Andrew K Hall, Erin E Brennan, Rob Woods
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: CJEM
Jessica Moe, Jane A Buxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: CJEM
Andrew Healey, Murdoch Leeies, Carmen Hrymak, Alecs Chochinov, Brian Grunau, Bojan Paunovic, Jeanne Teitelbaum, Lindsay C Wilson, Sam D Shemie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: CJEM
Caitlin Prendergast, Amy C Plint, Ken Tang, Tyrus Crawford, Gina Neto, Waleed Alqurashi
OBJECTIVES: Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. The literature indicates that the incidence of anaphylaxis is increasing and that there are deficiencies in both recognition and management. We aimed to examine the magnitude of these gaps in Canadian pediatric emergency medicine (PEM). METHODS: We conducted a self-administered survey of the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) physician database. The survey tool was developed through a literature review to identify recurring themes of gaps in anaphylaxis diagnosis and management...
November 2020: CJEM
Kiran L Grant, Daniel Dongjoo Lee, Ivy Cheng, G Ross Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: CJEM
Kiran L Grant, Conrad J Bayley, Zahra Premji, Eddy Lang, Grant Innes
OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) throughput efficiency is largely dependent on staffing and process, and many operational interventions to increase throughput have been described. METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to find studies describing the impact of throughput strategies on ED length of stay and left without being seen rates. Two independent reviewers screened studies, evaluated quality and risk of bias, and stratified eligible studies by intervention type...
November 2020: CJEM
Kerstin de Wit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2020: CJEM
Hans Rosenberg, Ariel Hendin, Erin Rosenberg
A 67-year-old male presents to the emergency department (ED) in respiratory distress secondary to pneumonia. His oxygen saturation is 86% on a nonrebreather, respiratory rate is 32 respirations/minute, blood pressure 147/72 mmHg, heart rate 121 beats/minute, and temperature is 38.7° Celsius. The decision is made to intubate the patient. Fentanyl and propofol are used for analgesia and sedation, and rocuronium is used for paralysis. Using video laryngoscopy, the patient is successfully intubated, and now the ED team is awaiting your orders for the postintubation sedation care of this patient...
November 2020: CJEM
Kiran L Grant, Daniel Dongjoo Lee, Ivy Cheng, G Ross Baker
BACKGROUND: In Canada, there were over 60,000 long-term care facility patient transfers to emergency departments (EDs) in 2014, with up to a quarter of them being potentially preventable. Each preventable transfer exposes the patient to transport- and hospital-related complications, contributes to ED crowding, and adds significant costs to the health care system. There have been many proposed and studied interventions aimed at alleviating the issue, but few attempts to assess and evaluate different interventions across institutions...
November 2020: CJEM
William T Davis, Michael D April, Sumeru Mehta, Brit Long, Gregory Boys, Steven Shroyer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the sensitivity of various C-reactive protein (CRP) cut-off values to identify patients requiring magnetic resonance imaging evaluation for pyogenic spinal infection among emergency department (ED) adults presenting with neck or back pain. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled a convenience series of adults presenting to a community ED with neck or back pain in whom ED providers had concern for pyogenic spinal infection in a derivation cohort from 2004 to 2010 and a validation cohort from 2010 to 2018...
November 2020: CJEM
Justin J Koh, Michelle Klaiman, Isabelle Miles, Jolene Cook, Thara Kumar, Hasan Sheikh, Kathryn Dong, Aaron M Orkin, Samina Ali, Elizabeth Shouldice
Deaths due to opioid overdose have reached unprecedented levels in Canada; over 12,800 opioid-related deaths occurred between January 2016 and March 2019, and overdose death rates increased by approximately 50% from 2016 to 2018.1 In 2016, Health Canada declared the opioid epidemic a national public health crisis,2 and life expectancy increases have halted in Canada for the first time in decades.3 Children are not exempt from this crisis, and the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada has recently prioritized the prevention of problematic substance use among Canadian youth...
October 8, 2020: CJEM
Patrick McLane, Ken Scott, Zainab Suleman, Karen Yee, Brian R Holroyd, Kathryn Dong, S Monty Ghosh, Josh Fanaeian, Jan Deol, Catherine Biggs, Eddy Lang, Heather Hair, Marshall Ross, Rob Tanguay, Asha Olmstead, Andrew Fisher, Scott Fielding
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder is a major public health crisis, and evidence suggests ways of better serving patients who live with opioid use disorder in the emergency department (ED). A multi-disciplinary team developed a quality improvement project to implement this evidence. METHODS: The intervention was developed by an expert working group consisting of specialists and stakeholders. The group set goals of increasing prescribing of buprenorphine/naloxone and providing next day walk-in referrals to opioid use disorder treatment clinics...
September 14, 2020: CJEM
Chase Krook, Domhnall O'Dochartaigh, Doug Martin, Zoë Piggott, Ryan Deedo, Sarah Painter, Gennifer vanWerkhoven, Darcy McKay, Dennis Nesdoly, J N Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2020: CJEM
Brit Long, Elisha Targonsky, Alex Koyfman
A 23-year-old female presents with right lower quadrant pain that has been intermittent for the past several days. The pain suddenly worsened 1 hour ago. She denies vaginal bleeding or discharge, dysuria, fever, and back pain, but she has had several episodes of nausea with nonbloody, nonbilious vomiting. On examination, she is tender in the right lower quadrant, but her abdomen is not rigid.
September 11, 2020: CJEM
Colin Laverty, Homer Tien, Andrew Beckett, Avery Nathens, J P Rivest-Caissy, Luis Teodoro da Luz
OBJECTIVES: Military Forward Aeromedical Evacuation and civilian Helicopter Emergency Medical Services are widely used to conduct Primary Aeromedical Retrieval. Crew composition in Primary Aeromedical Retrieval missions varies considerably. The ideal composition is unknown. Thus, we conducted a descriptive systematic review on mortality and other outcomes for different Primary Aeromedical Retrieval crew compositions. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched up to January 2020...
September 2020: CJEM
Barto Nascimento, Jerrold H Levy, Homer Tien, Luis Teodoro Da Luz
OBJECTIVES: The management of acquired coagulopathy in multiple clinical settings frequently involves fibrinogen supplementation. Cryoprecipitate, a multidonor product, is widely used for the treatment of acquired hypofibrinogenemia following massive bleeding, but it has been associated with adverse events. We aimed to review the latest evidence on cryoprecipitate for treatment of bleeding. METHODS: We conducted a narrative review of current literature on cryoprecipitate therapy, describing its history, formulations and preparation, and recommended dosing...
September 2020: CJEM
Alanna Wong, Aidan McParland, Brodie Nolan
OBJECTIVES: Population density can limit the level of care that can be provided in local facilities in Ontario, and as such, patients with severe illnesses often require interfacility transfers to access specialized care. This study aimed to identify causes of delay in interfacility transport by air ambulance in Ontario. METHODS: Causes of delay were identified by manual review of electronic patient care records (ePCRs). All emergent interfacility transfers conducted by Ornge, the sole provider of air-based medical transport in Ontario, between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016 were included...
September 2020: CJEM
Arshia P Javidan, Avery B Nathens, Homer Tien, Luis T da Luz
OBJECTIVES: There has been limited evaluation of handover from emergency medical services (EMS) to the trauma team. We sought to characterize these handover practices to identify areas of improvement and determine if handover standardization might be beneficial for trauma team performance. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected over a nine-week period by a trained observer at a Canadian level one trauma centre. A randomized scheduled was used to capture a representative breadth of handovers...
September 2020: CJEM
Russell D MacDonald, Aliya Ramjaun
OBJECTIVES: Early administration of blood products to patients with hemorrhagic shock has a positive impact on morbidity and mortality. Smaller hospitals may have limited supply of blood, and air medical systems may not carry blood. The primary outcome is to quantify the number of patients meeting established physiologic criteria for blood product administration and to identify which patients receive and which ones do not receive it due to lack of availability locally. METHODS: Electronic patient care records were used to identify a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing emergent air medical transport in Ontario, Canada, who are likely to require blood...
September 2020: CJEM
Russell D MacDonald, Michael Lewell, Sean Moore, Andy Pan, Michael Peddle, Bruce Sawadsky
The role of air medical and land-based critical care transport services is not always clear amongst traditional emergency medical service providers or hospital-based health care practitioners. Some of this is historical, when air medical services were in their infancy and their role within the broader health care system was limited. Despite their evolution within the regionalized health care system, some myths remain regarding air medical services in Canada. The goal is to clarify several commonly held but erroneous beliefs regarding the role, impact, and practices in air medical transport...
September 2020: CJEM
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