Jennifer A Kipp, Lindsay K LeSavage, Joni K Evans, Travis A Denmeade, Cody D Blazek
Residual osteomyelitis is a frequent problem following surgical intervention for diabetic foot infection. The current Infectious Disease Society of America guidelines recommend 4-6 weeks of initial intravenous antibiotics for treatment of residual osteomyelitis. However, recent literature suggests oral antibiotic therapy is not inferior to intravenous therapy. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate treatment success in 128 patients receiving oral versus intravenous antibiotics for residual osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot after amputation at a Level 1 academic medical trauma center...
April 6, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Yilong Dong, Gangyi Jiang, Min Liu, Chunyuan Cai, Lue Liu
The aim of the study was to compare the intermediate-term (>24 months) clinical outcomes between anterior talofibular ligament repair using Broström operation with and without an internal brace. Nineteen patients underwent surgery using an arthroscopic traditional Broström repair with an internal brace technique (IB) and Eighteen patients underwent surgery using an arthroscopic traditional Broström repair without an internal brace technique (TB) . All patients were evaluated clinically using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM)...
April 4, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Dr Jay S Badell, Dr James M Cottom
Time spent in the operating room is valuable to both surgeons and patients. One of the biggest rate-limiting factors when it comes to arthrodesis procedures of the foot and ankle is cartilage removal and joint preparation. Power instrumentation in joint preparation provides an avenue to decrease joint preparation time, thus decreasing operating room time and costs. Arthrodesis of 47 joints (n) from 27 patients were included. Power rasp joint preparation in 26 joints was compared to traditional osteotome and curette joint preparation in 21 joints in both time (seconds), cost (total operating room time cost per minute), and union rate...
March 15, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Bryanna D Vesely, Jennifer Kipp, Gregory Russell, Lindsay LeSavage, Hayden Hoffler, Ashleigh W Medda, Aaron T Scott
Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis has been shown in literature to have good results in regards to low complication rates and deformity correction. While previous studies have investigated functional outcomes and complication rates, no large-scale studies have looked at pain outcomes. The present study used a retrospective review of 154 extremities to analyze how a patient's comorbidities and characteristics influence pain outcomes following a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis. The present study found an average change of pain from 7...
March 15, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Burak Tayyip Dede, Ayşenur Ada, Muhammed Oğuz, Berat Bulut, Fatih Bagcıer, Ebru Aytekin
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of dry needling (DN) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF). The study included 55 patients with PF. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. The DN group applied 3 sessions of DN to the myofascial trigger points in the lower limb muscles. The ESWT group applied 3 sessions of ESWT to the plantar fascia. For clinical evaluation, we used a visual analog scale (VAS) (first step, rest, activity) and Foot Function Index (FFI) (pain, disability, activity)...
March 12, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Sunghoo Kim, EunSoo Park, Byung-Ki Cho, Chang Hyun Doh, Youngrak Choi, Ho-Seong Lee
The optimal extent of arthrodesis for severe and rigid progressive collapsing foot deformity is controversial. Traditionally, triple arthrodesis has been recommended; however, good results have been reported using subtalar arthrodesis only. We compared the results of triple arthrodesis and isolated subtalar repositional arthrodesis. A total of 22 symptomatic feet were evaluated retrospectively. Isolated subtalar repositional arthrodesis was performed in 13 cases (the subtalar group) and double or triple arthrodesis in 9 cases (the triple group)...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Gowtham Thangathurai, Simon Martel, Julien Montreuil, Rudolf Reindl, Gregory K Berry, Edward J Harvey, Mitchell Bernstein
Ankle fractures are one of the most resource-consuming traumatic orthopedic injuries. Few studies have successfully evaluated the episode-of-care costs (EOCC) of common traumatic orthopedic injuries. The objective of this study was to determine the EOCC associated with the surgical management of ankle fractures. A retrospective cohort study of 105 consecutive patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation of an isolated ankle fracture at a Canadian Level-1 trauma center was conducted. Episode-of-care costs were generated using an activity-based costing framework...
March 2, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Lei Zhang, Ruihan Wang, Siyi Yang, Songtao Jiang, Guixuan You, Houyin Shi, Guoyou Wang
In recent years, anterior tibiofibular ligament-distal fascicle transfer for anterior talofibular ligament augmentation repair have proposed. However, a comprehensive biomechanical study on the anterior tibiofibular ligament-distal fascicle transfer is still lacking. We are established four distinct groups, namely the normal, the anterior talofibular ligament rupture, the anterior talofibular ligament repair, and the anterior talofibular ligament repair + anterior tibiofibular ligament-distal fascicle transfer...
March 2, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Naohiro Shibuya, Daniel C Jupiter
Rotational malleolar fractures result in a high prevalence of intra-articular pathologies; therefore, routine arthroscopic assessment may be beneficial in the surgical treatment of ankle fractures. However, the clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of arthroscopy thus far have mixed results. We investigated the efficacy of concurrent arthroscopy during the treatment of malleolar fractures using a large U.S. healthcare data set. Those who had arthroscopy were compared with those who did not, during the surgical treatment of malleolar fractures, while adjusting for covariates of clinical relevance...
March 2, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Hidetane Takahashi, Yasuhiko Takegami, Katsuhiro Tokutake, Yu Takahashi, Mihoko Kato, Marie Mabuchi, Shiro Imagama
The Omoto technique is a well-known method that is commonly used for non-invasive manual repair of calcaneal fractures. However, there have been no detailed studies on its clinical outcomes in preoperative closed reduction for surgical cases. This multicenter retrospective study aimed to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of calcaneal fractures treated with and without the preoperative Omoto technique, assessing its effectiveness. We extracted 335 patients with calcaneal fracture who underwent surgery between 2015 and 2020 from our multicenter database, named TRON...
March 2, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Jennifer Kipp-Jones, Bryanna D Vesely, Madeline Fram, Gregory Russell, Jung Wha Kim-Shapiro, Ashleigh W Medda, Paula Gangopadhyay
Toe amputations are a common podiatric procedure for treatment of osteomyelitis. Whether or not the surgeon obtains a surgical cure, thus resolving the infection, can be difficult to assess. Obtaining a proximal bone margin can assist the treatment team in deciding the duration of postoperative antibiotics, need for re-operation, and postoperative care. The two senior surgeons use different methods to analyze proximal bone margins. The first surgeon obtains a microbiologic culture from the remaining bone, either at the proximal phalanx or metatarsal head, following the removal of the toe to be reviewed for osteomyelitis...
March 2, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Shane P Duggan, Alexander Cm Chong, Timothy P Uglem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Nathaniel A Ptak, Ryan B Rigby, Steven M Douthett
Injury to the tarsometatarsal joint (TMT) results in instability throughout the midfoot that does not often improve with conservative management. If instability is identified, surgical intervention is frequently recommended, either open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or primary arthrodesis (PA). These two treatment options have been compared in the literature multiple times, often reporting similar outcomes. Due to this, as well as the need for subsequent hardware removal after ORIF has led many surgeons towards PA at the index surgery...
February 10, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Raúl Torre-Puente, Mauri Rotinen-Diaz, Lara Fernández-Gutierrez, Javier Pascual-Huerta
A number of minimally invasive osteotomies have been described for the repair of hallux abducto valgus (HAV) deformities. However, there are no known published studies that evaluate the effects of minimally invasive surgery techniques on the reduction of frontal plane rotation in patients with HAV. The purpose of this study was to assess correction in the transverse and frontal planes in patients undergoing surgical repair of HAV deformity utilizing a modified percutaneous technique. One hundred and five feet in 105 patients with HAV deformity were treated with a third generation minimally invasive technique using a first metatarsal osteotomy that allowed for frontal plane correction in conjunction with an Akin osteotomy...
February 6, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Marianne Frydendal Nielsen, Jan Duedal Rölfing, Line Kjeldgaard Pedersen, Michael Thede Davidsen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen
Noninvasive techniques are gold standard to redress Severe Neuromuscular Foot Deformity (SNFD). However, simple talectomy may be considered to obtain a stable, plantigrade, pain-free foot. We present a 10-year follow-up accessing radiological correction rates, functional outcomes, complications, and patient satisfaction. This retrospective case series evaluated talectomies in 2012 to 2022. Simple talectomy was combined with Steinman pin fixation of calcaneus to tibia for approximately 6 weeks. Diagnoses primarily included arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and cerebral palsy...
February 3, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Alec J Dierksheide, Michael D Liette, Zachary J Washburn, Peter A Crisologo, Benjamin P Haberer, Jordan A Henning
Percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening is an effective surgical procedure to treat and prevent forefoot and midfoot ulcerations in patients with diabetes. Patients with diabetes are prone to plantar ulcerations due to a combination of factors, such as peripheral neuropathy, decreased tendon elasticity, peripheral vascular disease, and hyperglycemia. Complications such as re-ulceration and transfer lesion to the heel, associated with a calcaneal gait secondary to over-lengthening, are possible with percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Braydon M Bak, Dexter Seow, Yu Ze Evan Teo, Muhammed Yaser Hasan, Christopher J Pearce
Return to play (RTP) and functional outcomes are critical to treatment success for acute Achilles tendon rupture (AATR). This systematic review and meta-analysis explored treatment superiority essential in optimal treatment selection concerning individual patients and their expectations regarding RTP and functional outcomes. This study was in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The included studies were assessed regarding the level and quality of evidence...
January 29, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Joohak Kim, Minjoon Oh, Tae Hyun Kyeong, Mi Na Choi, Seung Yeol Lee
This study aimed to compare radiographic outcomes of open and minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in patients with hallux valgus. We reviewed data of patients with hallux valgus who underwent open or minimally invasive distal chevron osteotomy at our institution. Radiographic assessment was completed preoperatively, immediate postoperatively, and one year postoperatively using eight weight bearing parameters . The classic distal chevron osteotomy method was used for open surgery and a modified method that added percutaneous K-wire fixation to the minimal invasive Chevron-Akin(third-generation MIS) was used for correction of the distal metatarsal articular angle(DMAA)...
January 26, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Shane M Hollawell, Sara Yancovitz, Dominick J Casciato, Meagan R Coleman
The transition of traditionally hospital-based orthopedic procedures to the ambulatory surgery center setting provides many benefits from a patient care and financial perspective. Specifically, closed ankle fractures can potentially be managed at such centers without needing hospitalization. Adding to the paucity of data, this study describes the safety, cost, and outcomes of patients undergoing ankle fracture repair in an ambulatory surgery center. A retrospective chart review of 100 patients who underwent ankle fracture open reduction and internal fixation from a single ambulatory surgery center by one surgeon were reviewed...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Ryan B Rigby, James R McWilliam, Braden T Jenkins
Moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity often requires a Lapidus procedure (first-tarsometatarsal arthrodesis). Traditional methods include a dorsal approach with dorsal or medial fixation. However, studies demonstrate plantar/tension-side fixation, provides superior load to failure and fixation strength. This could improve outcomes, address comorbidities, and accelerate postoperative protocols; however, a paucity exists for patient outcomes in the literature regarding tension-side-fixation. The purpose of this study is to report the outcomes for tension-side Lapidus fixation...
January 22, 2024: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
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