kongmeng Liew, Kristopher Smith, Coren Apicella, Kurt Gray
Why do people assume that a generous person should also be honest? Why do we even use words like "moral" and "immoral"? We explore these questions with a new model of how people perceive moral character. We propose that people vary in the extent to which they perceive moral character as "localized" (varying along many contextually embedded dimensions) versus "generalized" (varying along a single dimension from morally bad to morally good). This variation might be partly the product of cultural evolutionary adaptations to different kinds of social networks...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37732991/racism-behind-the-screen-examining-the-mediating-and-moderating-relationships-between-anonymity-online-disinhibition-and-cyber-racism
#67
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher P Barlett, Jordan E Scott
Cyber-racism has emerged as a societal issue that affects many youths and adults; however, no published work has elucidated the psychological processes germane to predicting cyber-racism perpetration. Theory-without data to support its postulates-argues that online disinhibition mediates the relationship between anonymity afforded the online user and cyber-racism. The purpose of the current research was to examine this prediction and add to the theory by testing additional mediators and moderators. Six empirical studies tested this theory with U...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37721538/examining-individual-differences-in-metaperceptive-accuracy-using-the-social-meta-accuracy-model
#68
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leonie Hater, Norhan Elsaadawy, Jeremy C Biesanz, Simon M Breil, Lauren J Human, Lisa M Niemeyer, Hasagani Tissera, Mitja D Back, Erika N Carlson
To what extent do individuals differ in understanding how others see them and who is particularly good at it? Answering these questions about the "good metaperceiver" is relevant given the beneficial outcomes of meta-accuracy. However, there likely is more than one type of the good metaperceiver: One who knows the specific impressions they make more than others do ( dyadic meta-accuracy ) and one who knows their reputation more than others do (generalized meta-accuracy ). To identify and understand these good metaperceivers, we introduce the social meta-accuracy model (SMAM) as a statistical and conceptual framework and apply the SMAM to four samples of first impression interactions...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37707481/scarcity-and-intertemporal-choice
#69
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eesha Sharma, Stephanie M Tully, Xiang Wang
Scarcity often encourages decisions that favor the present over the future. While prevailing theories largely attribute these decisions to myopic, impulsive decision making, five studies find support for an alternative, less prevalent perspective. We introduce the time horizon of threatened needs as an important determinant of scarcity's effect on intertemporal choice, demonstrating that people's decisions under scarcity reflect attempts to address threatened needs. Data from the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia (Study 1) and preregistered studies ( N = 10,297) show that time horizon moderates intertemporal decisions under scarcity...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37695345/using-within-person-change-in-three-large-panel-studies-to-estimate-personality-age-trajectories
#70
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ingo S Seifert, Julia M Rohrer, Stefan C Schmukle
How does personality change when people get older? Numerous studies have investigated this question, overall supporting the idea of so-called personality maturation. However, heterogeneous findings have left open questions, such as whether maturation continues in old age and how large the effects are. We suggest that the heterogeneity is partly rooted in methodological issues. First, studies may have failed to recover age effects as they did not stringently separate within-person changes from confounding between-person differences...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37676124/a-deep-learning-approach-to-personality-assessment-generalizing-across-items-and-expanding-the-reach-of-survey-based-research
#71
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suhaib Abdurahman, Huy Vu, Wanling Zou, Lyle Ungar, Sudeep Bhatia
Traditional methods of personality assessment, and survey-based research in general, cannot make inferences about new items that have not been surveyed previously. This limits the amount of information that can be obtained from a given survey. In this article, we tackle this problem by leveraging recent advances in statistical natural language processing. Specifically, we extract "embedding" representations of questionnaire items from deep neural networks, trained on large-scale English language data. These embeddings allow us to construct a high-dimensional space of items, in which linguistically similar items are located near each other...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37676123/correction-to-elnakouri-et-al-2023
#72
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "In it together: Shared reality with instrumental others is linked to goal success" by Abdo Elnakouri, Maya Rossignac-Milon, Kori L. Krueger, Amanda L. Forest, E. Tory Higgins and Abigail A. Scholer ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , Advanced Online Publication, Jul 13, 2023, np). In the original article, the abstract was revised. Specifically, there were errors in the the second and third sentences of the fifth paragraph of the Shared Reality section, fifth sentence of the Present Research section, An updated Figure 1 now appears in the erratum...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37668571/distinguishing-four-types-of-person-%C3%A3-situation-interactions-an-integrative-framework-and-empirical-examination
#73
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Niclas Kuper, Alina S von Garrel, Brenton M Wiernik, Le Vy Phan, Nick Modersitzki, John F Rauthmann
People differ in their reaction to situations, resulting in Person × Situation interactions. These interactions have been emphasized by many theoretical accounts of personality. Nevertheless, empirical progress on Person × Situation interactions has been slow. This is in part attributable to an insufficient distinction of person and situation variables and of different types of interaction effects. We propose a framework distinguishing four nested types of interaction effects varying in specificity: (a) P × S: broad Person × Situation interaction variance, (b) P × Sspec : between-person differences in situation variable-outcome associations, (c) Pspec × S: between-situation differences in person variable-outcome associations, and (d) Pspec × Sspec : specific Person Variable × Situation Variable interactions...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37668570/boosting-yourself-associations-between-momentary-self-esteem-daily-social-interactions-and-self-esteem-development-in-late-adolescence-and-late-adulthood
#74
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jenny Wagner, Larissa L Wieczorek, Naemi D Brandt
Research over the past 2 decades has repeatedly shown that the evaluation of one's own worth-trait self-esteem-is closely linked to the quality of social relationships and perceptions of social inclusion. However, there is limited evidence on the dynamics between momentary self-esteem and perceptions of social inclusion in everyday life, as well as on their possible long-term (bottom-up) effects on the development of trait self-esteem. We addressed this research gap using longitudinal data from a German multimethodological study ( N = 324) in which N = 235 late adolescents ( M age = 17...
September 4, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37589686/extraversion-social-interactions-and-well-being-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-did-extraverts-really-suffer-more-than-introverts
#75
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lara Kroencke, Sarah Humberg, Simon M Breil, Katharina Geukes, Giulia Zoppolat, Rhonda N Balzarini, María Alonso-Ferres, Richard B Slatcher, Mitja D Back
A large body of research suggests that extraversion is positively related to well-being. However, it is unclear whether this association can be explained by social participation (i.e., more extraverted individuals engage in social interactions more frequently) or social reactivity (i.e., more extraverted individuals profit more from social interactions) processes. Here, we examined the role of social interactions for the extraversion-well-being relationship during the COVID-19 pandemic, an unprecedented time of reduced social contact...
September 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37589685/retraction-of-gino-et-al-2020
#76
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Reports the retraction of "Why connect? Moral consequences of networking with a promotion or prevention focus" by Francesca Gino, Maryam Kouchaki and Tiziana Casciaro ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 2020[Dec], Vol 119[6], 1221-1238). This retraction is at the request of the Research Integrity Officer at Harvard Business School after the results of a review into data for Study 3a collected and analyzed by Francesca Gino. The review identified unexplained discrepancies between (a) the data associated with Study 3a in the Open Science Framework platform and (b) the original, raw data collected in Qualtrics...
September 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37589684/correction-to-ford-et-al-2023
#77
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The political is personal: The costs of daily politics" by Brett Q. Ford, Matthew Feinberg, Bethany Lassetter, Sabrina Thai and Arasteh Gatchpazian ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 2023[Jul], Vol 125[1], 1-28). In this article, the third author's affiliation should appear instead as Department of Psychology, New York University. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2023-32816-001.) Politics and its controversies have permeated everyday life, but the daily impact of politics on the general public is largely unknown...
September 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37261749/pursuing-safety-in-social-connection-regulates-the-risk-regulation-social-safety-and-behavioral-immune-systems
#78
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sandra L Murray, James K McNulty, Ji Xia, Veronica M Lamarche, Mark D Seery, Deborah E Ward, Dale W Griffin, Lindsey L Hicks, Han Young Jung
A new goal-systems model is proposed to help explain when individuals will protect themselves against the risks inherent to social connection. This model assumes that people satisfy the goal to feel included in safe social connections-connections where they are valued and protected rather than at risk of being harmed-by devaluing rejecting friends, trusting in expectancy-consistent relationships, and avoiding infectious strangers. In the hypothesized goal system, frustrating the fundamental goal to feel safe in social connection sensitizes regulatory systems that afford safety from the risk of being interpersonally rejected (i...
September 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37616082/pain-sensitivity-predicts-support-for-moral-and-political-views-across-the-aisle
#79
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Spike W S Lee, Cecilia Ma
We live in a time of exacerbating political polarization. Bridging the ideological divide is hard. Although some strategies have been found effective for interpersonal persuasion and interaction across the aisle, little is known about what intrapersonal attributes predict which individuals are more inclined to support their ideological opponent's views. The present work identifies a low-level attribute-sensitivity to physical pain-that robustly predicts individual variations in support for moral and political views typically favored by one's ideological opponent...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37616081/identifying-and-predicting-stereotype-change-in-large-language-corpora-72-groups-115-years-1900-2015-and-four-text-sources
#80
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tessa E S Charlesworth, Nishanth Sanjeev, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Mahzarin R Banaji
The social world is carved into a complex variety of groups each associated with unique stereotypes that persist and shift over time. Innovations in natural language processing (word embeddings) enabled this comprehensive study on variability and correlates of change/stability in both manifest and latent stereotypes for 72 diverse groups tracked across 115 years of four English-language text corpora. Results showed, first, that group stereotypes changed by a moderate-to-large degree in manifest content (i.e...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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