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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763270/a-high-concentration-of-fetal-fibronectin-in-cervical-secretions-increases-the-risk-of-intra-amniotic-infection-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-preterm-labor-and-intact-membranes
#1
Kyung Joon Oh, Roberto Romero, Jee Yoon Park, Jihyun Kang, Joon-Seok Hong, Bo Hyun Yoon
Objective To determine whether the risk of intra-amniotic infection/inflammation and spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) varies as a function of the concentration of cervical fetal fibronectin (fFN) in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes. Methods This prospective study included 180 patients with preterm labor and intact membranes who had a sample collected for quantitative fFN measurement and underwent amniocentesis. Amniotic fluid was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and genital mycoplasmas...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763266/behcet-s-disease-and-pregnancy-obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-12-million-births
#2
Seohyuk Lee, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
Background Behcet's disease (BD) is a rare, multi-systemic inflammatory disorder for which only limited and contradictory data exists in the context of pregnancy. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of BD in pregnancy and to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes associated with pregnant women living with BD. Methods Using the 1999-2013 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the United States, we performed a population-based retrospective cohort study consisting of pregnancies that occurred during this time period...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763271/neurological-development-may-be-accelerated-in-growth-restricted-fetuses-a-4d-ultrasound-study
#3
Nobuhiro Mori, Kenji Kanenishi, Mohamed Ahmed Mostafa AboEllail, Emiko Nitta, Toshiyuki Hata
Objective To assess whether neurological maturation and development are accelerated in fetal growth restriction (FGR) in utero using four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound. Methods The facial expressions of 50 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and 34 FGR fetuses aged between 28 and 35 gestational weeks were assessed using 4D ultrasound. Subsequently, they were differentiated into two gestational age groups (19 aged 28-31 weeks and 31 aged 32-35 weeks in AGA, and 15 aged 28-31 weeks and 19 aged 32-35 weeks in FGR)...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763269/reference-range-of-fetal-myocardial-area-by-three-dimensional-ultrasonography-and-its-applicability-in-fetuses-of-pre-gestational-diabetic-women
#4
José Francisco Melo Júnior, Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Rosiane Mattar, Wellington P Martins, Gabriele Tonni, Edward Araujo Júnior
Objectives To determine the reference range for the myocardial area in healthy fetuses using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography and validate these results in fetuses of pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods This cross-sectional retrospective study included 168 healthy pregnant women between gestational weeks 20 and 33+6 days. The myocardial area was measured using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) in the four-chamber view. Polynomial regression models were used, and the goodness of fit of the models were evaluated by the coefficient of determination (R2)...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763268/fetal-abdominal-cysts-antenatal-course-and-postnatal-outcomes
#5
Elisabetta Sanna, Stavros Loukogeorgakis, Thomas Prior, Iris Derwig, Gowrishankar Paramasivam, Muhammad Choudhry, Christoph Lees
Background There is little information on which to base the prognostic counselling as to whether an antenatally diagnosed fetal abdominal cyst will grow or shrink, or need surgery. This study aims to provide contemporary data on prenatally diagnosed fetal abdominal cysts in relation to their course and postnatal outcomes. Methods Fetal abdominal cysts diagnosed over 11 years in a single centre were identified. The gestational age at diagnosis and cyst characteristics at each examination were recorded (size, location, echogenity, septation and vascularity) and follow-up data from postnatal visits were collected...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763267/twin-anemia-polycythemia-sequence-and-routine-monitoring-practices-amongst-maternal-fetal-medicine-specialists-in-the-united-states-an-initial-investigation
#6
Lauren D Nicholas, Rebecca L Fischbein, Surya S Bhamidipalli
Background The purpose of this initial investigation was to begin to understand the routine twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) monitoring practices of maternal-fetal medicine specialists (MFM specialists) in the United States in the absence of a formal guideline. Methods This study used an anonymous, online survey of 90 MFM specialists who were practicing in the United States. A $5 gift card to an online store was used to incentivize participants. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Results All MFM specialists reported at least some familiarity (100...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759069/metabolic-characterization-of-amniotic-fluids-of-fetuses-with-enlarged-nuchal-translucency
#7
Ambra Iuculano, Federica Murgia, Cristina Peddes, Maria Laura Santoru, Laura Tronci, Monica Deiana, Antonella Balsamo, Anna Euser, Luigi Atzori, Giovanni Monni
Background In prenatal diagnosis, a thickened nuchal translucency (NT) is one of the most sensitive and specific markers for several defects but it may also be found in 5% of healthy fetuses. The pathophysiological causes that lead to an increase in NT are not yet fully understood. Metabolomics represents a new promising approach, useful for studying different metabolites in biological organisms in response to environmental stressors. The aim of our study was to investigate the metabolomic profile of the amniotic fluid samples (AFS) of euploid fetuses with enlarged nuchal translucency (ENT) compared to a control group (C group)...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30759068/identification-of-growth-patterns-of-preterm-and-small-for-gestational-age-children-from-birth-to-4-years-do-they-catch-up
#8
Dirk Manfred Olbertz, Rebekka Mumm, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen, Susanne Fricke-Otto, Anke Pyper, Johannes Otte, Martin Wabitsch, Petra Gottmann, Karl Otfried Schwab, Martin Scholten, Kathrin Gerstmann, Manfred Voigt
Background A legitimate indication for growth hormone (GH) therapy in children born too light or short at birth [small-for-gestational age (SGA)] exists in Germany and the European Union only if special criteria are met. Methods We conducted a longitudinal, multi-centered study on full-term appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA, n=1496) and pre-term born SGA (n=173) and full-term SGA children (n=891) in Germany from 2006 to 2010. We analyzed height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and head circumference. Results Pre-term or full-term born SGA children were shorter, lighter and had a lower BMI from birth until 3 years of age than full-term AGA children...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730845/associations-between-second-trimester-amniotic-fluid-levels-of-adamts4-adamts5-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-and-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-in-singleton-pregnancies
#9
Rauf Melekoglu, Ercan Yilmaz, Osman Ciftci, Yusuf Taner Kafadar, Ebru Celik
Background We investigated the roles of inflammatory cytokines and the A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) family in the etiopathogenesis of spontaneous preterm delivery by comparing the ADAMTS4, ADAMTS5, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in second-trimester amniotic fluid between pregnant women with preterm birth and term controls. Methods All pregnant women who underwent second-trimester amniocentesis for genetic analysis between January 1, 2016, and January 1, 2018, were enrolled in this study...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730844/continuous-infusion-vs-intermittent-flushing-of-peripheral-cannulas-in-neonates-using-a-needleless-connector-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Rieka Hoff, Karolien Vervisch, Kris De Coen, Koenraad Smets
Objective To compare the duration of patency of peripheral intravenous cannulas between continuous infusion and intermittent flushing, while using a needleless intravenous connector in newborns admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods This is a prospective cohort study, including neonates admitted to the NICU who needed a peripheral intravenous cannula for intermittent administration of intravenous medication. In the first period, neonates received continuous peripheral infusion with NaCl 0...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30653469/customised-birthweight-standard-for-a-slovenian-population
#11
Tanja Premru-Srsen, Ivan Verdenik, Barbara Mihevc Ponikvar, Oliver Hugh, Andre Francis, Jason Gardosi
Objective To produce a customised birthweight standard for Slovenia. Methods This retrospective study used a cohort from the National Perinatal Information System of Slovenia (NPIS). Prospectively collected information from pregnancies delivered in all of Slovenia's 14 maternal hospitals between 1st January 2003 and 31st December 2012 was included. Coefficients were derived using a backward stepwise multiple regression technique. Results A total of 126,627 consecutive deliveries with complete data were included in the multivariable analysis...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676007/impact-of-the-new-guidelines-on-the-management-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes-for-the-prevention-of-late-preterm-birth-an-11-year-retrospective-study
#12
Noémie Bouchet, Arnaud Joal, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Marina Lumbreras Areta, Begoña Martinez de Tejada
Objectives To evaluate the number of late preterm (LPT) births (between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks) that could have been prevented if expectant management of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) had been applied according to new recommendations. Methods A retrospective cohort study included all births at one Swiss center between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2012. Births were categorized using an adapted evidence-based classification. Two scenarios were considered: best scenario (maximum averted cases) and a conservative scenario (minimum averted cases)...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676006/prenatal-diagnosis-associated-findings-and-postnatal-outcome-of-fetuses-with-double-outlet-right-ventricle-dorv-in-a-single-center
#13
Ingo Gottschalk, Judith S Abel, Tina Menzel, Ulrike Herberg, Johannes Breuer, Ulrich Gembruch, Annegret Geipel, Konrad Brockmeier, Christoph Berg, Brigitte Strizek
Objective To assess the spectrum of associated anomalies, the intrauterine course, postnatal outcome and management of fetuses with double outlet right ventricle (DORV). Methods All cases of DORV diagnosed prenatally over a period of 8 years were retrospectively collected in a single tertiary referral center. All additional prenatal findings were assessed and correlated with the outcome. The accuracy of prenatal diagnosis was assessed. Results Forty-six cases of DORV were diagnosed prenatally. The mean gestational age at first diagnosis was 21+4 weeks (range, 13-37)...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676005/dependencies-between-maternal-and-fetal-autonomic-tone
#14
Janine Zöllkau, Eva-Maria Dölker, Alexander Schmidt, Uwe Schneider, Dirk Hoyer
Background Disturbances in maternal physiology can cause changes in the fetal condition that may lead to impaired fetal development. Synchronous monitoring of cardiac autonomic tone via the assessment of the fetal and maternal heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) may provide an appropriate diagnostic window. Methods Partial rank correlation coefficients between the maternal and fetal HR and HRV indices were calculated and verified by testing surrogate data in 315 magnetocardiographic (MCG) recordings from 141 healthy women pregnant with singleton fetuses [18+6 to 39+2 weeks gestational age (WGA)]...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676004/diabetes-and-obesity-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-oxidative-stress-genotoxicity-in-newborns
#15
María F Castilla-Peon, Patricia Guadalupe Medina Bravo, Rocío Sánchez-Urbina, Juan Manuel Gallardo-Montoya, Luis César Soriano-López, Fausto Moisés Coronel Cruz
Objective To compare the level of oxidative deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage (genotoxicity) between the offspring of mothers with and without diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy and its association with maternal body mass index (BMI). Methods We measured 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), a marker of DNA oxidative damage, in venous umbilical cord plasma from newborns of mothers with (n=34) and without (n=56) diabetes diagnoses obtained during pregnancy. Two markers of oxidative stress - namely, nitric oxide degradation products (NOx) and total glutathione (GSH) - were quantified in both mothers and newborns...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30530909/therapeutic-hypothermia-during-neonatal-transport-at-regional-perinatal-centers-active-vs-passive-cooling
#16
Rishi Lumba, Pradeep Mally, Michael Espiritu, Elena V Wachtel
Background Earlier initiation of therapeutic hypothermia in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy has been shown to improve neurological outcomes. The objective of the study was to compare safety and effectiveness of servo-controlled active vs. passive cooling used during neonatal transport in achieving target core temperature. Methods We undertook a prospective cohort quality improvement study with historic controls of therapeutic hypothermia during transport. Primary outcome measures were analyzed: time to cool after initiation of transport, time to achieve target temperature from birth and temperature on arrival to cooling centers...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30504523/placental-thickness-on-ultrasound-and-neonatal-birthweight
#17
Odessa P Hamidi, Avi Hameroff, Allen Kunselman, William M Curtin, Risha Sinha, Serdar H Ural
Objective To investigate the relationship between maximal placental thickness during routine anatomy scan and birthweight at delivery. Methods This retrospective descriptive study analyzed 200 term, singleton deliveries in 2016 at Penn State Hershey Medical Center. We measured maximal placental thickness in the sagittal plane from the ultrasound images of the placenta obtained at the 18-21-week fetal anatomy screen. The relationship between placental thickness and neonatal birthweight was assessed using Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30496140/stillbirths-in-women-with-pre-gravid-obesity
#18
Maja Dolanc Merc, Miha Lučovnik, Andreja Trojner Bregar, Ivan Verdenik, Nataša Tul, Isaac Blickstein
Objective To determine the association between pre-gravid obesity and stillbirth. Methods A retrospective study of a population-based dataset of births at ≥34 weeks' gestation. We excluded fetal deaths due to lethal anomalies and intrapartum fetal deaths. We calculated the incidence of stillbirths, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions per ongoing pregnancies for each gestational week in the two body mass index (BMI) categories (≥30 vs.<30). Results Pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI≥30), pre-pregnancy diabetes, oligo- and polyhydramnios, being small for gestational age (SGA) and preeclampsia were significantly associated with stillbirth...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689548/ultrasound-doppler-waveform-assessment-the-story-continues
#19
EDITORIAL
Eran Bornstein, Frank A Chervenak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30352043/update-on-uterine-tachysystole
#20
REVIEW
Sebastian Rupert Hobson, Merihan Zarif Abdelmalek, Dan Farine
Uterine tachysystole (TS) is a potentially significant intrapartum complication seen most commonly in induced or augmented labors but may also occur in women with spontaneous labor. When it occurs, maternal and perinatal complications can arise if not identified and managed promptly by obstetric care providers. Over recent years, new definitions of the condition have facilitated further research into the field, which has been synthesized to inform clinical management guidelines and protocols. We propose a set of recommendations pertaining to TS in line with contemporary evidence and obstetric practice...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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