Sports Medicine

Bas Van Hooren, Joel T Fuller, Jonathan D Buckley, Jayme R Miller, Kerry Sewell, Guillaume Rao, Christian Barton, Chris Bishop, Richard W Willy
BACKGROUND: Treadmills are often used in research, clinical practice, and training. Biomechanical investigations comparing treadmill and overground running report inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at comparing biomechanical outcomes between motorized treadmill and overground running. METHODS: Four databases were searched until June 2019. Crossover design studies comparing lower limb biomechanics during non-inclined, non-cushioned, quasi-constant-velocity motorized treadmill running with overground running in healthy humans (18-65 years) and written in English were included...
December 4, 2019: Sports Medicine
Patroklos Androulakis-Korakakis, James P Fisher, James Steele
BACKGROUND: Increases in muscular strength may increase sports performance, reduce injury risk, are associated with a plethora of health markers, as well as exerting positive psychological effects. Due to their efficiency and effectiveness in increasing total body muscular strength, multi-joint exercises like the powerlifts, i.e.: the squat (SQ), bench-press (BP) and deadlift (DL), are widely used by active individuals as well as athletes in the pursuit of increasing strength. To date, the concept of a minimum dose, i...
December 3, 2019: Sports Medicine
Jo Verschueren, Bruno Tassignon, Kevin De Pauw, Matthias Proost, Amber Teugels, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Bart Roelands, Evert Verhagen, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Acute fatigue is hypothesized to alter lower extremity injury risk profiles by affecting intrinsic risk factors (i.e. single leg postural control, hamstring strength). However, no systematic overview exists that merges the insights into prospective lower extremity injury risk profiling with the effect of acute fatigue on functional test performance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify the influence of acute fatigue on prospectively determined modifiable intrinsic risk factors for lower extremity injuries...
November 29, 2019: Sports Medicine
Matthew Buckthorpe, Francesco Della Villa
Outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction need improving, with poor return-to-sport rates and high risk of secondary re-injury. There is a need to improve rehabilitation strategies after ACL reconstruction, if we can support enhanced patient outcomes. This paper discusses how to optimise the mid-stage rehabilitation process after ACL reconstruction. Mid-stage is a difficult and vitally important stage of the functional recovery process and provides the foundation on which to commence late-stage rehabilitation training...
November 28, 2019: Sports Medicine
Michael Fanton, Lyndia Wu, David Camarillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2019: Sports Medicine
Catherine Willmott, Jack V Nguyen, James H Brennan, Biswadev Mitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2019: Sports Medicine
Renato Mattli, Renato Farcher, Maria-Eleni Syleouni, Simon Wieser, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Matthias Schwenkglenks
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a worldwide pandemic associated with major chronic diseases. Given limited resources, policy makers are in need of physical activity interventions that provide best value for money. OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence from RCT-based economic evaluations of primary prevention physical activity interventions in adult populations outside the workplace setting. DESIGN: Systematic review of health economic evaluations...
November 21, 2019: Sports Medicine
Louise Czosnek, Nicole Rankin, Eva Zopf, Justin Richards, Simon Rosenbaum, Prue Cormie
Exercise is an efficacious therapy for many chronic diseases. Integrating efficacious evidence-based interventions (EBIs), such as exercise, into daily healthcare practice is a slow and complex pursuit. Implementation science seeks to understand and address this phenomenon by conducting studies about the methods used to promote the routine uptake of EBIs. The purpose of this article is to explore implementation science and a common conceptual framework in the discipline, the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), as it applies to exercise EBI...
November 20, 2019: Sports Medicine
Richard A Brindle, Jeffrey B Taylor, Coty Rajek, Anika Weisbrod, Kevin R Ford
The following sentence, which previously read.
November 19, 2019: Sports Medicine
William T Davies, Gregory D Myer, Paul J Read
There has been a move towards a criterion-based return to play in recent years, with 4 single-leg hop tests commonly used to assess functional performance. Despite their widespread integration, research indicates that relationships between 'passing' 'hop test criteria and successful outcomes following rehabilitation are equivocal, and, therefore, require further investigation. This critical review includes key information to examine the evolution of these tests, their reliability, relationships with other constructs, and sensitivity to change over time...
November 19, 2019: Sports Medicine
Israel Halperin, Aviv Emanuel
Rating of perceived effort (RPE) scales are the most frequently used single-item scales in exercise science. They offer an easy and useful way to monitor and prescribe exercise intensity. However, RPE scales suffer from methodological limitations stemming from multiple perceived effort definitions and measurement strategies. In the present review, we attend these issues by covering (1) two popular perceived effort definitions, (2) the terms included within these definitions and the reasons they can impede validity, (3) the problems associated with using different effort scales and instructions, and (4) measuring perceived effort from specific body parts and the body as a whole...
November 19, 2019: Sports Medicine
Jason C Tee, Shaun J McLaren, Ben Jones
In recent years, an understanding has developed that sports injuries are the emergent outcomes of complex, dynamic systems. Thus, the influence of local contextual factors on injury outcomes is increasingly being acknowledged. These realisations place injury prevention research at a crossroads. Currently, injury prevention researchers develop universally applicable injury prevention solutions, but the adoption of these solutions in practice is low. This occurs because implementation contexts are both unique and dynamic in nature, and as a result singular, static solutions are often incompatible...
November 18, 2019: Sports Medicine
Barlo Hillen, Daniel Pfirrmann, Markus Nägele, Perikles Simon
Infrared thermography (IRT) is a non-invasive tool to measure the body surface radiation temperature (Tsr ). IRT is an upcoming technology as a result of recent advancements in camera lenses, detector technique and data processing capabilities. The purpose of this review is to determine the potential and applicability of IRT in the context of dynamic measurements in exercise physiology. We searched PubMed and Google Scholar to identify appropriate articles, and conducted six case experiments with a high-resolution IRT camera (640 × 480 pixels) for complementary illustration...
November 16, 2019: Sports Medicine
Ashley Cox, Stuart J Fairclough, Maria-Christina Kosteli, Robert J Noonan
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that boys' and girls' physical activity (PA) levels decline throughout adolescence. Boys are at risk of physical inactivity during adolescence; however, in intervention research, they are an under-represented group relative to girls. It is suggested that the school environment may be central to developing interventions that support adolescents in meeting the current PA guidelines. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of school-based physical activity interventions for improving muscular fitness (MF) in adolescent males...
November 15, 2019: Sports Medicine
Thomas A Deshayes, David Jeker, Eric D B Goulet
BACKGROUND: Progressive exercise-induced dehydration may impair aerobic exercise performance (AEP). However, no systematic approach has yet been used to determine how pre-exercise hypohydration, which imposes physiological challenges differing from those of a well-hydrated pre-exercise state, affects AEP and related components such as peak oxygen consumption [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] at lactate threshold [Formula: see text]. OBJECTIVE: To determine, using a systematic approach with meta-analysis, the magnitude of the effect of pre-exercise hypohydration on AEP, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]...
November 14, 2019: Sports Medicine
Nicolas Place, Guillaume Y Millet
Neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) is usually assessed non-invasively in healthy, athletic or clinical populations with the combination of voluntary and evoked contractions. Although it might appear relatively straightforward to magnetically or electrically stimulate at different levels (cortical/spinal/muscle) and to measure mechanical and electromyographic responses to quantify neuromuscular adjustments due to sustained/repeated muscle contractions, there are drawbacks that researchers and clinicians need to bear in mind...
November 12, 2019: Sports Medicine
Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas Ripley, John J McMahon, Martin Evans, G Gregory Haff, Paul Comfort
between the studies assessed for.
November 7, 2019: Sports Medicine
Ronald J Maughan, Susan M Shirreffs
Muscle cramp is a temporary but intense and painful involuntary contraction of skeletal muscle that can occur in many different situations. The causes of, and cures for, the cramps that occur during or soon after exercise remain uncertain, although there is evidence that some cases may be associated with disturbances of water and salt balance, while others appear to involve sustained abnormal spinal reflex activity secondary to fatigue of the affected muscles. Evidence in favour of a role for dyshydration comes largely from medical records obtained in large industrial settings, although it is supported by one large-scale intervention trial and by field trials involving small numbers of athletes...
November 6, 2019: Sports Medicine
Craig Sale, Kirsty Jayne Elliott-Sale
Athletes should pay more attention to their bone health, whether this relates to their longer-term bone health (e.g. risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis) or their shorter-term risk of bony injuries. Perhaps the easiest way to do this would be to modify their training loads, although this advice rarely seems popular with coaches and athletes for obvious reasons. As such, other possibilities to support the athletes' bone health need to be explored. Given that bone is a nutritionally modified tissue and diet has a significant influence on bone health across the lifespan, diet and nutritional composition seem like obvious candidates for manipulation...
November 6, 2019: Sports Medicine
Lewis J James, Mark P Funnell, Ruth M James, Stephen A Mears
The impact of alterations in hydration status on human physiology and performance responses during exercise is one of the oldest research topics in sport and exercise nutrition. This body of work has mainly focussed on the impact of reduced body water stores (i.e. hypohydration) on these outcomes, on the whole demonstrating that hypohydration impairs endurance performance, likely via detrimental effects on a number of physiological functions. However, an important consideration, that has received little attention, is the methods that have traditionally been used to investigate how hypohydration affects exercise outcomes, as those used may confound the results of many studies...
November 6, 2019: Sports Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"