Whitney S Thompson, Ellen M Bendel-Stenzel, Brendan C Lanpher, Grace M Arteaga, Raymond C Stetson, Stephanie C Mavis
Classic alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV) is a rare congenital lung disorder presenting in the early neonatal period with refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure and pulmonary hypertension. No curative treatment is currently available. Although definitive diagnosis is obtained by histology, lung biopsy is often challenging in unstable, critically ill neonates. Molecular diagnosis has been achieved with chromosomal microarray and targeted gene sequencing; however, each of these modalities can be limited by turnaround time, coverage of the genome, and inability to detect all pathogenic variant types for ACDMPV...
March 21, 2023: Neonatology
Janina Marissen, Mercedes Gomez de Agüero, Parul Chandorkar, Lilith Reichert, Kirsten Glaser, Christian P Speer, Christoph Härtel
The skin of preterm infants is a delicate organ with critical structural and functional differences as compared to term born infants. Unique features contribute to an increased susceptibility to injury, infection, thermal instability, and water loss. During rapid, often accelerated adaption of the physical barrier function of preterm skin, a parallel and mutual development of host skin immunity and skin microbiome seem to be crucial for skin homeostasis. Recent advances in molecular biology have enabled researchers to gain a deeper understanding of the microbial community composition of preterm skin and the important relationship with microbiome composition of other body sites...
March 17, 2023: Neonatology
Emily J J Horn-Oudshoorn, Irwin K M Reiss, Philip L J DeKoninck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2023: Neonatology
Srirupa Hari Gopal, Caraciolo J Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2023: Neonatology
Kaitlyn T Marks, Nara S Higano, Meera Kotagal, Jason C Woods, Paul S Kingma
INTRODUCTION: There is currently no validated diagnostic modality to characterize the anatomy and predict outcomes of tracheal esophageal defects, such as esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheal esophageal fistulas (TEFs). We hypothesized that ultra-short echo-time MRI would provide enhanced anatomic information allowing for evaluation of specific EA/TEF anatomy and identification of risk factors that predict outcome in infants with EA/TEF. METHODS: In this observational study, 11 infants had pre-repair ultra-short echo-time MRI of the chest completed...
February 22, 2023: Neonatology
Emily M Nagel, Juan David Gonzalez V, Jeffrey K Bye, Jennifer Super, Ellen W Demerath, Sara E Ramel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and safety of enhanced early (PN) (early initiation of intralipids and faster advancement of glucose infusion rate) during the first week of life for very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: 90 VLBW preterm infants (<32 weeks gestational age at birth) admitted to the University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital between August 2017 and June 2019 were included. Enrolled infants were stratified by gestational age-groups and randomized to either the enhanced nutrition protocol (intervention group) or the standard PN protocol (standard group)...
February 22, 2023: Neonatology
Mirjam Steiner, Hannah Schwarz, Gregor Kasprian, Judith Rittenschober-Boehm, Victor Schmidbauer, Renate Fuiko, Monika Olischar, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Angelika Berger, Katharina Goeral
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth and cerebral hemorrhage have adverse effects on brain development. Alterations in regional brain size on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be assessed using 2D biometrical analysis, an easily applicable technique showing good correlation with 3D brain volumes. METHODS: This retrospective study included 74 preterm neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) born <32+0 weeks of gestation between 2011 and 2019. Cerebral MRI was performed at term-equivalent age, and 2D measurement techniques were used for biometrical analysis and compared to normative data of two control groups...
February 20, 2023: Neonatology
Li-Wen Chen, Chi-Hsiang Chu, Yung-Chieh Lin, Hsiao-Jan Chen, Shu-Min Kao, Chao-Ching Huang
INTRODUCTION: High-end cutoffs of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) have been emphasized for hypothyroidism therapy in extremely preterm infants, but the significance of low TSH levels remains unknown. This study hypothesized that the spectrum of TSH levels by newborn screening after birth signifies specific morbidities in extremely preterm neonates. METHODS: The multicenter population cohort analyzed 434 extremely preterm neonates receiving TSH screening at 24-96 h of age in 2008-2019...
February 13, 2023: Neonatology
Viraraghavan Vadakkencherry Ramaswamy, Tapas Bandyopadhyay, Sushma Nangia, Gunjana Kumar, Abdul Kareem Pullattayil, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr, Satyan Lakshminrusimha
AIM: The 2015 recommendation of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation of no routine tracheal suctioning in non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) was based on very low certainty of evidence (CoE) necessitating ongoing monitoring. The aim of this systematic review was to perform a meta-analysis of observational studies comparing the effect of implementing immediate resuscitation without routine tracheal suctioning versus with routine suctioning in neonates born through MSAF...
February 8, 2023: Neonatology
Snorri Donaldsson, Elena Palleri, Baldvin Jonsson, Thomas Drevhammar
OBJECTIVE: Exploratory secondary analysis of the CORSAD trial compared a new resuscitation system (rPAP) to the standard T-piece system. This analysis focused on the subgroup of infants who were not intubated in the delivery room. The aim was to compare the use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (PPV), oxygen saturation, and Apgar scores for the two resuscitation systems during the 30-min intervention period. METHODS: This is secondary analysis of CORSAD trial using data from the intervention period in the delivery room...
January 23, 2023: Neonatology
Erika M Edwards, Lucy T Greenberg, Jeffrey D Horbar, Luigi Gagliardi, Mark Adams, Angelika Berger, Sara Leitao, Karen Luyt, Danielle E Y Ehret, Jeannette A Rogowski
BACKGROUND: Postmenstrual age for surviving infants without congenital anomalies born at 24-29 weeks' gestational age from 2005 to 2018 in the USA increased 8 days, discharge weight increased 316 grams, and median discharge weight z-score increased 0.19 standard units. We asked whether increases were observed in other countries. METHODS: We evaluated postmenstrual age, weight, and weight z-score at discharge of surviving infants without congenital anomalies born at 24-29 weeks' gestational age admitted to Vermont Oxford Network member hospitals in Austria, Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, the UK, and the USA from 2012 to 2020...
January 17, 2023: Neonatology
Marika A de Hoop-Sommen, Tjitske M van der Zanden, Karel Allegaert, Robert B Flint, Sinno H P Simons, Saskia N de Wildt
UNLABELLED: Many drugs are used off-label in neonates which leads to large variation in prescribed drugs and dosages in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The NeoDose project aimed to develop best evidence dosing recommendations (DRs) for term and preterm neonates using a three-step approach: 1) drug selection, 2) establishing consensus-based DRs, and 3) establishing best evidence DRs. METHODS: The selection of drugs was based on frequency of prescribing, availability of a neonatal DR in the Dutch Pediatric Formulary, and the labeling status...
January 16, 2023: Neonatology
Lina K Sciesielski, Luisa K M Osang, Nicole Dinse, Anna Weber, Christoph Bührer, Axel Kola, Christof Dame
BACKGROUND: Serratia marcescens may cause severe nosocomial infections, mostly in very low birth weight infants. Since S. marcescens exhibits by far the highest adjusted incidence rate for horizontal transmission, it can cause complex outbreak situations in neonatal intensive care units. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish a fast and highly sensitive colonization screening for prompt cohorting and barrier nursing strategies. METHODS: A probe-based duplex PCR assay targeting the 16S rRNA gene of S...
January 9, 2023: Neonatology
Wesam Alyahya, Judith Simpson, Ada L Garcia, Helen Mactier, David Young, Christine A Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Mother's own milk (MOM) is the optimal feed for premature infants but may not always be sufficiently available. Alternative feeding includes donor human milk (DONOR), with or without fortification and preterm formula. This study evaluated the association between early feeding with exclusively and predominantly MOM (MAINLY-MOM) versus MOM supplemented with fortified DONOR (MOM + DONOR) or preterm formula (MOM + FORMULA) and in-hospital growth and neonatal morbidities. METHOD: This was a multicentre (n = 13 units) cohort study of infants born at <32 weeks' gestation...
January 5, 2023: Neonatology
Alexandra Luister, Neda Khostwal, Philipp Deindl, Jochen Herrmann, Dominique Singer, Chinedu Ulrich Ebenebe
OBJECTIVE: Malposition of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) is common. Recommendations for PICC insertion depths are scarce and comprise complex equations. This study aimed to develop diagrams and tables for the recommendation of PICC insertion depths in neonates based on anthropometric parameters. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective single-center study, the individual optimal PICC insertion depths were correlated with body weight, length, and head circumference...
January 3, 2023: Neonatology
David G Sweet, Virgilio P Carnielli, Gorm Greisen, Mikko Hallman, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Eren Ozek, Arjan Te Pas, Richard Plavka, Charles C Roehr, Ola D Saugstad, Umberto Simeoni, Christian P Speer, Maximo Vento, Gerry H A Visser, Henry L Halliday
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) care pathways evolve slowly as new evidence emerges. We report the sixth version of "European Guidelines for the Management of RDS" by a panel of experienced European neonatologists and an expert perinatal obstetrician based on available literature up to end of 2022. Optimising outcome for babies with RDS includes prediction of risk of preterm delivery, appropriate maternal transfer to a perinatal centre, and appropriate and timely use of antenatal steroids. Evidence-based lung-protective management includes initiation of non-invasive respiratory support from birth, judicious use of oxygen, early surfactant administration, caffeine therapy, and avoidance of intubation and mechanical ventilation where possible...
2023: Neonatology
Christian P Speer, Tore Curstedt, Ola D Saugstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Neonatology
Mikael Norman, Baldvin Jonsson, Jonas Söderling, Lars J Björklund, Stellan Håkansson
INTRODUCTION: A detailed understanding of respiratory support patterns in preterm infants is lacking. The aim was to explore and visualize this practice in Sweden. METHODS: Preterm infants with gestational ages of 22-31 weeks, admitted to neonatal units reporting daily to the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register and discharged alive in November 2015-April 2022, were included in this descriptive cohort study. Proportions receiving mechanical ventilation, noninvasive support, or supplemental oxygen were calculated and graphically displayed for each gestational week and postnatal day (range 0-97) up to hospital discharge or 36 weeks of postmenstrual age...
2023: Neonatology
Faris N Al Gharaibeh, Kristalynn M Kempton, Matthew N Alder
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the interplay between neutrophil heterogeneity in neonates in health and disease states. Olfactomedin-4 (OLFM4) marks a subset of neutrophils that have been described in adults and pediatric patients but not neonates, and this subset is thought to play a role in modulating the host inflammatory response. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort of neonates who were born between June 2020 and December 2021 at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center NICU...
December 22, 2022: Neonatology
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