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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782593/income-inequality-and-firearm-homicide-in-the-us-a-county-level-cohort-study
#1
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Duane Alexander Quistberg, Erin R Morgan, Anjum Hajat, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVE: Income inequality has been rising in the US and thought to be associated with violence especially homicide. About 75% of homicides involve firearms. We quantified the association between county-level income inequality and all-race/ethnicity and race/ethnicity-specific firearm homicide rates among individuals aged 14-39 years. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of US counties to examine the association of Gini Index (ranging from 0 [perfect income equality] to 1...
February 19, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765457/feasibility-of-safe-tea-a-parent-targeted-intervention-to-prevent-hot-drink-scalds-in-preschool-children
#2
C Verity Bennett, Linda Hollén, Harriet Dorothy Quinn-Scoggins, Alan Emond, Alison Mary Kemp
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of preventable hot drink scalds in preschool children, there is a paucity of research on effective prevention interventions and a serious need to improve parents' knowledge of first aid. This study investigates the feasibility of 'Safe-Tea', an innovative multifaceted community-based intervention delivered by early-years practitioners. METHODS: 'Safe-Tea' was implemented at Childcare, Stay&Play and Home Visit settings in areas of deprivation in Cardiff, UK...
February 14, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765456/crash-characteristics-of-on-road-single-bicycle-crashes-an-under-recognised-problem
#3
Ben Beck, Mark R Stevenson, Peter Cameron, Jennie Oxley, Stuart Newstead, Jake Olivier, Soufiane Boufous, Belinda J Gabbe
Compared with crashes with motor vehicles, single-bicycle crashes are an under-recognised contributor to cycling injury and the aetiology is poorly understood. Using an in-depth crash investigation technique, this study describes the crash characteristics and patient outcomes of a sample of cyclists admitted to hospital following on-road bicycle crashes. Enrolled cyclists completed a structured interview, and injury details and patient outcomes were extracted from trauma registries. Single-bicycle crashes (n=62) accounted for 48% of on-road crashes and commonly involved experienced cyclists...
February 14, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705052/indicators-for-estimating-trends-in-alcohol-related-assault-evaluation-using-police-data-from-queensland-australia
#4
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
Monitoring levels of alcohol-related harm in populations requires indicators that are robust to extraneous influence. We investigated the validity of an indicator for police-attributed alcohol-related assault. We summarized offence records from Queensland Police, investigated patterns of missing data, and considered the utility of a surrogate for alcohol-related assault. Of 242 107 assaults from 2004-2014, in 35% of cases the drug used by the offender was recorded as 'unknown'. Under various assumptions about non-random missingness the proportion of assaults judged to be alcohol-related varied from 30%-65%...
January 31, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705051/status-of-legal-firearm-possession-and-violent-deaths-methods-and-protocol-for-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#5
Jennifer L Hernandez-Meier, Brenna Akert, Cheng Zheng, Clare E Guse, Peter M Layde, Stephen Hargarten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This project links population data to the Wisconsin Violent Death Reporting System (WVDRS) to determine the extent to which firearm possession criteria are being followed as well as the potential impact of the adoption of proposed possession criteria. DESIGN AND STUDY POPULATION: Criminal justice data for WVDRS homicide suspects and victims and suicide decedents 2008-2011 and a sample of matched control group of driver's license holders (to characterise the state population) will be abstracted...
January 31, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30696698/the-annual-cannabis-holiday-and-fatal-traffic-crashes
#6
Sam Harper, Adam Palayew
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use has been linked to impaired driving and fatal accidents. Prior evidence suggests the potential for population-wide effects of the annual cannabis celebration on April 20th ('4/20'), but evidence to date is limited. METHODS: We used data from the Fatal Analysis Reporting System for the years 1975-2016 to estimate the impact of '4/20' on drivers involved in fatal traffic crashes occurring between 16:20 and 23:59 hours in the USA. We compared the effects of 4/20 with those for other major holidays, and evaluated whether the impact of '4/20' had changed in recent years...
January 29, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30674541/safety-seat-and-seat-belt-use-among-child-motor-vehicle-occupants-cluj-napoca-romania
#7
Diana Dulf, Corinne Peek-Asa, Florin Jurchiș, Erika-Andrada Bărăgan
BACKGROUND: Use of seat belts and car seats for children are among the most effective interventions to reduce injury severity when a crash occurs. The use should be enforced in order to have an increase in wearing these restraints. Romania has the lowest rate of using seatbelts in the backseat, 16%. The purpose of the study is to describe the use of child safety restraints and compare it with existing standards of good practice. METHODS: An observational study on child safety restraint was conducted in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, between 2013 and 2014...
January 23, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636698/lowering-the-speed-limit-from-30-mph-to-25-mph-in-boston-effects-on-vehicle-speeds
#8
Wen Hu, Jessica B Cicchino
INTRODUCTION: Effective 9 January 2017, the default speed limit on Boston streets was reduced from 30 mph to 25 mph. This study evaluated the effects of the speed limit reduction on speeds in Boston. METHOD: Vehicle speeds were collected at sites in Boston where the speed limit was lowered, and at control sites in Providence, Rhode Island, where the speed limit remained unchanged, before and after the speed limit change in Boston. A log-linear regression model estimated the change in vehicle speeds associated with the speed limit reduction...
January 13, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30610010/trends-of-drowning-mortality-in-vietnam-evidence-from-the-national-injury-mortality-surveillance-system
#9
Ha Nguyen, Rebecca Q Ivers, Cuong Pham, Jagnoor Jagnoor
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends of drowning mortality in Vietnam over time and to identify socioeconomic characteristics associated with higher drowning mortality at the provincial level. METHODS: We analysed data from the Ministry of Health injury mortality surveillance system from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013. The surveillance covers more than 11 000 commune health centres in all provinces of Vietnam. For provincial population and socioeconomic characteristics, we extracted data from the National census 2009, the Population change and family planning surveys in 2011 and 2013...
January 4, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30567708/gun-ownership-among-us-women
#10
Julia A Wolfson, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about female gun owners in the USA. We describe the number and type of firearms owned, and reasons for owning, by sex. METHODS: An online survey conducted in 2015 of 3949 US adults; cross-tabulations using survey weights generated nationally representative estimates. RESULTS: Twelve per cent (95% CI 10.6% to 13.6%) of women and 33.3% of men (95% CI 30.3% to 36.5%) personally owned guns. Male and female gun owners are demographically similar and cite similar reasons for owning firearms, but female gun owners own fewer guns (3...
December 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30567707/injury-related-mortality-among-children-younger-than-5-years-in-china-during-2009-2016-an-analysis-from-national-surveillance-system
#11
Liangcheng Xiang, Ke Wang, Lei Miao, Leni Kang, Xiaohong Li, Jun Zhu, Juan Liang, Qi Li, Chunhua He, Yanping Wang
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology in injury-related mortality among children younger than 5 years was unreported in China recently. METHODS: Data were obtained from China's Under 5 Child Mortality Surveillance System (U5CMSS) in 2009-2016. Injury-related mortality rates were calculated by residence, age-group, gender and major injury type (drowning, traffic injuries, suffocation, poisoning, falls). The average annual decline rate (AADR) was calculated based on the annual mortality rates by Poisson regression and the relative risk (RR) between urban and rural residence was examined based on the rates of two years for each time point by Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel method...
December 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554167/insufficient-sleep-and-fitness-to-drive-in-shift-workers-a-systematic-literature-review-protocol
#12
Melissa Knott, Sherrilene Classen, Sarah Krasniuk, Marisa Tippett, Liliana Alvarez
BACKGROUND: The majority of shift workers experience insufficient sleep as a result of their employment. Insufficient sleep is associated with impaired neurocognitive functioning, affecting key skills required for driving, resulting in shift workers experiencing a disproportionate burden of RTC injuries and fatalities. Yet, to our knowledge, no systematic literature review (SLR) exists to critically appraise and synthesise evidence on the determinants of fitness to drive (assessed on-road) and driving performance (assessed in a driving simulator) in shift workers with insufficient sleep...
December 15, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30554166/work-absence-due-to-compensable-rtcs-in-victoria-australia
#13
Shannon Elise Gray, Belinda J Gabbe, Alex Collie
INTRODUCTION: RTC burden is commonly measured using fatality or hospitalisation statistics. However, non-fatal and less severe injuries contribute substantial economic and human costs, including work absence. In Victoria, Australia, two major compensation systems provide income support to employed people injured in RTCs; workers' compensation (if RTC occurred during work) and an RTC-specific compensation system. This study aimed to describe the number and rate of episodes of work absence due to compensable RTC and determine factors associated with work-related RTC resulting in work absence...
December 15, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30514722/estimating-drowning-mortality-in-tanzania-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-existing-data-sources
#14
Sophie Sarrassat, Sigilbert Mrema, Kassimu Tani, Thomas Mecrow, Dan Ryan, Simon Cousens
BACKGROUND: The WHO advocates a 7-step process to enable countries to develop and implement drowning prevention strategies. We sought to assess, using existing data sources, the drowning situation in Tanzania as a first step in this process. METHODS: We searched for data on causes of death in Tanzania by reviewing existing literature and global datasets and by in-country networking. Authors and institutions were then contacted to request aggregate data on drowning mortality...
December 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670561/violence-prevalence-and-prevention-status-in-china
#15
Xin Gao, Pengpeng Ye, Yuliang Er, Ye Jin, Linhong Wang, Leilei Duan
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence status of violence and its prevention in China, and to provide reference for the development of strategies regarding violence prevention. METHODS: Violence mortality data between 2006 and 2015 were obtained from the national disease/death surveillance data set in 2006-2015. Data on violence-related medical cases were collected from the 2015 National Injury Surveillance System. The laws and policies about violence prevention and violence prevention programmes in China were described...
February 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670560/incidence-risk-factors-and-economic-burden-of-fall-related-injuries-in-older-chinese-people-a-systematic-review
#16
Ke Peng, Maoyi Tian, Melanie Andersen, Jing Zhang, Yishu Liu, Qilong Wang, Richard Lindley, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVE: China's population is ageing and fall-related injury in older Chinese people is a growing public health concern. This review aims to synthesise existing evidence on the incidence, risk factors and economic burden of fall-related injury among older Chinese people to inform health service planning. METHODS: A systematic search of literature on falls and injury among older people living in China was performed in six electronic databases including both English and Chinese databases...
February 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670559/introductory-remarks
#17
Rebecca Q Ivers, Leilei Duan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670558/advancing-injury-prevention-in-china
#18
Guoqing Hu, Rebecca Q Ivers, Henry Xiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467208/in-review
#19
Roderick J McClure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30472680/fatal-drowning-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-a-7-year-retrospective-epidemiological-study
#20
Colleen Jayne Saunders, Robyn Adriaanse, Abigail Simons, Ashley van Niekerk
INTRODUCTION: Drowning is a neglected public health threat in low-income and middle-income countries where the greatest drowning burden is observed. There is a paucity of drowning surveillance data from low-resource settings, particularly in Africa. Understanding local epidemiological factors will enable the development of context-specific drowning prevention initiatives and the appropriate allocation of resources. AIM: The primary aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of fatal drowning in the Western Cape, South Africa...
November 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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