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Journal of Public Health

T J P Pinto, E P Mendonça, K V Bloch, G M Cunha, E S F Coutinho
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the early age of onset (AOO) of alcohol consumption and its association with sociodemographic, nutritional and lifestyle characteristics. METHODS: A national cross-sectional multi-centered study assessed 12-17-year old adolescents from 1247 public and private schools in 124 Brazilian municipalities with more than 100 000 habitants. Our variable of interest was the AOO of alcohol consumption. Covariates comprised sociodemographic status, lifestyle habits and nutritional parameters...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Soumya Mazumdar, Shanley Chong, Luke Arnold, Bin Jalaludin
BACKGROUND: Potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPHs) or ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) represent hospitalizations that could be successfully managed in a primary care setting. Research from the USA and elsewhere on the role of primary care provider (PCP) access as a PPH driver has been conflicting. We investigated the role of PCP access in the creation of areas with persistently significant high rates of PPHs over time or PPH hotspots/spatial clusters. METHODS: Using a detailed dataset of PCPs and a dataset of 106 334 chronic PPH hospitalizations from South Western Sydney, Australia, we identified hotspots of chronic PPHs...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Rachel C Sumner, Diane M Crone, Colin Baker, Samantha Hughes, Elizabeth A Loughren, David V B James
BACKGROUND: Arts on prescription interventions have grown in number in recent years with a corresponding evidence base in support. Despite the growth and presence of these interventions, there have been no evaluations to date as to what factors predict patient success within these referral schemes. METHODS: Using the largest cohort of patient data to date in the field (N = 1297), we set out to understand those factors that are associated with attendance, programme engagement and wellbeing change of patients...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Maya Gobin, Gareth Hughes, Sarah Foulkes, Helen Bagnall, Amy Trindall, Valérie Decraene, Obaghe Edeghere, Sooria Balasegaram, Amelia Cummins, Louise Coole
BACKGROUND: Guidance for public health management of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in in England recommends the use of antibiotic chemoprophylaxis and vaccination. We summarized clinical and epidemiological data collected during routine management of IMD clusters in England. METHODS: Data on epidemiology and operational decisions for public health management were reviewed for clusters between April 2010 and December 2015. RESULTS: Clusters were generally 2-3 cases (53/58; 91%) within a single age band <18-years...
April 3, 2019: Journal of Public Health
A Raglio, D Bellandi, M Gianotti, E Zanacchi, M Gnesi, M C Monti, C Montomoli, F Vico, C Imbriani, I Giorgi, M Imbriani
BACKGROUND: Literature shows that music can reduce stress conditions. This pilot study investigated the effects of music listening on work-related stress and well-being in healthcare professionals. METHOD: A total of 45 subjects were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: No Music, Individualized Music and Melomics-Health Listening. Music groups experienced a daily 30-min-playlist listening for 3 weeks at home. The Maugeri Stress Index-Revised (MASI-R) and the Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI) were administered at baseline, after 3 weeks and after 7 weeks (follow-up)...
April 3, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Othman Beni Yonis, Yousef Khader, Alaa Jarboua, Maariyha Majed Al-Bsoul, Nemeh Al-Akour, Mahmoud A Alfaqih, Moawiah M Khatatbeh, Basil Amarneh
OBJECTIVE: Studies among Syrian refugees in Turkey, Lebanon and Germany showed high prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, data on PTSD among Syrian adolescent refugees in Jordan are scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of PTSD, and its associated factors among Syrian schoolchildren refugees resettled in Jordan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among Syrian schoolchildren refugees aged 12-18 years...
March 30, 2019: Journal of Public Health
S E Torkildsen, H Svendsen, S Räisänen, K B Sole, K Laine
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the effect of country of birth, educational level and county of residence on overweight and obesity among pregnant women in Norway. METHODS: Observational study based on Medical Birth Registry Norway and Statistics Norway. The study population consisted of 219 555 deliveries in 2006-2014. Body mass index (BMI) was registered at the first antenatal care visit. Multivariate regression analysis was used to explore the study aims. RESULTS: Overweight (BMI 25-29...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Xiao Li, Le Cai, Wen-Long Cui, Xu-Ming Wang, Hui-Fang Li, Jian-Hui He, Allison Rabkin Golden
BACKGROUND: This study estimates the prevalence of five chronic non-communicable disease (NCDs) (hypertension, diabetes, CHD, COPD and stroke) and its multimorbidity, and examines the relationship between SES and lifestyle factors and multimorbidity among older adults in rural southwest China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 4833 consenting adults aged ≥60 years was conducted in 2017. Data on the demographics, smoking, drinking, height, weight, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose were collected...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Mluleki Tsawe, A Sathiya Susuman
BACKGROUND: Poor countries, such as Sierra Leone, often have poor health outcomes, whereby the majority of the population cannot access lifesaving health services. Access to, and use of, maternal and reproductive health services is crucial for human development, especially in developing regions. However, inequality remains a persistent problem for many developing countries. Moreover, we have not found empirical studies, which have examined inequalities in maternal and reproductive health in Sierra Leone...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Kang Namkoong, Samantha J Stanley, Jiyoun Kim
BACKGROUND: Adults with low income have limited access to valuable health resources thus presenting a major obstacle to improving their health. Although there are diverse health enhancement programs for low-income populations, relatively few focus on emotional support despite the positive impact of perceived emotional support on health. This study examines the interaction of perceived emotional support and income on the overall health status and psychological well-being of adults with low income...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Laura Keaver, Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Abbygail Jaccard, Laura Webber
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown persistent or increasing socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in many European countries. The aim of this study was to project trends in social inequalities in obesity to 2035 in male and female adults (aged 16+) in the UK to ascertain if the gap is widening or narrowing. METHODOLOGY: BMI data for the UK were extracted from the Health Survey for England (2004-14), Scottish Health Survey (2008-14) and the Welsh Health Survey (2004-14), respectively...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Sowmya Mangipudi, Theodore Cosco, Sarah Harper
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the fastest growing proportion of older adults in the world, the majority of whom are women. Global health agendas, however, continue to deprioritise older women's health issues, including the incidence of and mortality from non-communicable disease (NCDs). This is the first systematic review to address the health, wellbeing and healthcare utilization of older SSA women. METHODS: Studies with primary analysis of health, wellbeing and/or healthcare utilization outcomes for women over the age of 50 from SSA countries were included...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Public Health
S Menzies, S Daly, R O'Connor, A Kelly, M Fitzgerald, J Bourke, D B McKenna
BACKGROUND: There is little information on the effectiveness of introducing age restriction legislation alone to reduce the rate of sunbed usage by teenagers. Prior to the Public Health (Sunbed) Act of 2014 prohibiting the use of sunbeds in under 18-year-olds in Ireland we reported the rate of sunbed use at 7.5%. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the rate of sunbed usage among Irish teenagers before and after the introduction of banning legislation to determine if it had the desired effect of reducing its rate of use...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Anusha M Vable, Paola Gilsanz, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomically disadvantaged children have worse adult health; we test if this 'long arm' of childhood disadvantage can be overcome through upward socioeconomic mobility in adulthood. METHODS: Four SES trajectories (stable low, upwardly mobile, downwardly mobile and stable high) were created from median dichotomized childhood socioeconomic status (SES; childhood human and financial capital) and adult SES (wealth at age 67) from Health and Retirement Study respondents (N = 6669)...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Liwei Jing, Yuehua Cui, Qing Lu, Hongmei Yu
OBJECTIVES: The stigmatization of men who have sex with men (MSM) has led to an underestimation of their population size. To address this, the United Nations Programme on HIV/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and World Health Organization developed a multiplier method. However, nearly all multiplier method estimates of MSM population size in China are far below national estimates. This study explores how privacy protection to address and avoid MSM stigmatization can affect reliable estimates...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Insa Backhaus, Valeria D'Egidio, Rosella Saulle, Daniele Masala, Alberto Firenze, Elisabetta De Vito, Alice Mannocci, Giuseppe La Torre
BACKGROUND: The decline of health among university students represents an important and growing public health concern. Health problems and unhealthy lifestyle habits are common among many students, but factors influencing students' health are not fully understood. METHODS: Italian university students from different study programs and curriculum years were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire, collecting data about age, gender, curriculum year, study program and health-related quality of life (QOL)...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Michelle Black, Amy Barnes, Susan Baxter, Claire Beynon, Mark Clowes, Mary Dallat, Alisha R Davies, Andrew Furber, Elizabeth Goyder, Catherine Jeffery, Evangelos I Kritsotakis, Mark Strong
BACKGROUND: Giving children the best start in life is critical for their future health and wellbeing. Political devolution in the UK provides a natural experiment to explore how public health systems contribute to children's early developmental outcomes across four countries. METHOD: A systematic literature review and input from a stakeholder group was used to develop a public health systems framework. This framework then informed analysis of public health policy approaches to early child development...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Helen Cheng, Scott Montgomery, Andy Green, Adrian Furnham
OBJECTIVE: To identify personality, biomedical and behavioural factors associated with adult obesity in a large longitudinal sample. METHOD: In total, 5360 participants with data on personality, neurological functioning, maternal smoking during pregnancy, education and occupation, physical exercise, adult self-reported BMI and obesity were included in the study. Obesity at 55 years was the outcome variable. RESULTS: The rates of obesity increased from 9...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Muhammad Abbas Amanat, Jacob John, Tan Maw Pin, Mahmoud Danaee, Vaishali Malhotra, Syed Amjad Abbas, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health affects not only dietary choices but overall well-being. This study explores the influence of lifestyle, socio-demographics and utilization of dental services on the dentition status of an older urban Malaysian population. METHODS: A total of 1210 participants 60 years and above, representing the three main ethnic groups were recruited from a larger cohort study. Weighted factors valued for comparison included socio demographics and health status...
February 23, 2019: Journal of Public Health
Sarah F Allen, Umair Akram, Jason G Ellis
BACKGROUND: Sleep health is a relatively new multidimensional concept, however, there is no consensus on its underlying dimensions. A previous study examined potential indicators of sleep health using an aggregated sleep health measure. However, the psychometric properties are yet to be determined. The primary aim was to assess the factor structure, reliability and validity of this measure. A secondary aim was to explore the relationships with perceived stress, and physical and mental health...
February 23, 2019: Journal of Public Health
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