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Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery

Supawon Srettabunjong
Venous thromboembolism is a condition that includes both deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism. Pulmonary thromboembolism is a condition that is familiar to forensic pathologists for its common cause of sudden unexpected death. Fatal pulmonary thromboembolism following deep vein thrombosis has been previously reported as a consequence of major ankle injury but not following minor ankle injury. Here, I report the case of sudden unexpected death in a 54-year-old female without known underlying risk factors for venous thromboembolism, except for a history of minor injury at her left ankle, which possibly caused local vascular wall damage with subsequent deep vein thrombosis and eventual massive pulmonary thromboembolism...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Eric So, Devon Consul, Timothy Holmes
The treatment of neglected or chronically ruptured Achilles tendon is challenging. Various treatments for large defects associated with chronic Achilles ruptures have been described. Many surgeons recommend the use of a tendon transfer, turndown rotational flap, advancement flap, or reconstruction with Achilles tendon allograft with calcaneal bone block. Long-term outcomes of these procedures are unknown. We present 2 cases with the use of an Achilles tendon with calcaneus bone block allograft. At >8-year follow-up duration, both patients are afforded satisfactory levels of activity and are without pain or gait disturbance...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Andrew T Jackson, Nicholas J Drayer, Jason Samona, Chase A Dukes, Christopher S Chen, Edward A Arrington, Paul M Ryan
Osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) continue to be a challenge for the treating surgeon, especially when lesions are refractory to marrow stimulation techniques. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of lesions treated with osteochondral allograft transplantation. A review was performed of 30 athletes with 31 OLTs that were refractory to marrow stimulation or predicted to be refractory based on size and location of the lesion. Results were evaluated in terms of occupational outcomes and numeric pain scales...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Sham J Persaud, Alan R Catanzariti
Subtalar joint distraction arthrodesis has been recommended for the treatment of conditions such as nonunion or malunion of subtalar joint arthrodesis posttraumatic arthritis. Both conditions are difficult to treat, because the deformities created in the frontal and sagittal planes of these conditions are complex. If these malalignments are not addressed, ankle joint instability and wear occur over time. In general, either autograft or allograft bone has been used to perform distraction arthrodesis of the subtalar joint...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Sander van Hoeve, Martijn Poeze
Since the end of the 1990s, several multisegment foot models (MSFMs) have been developed. Several models were used to describe foot and ankle kinematics in patients with foot and ankle pathologies; however, the diagnostic value for clinical practice of these models is not known. This review searched in the literature for studies describing kinematics in patients after foot and ankle trauma using an MSFM. The diagnostic value of the MSFMs in patients after foot and ankle trauma was also investigated. A search was performed on the databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
James M Cottom, Britton S Plemmons, Steven M Douthett
The purpose of this study was to compare complication rates of total ankle replacement in 2 groups of patients based on their body mass index (BMI). The total cohort was divided into 2 groups based on BMI. Group 1 included patients with a BMI ≤30 kg/m2 . Group 2 included patients with a BMI >30 kg/m2 . Available charts were reviewed for patients who underwent primary total ankle arthroplasty. Patient demographics, BMI, prosthesis used, concomitant procedures, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Maxime Ferrier, Jean-Camille Mattei, Romain Desmarchelier, Michel Fessy, Jean Luc Besse
Hammertoe deformation is a frequent motive for consultation in forefoot surgery, and proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis is a classic treatment for fixed deformation, which tends to be achieved more and more thanks to specific implants. This work evaluated and compared clinical improvement, radiologic fusion, and complication rates between dynamic (Difuse®) and static (TinyFix®) implants from Biotech Ortho. A total of 95 patients (110 feet and 166 toes; 97 static and 69 dynamic implants) were included...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Sarah Johnson-Lynn, Malik Siddique
Total ankle replacement (TAR) is an established technique for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. The aims of TAR include pain relief, preservation of tibiotalar movement, protection of adjacent joints, and restoration of anatomic alignment in the coronal and sagittal planes. The aims of this study were to determine the relative importance of pre- and post-TAR coronal and sagittal balance on postoperative patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). A total of 101 ankles in 99 patients were included in this retrospective cohort study...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Matthew D Nalamlieng, Daniel J Gould, Ketan M Patel
Soft tissue defects and chronic wounds around the foot and ankle can prove difficult to reconstruct using conventional techniques. Traditional flaps used for coverage in this region can result in the need for future debulking, shoe gear modifications, donor site morbidity, decreased function, and scarring. Successful reports of ultrathin free flaps harvested along suprafascial planes have yet to be described in the foot and ankle literature. We present 2 cases of ultrathin flaps used for foot and ankle defects that provide optimal contour while not limiting anatomic function...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Eric Dromzée, Benjamin Granger, Romain Rousseau, Camille Steltzlen, Hadrien Stolz, Frédéric Khiami
Long-term results of anatomic reconstruction for chronic ankle instability are good, but no study has shown the results of fibular periosteum ligamentoplasty associated with extensor retinaculum flap at long-term follow-up. To demonstrate the efficacy of fibular periosteum ligamentoplasty and extensor retinaculum flap in chronic lateral instability, 40 patients underwent surgery for ankle instability. Thirty-three (82.5%) patients were reviewed, with a median follow-up duration of 8.2 (range 4 to 13) years...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Kevin Patel, Todd Hasenstein, Andrew J Meyr
The so-called obliquity of the first metatarsal-medial cuneiform articulation has been described as an atavistic trait of human foot morphology, and it is commonly proposed as a relative risk factor for development of the hallux abductovalgus (HAV) deformity. The objectives of this investigation were to 1) provide descriptive normative radiographic data on a series of first metatarsal-medial cuneiform articulations and 2) correlate these findings to other common radiographic parameters used to define the HAV deformity...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Yunfeng Zhou, Zhong Chen, Chuan Jiang, Bin Song
Contracture of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon is one of the most common factors leading to hallux flexion deformity. Few cases treated by arthroscopic technology have been reported. In this article, we perform a new method to lengthen the FHL tendon under an arthroscope. We present a case of 1 patient treated with this technique and followed for 2years. The appearance of his halluces remarkably improved at the follow-up visits, and movement was refined simultaneously. From the satisfactory effect of this operation, lengthening the FHL tendon under arthroscope is an effective method to correct flexion deformity of the hallux with minimal incisions...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Tetsuya Hattori, Akihiko Matsumine, Katsunori Uchida, Takayuki Nojima, Akihiro Sudo
Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is a rare benign primary bone lesion that occurs most frequently in the nonmetaphysis region of the long bones and the pelvic bones. The talus is a rare location for a BFH, which has not been reported previously in the literature. We report the case of a 19-year-old male patient with BFH of the talus, who was treated with curettage, followed by filling of the bone defect with calcium phosphate cement. The patient was free of pain and without local recurrence 5years after the surgery...
April 6, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Ryan R Thacher, Matthew R Garner, Stephen J Warner, Dean G Lorich
Recent literature has reported an uncategorized hyperplantarflexion variant ankle fracture characterized by a posteromedial fragment separate from the posterior or medial malleolar fragments. The current study sought to determine whether the outcomes for surgically treated hyperplantarflexion variant fractures are similar to the more common supination external rotation (SER) IV fractures. A prospective registry of operatively treated ankle fractures was queried to create 2 age- and gender-matched cohorts: hyperplantarflexion variant and SER IV fractures...
April 5, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park
Talocalcaneal synostosis is a congenital failure of the segmentation between tarsal bones. It may be very difficult to differentiate from talocalcaneal coalition, known as the most common tarsal coalition, especially in cases with a large bone bridge. Complete talocalcaneal synostosis is very rare, and there are few references in the literature about the clinical outcomes and operative methods for symptomatic synostosis. We report a case of a 15-year-old female with bilateral complete talocalcaneal synostosis and heel varus deformity who has experienced good clinical results after lateral sliding calcaneal osteotomy for hindfoot realignment...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Evelyn Heigh, Laura Bohman, Gary Briskin, Michael Slayton, Richard Amodei, Keegan Compton, Bob Baravarian
Intense therapeutic ultrasound for chronic plantar fasciitis musculoskeletal tissue pain reduction was evaluated in a pivotal clinical trial examining effectiveness, safety, and patient tolerance. In this single-blinded study, 33 patients received 2 treatments that were 4 weeks apart on plantar fascia tissue along with conservative standard of care. Patients were followed for up to 6 months after the first treatment, receiving a physical examination and diagnostic ultrasound at each follow-up visit and completing patient-/subject-reported outcome measure and Foot Function Index surveys...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Alastair S E Younger, Murray Penner, Kevin Wing, Andrea Veljkovic, Jeff Nacht, Zhe Wang, Tawana Wester, Andrew Harrison
Ankle osteoarthritis (OA) can cause disabling symptoms, and some patients prefer to be treated with minimally invasive procedures. Nonanimal hyaluronic acid (NASHA) is a cross-linked hyaluronic acid product that has a prolonged intra-articular residence time. The authors report the first study of NASHA for the treatment of ankle OA. Thirty-seven patients with Kellgren-Lawrence grade II or III ankle OA received an intra-articular injection of NASHA (1 mL). Outcomes included visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for pain and disability...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Cristina Razzano, Rosanna Izzo, Riccardo Savastano, Carlo Colantuoni, Stefano Carbone
Ankle injuries are very common between professional athletes and recreational sports. Lateral stable ligaments injury can be treated conservatively. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin impedance. The objective of this prospective, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial was to compare the results in terms of improvement of a foot functional score, lower level of reported pain, and return to sports in 2 groups of contact sport athlete affected by a grade I or II lateral ankle sprain...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Susan M Ge, Yousef Marwan, Abdullah Addar, Nizar Algarni, Ruth Chaytor, Robert E Turcotte
Osteoid osteomas (OOs) are rare benign bone tumors that may occur in various joints including the ankle. These tumors are generally removed via open surgical excision or radiofrequency ablation. However, when they occur intra-articularly, these treatments are more difficult to perform because of more difficult access and the increased risk of damaging articular cartilage. Therefore, some have advocated for the use of arthroscopy to treat these cases. This systematic review aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of arthroscopic treatment for intra-articular OO of the ankle...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Patrick C Wheeler
Achilles tendinopathy, both insertional and noninsertional, is a common cause of posterior ankle pain. Although the condition of most patients improves with simple conservative measures, a proportion will go on develop chronic symptoms. This study examines the outcomes of patients following extracorporeal shock wave therapy plus a home exercise program. This prospective case series study involves a total of 39 patients, with a mean follow-up duration of 163 (range 65 to 385) days. This has demonstrated significant benefits in pain, stiffness, and a range of measures of local and global function...
March 23, 2019: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
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