journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117639/epidemiologic-evidence-concerning-the-bereavement-exclusion-in-major-depression
#21
LETTER
Stephen E Gilman, Joshua Breslau, Nhi-Ha Trinh, Maurizio Fava, Jane M Murphy, Jordan W Smoller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117638/amygdala-volume-changes-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-large-case-controlled-veterans-group
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rajendra A Morey, Andrea L Gold, Kevin S LaBar, Shannon K Beall, Vanessa M Brown, Courtney C Haswell, Jessica D Nasser, H Ryan Wagner, Gregory McCarthy
CONTEXT: Smaller hippocampal volumes are well established in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the relatively few studies of amygdala volume in PTSD have produced equivocal results. OBJECTIVE: To assess a large cohort of recent military veterans with PTSD and trauma-exposed control subjects, with sufficient power to perform a definitive assessment of the effect of PTSD on volumetric changes in the amygdala and hippocampus and of the contribution of illness duration, trauma load, and depressive symptoms...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117637/emotional-reactivity-to-a-single-inhalation-of-35-carbon-dioxide-and-its-association-with-later-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-anxiety-in-soldiers-deployed-to-iraq
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael J Telch, David Rosenfield, Han-Joo Lee, Anushka Pai
CONTEXT: The identification of modifiable predeployment vulnerability factors that increase the risk of combat stress reactions among soldiers once deployed to a war zone offers significant potential for the prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other combat-related stress disorders. Adults with anxiety disorders display heightened emotional reactivity to a single inhalation of 35% carbon dioxide (CO(2)); however, data investigating prospective linkages between emotional reactivity to CO(2) and susceptibility to war-zone stress reactions are lacking...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117636/childhood-adversities-and-first-onset-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-national-sample-of-us-adolescents
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katie A McLaughlin, Jennifer Greif Green, Michael J Gruber, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
CONTEXT: Although childhood adversities (CAs) are known to be highly co-occurring, most research examines their associations with psychiatric disorders one at a time. However, recent evidence from adult studies suggests that the associations of multiple CAs with psychiatric disorders are nonadditive, arguing for the importance of multivariate analysis of multiple CAs. To our knowledge, no attempt has been made to perform a similar kind of analysis among children or adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To examine the multivariate associations of 12 CAs with first onset of psychiatric disorders in a national sample of US adolescents...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117635/familial-confounding-of-the-association-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-substance-use-and-problems
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brian M D'Onofrio, Martin E Rickert, Niklas Langström, Kelly L Donahue, Claire A Coyne, Henrik Larsson, Jarrod M Ellingson, Carol A Van Hulle, Anastasia N Iliadou, Paul J Rathouz, Benjamin B Lahey, Paul Lichtenstein
CONTEXT: Previous epidemiological, animal, and human cognitive neuroscience research suggests that maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) causes increased risk of substance use/problems in offspring. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which the association between SDP and offspring substance use/problems depends on confounded familial background factors by using a quasi-experimental design. DESIGN: We used 2 separate samples from the United States and Sweden...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117634/development-of-a-computerized-adaptive-test-for-depression
#26
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Robert D Gibbons, David J Weiss, Paul A Pilkonis, Ellen Frank, Tara Moore, Jong Bae Kim, David J Kupfer
CONTEXT Unlike other areas of medicine, psychiatry is almost entirely dependent on patient report to assess the presence and severity of disease; therefore, it is particularly crucial that we find both more accurate and efficient means of obtaining that report. OBJECTIVE To develop a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for depression, called the Computerized Adaptive Test-Depression Inventory (CAT-DI), that decreases patient and clinician burden and increases measurement precision. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING A psychiatric clinic and community mental health center...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23117633/an-office-or-your-life
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James C Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22752149/family-history-of-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-as-risk-factors-for-autism
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patrick F Sullivan, Cecilia Magnusson, Abraham Reichenberg, Marcus Boman, Christina Dalman, Michael Davidson, Eyal Fruchter, Christina M Hultman, Michael Lundberg, Niklas Långström, Mark Weiser, Anna C Svensson, Paul Lichtenstein
CONTEXT: The clinical and etiologic relation between autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and schizophrenia is unclear. The degree to which these disorders share a basis in etiology has important implications for clinicians, researchers, and those affected by the disorders. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a family history of schizophrenia and/or bipolar disorder is a risk factor for ASD. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a case-control evaluation of histories of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in first-degree relatives of probands in 3 samples—population registers in Sweden, Stockholm County (in Sweden), and Israel...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22752117/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-self-directed-violence-in-mothers
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marianne G Pedersen, Preben Bo Mortensen, Bent Norgaard-Pedersen, Teodor T Postolache
CONTEXT: Two studies based on clinical samples have found an association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and history of suicide attempt. To our knowledge, these findings have never been replicated in a prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether T gondii–infected mothers have an increased risk of self-directed violence, violent suicide attempts, and suicide and whether the risk depends on the level of T gondii IgG antibodies. DESIGN: Register-based prospective cohort study...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22752079/predictors-of-prospectively-examined-suicide-attempts-among-youth-with-bipolar-disorder
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tina R Goldstein, Wonho Ha, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Fangzi Liao, Mary Kay Gill, Neal D Ryan, Shirley Yen, Jeffrey Hunt, Heather Hower, Martin Keller, Michael Strober, Boris Birmaher
CONTEXT: Individuals with early onset of bipolar disorder are at high risk for suicide. Yet, no study to date has examined factors associated with prospective risk for suicide attempts among youth with bipolar disorder. OBJECTIVE: To examine past, intake, and follow-up predictors of prospectively observed suicide attempts among youth with bipolar disorder. DESIGN: We interviewed subjects, on average, every 9 months over a mean of 5 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22752056/intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-replication-adolescent-supplement
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katie A McLaughlin, Jennifer Greif Green, Irving Hwang, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
CONTEXT: Epidemiologic studies of adults show that DSM-IV intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is a highly prevalent and seriously impairing disorder. Although retrospective reports in these studies suggest that IED typically begins in childhood, no previous epidemiologic research has directly examined the prevalence or correlates of IED among youth. OBJECTIVE: To present epidemiologic data on the prevalence and correlates of IED among US adolescents in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement...
November 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23754202/this-month-in-archives-of-general-psychiatry
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23754193/about-this-journal
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026958/amygdala-volume-in-combat-exposed-veterans-with-and-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#34
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Janice R Kuo, Danny G Kaloupek, Steven H Woodward
CONTEXT: Data from animal models demonstrate a link between stress exposure and hypertrophic changes in the amygdala; however, studies of adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have failed to find analogous structural alterations. OBJECTIVES: To compare amygdala volumes between a sample of combat veterans with and without PTSD (analysis 1) and examine whether our observation of larger amygdala volume in individuals with PTSD could be accounted for by the presence of trauma exposure in childhood and the severity of combat exposure in adulthood (analysis 2)...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026957/twenty-year-depressive-trajectories-among-older-women
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amy L Byers, Eric Vittinghoff, Li-Yung Lui, Tina Hoang, Dan G Blazer, Kenneth E Covinsky, Kristine E Ensrud, Jane A Cauley, Teresa A Hillier, Lisa Fredman, Kristine Yaffe
CONTEXT: Despite the frequent occurrence of depressive symptoms among older adults, especially women, little is known about the long-term course of late-life depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the natural course of depressive symptoms among older women (from the young old to the oldest old) followed up for almost 20 years. DESIGN: Using latent-class growth-curve analysis, we analyzed women enrolled in an ongoing prospective cohort study (1988 through 2009)...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026956/functional-brain-basis-of-hypnotizability
#36
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fumiko Hoeft, John D E Gabrieli, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, Brian W Haas, Roland Bammer, Vinod Menon, David Spiegel
CONTEXT: Focused hypnotic concentration is a model for brain control over sensation and behavior. Pain and anxiety can be effectively alleviated by hypnotic suggestion, which modulates activity in brain regions associated with focused attention, but the specific neural network underlying this phenomenon is not known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the brain basis of hypnotizability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, in vivo neuroimaging study performed from November 2005 through July 2006...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026955/the-associations-of-insomnia-with-costly-workplace-accidents-and-errors-results-from-the-america-insomnia-survey
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Victoria Shahly, Patricia A Berglund, Catherine Coulouvrat, Timothy Fitzgerald, Goeran Hajak, Thomas Roth, Alicia C Shillington, Judith J Stephenson, James K Walsh, Ronald C Kessler
CONTEXT: Insomnia is a common and seriously impairing condition that often goes unrecognized. OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of broadly defined insomnia (ie, meeting inclusion criteria for a diagnosis from International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, DSM-IV, or Research Diagnostic Criteria/International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition) with costly workplace accidents and errors after excluding other chronic conditions among workers in the America Insomnia Survey (AIS)...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026954/dopaminergic-mechanisms-of-reduced-basal-ganglia-responses-to-hedonic-reward-during-interferon-alfa-administration
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lucile Capuron, Giuseppe Pagnoni, Daniel F Drake, Bobbi J Woolwine, James R Spivey, Ronald J Crowe, John R Votaw, Mark M Goodman, Andrew H Miller
CONTEXT: Inflammatory cytokines or cytokine inducers can alter basal ganglia activity, including reducing responsiveness to rewarding stimuli that may be mediated by cytokine effects on dopamine function. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether long-term administration of the inflammatory cytokine interferon alfa reduces the basal ganglia response to reward and whether such changes are associated with decreased presynaptic striatal dopamine function and altered behavior...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026953/prevalence-and-persistence-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-youth-after-detention-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#39
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Linda A Teplin, Leah J Welty, Karen M Abram, Mina K Dulcan, Jason J Washburn
CONTEXT: Psychiatric disorders are prevalent among incarcerated juveniles. Most juveniles eventually return to their communities, where they become the responsibility of the community mental health system. However, no large-scale study has examined psychiatric disorders after youth leave detention. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in the prevalence and persistence of psychiatric disorders during the 5 years after detention, focusing on sex and racial/ethnic differences...
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23026952/olive-trees-in-a-mountainous-landscape
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James C Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Archives of General Psychiatry
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