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Journal of Music Therapy

Felicity A Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Imogen N Clark, Young-Eun C Lee, Monika Geretsegger, Christian Gold
High-quality clinical trials testing music therapy interventions have become more prevalent over the past decade. However, recent reviews of published music therapy trials reveal that reporting of strategies used to ensure treatment fidelity is lacking. Treatment fidelity refers to methodological strategies, put in place prior to clinical trial implementation, to strengthen the reliability and validity of intervention delivery and, therefore, safeguard research quality. This paper outlines strategies developed and implemented during the pilot phase of a randomized controlled trial involving the testing of music interventions for people living with dementia and presenting with symptoms of depression...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Music Therapy
Michael J Silverman
Therapeutic alliance has been consistently linked to therapeutic outcome. Although music therapists often emphasize the role of music for developing therapeutic alliance when treating adults in mental health settings, there is a lack of research into how the therapeutic alliance is developed. The purpose of this exploratory interpretivist investigation was to understand how music therapists develop therapeutic alliance with adults in mental health settings. The investigator conducted semi-structured interviews with eight music therapists who worked with adults in health settings...
December 29, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Hakeem Leonard
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common orthopedic surgery known to be very painful. Emphasis has been placed on TKA pain management for postoperative care and during rehabilitation. Music therapy is used as a nonpharmacologic intervention for pain management and to promote rehabilitation exercise adherence. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of music therapy/physical therapy co-treatment using live music-supported exercise on pain and exercise adherence during a lower extremity pedaling exercise to facilitate range of motion (ROM)...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Music Therapy
Abbey L Dvorak, Eugenia Hernandez-Ruiz
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) involve entire classes of students researching a question or problem that is of interest to the scholarly community with an unknown outcome to both students and instructor. The purpose of this pre-experimental one-group posttest design study was to explore outcomes of a CURE for music therapy and music education students enrolled in a music psychology course. Specifically, we examined differences in scientific thinking, personal gains, research skills, and attitudes and behaviors of students resulting from their participation in a CURE experience, as well as students' perceived benefits of a CURE experience...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Music Therapy
Bill Matney
Current music therapy studies suggest great diversity and complexity in research approaches. Authors note the importance of increased clarity in many facets of research reporting. Some authors have also encouraged increased understanding and reporting of the philosophical underpinnings of knowledge generation in research. However, like other social science fields, we appear to have struggled to provide clear frameworks that can address such diverse and complex approaches to research. In this article, I offer one way to resolve such struggles by presenting a re-envisioned version of Michael Crotty's knowledge framework...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Jennifer Fiore
College/university students face many stressors as they balance their studies, work, personal relationships, and personal/family expectations. Music therapy students have additional stressors related to academic, musical, and clinical development. College/university students have increased mental health needs compared to previous generations, with volume impacting institutions. The objective of this study was to investigate the use of an online receptive music experience for music therapy students' stress and anxiety levels, and also to examine if a particular musical element was perceived as more beneficial in decreasing stress and anxiety...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Kaylie Johnson, Annie Heiderscheit
Mental health settings are common workplaces for music therapists. Few studies have examined the clinical practice and effectiveness of music therapy in adolescent inpatient mental health settings. Additionally, there is little research that discusses how music therapy is implemented and how patient needs are addressed in sessions. The primary purpose of this study was to survey music therapists working in inpatient adolescent mental health treatment regarding their clinical practice to (1) identify goals addressed in music therapy sessions and (2) examine music therapy interventions utilized in adolescent inpatient mental health units...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Kimberly Sena Moore, Deanna Hanson-Abromeit
Emotion regulation (ER) describes the goal-directed ability to manage and shape the dynamics and timing of one's emotional experiences and expressions, an ability that develops early in life. Though development of maladaptive ER skills can significantly impact developmental outcomes, interventions for at-risk children are limited. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the Musical Contour Regulation Facilitation (MCRF) intervention, a multi-session strategy for promoting ER development in preschoolers, with a focus on typically developing preschoolers as a preliminary exploration of a novel intervention...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
George Lee-Harris, Daniel Blackburn, Renee Timmers, Nigel Humberstone
There are currently many types of music sold commercially that are branded as "relaxation aids." However, the claims that the music can induce psychological and physical relaxation are rarely validated on an empirical basis. This study investigated the effectiveness of a particular type of "relaxation" music that we call Meditative Binaural Music (MBM), which incorporates binaurally recorded sounds, binaural beats, a slow tempo, and gradual changes. The effect of listening to MBM with and without binaural beats on self-reported emotion state and measured physiological arousal was compared to the effect of listening to classical music previously categorized as "low" or "high" in emotional arousal...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Ga Eul Yoo, Soo Ji Kim
Current perspectives on social skills development of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) emphasize the interplay between motor and social skills. Given the evidence supporting this relationship, studies are needed to explore the potential benefit of rhythmic behaviors to improve social skills in children with ASD. The purpose of this two-part study was to confirm the relationship between dyadic drum playing and social skills and to further develop a rhythm-mediated music therapy intervention for improving the social skills of children with ASD...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Orii McDermott, Hanne Mette Ridder, Felicity Anne Baker, Thomas Wosch, Kendra Ray, Brynjulf Stige
Public interest in the benefits of music for people with dementia has rapidly increased in recent years. In addition to clinical work with clients, music therapists are often required to support and train staff, families, and volunteers and skill-share some music therapeutic skills. Six music therapy researchers from six countries agreed it was timely to organize a roundtable and share their indirect music therapy practice and examples of skill-sharing in dementia care. This article was developed following the roundtable at the World Congress of Music Therapy in 2017 and further discussion among the authors...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Alexa Dorris Economos
Music therapists have described powerful case examples and personal experiences of providing music therapy for clients who are actively dying that suggest a complex experience that merits further exploration. This phenomenological study was conducted to gain a better understanding of the lived experience of music therapists working with clients who are actively dying. Four music therapists (2 female, 2 male), with an average of 10 years' hospice care experience, participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological approach (Moustakas, 1994)...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Varvara Pasiali, Cherie Clark
Background: Children living in low-resource communities are at risk for poorer socio-emotional development and academic performance. Emerging evidence supports use of group music therapy experiences to support social development through community afterschool programming. Objective: To examine the potential benefit of a music therapy social skills development program to improve social skills and academic performance of school-aged children with limited resources in an afterschool program...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Tali Gottfried, Grace Thompson, Cochavit Elefant, Christian Gold
Background: For young children on the autism spectrum, the inclusion of shared parent-child music activities in everyday life may provide additional opportunities for social interactions in the home. However, no psychometrically validated assessment exists to measure the extent of shared music activity within family or community contexts. Objective: This study aimed to develop and test the reliability of a self-report assessment to measure the use of Music in Everyday Life (MEL) by parents with young children on the autism spectrum...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Shelley Snow, Nicolò Francesco Bernardi, Nilufar Sabet-Kassouf, Daniel Moran, Alexandre Lehmann
Background: Toning is a form of vocalizing that utilizes the natural voice to express sounds ranging from cries, grunts, and groans to open vowel sounds and humming on the full exhalation of the breath. Music therapists are increasingly utilizing toning in their clinical practice for a variety of therapeutic aims. Yet the effects of toning are not widely understood, with limited research to date. Objective: To gather and analyze descriptive data to better understand the experience and effects of self-administered toning...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Samuel N Rodgers-Melnick, Nadine Matthie, Coretta Jenerette, Tara J Griest Pell, Deforia Lane, Pingfu Fu, Seunghee Margevicius, Jane A Little
Background: Adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) experience acute pain that is multidimensional. Despite recent improvements in treatment, pain management remains a significant challenge for these individuals. Music therapy interventions have the potential to address several dimensions of SCD pain, but they require systematic investigation. Objective: This study investigated feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a single-session electronic music improvisation with a music therapist to diminish pain intensity and improve pain relief and mood in adults with SCD...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Esperanza Torres, Inge N Pedersen, José I Pérez-Fernández
Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) affects about 2-4% of the world population. Patients, mostly women, experience chronic widespread pain, fatigue, stiffness, sleep disturbances, and psychological disorders, especially depression and anxiety. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine preliminary efficacy of a Group Music and Imagery (GrpMI) intervention, which included relaxation, music listening, and spontaneous imagery, to improve subjective psychological well-being, functional capacity and health, pain perception, anxiety, and depression in women with FM...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
Jennifer Yurkovich, Debra S Burns, Tondi Harrison
Background: Although evidence suggests music therapy lowers the heart rate of ill adults undergoing painful procedures and premature infants in the NICU, the effect of music therapy interventions on physiologic response in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) being cared for in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) has not been explored. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of the music therapy entrainment on physiologic responses of infants with CHD in the CICU...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
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