Chenyang Dong, Ruoya Liu, Ran Li, Zhiyang Huang, Shiyuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Currently, most studies on the health benefits of traditional Chinese exercises on type 2 diabetes mellitus have explored the effects of a single type of traditional Chinese exercise on type 2 diabetes. Although a previous study evaluated the combined clinical effects of traditional Chinese exercises on type 2 diabetes, the studies included in that review were deficient in their study design. In addition, previous studies have not explored the ideal exercise dose that should be taken by patients with type 2 diabetes when performing traditional Chinese exercises...
June 14, 2024: Sports Medicine
Alex Lascu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2024: Sports Medicine
Ulrika Tranaeus, Adam Gledhill, Urban Johnson, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Diane Wiese Bjornstal, Andreas Ivarsson
Factors influencing sport injury risk, rehabilitation outcomes, and return to sport processes have been the focus in various research disciplines (sports medicine, psychology and sociology). One discipline, with over 50 years of scholarship, is the psychology of sport injury. Despite the research in this field, there is no evidence-based consensus to inform professional practice. The aim of this original and timely consensus statement is to summarise psychological sport injury research and provide consensus recommendations for sport practitioners seeking to implement psychological principles into clinical practice...
June 11, 2024: Sports Medicine
Paula Etayo-Urtasun, Mikel L Sáez de Asteasu, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise reduces chronic disease risk and extends a healthy lifespan, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. DNA methylation is implicated in this process, potentially altering gene expression without changing DNA sequence. However, previous findings appear partly contradictory. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to elucidate exercise effects on DNA methylation patterns. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched following PRISMA 2020 guidelines...
June 5, 2024: Sports Medicine
Konstantin Warneke, David G Behm, Shahab Alizadeh, Martin Hillebrecht, Andreas Konrad, Klaus Wirth
The mechanisms underlying range of motion enhancements via flexibility training discussed in the literature show high heterogeneity in research methodology and study findings. In addition, scientific conclusions are mostly based on functional observations while studies considering the underlying physiology are less common. However, understanding the underlying mechanisms that contribute to an improved range of motion through stretching is crucial for conducting comparable studies with sound designs, optimising training routines and accurately interpreting resulting outcomes...
May 31, 2024: Sports Medicine
Xing Wang, Zitian Tang, Jianchong Shao, Sam Robertson, Miguel-Ángel Gómez, Shaoliang Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Understanding and recognizing basketball offensive set plays, which involve intricate interactions between players, have always been regarded as challenging tasks for untrained humans, not to mention machines. In this study, our objective is to propose an artificial intelligence model that can automatically recognize offensive plays using a novel self-supervised learning approach. METHODS: The dataset was collected by SportVU from 632 games during the 2015-2016 season of the National Basketball Association (NBA), with a total of 90,524 possessions...
May 30, 2024: Sports Medicine
Chloé Leprince, Mathéo Maurin, Christopher Carling
Coverage of problems relating to mental health and well-being is gaining ground in the sports sector today, both in the media and in the scientific literature. Despite exposure to numerous stressors and suffering from poor mental health, coaches have in general been largely overlooked in the scientific literature. Previous studies have mainly focused upon athlete populations. The absence of research means that there are real shortcomings in both understanding the mechanisms involved in the deterioration of coaches' mental health and well-being and in the lack of specific support systems available...
May 29, 2024: Sports Medicine
Ran Bao, Levi Wade, Angus A Leahy, Katherine B Owen, Charles H Hillman, Timo Jaakkola, David Revalds Lubans
BACKGROUND: Motor competence and executive functions co-develop throughout childhood and adolescence, and there is emerging evidence that improvements in motor competence may have cognitive benefits in these populations. There is a need to provide a quantitative synthesis of the cross-sectional, longitudinal and experimental studies that have examined the association between motor competence and executive functions in school-aged youth. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of our systematic review was to synthesise evidence of the association between motor competence and executive functions in school-aged children and adolescents (5-18 years)...
May 20, 2024: Sports Medicine
Jamie J Edwards, Damian A Coleman, Raphael M Ritti-Dias, Breno Q Farah, David J Stensel, Sam J E Lucas, Philip J Millar, Ben D H Gordon, Véronique Cornelissen, Neil A Smart, Debra J Carlson, Cheri McGowan, Ian Swaine, Linda S Pescatello, Reuben Howden, Stewart Bruce-Low, Christopher K T Farmer, Paul Leeson, Rajan Sharma, Jamie M O'Driscoll
Hypertension is recognised as a leading attributable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. Global initiatives towards the prevention and treatment of arterial hypertension are centred around non-pharmacological lifestyle modification. Exercise recommendations differ between professional and scientific organisations, but are generally unanimous on the primary role of traditional aerobic and dynamic resistance exercise. In recent years, isometric exercise training (IET) has emerged as an effective novel exercise intervention with consistent evidence of reductions in blood pressure (BP) superior to that reported from traditional guideline-recommended exercise modes...
May 19, 2024: Sports Medicine
Andreas Konrad, Shahab Alizadeh, Saman Hadjizadeh Anvar, Josef Fischer, Josefina Manieu, David G Behm
BACKGROUND: Long-term static stretching as well as foam rolling training can increase a joint's range of motion (ROM). However, to date, it is not clear which method is the most effective for increasing ROM. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effects of static stretching and foam rolling training on ROM. METHODS: The literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science to find the eligible studies...
May 17, 2024: Sports Medicine
Jun Seob Song, Yujiro Yamada, Ryo Kataoka, William B Hammert, Anna Kang, Jeremy P Loenneke
BACKGROUND: It is well established that performing unilateral resistance training can increase muscle strength not only in the trained limb but also in the contralateral untrained limb, which is widely known as the cross-education of strength. However, less attention has been paid to the question of whether performing unilateral resistance training can induce cross-education of muscular endurance, despite its significant role in both athletic performance and activities of daily living...
May 17, 2024: Sports Medicine
Shelley N Diewald, Jono Neville, John B Cronin, David Read, Matt R Cross
BACKGROUND: The inclusion of skateboarding in the Olympics suggests that athletes and coaches are seeking ways to enhance their chances of succeeding on the world stage. Understanding what constitutes performance, and what physical, neuromuscular, and biomechanical capacities underlie it, is likely critical to success. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to overview the current literature and identify knowledge gaps related to competitive skateboarding performance and associated physical, technical, and tactical demands of Olympic skateboarding disciplines...
May 14, 2024: Sports Medicine
Ivan Curovic, David Rhodes, Jill Alexander, Damian J Harper
BACKGROUND: There are a myriad of exercise variations in which upper body (UB) and lower body (LB) exercises have been intermittently used. However, it is still unclear how training of one body region (e.g. LB) affects adaptations in distant body areas (e.g. UB), and how different UB and LB exercise configurations could help facilitate physiological adaptations of either region; both referred to in this review as vertical strength transfer. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the existence of the vertical strength transfer phenomenon as a response to various UB and LB exercise configurations and to identify potential mechanisms underpinning its occurrence...
May 14, 2024: Sports Medicine
Samuel Williamson, Clare L Ardern, Cain Berry, Neil Heron, Dina C Janse van Rensburg, Marleen G T Jansen, Samantha McCormick, Machar Reid, Alejandro Sánchez-Pay, Tobias Saueressig, Linda J Schoonmade, Robert B Shaw, Rienk M A van der Slikke, Nick Webborn, Babette M Pluim
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair tennis, a globally popular sport, features a professional tour spanning 40 countries and over 160 tournaments. Despite its widespread appeal, information about the physical demands of wheelchair tennis is scattered across various studies, necessitating a comprehensive systematic review to synthesise available data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to provide a detailed synthesis of the physical demands associated with wheelchair tennis, encompassing diverse factors such as court surfaces, performance levels, sport classes, and sexes...
May 9, 2024: Sports Medicine
Pedro Silva Oliveira, Giorjines Boppre, Hélder Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Polarized training intensity distribution (POL) was recently suggested to be superior to other training intensity distribution (TID) regimens for endurance performance improvement. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze evidence comparing POL to other TIDs on endurance performance. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed. The protocol was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42022365117). PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched up to 20 October 2022 for studies in adults and young adults for ≥ 4 weeks comparing POL with other TID interventions regarding VO2 peak, time-trial (TT), time to exhaustion (TTE) or speed or power at the second ventilatory or lactate threshold (V/P at VT2 /LT2 )...
May 8, 2024: Sports Medicine
Ian Shrier, Franco M Impellizzeri, Steven D Stovitz
Academics in sports medicine as well as other medical fields are generally expected to publish research and opinions in peer-reviewed journals. The peer-review process is intended to protect against the publication of flawed research and unsubstantiated claims. However, both financial and non-financial competing interests may result in sub-optimal results by affecting investigators, editors, peer reviewers, academic institutions, and publishers. In this article, we focus on the non-financial competing interests created in our current academic system...
May 7, 2024: Sports Medicine
Marko Manojlovic, Srdjan Ninkovic, Radenko Matic, Sime Versic, Toni Modric, Damir Sekulic, Patrik Drid
BACKGROUND: The available literature referring to the return to play (RTP) and performance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has already been comprehensively summarized in team sports such as basketball or American Football. Therefore, in this sense, it is necessary to synthesize evidence relating to the mentioned parameters in soccer players who underwent ACLR. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to examine RTP and the performance of soccer players after ACLR...
May 6, 2024: Sports Medicine
Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Danilo R Silva, Justin J Lang, Grant R Tomkinson, Cesar Agostinis-Sobrinho, Lars Bo Andersen, Antonio García-Hermoso, Anelise R Gaya, Gregor Jurak, Eun-Young Lee, Yang Liu, David R Lubans, Anthony D Okely, Francisco B Ortega, Jonatan R Ruiz, Mark S Tremblay, Leandro Dos Santos
Surveillance of health-related physical fitness can improve decision-making and intervention strategies promoting health for children and adolescents. However, no study has comprehensively analyzed surveillance/monitoring systems for physical fitness globally. This review sought to address this gap by identifying: (1) national-level surveillance/monitoring systems for physical fitness among children and adolescents globally, (2) the main barriers and challenges to implementing surveillance/monitoring systems, and (3) governmental actions related to existing surveillance/monitoring systems...
May 6, 2024: Sports Medicine
Marcos D Martínez-Zamora, Carlos Martín-Martínez, Óscar Martínez-de-Quel, Pedro L Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and low birthweight (LBW) might be associated with reduced physical fitness, although evidence remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of preterm birth and LBW on physical fitness, as well as to assess whether variables such as gestational age, birthweight, or age at assessment moderate these effects. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO were systematically searched from inception to 7 December 2023 for case-control and cohort studies analyzing the association between preterm birth or LBW (or gestational age or birthweight as continuous variables) with at least one physical fitness-related outcome (i...
May 6, 2024: Sports Medicine
Irina Timm, Marco Giurgiu, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Markus Reichert
BACKGROUND: The interplay of physical activity (PA) with affective well-being (AWB) is highly critical to both health behaviors and health outcomes. Current prominent theories presume AWB to be crucial for PA maintenance, and PA is evidenced to foster mental health. However, thus far, PA-AWB associations have mainly been researched in laboratory settings and with interventional designs, but the everyday life perspective had not been focused on, mostly due to technological limitations...
May 6, 2024: Sports Medicine
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