Raquel M Q Orozco, Karen G N Oshiro, Ingrid B Pinto, Danieli F Buccini, Claudiane V Almeida, Valentina Nieto Marin, Camila Maurmann de Souza, Maria L R Macedo, Marlon H Cardoso, Octávio L Franco
Bovine mastitis is a frequent infection in lactating cattle, causing great economic losses. Staphylococcus aureus represents the main etiological agent, which causes recurrent and persistent intramammary infections because conventional antibiotics are ineffective against it. Mastoparan-like peptides are multifunctional molecules with broad antimicrobial potential, constituting an attractive alternative. Nevertheless, their toxicity to host cells has hindered their therapeutic application. Previously, our group engineered three mastoparan-L analogs, namely mastoparan-MO, mastoparan-R1, and [I5 , R8 ] MP, to improve cell selectivity and potential...
April 17, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Rhishita Chourashi, Amanda G Oglesby
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic Gram-negative pathogen that induces virulence gene expression in response to host-mediated iron starvation. Recently, our laboratory showed that some virulence factors are responsive to iron limitation in static but not shaking growth conditions. One of these is the HSI-2-type six secretion system (T6SS), which is also induced during chronic infection. Iron regulation of T6SS was partially impacted by the iron-responsive PrrF sRNA and completely dependent upon the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) biosynthetic gene pqsA ...
April 16, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
George A O'Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Xinqiang Liu, Xinyun Wang, Zhihui Shao, Jun Dang, Wei Wang, Chaoyue Liu, Jin Wang, Hua Yuan, Guoping Zhao
UNLABELLED: In most actinomycetes, GlnR governs both nitrogen and non-nitrogen metabolisms (e.g., carbon, phosphate, and secondary metabolisms). Although GlnR has been recognized as a global regulator, its regulatory role in central carbon metabolism [e.g., glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle] is largely unknown. In this study, we characterized GlnR as a direct transcriptional repressor of the pckA gene that encodes phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, catalyzing the conversion of the TCA cycle intermediate oxaloacetate to phosphoenolpyruvate, a key step in gluconeogenesis...
April 12, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Zachary J Resko, Rachel F Suhi, Adam V Thota, Abby R Kroken
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a significant cause of global morbidity and mortality. Although it is often regarded as an extracellular pathogen toward human cells, numerous investigations report its ability to survive and replicate within host cells, and additional studies demonstrate specific mechanisms enabling it to adopt an intracellular lifestyle. This ability of P. aeruginosa remains less well-investigated than that of other intracellular bacteria, although it is currently gaining attention. If intracellular bacteria are not killed after entering host cells, they may instead receive protection from immune recognition and experience reduced exposure to antibiotic therapy, among additional potential advantages shared with other facultative intracellular pathogens...
April 10, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Ashish Kumar, Somnath Chakravorty, Taihao Yang, Thomas A Russo, Salete M Newton, Phillip E Klebba
UNLABELLED: Microbes synthesize and secrete siderophores, that bind and solubilize precipitated or otherwise unavailable iron in their microenvironments. Gram (-) bacterial TonB-dependent outer membrane receptors capture the resulting ferric siderophores to begin the uptake process. From their similarity to fepA, the structural gene for the Escherichia coli ferric enterobactin (FeEnt) receptor, we identified four homologous genes in the human and animal ESKAPE pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae (strain Kp52...
April 9, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Abigail A Weaver, Jin Jia, Allison R Cutri, Chinedu S Madukoma, Catherine M Vaerewyck, Paul W Bohn, Joshua D Shrout
Bacterial communities exhibit complex self-organization that contributes to their survival. To better understand the molecules that contribute to transforming a small number of cells into a heterogeneous surface biofilm community, we studied acellular aggregates, structures seen by light microscopy in Pseudomonas aeruginosa colony biofilms using light microscopy and chemical imaging. These structures differ from cellular aggregates, cohesive clusters of cells important for biofilm formation, in that they are visually distinct from cells using light microscopy and are reliant on metabolites for assembly...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Wangchen Shen, Diana M Downs
In Salmonella enterica, the absence of the RidA deaminase results in the accumulation of the reactive enamine 2-aminoacrylate (2AA). The resulting 2AA stress impacts metabolism and prevents growth in some conditions by inactivating a specific target pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme(s). The detrimental effects of 2AA stress can be overcome by changing the sensitivity of a critical target enzyme or modifying flux in one or more nodes in the metabolic network. The catabolic L-alanine racemase DadX is a target of 2AA, which explains the inability of an alr ridA strain to use L-alanine as the sole nitrogen source...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Marshall Jaroch, Guangxin Sun, Ho-Ching Tiffany Tsui, Colbie Reed, Jingjing Sun, Marko Jörg, Malcolm E Winkler, Kelly C Rice, Agnieszka Dziergowska, Troy A Stich, Peter C Dedon, Patricia C Dos Santos, Valérie de Crécy-Lagard
The wobble bases of tRNAs that decode split codons are often heavily modified. In bacteria, tRNAGlu, Gln, Asp contains a variety of xnm5 s2 U derivatives. The synthesis pathway for these modifications is complex and fully elucidated only in a handful of organisms, including the Gram-negative Escherichia coli K12 model. Despite the ubiquitous presence of mnm5 s2 U modification, genomic analysis shows the absence of mnmC orthologous genes, suggesting the occurrence of alternate biosynthetic schemes for the conversion of cmnm5 s2 U to mnm5 s2 U...
March 29, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Madison J Fitzgerald, Melanie M Pearson, Harry L T Mobley
UNLABELLED: A hallmark of Proteus mirabilis infection of the urinary tract is the formation of stones. The ability to induce urinary stone formation requires urease, a nickel metalloenzyme that hydrolyzes urea. This reaction produces ammonia as a byproduct, which can serve as a nitrogen source and weak base that raises the local pH. The resulting alkalinity induces the precipitation of ions to form stones. Transcriptional regulator UreR activates expression of urease genes in a urea-dependent manner...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Joshua A Mettlach, Melina B Cian, Medha Chakraborty, Zachary D Dalebroux
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ( S . Typhimurium) controls lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis by regulating proteolysis of LpxC, the rate-limiting enzyme and target of preclinical antibiotics. PbgA/YejM/LapC regulates LpxC levels and controls outer membrane (OM) LPS composition at the log-to-stationary phase transition. Suppressor substitutions in <u>L</u>PS <u>a</u>ssembly <u>p</u>rotein <u>B</u> (LapB/YciM) rescue the LPS and OM integrity defects of pbgA -mutant S ...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
George A O'Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Nicole C Thunes, Jason P Evenhuis, Ryan S Lipscomb, David Pérez-Pascual, Rebecca J Stevick, Clayton Birkett, Jean-Marc Ghigo, Mark J McBride
Flavobacterium columnare causes columnaris disease in fish. Columnaris disease is incompletely understood, and adequate control measures are lacking. The type IX secretion system (T9SS) is required for F. columnare gliding motility and virulence. The T9SS and gliding motility machineries share some, but not all, components. GldN (required for gliding and for secretion) and PorV (involved in secretion but not required for gliding) are both needed for virulence, implicating T9SS-mediated secretion in virulence...
March 22, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Alex S Grossman, David A Gell, Derek G Wu, Dana L Carper, Robert L Hettich, Heidi Goodrich-Blair
Cellular life relies on enzymes that require metals, which must be acquired from extracellular sources. Bacteria utilize surface and secreted proteins to acquire such valuable nutrients from their environment. These include the cargo proteins of the type eleven secretion system (T11SS), which have been connected to host specificity, metal homeostasis, and nutritional immunity evasion. This Sec-dependent, Gram-negative secretion system is encoded by organisms throughout the phylum Proteobacteria, including human pathogens Neisseria meningitidis, Proteus mirabilis, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Haemophilus influenzae ...
March 20, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Trusha Parekh, Marcus Tsai, Stephen Spiro
Paracoccus denitrificans is a facultative methylotroph that can grow on methanol and methylamine as sole sources of carbon and energy. Both are oxidized to formaldehyde and then to formate, so growth on C1 substrates induces the expression of genes encoding enzymes required for the oxidation of formaldehyde and formate. This induction involves a histidine kinase response regulator pair (FlhSR) that is likely triggered by formaldehyde. Catabolism of some complex organic substrates (e.g., choline and L-proline betaine) also generates formaldehyde...
March 19, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Andrew M Hogan, Anna Motnenko, A S M Zisanur Rahman, Silvia T Cardona
Antibiotic activity is limited by the physical construction of the Gram-negative cell envelope. Species of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are known as intrinsically multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogens with low permeability cell envelopes. Here, we re-examined a previously performed chemical-genetic screen of barcoded transposon mutants in B. cenocepacia K56-2, focusing on cell envelope structural and functional processes. We identified structures mechanistically important for resistance to singular and multiple antibiotic classes...
March 19, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Linda J Kenney
Bacteria are capable of withstanding large changes in osmolality and cytoplasmic pH, unlike eukaryotes that tightly regulate their pH and cellular composition. Previous studies on the bacterial acid stress response described a rapid, brief acidification, followed by immediate recovery. More recent experiments with better pH probes have imaged single living cells, and we now appreciate that following acid stress, bacteria maintain an acidic cytoplasm for as long as the stress remains. This acidification enables pathogens to sense a host environment and turn on their virulence programs, for example, enabling survival and replication within acidic vacuoles...
March 15, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Dyotima, Sally Abulaila, Jocelyne Mendoza, Cristina Landeta
UNLABELLED: In bacteria, disulfide bonds contribute to the folding and stability of proteins important for processes in the cellular envelope. In Escherichia coli , disulfide bond formation is catalyzed by DsbA and DsbB enzymes. DsbA is a periplasmic protein that catalyzes disulfide bond formation in substrate proteins, while DsbB is an inner membrane protein that transfers electrons from DsbA to quinones, thereby regenerating the DsbA active state. Actinobacteria including mycobacteria use an alternative enzyme named VKOR, which performs the same function as DsbB...
March 13, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Ophélie Remy, Yoann G Santin, Veronique Jonckheere, Coralie Tesseur, Jovana Kaljević, Petra Van Damme, Géraldine Laloux
In bacteria, cell poles function as subcellular compartments where proteins localize during specific lifecycle stages, orchestrated by polar "hub" proteins. Whereas most described bacteria inherit an "old" pole from the mother cell and a "new" pole from cell division, generating cell asymmetry at birth, non-binary division poses challenges for establishing cell polarity, particularly for daughter cells inheriting only new poles. We investigated polarity dynamics in the obligate predatory bacterium Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus , proliferating through filamentous growth followed by non-binary division within prey bacteria...
March 12, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
Steven J Sandler, Nina J Bonde, Elizabeth A Wood, Michael M Cox, James L Keck
Tetrameric single-stranded (ss) DNA-binding proteins (SSBs) stabilize ssDNA intermediates formed during genome maintenance reactions in Bacteria . SSBs also recruit proteins important for these processes through direct SSB-protein interactions, including proteins involved in DNA replication restart and recombination processes. SSBs are composed of an N-terminal oligomerization and ssDNA-binding domain, a C-terminal acidic tip that mediates SSB-protein interactions, and an internal intrinsically disordered linker (IDL)...
March 12, 2024: Journal of Bacteriology
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