Undral Byambadalai, Ching-To Albert Ma, Daniel Wiesen
This paper studies how altruistic preferences are changed by markets and incentives. We conduct a laboratory experiment with a within-subject design. Subjects are asked to choose health care qualities for hypothetical patients in monopoly, duopoly, and quadropoly. Prices, costs, and patient benefits are experimental incentive parameters. In monopoly, subjects choose quality by trading off between profits and altruistic patient benefits. In duopoly and quadropoly, subjects play a simultaneous-move game. Uncertain about an opponent's altruism, each subject competes for patients by choosing qualities...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Jane Greve, Søren Rud Kristensen, Nis Lydiksen
We examine how patients' medical expertise influences adherence to clinical guidelines for a treatment that is common, costly, and rationed by the clinical guidelines. Using administrative data on prenatal diagnostic testing (PDT), we compare the testing rates of medically trained patients (experts) and non-medically trained patients (non-experts) on the margin of eligibility thresholds in clinical guidelines. We find that experts are 9 percentage points more likely to receive PDT than non-experts when they are not eligible for testing and that more than 80% of the difference can be attributed to medical expertise...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Hamid Noghanibehambari, Jason Fletcher
During the late 19th and early 20th century, several states mandated midwifery licensing requirements to improve midwives' knowledge, education, and quality. Previous studies point to the health benefits of midwifery quality improvements for maternal and infant health outcomes. This paper exploits the staggered adoption of midwifery laws across states using event-study and difference-in-difference frameworks. We use the universe of death records in the US over the years 1979-2020 and find that exposure to a midwifery licensing law at birth is associated with a 2...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Sophie Guthmuller, Vincenzo Carrieri, Ansgar Wübker
We link data on regional Organized Screening Programs (OSPs) throughout Europe with survey data and population-based cancer registries to estimate effects of OSPs on breast cancer screening (mammography), incidence, and mortality. Identification is from regional variation in the existence and timing of OSPs, and in their age-eligibility criteria. We estimate that OSPs, on average, increase mammography by 25 percentage points, increase breast cancer incidence by 16% five years after the OSPs implementation, and reduce breast cancer mortality by about 10% ten years after...
August 20, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Mikael Elinder, Oscar Erixson, Mattias Öhman
We examine the relationship between cognitive ability and prompt COVID-19 vaccination using individual-level data on more than 700,000 individuals in Sweden. We find a strong positive association between cognitive ability and swift vaccination, which remains even after controlling for confounding variables with a twin-design. The results suggest that the complexity of the vaccination decision may make it difficult for individuals with lower cognitive abilities to understand the benefits of vaccination. Consistent with this, we show that simplifying the vaccination decision through pre-booked vaccination appointments alleviates almost all of the inequality in vaccination behavior...
August 19, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Vilsa E Curto
I compare two pricing regulations that protect those with health conditions-"community rating," which requires insurers to charge uniform premiums, and "guaranteed renewal," which requires insurers to increase future premiums uniformly. Using individual-level Medigap data from 2006-2010, I compare individuals within 25 miles of borders between 3 community rating and 6 guaranteed renewal states. Relative to guaranteed renewal, community rating (with guaranteed issue) leads to a decrease in Medigap enrollment of 9...
August 7, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Haizhen Lin, Elizabeth L Munnich, Michael R Richards, Christopher M Whaley, Xiaoxi Zhao
Healthcare firms regularly seek outside capital; yet, we have an incomplete understanding of external investor influence on provider behavior. We investigate the effects of private equity investment, divestment, and an initial public offering (IPO) on ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). Throughput is unchanged while charges grow by up to 50% for the same service mix. Affected ASCs witness declines in privately insured cases and rely more on Medicare business. Private equity increases physician ASC ownership stakes, and both simultaneously divest when the ASC is sold...
August 6, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Elisabetta Aurino, Adriana Lleras-Muney, Alessandro Tarozzi, Brendan Tinoco
We use data from a large sample of low- and middle-income countries to study the association (or "gradient") between child height and maternal education. We show that the gap in height between high- and low-SES children is small at birth, rises throughout childhood, and declines in adolescence as girls and boys go through puberty. This inverted U-shaped pattern is consistent with a degree of catch-up in linear height among children of low- relative to high-SES families, in partial contrast to the argument that height deficits cannot be overcome after the early years of life...
August 5, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Maoyong Fan, Hanchen Jiang, Maigeng Zhou
The increasing demand for electricity worldwide has caused a corresponding rise in the consumption of coal, leading to an increase in sulfur dioxide (SO2 ) pollution levels. Despite the severity of the issue, there is a lack of conclusive evidence establishing a causal link between SO2 pollution and health, particularly in developing countries. We leverage a large national environmental regulation policy, implemented in China to reduce SO2 emissions, to estimate the impacts of SO2 pollution on mortality. We find that 1-μg/m3 reduction in SO2 concentrations leads to 18 fewer cardiovascular deaths per 100,000 people aged 60 years and above (0...
August 4, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Andrew Ireland, David Johnston, Rachel Knott
Extreme heat negatively impacts cognition, learning, and task performance. With increasing global temperatures, workers may therefore be at increased risk of work-related injuries and illness. This study estimates the effects of temperature on worker health using records spanning 1985-2020 from an Australian mandatory insurance scheme. High temperatures are found to cause significantly more claims, particularly among manual workers in outdoor-based industries. These adverse effects have not diminished across time, with the largest effect observed for the 2015-2020 period, indicating increasing vulnerability to heat...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Noah Spencer
This paper evaluates the causal effect of drug decriminalization on unintentional drug overdose deaths in a context with relatively poor access to drug treatment services. Using the synthetic control method, I find that when Oregon decriminalized small amounts of drugs in February 2021, it caused 182 additional unintentional drug overdose deaths to occur in Oregon in 2021. This represents a 23% increase over the number of unintentional drug overdose deaths predicted if Oregon had not decriminalized drugs.
July 28, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Christopher M Snyder, Kendall Hoyt, Dimitrios Gouglas
We derive the optimal funding mechanism to incentivize development and production of vaccines against diseases with epidemic potential. In the model, suppliers' costs are private information and investments are noncontractible, precluding cost-reimbursement contracts, requiring fixed-price contracts conditioned on delivery of a successful product. The high failure risk for individual vaccines calls for incentivizing multiple entrants, accomplished by the optimal mechanism, a (w+1)-price reverse Vickrey auction with reserve, where w is the number of selected entrants...
July 20, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Dora L Costa
Much of the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity has been in developing countries with a history of famines and malnutrition. This paper is the first to examine overweight among adult grandsons of grandfathers exposed to starvation during developmental ages. I study grandsons born to grandfathers who served in the Union Army during the US Civil War (1861-5) where some grandfathers experienced severe net malnutrition because they suffered a harsh POW experience. I find that male-line but not female-line grandsons of grandfathers who survived a severe captivity during their growing years faced a 21% increase in mean overweight and a 2% increase in mean BMI compared to grandsons of non-POWs...
July 15, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Ali Abbasi, Francis J DiTraglia, Ludovica Gazze, Bridget Pals
Lead exposure still threatens children's health despite policies aiming to identify lead exposure sources. Some US states require de jure universal screening while others target screening, but little research examines the relative benefits of these approaches. We link lead tests for children born in Illinois between 2010 and 2014 to geocoded birth records and potential exposure sources. We train a random forest regression model that predicts children's blood lead levels (BLLs) to estimate the geographic distribution of undetected lead poisoning...
July 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Rebecca McKibbin
This paper investigates the effect of scientific information from randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) on the demand for off-label uses of cancer drugs. This is a unique setting where demand for a drug for a specific use is observable both before and after the first RCT results are released. Using variation in the timing of RCTs across off-label uses of drugs, I find that demand responds asymmetrically to the trial results based on the statistical significance of the clinically relevant endpoint. When this endpoint is statistically significant, there is a large and immediate increase in demand...
July 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Dan Zeltzer, Liran Einav, Joseph Rashba, Yehezkel Waisman, Motti Haimi, Ran D Balicer
We estimate the effect of adopting a digital device for performing medical exams at home during telehealth visits. We match visits of adopters and non-adopters who used the same virtual care clinic but without the device and compare healthcare utilization after the matched visits. We find that device adoption, partially offset by decreased use of other primary care modalities, results in a 12% higher utilization rate of primary care and increased use of antibiotics. But - particularly among adults - adoption lowers the use of urgent care, the emergency room, and hospital care, resulting in no increase in total cost...
July 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Kirsten I M Rohde, Tom Van Ourti, Amar Soebhag
We study the appeal of basic preference conditions that underpin health inequality indices, including the widely used concentration index. We did a lab experiment in which 349 respondents had to choose repeatedly between two policies that generated a distribution of income and health among five groups in society. We found stronger support for preference conditions that focus on inequality in the marginal distribution of health (and income) than for preference conditions that favor reduced correlation between both dimensions...
July 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Dhaval Dave, Yang Liang, Michael F Pesko, Serena Phillips, Joseph J Sabia
Public health experts caution that legalization of recreational marijuana may normalize smoking and undermine the decades-long achievements of tobacco control policy. However, very little is known about the impact of recreational marijuana laws (RMLs) on adult tobacco use. Using newly available data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) and dynamic difference-in-differences and discrete-time hazard approaches, we find that RML adoption increases prior-month marijuana use among adults ages 18-and-older by 2-percentage-points, driven by an increase in marijuana initiation among prior non-users...
July 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Marianne Bitler, Janet Currie, Hilary Hoynes, Krista Ruffini, Lisa Schulkind, Barton Willage
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a widely used program. Previous research shows that WIC improves birth outcomes, but evidence about impacts on older children and their families is limited. We use a regression discontinuity leveraging a loss of benefits at age five when children become ineligible for WIC and examine nutritional and laboratory outcomes for adults and children. We find little impact on children who aged out of the program. But caloric intake falls and food insecurity increases among adult women, suggesting that mothers protect children by consuming less themselves...
June 28, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
D Mark Anderson, Ron Diris, Raymond Montizaan, Daniel I Rees
There is evidence that physicians disproportionately suffer from substance use disorder and mental health problems. It is not clear, however, whether these phenomena are causal. We use data on Dutch medical school applicants to examine the effects of becoming a physician on prescription drug use and the receipt of treatment from a mental health facility. Leveraging variation from lottery outcomes that determine admission into medical schools, we find that becoming a physician increases the use of antidepressants, anxiolytics, opioids, and sedatives...
June 25, 2023: Journal of Health Economics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.