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Journals Injury Prevention : Journal of...

Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36928237/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-implementing-a-more-severe-law-on-prevention-of-road-traffic-injury-mortality-in-mainland-china-an-interrupted-time-series-study-based-on-national-mortality-surveillance
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiangmei Liu, Xiaoqi Feng, David Steel, Maigeng Zhou, Thomas Astell-Burt
BACKGROUND: In China, road traffic injury (RTI) is the seventh-leading cause of death More than 1.5 million adults in China live with permanent disabilities due to road traffic accidents. In 2011, the Chinese government implemented a more severe law that increased the penalty points and fines for persons charged with drink-driving as a criminal offence. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the short-term and long-term effects of the drink-driving law. It also aimed to establish whether punishments of increased severity resulted in greater reductions in RTI mortality...
March 16, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36918272/rear-facing-child-safety-seat-effectiveness-evidence-from-motor-vehicle-crash-data
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Mark Anderson, Ridge W Peterson
INTRODUCTION: In 2018, the American Academy of Pediatrics updated their car safety seat (CSS) guidelines to recommend that children ride rear-facing as long as possible, yet evidence from observational studies on rear-facing CSS effectiveness is limited. This study estimated the association between rear-facing CSS use and injuries among children aged 0-4 years who were involved in motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). METHODS: This study analysed data on all MVCs involving children aged 0-4 years reported to the Kansas Department of Transportation from 2011 to 2020...
March 14, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36882312/the-cost-burden-of-hospital-treated-tap-water-scald-burns-in-the-united-states
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wendy Shields, Joseph Levy, Linda Chyr, Shannon Frattaroli
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the cost burden and epidemiology of hospital-treated, tap water scald burns in the United States to inform consideration of policy proposals to require thermostatic mixing valves with all new water heaters. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed using the 2016-2018 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilisation Project (HCUP). We queried the samples to examine the prevalence, cost, and epidemiology of hospital-treated, tap water scald burns...
March 7, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36863855/an-examination-of-factors-contributing-to-the-racial-disparity-and-disproportionality-of-paediatric-firearm-related-homicide-a-mixed-methods-analysis-using-the-national-violent-death-reporting-system-nvdrs
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amy A Hunter, Laura Schwab-Reese, Susan DiVietro, Christa Green
Firearms are a leading cause of paediatric mortality in the United States. This study examines the contributing factors of racial disparity and disproportionality among paediatric firearm decedents aged 0-17 years.We used the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) to assess the individual and incident-level circumstances of paediatric firearm homicides from 2014 to 2018 in 17 US states.Among 1085 paediatric firearm homicides, non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) died at a rate three times greater than their proportion in the general population; they were nine times as likely to die by firearm homicide as non-Hispanic whites (NHW)...
March 2, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36854628/major-trauma-among-e-scooter-and-bicycle-users-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard Alexander Clough, Esther Platt, Elaine Cole, Mark Wilson, Christopher Aylwin
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, demographics and injury patterns involved in E-Scooter-related hospital admissions due to significant trauma compared with bicycle-related trauma within England and Wales. To compare morbidity and mortality between groups. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study based on data which has been prospectively collected and submitted to the UK Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) registry. SETTING: Major trauma centres and trauma units within England and Wales...
February 28, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36854627/representation-of-patients-with-non-english-language-preferences-in-motor-vehicle-collision-trauma-and-emergency-medicine-research
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Margaret Smith, Claire Tibbetts, Pooja Agrawal, Alexis Cordone, Rebecca Leff, Rand N Smith, Timothy P Moran, Alexandria Brackett, Amy Zeidan
BACKGROUND: Individuals with non-English language preferences (NELP) represent a growing proportion of the USA population. Prior studies demonstrate disparate health outcomes related to NELP status; however, this patient population is often excluded from medical research. There is a paucity of literature describing the impact of NELP status on trauma, specifically injury and outcomes related to vehicle occupants injured during motor vehicle collisions (MVCs). The goal of this study was to evaluate the representation of patients with NELP in both emergency medicine and trauma literature...
February 28, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36813554/self-harm-in-adolescence-and-risk-of-crash-a-13-year-cohort-study-of-novice-drivers-in-new-south-wales-australia
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patricia Cullen, Holger MÅ‘ller, Rachel Baffsky, Alexandra Martiniuk, Teresa Senserrick, Kris Rogers, Mark Woodward, Mark R Stevenson, Rebecca McLean, Susan Sawyer, George Patton, Rebecca Q Ivers
INTRODUCTION: Self-harm and suicide are leading causes of morbidity and death for young people, worldwide. Previous research has identified self-harm is a risk factor for vehicle crashes, however, there is a lack of long-term crash data post licensing that investigates this relationship. We aimed to determine whether adolescent self-harm persists as crash risk factor in adulthood. METHODS: We followed 20 806 newly licensed adolescent and young adult drivers in the DRIVE prospective cohort for 13 years to examine whether self-harm was a risk factor for vehicle crashes...
February 22, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36750348/connections-lab-a-case-study-exploring-a-web-based-innovation-designed-to-advance-shared-risk-and-protective-factor-approaches-to-preventing-injuries-and-violence
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jamila M Porter, Ina Robinson, Carly Roberts, Claudia Zavala
BACKGROUND: Injuries and violence share many of the same risk and protective factors, which are rooted in the social determinants of health (SDOH) and the social determinants of equity. Addressing shared risk and protective factors (SRPFs)-common factors that make it more or less likely that a population will experience injuries or violence-is critical prevention efforts. The Safe States Alliance created the Connections Lab-a suite of web-based resources to help injury and violence prevention public health practitioners and their partners understand, describe, implement and evaluate SRPF approaches...
February 7, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36725310/factor-analysis-of-community-ranked-built-environment-factors-contributing-to-pedestrian-injury-risk-in-kampala-city-uganda
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Esther Bayiga-Zziwa, Rogers Nsubuga, Milton Mutto
BACKGROUND: Examining community perspective on an issue is not only a key consideration in research on road safety but also on other topics. There is substantial theoretical and empirical knowledge on built environment factors that contribute to pedestrian injury but how the community views these factors is least studied and constitutes the focus of this study. Our study investigated how respondents ranked the relative importance of selected built environment factors that contribute to pedestrian injury risk in Kampala city, Uganda and examined the underlying pattern behind the rankings...
February 1, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36720631/effectiveness-of-systematically-delivered-evidence-based-home-safety-promotion-to-improve-child-home-safety-practices-a-controlled-before-and-after-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael James Taylor, Elizabeth Orton, Tina Patel, Clare Timblin, Rachel Clarke, Michael Craig Watson, Mike Hayes, Matthew Jones, Carol Coupland, Denise Kendrick
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of systematically delivered evidence-based home safety promotion for improving child home safety practices. DESIGN: Controlled before-and-after study. SETTING: Nine electoral wards in Nottingham, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 361 families with children aged 2-7 months at recruitment living in four intervention wards with high health, education and social need; and 401 in five matched control wards...
January 31, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36690352/toppling-television-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carlos Nunez, Guy D Eslick, Elizabeth J Elliott
CONTEXT: Toppling televisions (TVs) are a source of childhood injury but meta-analysis has not assessed the likelihood of TV injuries in children. OBJECTIVE: To present pooled results for injuries, following a systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Scopus, Google Scholar and EMBASE databases were searched to 5 December 2022. STUDY SELECTION: Included studies met the following criteria: (1) assessed toppling TV injuries in paediatric populations; (2) reported point estimates as an OR or enabled its calculation and (3) used a comparison group...
January 23, 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564169/burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-iran-a-national-and-subnational-perspective-1990-2019
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Reza Sadeghian Tafti, Afshin Ostovar, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam, Parnian Shobeiri, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush, Ibrahim Salmani, Mohammad Reza Khajeaminian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Abbasali Dehghani Tafti
OBJECTIVES: Reliable and valid information on burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) is essential for short-term and long-term planning. We designed the present study to describe the levels and trends of burden of RTIs in Iran from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: This is an observational epidemiological study. We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 estimates to report RTIs incidence, prevalence, mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) by sex, age group and road user category in Iran and each of the 31 provinces from 1990 to 2019...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564168/badminton-related-eye-injuries-a-systematic-review
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Annette K Hoskin, Stephanie Watson, Tengku A Kamalden
OBJECTIVES: To report the nature of badminton-related eye injuries in the published literature. METHODS: A review of the literature with key word and MeSH terms: 'Eye injury', 'Ocular trauma', 'Badminton' 'Shuttlecock' using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Informit Health Collection databases. Papers were reviewed to assess the circumstances of the injury, patient demographics and clinical data. RESULTS: 19 studies from 1974 to 2020 from 12 countries reported 378 monocular badminton-related eye injuries from 378 patients with a male-to-female ratio of 2...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564167/addressing-a-gap-a-qualitative-analysis-of-scotland-s-drowning-and-incident-review-process
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carlene McAvoy, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Connie Hoe
OBJECTIVES: Drowning is a leading cause of fatalities worldwide and Scotland carries a disproportionate number of drownings compared with its UK neighbours. Drowning data captured in Scotland are often incomplete and the Drowning and Incident Review (DIR) is a new process designed to help improve the capture of data and help inform future preventative measures. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives and views of key stakeholders on the facilitators and barriers of implementing the DIR as well as areas for its future sustainability...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564166/epidemiology-of-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-new-zealand-exploring-differences-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yana Pryymachenko, Ross Wilson, J Haxby Abbott
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the temporal trends and ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in cruciate ligament (CL) injury incidence and associated costs in New Zealand over a 14-year period. METHODS: All CL injury claims lodged between 2007 and 2020 were extracted from the Accident Compensation Corporation (a nationwide no-fault injury compensation scheme) claims dataset. Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted incidence rates, total injury costs and costs per claim were calculated for each year for total population and subgroups...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564165/race-structural-racism-and-racial-disparities-in-firearm-homicide-victimisation
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kelsey M Conrick, Avanti Adhia, Alice Ellyson, Miriam Joan Haviland, Vivian H Lyons, Brianna Mills, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: To identify an approach in measuring the association between structural racism and racial disparities in firearm homicide victimisation focusing on racism, rather than race. METHODS: We examined associations of six measures of structural racism (Black/white disparity ratios in poverty, education, labour force participation, rental housing, single-parent households and index crime arrests) with state-level Black-white disparities in US age-adjusted firearm homicide victimisation rates 2010-2019...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36564164/compliant-sports-floors-and-fall-related-injuries-evidence-from-a-residential-care-setting-and-updated-meta-analysis-for-all-patient-care-settings
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Johanna Gustavsson, Finn Nilson, Carl Bonander
BACKGROUND: Compliant flooring may prevent fall injuries in residential care, but evidence is inconclusive. We investigate compliant sports floors and fall-related injuries in a residential care setting and update a meta-analysis from a recent systematic review on compliant flooring. METHODS: A non-randomised study comparing outcomes in a residential care unit that installed sports flooring in bedrooms with four units with regular flooring in a Norwegian municipality (n=193)...
December 23, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697022/context-of-boat-drowning-in-ghana-a-mixed-qualitative-research-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mawuli Komla Kushitor, Helen Bour, Prince Nyame, Solomon Yabila
BACKGROUND: Drowning is a significant public health challenge globally. In Africa and Ghana, drowning has remained a silent epidemic among poor communities. Limited evidence has challenged advances in drowning knowledge and prevention. While drowning deaths are often widely circulated in the newspapers, drowning data are not systematically organised to constitute a body of evidence sufficient for scientific exploration. Although drowning was frequent, they were poorly understood. We explore the context of drowning from multiple perspectives from the Volta-basin where the largest man-made lake in the world has become a hotspot for drowning...
February 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36096654/randomised-feasibility-trial-of-a-virtual-intervention-to-address-infant-car-seat-misuse
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sadiqa Kendi, Michael F Taylor, Bobbe Thomas, Uma D Khemraj, Mohamed A Mohamed, Michelle L Macy, James M Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Serious car seat installation errors occur at high rates in infants and children. These errors significantly increase the risk of child injury in a motor vehicle crash, and few interventions have addressed the challenge longitudinally. METHODS: This was a pilot randomised controlled feasibility trial of virtual car seat safety checks for caregivers of newborns recruited from an urban newborn nursery. The control (enhanced usual care (EUC)) group received an in-person car seat check as a newborn and virtual check at 9 months...
February 2023: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36600665/hurricane-florence-and-suicide-mortality-in-north-carolina-a-controlled-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vanessa Eve Miller, Brian W Pence, Kate Vinita Fitch, Monica Swilley-Martinez, Andrew L Kavee, Samantha Dorris, Toska Cooper, Alexander P Keil, Bradley N Gaynes, Timothy S Carey, David Goldston, Shabbar Ranapurwala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters are associated with increased mental health disorders and suicidal ideation; however, associations with suicide deaths are not well understood. We explored how Hurricane Florence, which made landfall in September 2018, may have impacted suicide deaths in North Carolina (NC). METHODS: We used publicly available NC death records data to estimate associations between Hurricane Florence and monthly suicide death rates using a controlled, interrupted time series analysis...
December 13, 2022: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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