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Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP

Michal Vinker-Shuster, Avivit Golan-Cohen, Ilia Merhasin, Eugene Merzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interactions between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), including diabetes outcomes and patients' general health status. METHODS: Primary care and hospital records of patients aged 5 to 18 years with T1DM were analyzed using the Leumit Health Services database. The diabetic control and general health of patients with T1DM and ADHD diagnoses were compared with those of patients with T1DM alone in a cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Luke E K Achenie, Angela Scarpa, Reina S Factor, Tao Wang, Diana L Robins, D Scott McCrickard
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screening can improve prognosis via early diagnosis and intervention, but lack of time and training can deter pediatric screening. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised (M-CHAT-R) is a widely used screener but requires follow-up questions and error-prone human scoring and interpretation. We consider an automated machine learning (ML) method for overcoming barriers to ASD screening, specifically using the feedforward neural network (fNN)...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Rebecca Lane, Jenny Radesky
As the digital media landscape becomes more complex, individualized, and interactive, pediatric providers often find themselves asked to be the source of guidance for children with developmental and behavioral conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this brief report, we review the current literature that exists regarding the use of traditional media (e.g., TV, video games) in children with ASD. We then outline a conceptual framework to describe the interaction between ASD-specific developmental and behavioral vulnerabilities and the aspects of new media (e...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Randall A Phelps, Tumaini R Coker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Pamela Williams-Arya, Julia Anixt, Lisa Kuan, Heather Johnson, Bridget Kent, Nicole Bing, Jennifer Ehrhardt, Patricia Manning-Courtney
OBJECTIVE: To improve access to diagnostic evaluations for children younger than 3 years with concerns for possible autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: A multidisciplinary "arena model" for children younger than 3 years was developed, tested, and implemented over an approximately 2-year period. Arena assessment teams comprised a developmental behavioral pediatrician (DBP), psychologist, and speech language pathologist (SLP). Quality improvement methods were used during the design phase, conducting Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles and collecting feedback from key stakeholders, and during implementation, plotting data on run charts to measure outcomes of the time to initial visit and time to diagnosis...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Margaret Irwin, Elizabeth Harstad, Diana Deister, Marilyn Augustyn
Thomas is a 12-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder who presents to his primary care clinician with symptoms of worsening mood in the last 3 months. On review of his last school testing, his cognitive abilities are found to be within the average range, with a relative vulnerability with his processing speed. He can speak in sentences to communicate and answer questions, but he rarely picks up on conversational bids. He has had difficulties developing friendships and often prefers to play by himself.Thomas has a long history of some features of anxiety and depression for which it was recommended that he establish care with a therapist, but his family has had a hard time finding a provider for him...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Edward L Schor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Ruth Perou, Lara R Robinson, Melissa L Danielson, Angelika H Claussen, Susanna N Visser, Keith G Scott, Leila Beckwith, Lynne Katz, D Camille Smith
OBJECTIVE: In an effort to promote the health and developmental outcomes of children born into poverty, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conceptualized and designed the Legacy for Children™ (Legacy) public health prevention model. This article examines the impact of Legacy on children's cognitive and language development (intelligence quotient [IQ], achievement, language skills, and early reading skills) using both standardized assessments and parent-reported indictors through third grade...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kim Kotzky, Jacob E Allen, Lara R Robinson, Ashley Satterfield-Nash, Jeanne Bertolli, Camille Smith, Isabela Ornelas Pereira, Ana Carolina Faria E Silva Santelli, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that caring for a child with special health care needs can affect many domains of family life, including caregiver mental health. However, few studies have examined these outcomes among families impacted by the Zika virus (ZIKV). This study examines depressive symptom severity and care demands among primary caregivers of children, aged 15 to 26 months, with evidence of congenital Zika virus infection (ZVI). METHODS: A sample of primary caregivers of children with evidence of congenital ZVI in northeastern Brazil (n = 150) reported on depressive symptoms, care demands, and their children's development...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Georgina Peacock
Clinicians who treat children with neurodevelopmental disabilities may encounter infants with congenital Zika syndrome or those exposed to Zika virus (ZIKV), either in utero or postnatally, in their practice and may have questions about diagnosis, management, and prognosis. In this special report, we reviewed the current literature to provide a comprehensive understanding of the findings and needs of children exposed to ZIKV in utero and postnatally. The current literature is sparse, and thus, this review is preliminary...
March 26, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sarah M Hutchison, Louise C Mâsse, Melissa B Glier, Ursula Brain, Angela M Devlin, Tim F Oberlander
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed associations between maternal depressive symptoms, prenatal maternal antidepressant treatment, maternal estimates of child physical activity (PA), dietary total intake, and markers of adiposity. METHODS: Mothers and their children (N = 116) were part of a longitudinal cohort study examining the effects of prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and maternal depression (SSRI exposed, n = 42; nonexposed, n = 74)...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jesse J Helton, Elizabeth Lightfoot, Q John Fu, Christina M Bruhn
OBJECTIVES: Although there is agreement that childhood disability is both a risk and result of maltreatment, the extent of disability in the child welfare system remains unclear. Our objective is to determine the prevalence and severity of child impairment in a national sample of child abuse and neglect investigations in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II, a study of 2644 children older than 3 years who were subjects of child abuse and neglect investigations...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Theodora Nelson, Patricia East, Jorge Delva, Betsy Lozoff, Sheila Gahagan
OBJECTIVE: To examine how mothers' nurturant and, separately, hostile parenting mediate the effects of young children's inattentiveness and hyperactivity on risk behaviors in adolescence. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 920 healthy Chilean children, studied at 5.5, 10 years, and adolescence. Children's hyperactivity and inattentiveness at 5.5 years were assessed by mother ratings on the Children's Adaptive Behavior Inventory. Mothers' nurturance and hostility toward the child at 10 years were assessed by maternal interview on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Rachel J Valleley, Ashley Leja, Brandy Clarke, Allison Grennan, Jennifer Burt, Kathryn Menousek, Mindy Chadwell, Tara Sjuts, Rebecca Gathje, Kevin Kupzyk, Kristen Hembree
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether youth access behavioral health (BH) care earlier (i.e., when problems are less severe) when receiving services in colocated pediatric primary care clinics. METHODS: Six primary care clinics in the Midwest with a colocated BH provider participated in this study. Data on number of sessions attended/not attended with the BH provider, BH symptom severity as measured by the Child Behavior Checklist, parent report of length of presenting problem, and improvement ratings were collected and compared for on-site referrals and off-site referrals...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Christina Sakai, Christina Mulé, Amy LeClair, Frances Chang, Samantha Sliwinski, Yoyo Yau, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Minority families experience disparities in the diagnosis and management of autism spectrum disorder (hereafter "autism"). To date, the experiences of Chinese immigrant families in the United States have not been explored. Utilizing parent and provider perspectives, this research sought to identify barriers and facilitators to the diagnosis and management of autism among Chinese immigrant children. METHODS: We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with 16 parents of Chinese children diagnosed with autism and 16 providers who assist in the diagnosis and management of autism...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jessica A R Logan, Laura M Justice, Melike Yumuş, Leydi Johana Chaparro-Moreno
OBJECTIVE: In the United States, there are numerous ongoing efforts to remedy the Word Gap: massive differences in heard vocabulary for poor versus advantaged children during the first 5 years of life. One potentially important resource for vocabulary exposure is children's book reading sessions, which are more lexically diverse than standard caregiver-child conversations and have demonstrated significant correlational and causal influences on children's vocabulary development. Yet, nationally representative data suggest that around 25% of caregivers never read with their children...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Ortal Slobodin, Karen Frankel Heffler, Michael Davidovitch
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that psychiatric disorders are associated with problematic use of screen media. This article systematically reviews the literature on the associations between screen media and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The review uses the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched from inception to April 2018, using the term "ASD/autism" along with one of the following terms: "screen time"/"media"/"computer"/"phone"/"television"/"video game...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jonathan S Litt, Timmy Ho, Evelyn Obregon, Palak Patel, Tiglath Ziyeh, Marie C McCormick
OBJECTIVES: To characterize state regulation and behavior of preterm infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: We recruited singleton infants born at ≤35 weeks of gestational age (GA) before NICU discharge. Parents completed surveys at discharge and 1, 3, and 6 months after discharge. Infant medical history was gleaned from the medical record. Surveys captured sociodemographic information and measures of infant state regulation (Baby Pediatric Symptom Checklist [BPSC]) and feeding behaviors...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Alice C Burnett, George Youssef, Peter J Anderson, Julianne Duff, Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Y Cheong
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether difficulties in emotional, attention, and peer or social functioning (a proposed "preterm behavioral phenotype") co-occur within individual children born extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks of gestation) and/or extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and whether different behavioral profiles are related to cognitive and academic outcomes. METHODS: Population-based cohort of all EP/ELBW survivors born in the state of Victoria, Australia, in 2005, and contemporaneous matched controls were recruited at birth...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lauren B Covington, Valerie E Rogers, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine toddler sleep in a low-income sample by comparing sleep diaries and actigraphy and (2) to assess whether toddlers are meeting the National Sleep Foundation recommendations (11-14 hours of sleep/24 hours and bedtime before 9 PM). METHODS: A convenience sample of mother-toddler dyads was recruited from 2 health care sites serving low-income communities. An actigraph was placed on the toddler's ankle and was worn for 3 days and nights. Mothers concurrently completed a sleep diary...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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